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SYNCLORAL 100 MG CAPSULES SOFT

Active substance(s): CICLOSPORIN

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Syncloral 10 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg Capsules, soft

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important
information for you.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if
their signs of illness are the same as yours.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects
not listed in this leaflet. See section 4
What is in this leaflet:
1.
What Syncloral is and what it is used for
2.
What you need to know before you take Syncloral
3.
How to take Syncloral
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Syncloral
6.
Contents of the pack and other information

1.

WHAT SYNCLORAL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR

What Syncloral is
The name of your medicine is [Syncloral ]. It contains the active substance ciclosporin. This belongs to a
group of medicines known as immunosuppressive agents. These medicines are used to lower the body’s
immune reactions.
What Syncloral is used for and how Syncloral works
 If you have had an organ transplant, bone marrow and stem cell transplantation, the function of
Syncloral is to control your body’s immune system. Syncloral prevents rejection of transplanted organs
by blocking the development of certain cells which would normally attack the transplanted tissue.
 If you have an autoimmune disease, in which your body’s immune response attacks your body’s own
cells, Syncloral stops this immune reaction. Such diseases include eye problems which threaten your
vision (endogenous uveitis, including Behçet's uveitis), severe cases of certain skin diseases (atopic
dermatitis, or eczema and psoriasis), severe rheumatoid arthritis and a kidney disease called nephrotic
syndrome.

2.

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE SYNCLORAL

If you are taking Syncloral following a transplant it will only be prescribed for you by a doctor with
experience in transplants and/or autoimmune diseases.
The advice in this leaflet may vary depending on whether you are taking the medicine for a transplant or for
an autoimmune disease.
Follow all your doctor’s instructions carefully. They may differ from the general information contained in
this leaflet.
Do not take Syncloral
 if you are allergic to ciclosporin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
 with products containing Hypericum perforatum (St John´s Wort).
1



with products containing dabigatran etexilate (used to avoid blood clots after surgery) or bosentan and
aliskiren (used to reduce high blood pressure).

Do not take Syncloral and tell your doctor if the above applies to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor
before taking Syncloral.
Warnings and precautions
Before and during treatment with Syncloral, tell your doctor straight away:
 if you have any signs of infection, such as fever or a sore throat. Syncloral suppresses the immune
system and may also affect your body’s ability to fight against infection.
 if you have liver problems.
 if you have kidney problems. Your doctor will carry out regular blood tests and may change your dose if
necessary.
 if you develop high blood pressure. Your doctor will check your blood pressure regularly and may give
you a medicine to lower blood pressure if necessary.
 if you have low levels of magnesium in your body. Your doctor may give you magnesium supplements
to take, especially just after your operation if you have had a transplant.
 if you have high levels of potassium in your blood.
 if you have gout.
 if you need to have a vaccination.
If any of the above applies to you before or during treatment with Syncloral, tell your doctor straight away.
Sunlight and sun protection
Syncloral suppresses your immune system. This increases your risk of developing cancers, particularly of the
skin and lymphoid system. You should limit your exposure to sunlight and UV light by:
 Wearing appropriate protective clothing.
 Often applying a sunscreen with a high protection factor.
Talk to your doctor before taking Syncloral:
 if you have or have had alcohol-related problems.
 if you have epilepsy.
 if you have any liver problems.
 if you are pregnant.
 if you are breast-feeding.
 if this medicine is being prescribed for a child.
If any of the above apply to you (or you are not sure), tell your doctor before taking Syncloral. This is
because this medicine contains alcohol (see section below “Syncloral,contains ethanol”).
Monitoring during your treatment with Syncloral,
Your doctor will check:
 the levels of ciclosporin in your blood, especially if you have had a transplant,
 your blood pressure before the start of your treatment and regularly during treatment,
 how well your liver and kidneys are working,
 your blood lipids (fats).
If you have any questions about how Syncloral , works or why this medicine has been prescribed for you,
ask your doctor.
In addition if you are taking Syncloral for a non-transplant disease (intermediary or posterior uveitis and
Behçet's uveitis, atopic dermatitis, severe rheumatoid arthritis or nephrotic syndrome), do not take Syncloral:
 if you have kidney problems (except for nephrotic syndrome).
 if you have an infection which is not under control with medication.
 if you have any type of cancer.



if you have high blood pressure (hypertension) which is not under control with medication. If you get
high blood pressure during treatment and it cannot be controlled, Syncloral should be stopped by your
doctor.

