Skip to Content


Active Substance: elvitegravir / cobicistat / emtricitabine / tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Common Name: elvitegravir / cobicistat / emtricitabine / tenofovir disoproxil
ATC Code: 05AR09
Marketing Authorisation Holder: Gilead Sciences International Limited
Active Substance: elvitegravir / cobicistat / emtricitabine / tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Status: Authorised
Authorisation Date: 2013-05-24
Therapeutic Area: HIV Infections
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Antivirals for treatment of HIV infections, combinations

Therapeutic Indication

Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV 1) infection in adults aged 18 years and over who are antiretroviral treatment-naïve or are infected with HIV 1 without known mutations associated with resistance to any of the three antiretroviral agents in Stribild.

What is Stribild and what is it used for?

Stribild is an antiviral medicine that contains the active substances elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil. It is used to treat adults with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), a virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is used only in patients who have not received anti-HIV treatment before or whose disease is not expected to be resistant to any of the antiviral agents contained in Stribild.

How is Stribild used?

Stribild can only be obtained with a prescription and treatment should only be started by a doctor who is experienced in managing HIV infection. Stribild is available as tablets (150 mg elvitegravir/150 mg cobicistat /200 mg emtricitabine/245 mg tenofovir disoproxil). The recommended dose is one tablet a day, taken with food. For further information, see the package leaflet.

How does Stribild work?

Stribild contains four active substances. Elvitegravir is a type of antiviral agent called an ‘integrase inhibitor’. It blocks an enzyme called integrase, which is involved in the process of the HIV-1 virus’s replication, thereby reducing the virus’s ability to replicate normally and slowing down the spread of infection. Cobicistat serves to enhance the effects of elvitegravir, by prolonging the time in which it acts in the body. Tenofovir disoproxil is a ‘prodrug’ of tenofovir, meaning that it is converted into the active substance tenofovir in the body. Tenofovir and emtricitabine are closely related types of antiviral agent called reverse transcriptase inhibitors. They block the activity of reverse transcriptase, an enzyme produced by HIV-1 that allows it to replicate in the cells it has infected. By blocking reverse transcriptase, Stribild reduces the amount of HIV-1 in the blood and keeps it at a low level.

Stribild does not cure HIV-1 infection or AIDS, but it may delay the damage to the immune system and the development of infections and diseases associated with AIDS.

What benefits of Stribild have been shown in studies?

Stribild was investigated in two main studies involving 1,422 patients with HIV-1 who had not been treated before, where Stribild was compared with other antiviral medicines. The main measure of effectiveness was based on the reduction in viral load (the amount of HIV-1 virus in the blood). Patients who attained a viral load of less than 50 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml after 48 weeks of treatment were considered to have responded to treatment.

In the first study, involving 715 patients, Stribild was compared with the combination of ritonavir, atazanavir plus a medicine containing emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil (which are also contained in Stribild). After 48 weeks, around 90% of patients treated with Stribild (316 out of 353) responded to treatment compared with around 87% of patients treated with the comparator treatment (308 out of 355).

In the second study, involving 707 patients, Stribild was compared with a medicine containing efavirenz, emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil. After 48 weeks, around 88% of patients treated with Stribild (305 out of 348) responded to treatment compared with around 84% of patients treated with the comparator medicine (296 out of 352).

What are the risks associated with Stribild?

The most common side effects with Stribild are nausea (feeling sick) and diarrhoea, which were seen to affect more than 1 in 10 people. In patients taking some of the components of Stribild, certain rare but serious side effects have been seen including lactic acidosis (excess lactic acid in the blood) and severe kidney problems. For the full list of all side effects reported with Stribild, see the package leaflet.

Stribild must not be used in patients who have previously stopped treatment with tenofovir disoproxil due to kidney toxicity. Stribild must not be used with several other medicines as it may interact with them, thereby reducing the effectiveness of treatment or increasing the risk of side effects. For the full list of restrictions, see the package leaflet.

Why is Stribild approved?

The Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) decided that Stribild’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be approved for use in the EU. In particular, the CHMP concluded that the benefits of Stribild in reducing HIV viral load had been clearly shown in studies, and noted that it has the advantage of being taken once per day. The Committee also noted the risk of side effects affecting the kidneys, and recommended that kidney function should be carefully assessed before patients start taking Stribild and should be monitored during treatment.

What measures are being taken to ensure the safe and effective use of Stribild?

A risk management plan has been developed to ensure that Stribild is used as safely as possible. Based on this plan, safety information has been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet for Stribild, including the appropriate precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and patients.

In particular, the company that markets Stribild will ensure that all doctors who are expected to prescribe Stribild are provided with educational materials containing important safety information. This will cover information on the risk of kidney disease and the measures to reduce this risk, including appropriate screening and monitoring of patients.

Other information about Stribild

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Stribild on 24/05/2013.

For more information about treatment with Stribild, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Source: European Medicines Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.