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Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Solu-Medrone 2 gram
methylprednisolone sodium succinate
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Solu-Medrone is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Solu-Medrone
3. How Solu-Medrone is given to you
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Solu-Medrone
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Solu-Medrone is and what it is used for
Solu-Medrone contains methylprednisolone sodium succinate. Methylprednisolone belongs to a group
of medicines called corticosteroids (steroids). Corticosteroids are produced naturally in your body and
are important for many body functions.
Boosting your body with extra corticosteroid such as Solu-Medrone can help following surgery (e.g.
organ transplants), immediately following severe spinal injuries or other stressful conditions.
These include inflammatory or allergic conditions affecting the:

brain caused by a tumour or tuberculosis meningitis
bowel and gut e.g. ‘Crohn’s disease’ and ‘ulcerative colitis’
lungs caused by asthma, severe allergy or hypersensitivity, tuberculosis or breathing in
(aspirating) vomit or stomach contents
skin e.g. Stevens-Johnson Syndrome.

Solu-Medrone may be prescribed to treat conditions other than those listed above.
Talk to your doctor if you are unsure why you have been given this medicine, if you do not feel better
or if you feel worse.

2. What you need to know before you are given Solu-Medrone
Do not use Solu-Medrone:

If you think you have ever suffered an allergic reaction, or any other type of reaction after
being given Solu-Medrone, or any other medicine containing a corticosteroid or any of the
ingredients in this medicine (listed in section 6). An allergic reaction may cause a skin rash or
reddening, swollen face or lips or shortness of breath.
If you have a widespread fungal infection (such as thrush) which is not being treated.
If you have recently had, or are about to have any vaccination.
If you are suffering from, or receiving treatment for, swelling of the brain, due to malaria.
If you are suffering from a traumatic brain injury or stroke.
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See your doctor immediately if any of the above applies to you.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine if you have any of the following
Your doctor may have to monitor your treatment more closely, alter your dose or give you another

Chickenpox, measles, shingles or a herpes eye infection. If you think you have been in
contact with someone with chickenpox, measles or shingles and you have not already had
these illnesses, or if you are unsure if you have had them.
Worm infestation (e.g. threadworm).
Severe depression or manic depression (bipolar disorder). This includes having had
depression before while taking steroid medicines like Solu-Medrone, or having a family
history of these illnesses.
Diabetes (or if there is a family history of diabetes).
Epilepsy, fits or seizures.
Glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye) or if there is a family history of glaucoma.
Heart problems, including a recent heart attack, heart failure or infections.
Hypertension (high blood pressure).
Hypothyroidism (an under-active thyroid).
Joint infection – which is active and so requires treatment.
Kaposi’s sarcoma (a type of skin cancer).
Kidney or liver disease.
Muscle problems (pain or weakness) have happened while taking steroid medicines in the
Myasthenia gravis (a condition causing tired and weak muscles).
Osteoporosis (brittle bones).
Pheochromocytoma (a rare tumour of adrenal gland tissue. The adrenal glands are located
above the kidneys).
Skin abscess.
Stomach ulcer, diverticulitis (inflammation of the bowel wall) or other serious stomach or
intestinal problems.
Thrombophlebitis - vein problems due to thrombosis (clots in the veins) resulting in phlebitis
(red, swollen and tender veins).
Tuberculosis (TB) or if you have suffered tuberculosis in the past.
Unusual stress.
Cushing’s disease (condition caused by an excess of cortisol hormone in your body).
Acute pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).