Do not take Syncloral if any of the above applies to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or
pharmacist before taking Syncloral.
If you are being treated for Behçet`s uveitis, your doctor will monitor you particularly carefully if you have
neurological symptoms (for example: increased forgetfulness, personality changes noticed over time,
psychiatric or mood disorders, burning sensation in limbs, decreased sensation in limbs, tingling sensation in
limbs, weakness of limbs, walking disturbances, headache with or without nausea and vomiting, vision
disturbances including restricted movement of eyeball).
Your doctor will closely monitor you if you are elderly and are being treated for psoriasis or atopic
dermatitis. If you have been prescribed Syncloral to treat your psoriasis or atopic dermatitis, you must not be
exposed to any UVB-rays or phototherapy during treatment.
Children and adolescents
Syncloral should not be given to children for a non-transplant disease, except for treatment of nephrotic
syndrome.
Elderly population (65 years of age and older)
There is limited experience with Syncloral in elderly patients. Your doctor should monitor how well your
kidneys work. If you are over 65 and have psoriasis or atopic dermatitis, you should only be treated with
Syncloral if your condition is particularly severe.
Other medicines and Syncloral
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
In particular tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines before or during
Syncloral treatment:
 Medicines that may affect your potassium levels. These include medicines which contain potassium,
potassium supplements, water tablets (diuretics) called potassium-sparing diuretics and some medicines
which lower your blood pressure.
 Methotrexate. This is used to treat tumours, severe psoriasis and severe rheumatoid arthritis.
 Medicines which may increase or decrease the level of ciclosporin (the active substance of Syncloral) in
your blood. Your doctor might check the level of ciclosporin in your blood when starting or stopping
treatment with other medicines.
 Medicines which may increase the level of ciclosporin in your blood include: antibiotics (such as
erythromycin or azythromycin), anti-fungals (voriconazole, itraconazole), medicines used for heart
problems or high blood pressure (diltiazem, nicardipine, verapamil, amiodarone), metoclopramide
(used to stop sickness), oral contraceptives, danazol (used to treat menstrual problems), medicines
used to treat gout (allopurinol), cholic acid and derivatives (used to treat gallstones), protease
inhibitors used to treat HIV, imatinib (used to treat leukaemia or tumours), colchicine, telaprevir
(used to treat hepatitis C).
 Medicines which may decrease the level of ciclosporin in your blood include: barbiturates (used to
help you to sleep), some anti-convulsant medicines (such as carbamazepine or phenytoine),
octreotide (used to treat acromegaly or neuroendocrine tumours in the gut), anti-bacterial medicines
used to treat tuberculosis, orlistat (used to help weight loss), herbal medicines containing St. John’s
wort, ticlopidine (used after a stroke), certain medicines which lower blood pressure (bosentan), and
terbinafine (an anti-fungal medicine used to treat infections of the toes and nails).
 Medicines which may affect your kidneys. These include: anti-bacterial medicines (gentamycin,
tobramycin, ciprofloxacin), anti-fungal medicines which contain amphotericin B, medicines used for
urinary tract infections which contain trimethoprim, medicines for cancer which contain melphalan,
medicines used to lower the amount of acid in your stomach (acid secretion inhibitors of the H2-receptor




antagonist type), tacrolimus, pain killers (non-steroid anti-inflammatory medicines such as diclofenac),
fibric acid medicines (used to lower the amount of fat in the blood).
Nifedipine. This is used to treat high blood pressure and heart pain. You might get swollen gums that
might grow over your teeth if you are taking nifedipine during your treatment with ciclosporin.
Digoxin (used to treat heart problems), medicines which lower cholesterol (HMG-CoA reductase
inhibitors also called statins), prednisolone, etoposide (used to treat cancer), repaglinide (oral antidiabetic medicine), immunosuppressives (everolimus, sirolimus), ambrisentan and specific anti-cancer
medicines called anthracyclines (such as doxorubicin).

