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STANDARDISED BETADINE ANTISEPTIC SOLUTION

Active substance(s): POVIDONE-IODINE

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SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

1

NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Standardised Betadine Antiseptic Solution

2

QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Povidone Iodine 10.00 % w/v

3

PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Aqueous Solution

4
4.1

CLINICAL PARTICULARS
Therapeutic indications
For use as a pre-operative and post-operative antiseptic skin cleanser for major and
minor surgical procedures.

4.2

Posology and method of administration
Topical administration.
Adults, the elderly and children: Apply full strength as a pre-operative and
post-operative antiseptic skin cleanser. Avoid pooling both under the patients
and in the skin folds. Wash off excess solution before using occlusive
dressings.

4.3

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to iodine, polyvinylpyrrolidine or to any excipient. History
of abnormal thyroid function or goitre (in particular nodular colloid goitre,
endemic goitre and Hashimoto's thyroiditis). Regular use should be avoided in
patients on concurrent lithium therapy.

4.4

Special warnings and precautions for use
Use of this preparation may interfere with tests of thyroid function. Iodine is
absorbed through burns and broken skin and to a lesser extent through intact
skin and may lead to toxic levels of iodine in the blood, particularly in patients
with renal insufficiency. If used for long periods thyroid function tests should
be performed. Particular care should be taken when treating patients with
excessive burns. Use of this preparation In patients with renal impairment
may possibly result in the development of toxic levels of iodine" Therefore,
iodine levels should be monitored in these patients. Particular care should also
be taken when treating neonates and very low birth weight infants.
Standardised Betadine Antiseptic Solution can permanently discolour white
gold jewellery and it is recommended that this type of jewellery should be
removed before using Standardised Betadine Antiseptic Solution.
Avoid contact with eyes. In case of contact with the eyes, immediately flush
the eyes liberally with water for at least 15 minutes and seek medical attention.
If easy to do, remove contact lenses.

4.5

Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Use with concurrent lithium therapy has been shown to exhibit additive hypothyroidic
effects. Absorption of iodine from povidone iodine through either intact skin or
broken skin may interfere with thyroid function tests. Contamination with povidone
iodine of several types of tests for the detection of occult blood in faeces or blood in
urine may produce falsepositive results.

4.6

Pregnancy and lactation

Iodine freely crosses the placenta and is secreted in breast milk. Therefore it is
recommended that breastfeeding should stop during treatment, unless no
alternative is possible. Thyroid function disorders have been reported in the
offspring of mothers exposed to pharmacological doses of iodine. Povidone
iodine should not be used regularly during pregnancy unless there is no
alternative treatment available.
4.7

Effects on ability to drive and use machines
None known.

4.8

Undesirable effects
Local irritation, skin burns and sensitivity reactions have been reported rarely.
Anaphylactic reactions, anaphylactoid reactions and anaphylactic shock have been
reported uncommonly with products containing povidone-iodine or povidone.
Excess iodine can produce goitre and hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Such
effects have occasionally been seen with extensive or prolonged use of povidone
iodine. Other effects that have been reported are metabolic acidosis and acute renal
failure.

4.9

Overdose
Excess iodine can produce goitre and hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Systemic
absorption of iodine after repeated application of povidone iodine to large areas of
wounds or burns may lead to a number of adverse effects: Metallic taste in mouth,
increased salivation, burning or pain in the throat or mouth, irritation and swelling of
the eyes, pulmonary oedema, skin reactions, gastrointestinal upset and diarrhoea,
metabolic acidosis, hypernatraemia and renal impairment.
Deliberate or accidental ingestion of large quantities of povidone iodine will result in
high blood levels of iodine and gastrointestinal toxicity including vomiting and
diarrhoea. Symptomatic and supportive treatment should be started with special
attention to monitoring electrolyte balance, renal function, thyroid function and liver
function. Iodine can be removed by dialysis.

5

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

5.1

Pharmacodynamic properties
Standardised Betadine Antiseptic Solution contains povidone-iodine, a complex of
iodine which shows all the broad spectrum germicidal activity of elemental iodine.
The germicidal activity is maintained in the presence of blood, pus, serum and
necrotic tissue. Standardised
Betadine Antiseptic Solution kills bacteria, viruses, fungi, spores and protozoa.

5.2

Pharmacokinetic properties
The product is intended for topical application.

5.3

Preclinical safety data
There are no pre-clinical safety data available for this product.

6

PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

6.1

List of excipients
Glycerol
Nonoxynol 9
Dibasic Sodium Phosphate (Anhydrous)
Citric Acid monohydrate
Sodium Hydroxide
Potassium Iodate
Purified Water

6.2

Incompatibilities
None.

6.3

Shelf life
36 Months unopened

6.4

Special precautions for storage
Store at a temperature not exceeding 25ÂșC

6.5

Nature and contents of container
High density polyethylene bottle containing either 500 ml or 5000 ml of product,
fitted with a white polypropylene cap with a steran-lined wad.

6.6

Special precautions for disposal
None stated

7

MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Ayrton Saunders Ltd
9 Arkwright Road,
Astmoor Industrial Estate,
Runcorn,
Cheshire,
WA7 1NU,
UK

8

MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
PL 16431/0197

9

DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE
AUTHORISATION
14 March 2005

10

DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
28/06/2012

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

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