Solu-Medrone should not be used in the treatment of septic shock.
Other medicines and Solu-Medrone
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines
(including any you have obtained without a prescription). This could be harmful
or affect the way Solu-Medrone or the other medicine works:

Acetazolamide - used to treat glaucoma and epilepsy
Aminoglutethimide or Cyclophosphamide – used for treating cancer
Anticoagulants - used to ‘thin’ the blood such as acenocoumarol, phenindione and warfarin
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Anticholinesterases - used to treat myasthenia gravis (a muscle condition) such as distigmine
and neostigmine
Antibiotics (such as erythromycin, clarithromycin or troleandomycin)
Antidiabetics – medicines used to treat high blood sugar
Antihypertensives – medicines used to lower blood pressure
Aprepitant and Fosaprepitant – used to prevent nausea and vomiting
Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (also called NSAIDs) such as
ibuprofen used to treat mild to moderate pain
Barbiturates, carbamazepine, phenytoin and primidone – used to treat epilepsy
Carbenoxolone and cimetidine - used for heartburn and acid indigestion
Ciclosporin - used to treat conditions such as severe rheumatoid arthritis, severe psoriasis or
following an organ or bone marrow transplant
Digoxin - used for heart failure and/or an irregular heart beat
Diltiazem or mibefradil – used for heart problems or high blood pressure
Ethinylestradiol and norethisterone – an oral contraceptive
Antivirals (such as ritonavir, indinavir) and pharmacokinetic enhancers (such as cobicistat)
used to treat HIV infections
Isoniazid - used to treat bacterial infections
Ketoconazole or itraconazole – used to treat fungal infections
Mifepristone – used for the medical termination of a pregnancy
Pancuronium or vercuronium – or other medicines called neuromuscular blocking agents
which are used in some surgical procedures
Potassium depleting agents – such as diuretics (sometimes called water tablets),
amphotericin B, xanthenes or beta2 agonists (e.g. medicines used to treat asthma)
Rifampicin and rifabutin – antibiotics used to treat tuberculosis (TB)
Tacrolimus – used following an organ transplant to prevent rejection of the organ
Vaccines - tell your doctor or nurse if you have recently had, or are about to have any
vaccination. You should not have ‘live’ vaccines while using this medicine. Other vaccines
may be less effective.

If you are taking long term medication(s)
If you are being treated for diabetes, high blood pressure or water retention (oedema) tell your doctor
as he/she may need to adjust the dose of the medicines used to treat these conditions.
Before you have any operation, tell your doctor, dentist or anaesthetist that you are taking SoluMedrone.
If you require a test to be carried out by your doctor or in hospital it is important that you tell the
doctor or nurse that you are taking Solu-Medrone. This medicine can affect the results of some tests.
Solu-Medrone with drink
Do not drink grapefruit juice while taking this medicine.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or
pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine, as it could slow the baby’s growth. There is a risk
of low birth weight of a baby; this risk can be minimised by taking the lowest effective dose of the
Cataracts have been observed in infants born to mothers undergoing long-term treatment with
corticosteroids during pregnancy.
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If you are breast-feeding, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice, as small amounts of corticosteroid
medicines may get into breast milk.
Driving and using machines
Undesirable effects, such as dizziness, vertigo, visual disturbances and fatigue are possible after
treatment with corticosteroids. If you are affected do not drive or operate machinery.