If any of the above applies to you (or you are not sure), talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking
Syncloral.
Syncloral with food and drink
Do not take Syncloral with grapefruit or grapefruit juice. This is because these can affect how Syncloral
works.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine. Your doctor will discuss with you the
potential risks of taking Syncloral during pregnancy.
 Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant. Experience with Syncloral in
pregnancy is limited. In general, Syncloral should not be taken during pregnancy. If it is necessary for
you to take this medicine, your doctor will discuss with you the benefits and potential risks of taking it
during pregnancy.
 Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. Breast-feeding is not recommended during treatment with
Syncloral. This is because ciclosporin, the active substance, passes into breast milk. This may affect your
baby.
Driving and using machines
Syncloral contains alcohol. This may affect your ability to drive and use machines.
Syncloral contains ethanol
Syncloral contains approximately 14.7 % ethanol (alcohol), which corresponds up to 797.5 mg per dose used
in transplant patients. This is equivalent to 20 ml beer or about 8 ml wine per dose.
Alcohol may be harmful if you have alcohol related problems, epilepsy, brain injury, liver problems or if you
are pregnant or breast-feeding. It may also be harmful if this medicine is given to children.
Syncloral contains macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate
Syncloral contains macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate, which may cause stomach discomfort and diarrhoea.
Syncloral contains sorbitol. If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some
sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.

3.

HOW TO TAKE SYNCLORAL

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you are not sure.
Do not take more than the recommended dose.
The dose of this medicine will be carefully adjusted to your individual needs by your doctor. Too much of
the medicine can affect your kidneys. You will have regular blood tests and visits to the hospital, especially
after a transplant. This will give you the chance to talk to your doctor about your treatment and talk about
any problems you may be having.
How much Syncloral to take

Your doctor will work out the correct dose of Syncloral for you. This depends on your body weight and what
you are taking the medicine for. Your doctor will also tell you how often to take your medicine.


In adults:
Organ, bone marrow and stem cell transplantation
 The total dose each day is usually between 2 mg and 15 mg per kilogram body weight. This is
divided in two doses.
 Usually, higher doses are used before and just after your transplant. Lower doses are used once your
transplanted organ or bone marrow has stabilised.
 Your doctor will adjust your dose to one that is ideal for you. To do this, your doctor may need to
do some blood tests.
Endogenous uveitis
 The total dose each day is usually between 5 mg and 7 mg per kilogram body weight. This is
divided in two doses.
Nephrotic syndrome
 The total dose each day for adults is usually 5 mg per kilogram bodyweight. This is divided in two
doses. In patients with kidney problems, the first dose taken each day should not be more than 2.5
mg per kilogram body weight.
Severe rheumatoid arthritis
 The total dose each day is usually between 3 mg per kilogram of your body weight and 5 mg per
kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses.
Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis
 The total dose each day is usually between 2.5 mg per kilogram of your body weight and 5 mg per
kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses.
 In children:
Nephrotic syndrome
 The total dose each day for children is usually 6 mg per kilogram body weight. This is divided in
two doses. In patients with kidney problems, the first dose taken each day should not be more than
2.5 mg per kilogram body weight.

Follow your doctor's instructions exactly and never change the dose yourself, even if you feel well.
Switch from oral ciclosporin to oral microemulsified ciclosporin
You may have already been taking another oral ciclosporin. Your doctor may decide to change to this
medicine, Syncloral.
 These medicines all contain ciclosporin as the active ingredient.
 Syncloral is a different, improved formulation of ciclosporin. Ciclosporin is absorbed into your
blood better with Syncloral and absorption is less likely to be affected by taking the medicine with
food. This means that the levels of ciclosporin in your blood stay more constant with Syncloral.
 If your doctor changes you from oral ciclosporin to oral microemulsified ciclosporin:
 Do not go back to taking your previous medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
 Following your transfer, your doctor will monitor you more closely for a short time. This is because
of the change in how ciclosporin is absorbed into your blood. Your doctor will make sure that you
get the right dose for your individual needs.
 You may have some side effects. If this happens, tell your doctor or pharmacist. Your dose may
need to be lowered. Never lower your dose yourself, unless a doctor has told you to.

If your doctor switches you from one oral formulation of ciclosporin to another
After you change from one oral formulation of ciclosporin to another:
 Your doctor will monitor you more closely for a short time.



You may have some side effects. If this happens, tell your doctor or pharmacist. Your dose may
need to be changed. Never change your dose yourself, unless a doctor has told you to.

When to take Syncloral
Take [Syncloral ] at the same time every day. This is very important if you have had a transplant.
How to take Syncloral
Your daily doses should always be taken in 2 divided doses.
Remove the capsules from the blister. Swallow the capsules whole with water.
How long to take Syncloral
Your doctor will tell you how long you need to take Syncloral for. This depends on whether you are taking it
after a transplant or for the treatment of a severe skin condition, rheumatoid arthritis, uveitis or nephrotic
syndrome. For severe rash, the treatment usually lasts for 8 weeks.
Keep taking Syncloral for as long as your doctor tells you.
If you have questions about how long to take Syncloral, talk to your doctor or your pharmacist.
If you take more Syncloral than you should
If you accidentally take too much of your medicine, talk to your doctor immediately or go to your nearest
hospital emergency unit. You may need medical attention..
If you forget to take Syncloral
 If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your
next dose, skip the missed dose. Then go on as before.
 Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop taking Syncloral
Do not stop taking Syncloral unless your doctor tells you to.
Keep taking Syncloral even if you feel well. Stopping your treatment with Syncloral may increase the risk of
your transplanted organ being rejected.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Some side effects could be serious
Tell your doctor straight away if you notice any of the following serious side effects:
 Like other medicines that act on the immune system, ciclosporin may influence your body’s ability to
fight against infection and may cause tumours or other cancers, particularly of the skin. Signs of infection
might be fever or sore throat.
 Changes in your sight, loss of coordination, being clumsy, memory loss, difficulty speaking or
understanding what others say, and muscle weakness. These might be signs of an infection of the brain
called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
 Brain problems with signs such as seizures, confusion, feeling disorientated, being less responsive,
personality changes, feeling agitated, sleeplessness, changes to your sight, blindness, coma, paralysis of
part or all of the body, stiff neck, loss of coordination with or without unusual speech or eye movements.
 Swelling at the back of the eye. This may be associated with blurred vision. It may also affect your sight
because of the higher pressure inside your head (benign intracranial hypertension).
 Liver problems and damage with or without yellow skin and eyes, nausea, loss of appetite and dark urine.
 Kidney problems which may greatly reduce the amount of urine you produce.



Low level of red blood cells or platelets. The signs include pale skin, feeling tired, being breathless,
having dark urine (this is a sign of the breakdown of red blood cells), bruising or bleeding with no
obvious reasons, feeling confused, feeling disorientated, being less alert and having kidney problems.

Other side effects include:
Very common side effects: These side effects may affect more than 1 in 10 people.
 Kidney problems.
 High blood pressure.
 Headache.
 Shaking of your body which you cannot control.
 Excessive growth of body and facial hair.
 High level of lipids in your blood.
If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.
Common side effects: These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 100 people.
 Fits (seizures).
 Liver problems.
 High level of sugar in your blood.
 Tiredness.
 Loss of appetite.
 Nausea (feeling sick), vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhoea.
 Excessive hair growth.
 Acne, hot flushes.
 Fever.
 Low level of white blood cells.
 Feeling numb or tingling.
 Pain in your muscles, muscle spasm.
 Stomach ulcer.
 Gum tissue overgrowing and covering your teeth.
 High level of uric acid or patassium in your blood, low levels of magnesium in your blood.
If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.
Uncommon side effects: These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 1,000 people.
 Symptoms of brain disorders including sudden fits, mental confusion, sleeplessness, disorientation,
disturbance of vision, unconsciousness, sense of weakness in the limbs, impaired movements.
 Rash.
 General swelling.
 Weight gain.
 Low level of red blood cells, low level of platelets in your blood which could increase the risk of
bleeding.
If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.
Rare side effects: These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 10,000 people.
 Nerve problems with numbness or tingling in fingers and toes.
 Inflammation of the pancreas with severe upper stomach pain.
 Muscle weakness, loss of muscle strength, pain in muscles of the legs or hands or anywhere in the body.
 Destruction of red blood cells, involving kidney problems with symptoms such as swelling of the face,
stomach, hands and/or feet, decreased urination, breathing difficulty, chest pain, fits, unconsciousness.
 Changes in menstrual cycle, breast enlargement in men.
If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.

Very rare side effects: These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 100,000 people)

Swelling at the back of the eye which may be associated with an increase in pressure inside the head and
eyesight disturbances.
If this affects you severely, tell your doctor.
Other side effects with frequency not known: Frequency cannot be estimated from the available data.
 Serious liver problems both with and without yellowing of the eyes or skin, nausea (feeling sick), loss of
appetite, dark coloured urine, swelling of the face, feet, hands and/or the whole body.
 Bleeding underneath the skin or purple skin patched, sudden bleeding with no apparent cause.
 Migraine or severe headache often with feeling and being sick (nausea, vomiting) and being sensitive to
light.
If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.
Additional side effects in children and adolescents
There are no additional side effects to be expected in children and adolescents compared to adults.
Reporting of side effects
If you get side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in
this leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5.

HOW TO STORE SYNCLORAL

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton box blister after EXP. The expiry
date refers to the last day of that month.
Store below 30°C. Do not freeze. Store in the original package in order to protect from light and moisture.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw
away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6.

CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION

What Syncloral contains

The active substance is ciclosporin.
Each soft capsule contains 10 mg ciclosporin.
Each soft capsule contains 25 mg ciclosporin.
Each soft capsule contains 50 mg ciclosporin.
Each soft capsule contains 100 mg ciclosporin.

The other ingredients in the capsule fill are macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate, glycerol monolinoleate,
diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, anhydrous ethanol and D,L-α-tocopherol.

The other ingredients in the capsule shell are:

10 mg
gelatin, glycerol 85%, non-crystallizing sorbitol 70% (E420), glycine, titanium dioxide (E171) and
paraffin, light liquid.
25 mg & 50 mg

gelatin, glycerol 85%, non-crystallizing sorbitol 70% (E420), glycine, titanium dioxide (E171), iron
oxide yellow (E172) and paraffin, light liquid.



100 mg
gelatin, glycerol 85%, non-crystallizing sorbitol 70% (E420), glycine, titanium dioxide (E171), iron
oxide brown (E172) and paraffin, light liquid.
(25 mg, 50 mg & 100 mg) The other ingredients in the printing ink are shellac (E904), propyl glycol,
concentrated ammonia solution and Indigo carmine (E132).

What Syncloral looks like and contents of the pack
Syncloral 10 mg soft capsules are opaque white to off-white soft gelatin capsules containing colourless to
slightly yellowish oily liquid. Approximate size of 9.0 x 5.5 mm.
Syncloral 25 mg soft capsules are opaque yellow soft gelatin capsules containing colourless to slightly
yellowish oily liquid, with printing the IVAX “hourglass” logo “25”. Approximate size of 12.2 x 7.6 mm.
Syncloral 50 mg soft capsules are opaque ochre-yellow soft gelatin capsules containing colourless to slightly
yellowish oily liquid, with printing the IVAX “hourglass” logo “50”. Approximate size of 20.7 x 7.8 mm.
Syncloral 100 mg soft capsules are opaque brown soft gelatin capsules containing colourless to slightly
yellowish oily liquid, with printing the IVAX “hourglass” logo “100”. Approximate size of 24.7 x 9.9 mm.
The capsules are available in pack sizes of 20, 30, 50, 50x1, 60, 60x1, 90 and 100 in OPA/Alu/PVC –
Aluminium blisters.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Teva UK Limited, Eastbourne, BN22 9AG, UK

Manufacturer
Teva Czech Industries s.r.o., Ostravska 29, c.p. 305, 74770 Opava-Komarov, Czech Republic
*OR
TEVA Pharmaceutical Works Private Limited Company, Pallagi út 13, 4042 Debrecen, Hungary
*OR
TEVA UK Ltd, Brampton Road, Hampden Park, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN22 9AG, United Kingdom
*OR
Pharmachemie B.V., Swensweg 5, 2031 GA Haarlem, The Netherlands
*OR
Teva Operations Poland Sp. z.o.o, Krakow, Poland
*OR
Merckle GmbH, Ludwig-Merckle-Straße 3, 89143 Blaubeuren, Germany

This leaflet was last revised in 04/2016.
* Only the actual site of batch release will appear on the printed version of the leaflet

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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