3. How Solu-Medrone is given to you
Steroid Cards
Remember to always carry a Steroid Treatment Card. Make sure your doctor or pharmacist has
filled out the details of your medicine, including the dose and how long you will require steroid
You should show your steroid card to anyone who gives you treatment (such as a doctor, nurse or
dentist) while you are taking this medicine, and for 3 months after your last injection.
If you are admitted to hospital for any reason always tell your doctor or nurse that you are taking SoluMedrone. You can also wear a medic-alert bracelet or pendant to let medical staff know that you are
taking a steroid if you have an accident or become unconscious.
Dosage information
Your doctor will decide on the site of injection, how much of the medicine and how many injections
you will receive depending on the condition being treated and its severity. Your doctor will inject you
with the lowest dose for the shortest possible time to get effective relief of your symptoms.
Solu-Medrone will be given as an injection by your doctor or nurse, either into a vein (intravenous) or
into a muscle (intramuscular). Usually the first dose is given into a vein, especially in an emergency.
It will be given slowly over at least 5 minutes. For larger doses this may take 30 minutes or more.
Large doses should normally be used for only two to three days.
The medicine is first dissolved in Sterile Water for Injections. If the medicine is to be given by
infusion (using a pump or drip) it is then mixed with another suitable fluid. No other medicines should
be mixed with it.
Treatment will normally be the same as for younger adults. However your doctor may want to see you
more regularly to check how you are getting on with this medicine.
Children and adolescents
Corticosteroids can affect growth in children so your doctor will prescribe the lowest dose that will be
effective for your child. This medicine is not recommended for use in treating spinal cord injuries in
If you are given more Solu-Medrone than you should
If you think you have been given too many injections of Solu-Medrone please speak to your doctor
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Stopping/reducing the dose of your Solu-Medrone
Your doctor will decide when it is time to stop your treatment.
You will need to come off this treatment slowly if you:
• have had repeated doses of corticosteroids for more than 3 weeks
• have been given high doses of Solu-Medrone, over 32 mg daily, even if it was only for 3
weeks or less
• have already had a course of corticosteroid tablets or injections in the last year
• already had problems with your adrenal glands (adrenocortical insufficiency) before you
started this treatment.
You will need to come off this medicine slowly to avoid withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms
may include itchy skin, fever, muscle and joint pains, runny nose, sticky eyes, sweating and weight
If your symptoms seem to return or get worse as your dose of this medicine is reduced tell your doctor
Mental problems while taking Solu-Medrone
Mental health problems can happen while taking steroids like Solu-Medrone (see section 4).
• These illnesses can be serious.
• Usually they start within a few days or weeks of starting the medicine.
• They are more likely to happen at high doses.
• Most of these problems go away if the dose is lowered or the medicine is stopped. However if
the problems do happen they might need treatment.
Talk to a doctor if you (or someone using this medicine) shows any signs of mental problems. This is
particularly important if you are depressed, or might be thinking about suicide. In a few cases mental
problems have happened when doses are being lowered or stopped.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. Your
doctor will have given you this medicine for a condition which if not treated properly could become
In certain medical conditions medicines like Solu-Medrone (steroids) should not be stopped
abruptly. If you suffer from any of the following symptoms seek IMMEDIATE medical
attention. Your doctor will then decide whether you should continue taking your medicine:

Allergic reactions, such as skin rash, swelling of the face or wheezing and difficulty
breathing. This type of side effect is rare, but can be serious.
Pancreatitis, stomach pain spreading to your back, possibly accompanied by vomiting, shock
and loss of consciousness.
Burst or bleeding ulcers, symptoms of which are stomach pain (especially if it seems to
spread to your back), bleeding from the back passage, black or bloodstained stools and/or
vomiting blood.
Infections. This medicine can hide or change the signs and symptoms of some infections, or
reduce your resistance to the infection, so that they are hard to diagnose at an early stage.
Symptoms might include a raised temperature and feeling unwell. Symptoms of a flare up of a
previous TB infection could be coughing blood or pain in the chest. Symptoms of a previous
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malaria infection could involve chills and fever. Solu-Medrone may also make you more
likely to develop a severe infection.
Pulmonary embolus (blood clots in the lung), symptoms include sudden sharp chest pain,
breathlessness and coughing up blood.
Raised pressure within the skull of children (pseudotumour cerebri) symptoms of which are
headaches with vomiting, lack of energy and drowsiness. This side effect usually occurs after
treatment is stopped.
Thrombophlebitis (blood clots or thrombosis in a leg vein), symptoms of which include
painful swollen, red and tender veins.

If you experience any of the following side effects, or notice any other unusual effects not
mentioned in this leaflet, tell your doctor straight away.
The side effects may occur with certain frequencies, which are defined as follows:
• not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data.
Blood, heart and circulation
not known
• High blood pressure, symptoms of which are headaches, or generally feeling unwell.
• Problems with the pumping of your heart (heart failure) symptoms of which are swollen
ankles, difficulty in breathing and palpitations (awareness of heart beat) or irregular beating of
the heart, irregular or very fast or slow pulse.
• Low blood pressure symptoms may include dizziness, fainting, lightheadedness, blurred
vision, a rapid, or irregular heartbeat (palpitations), general weakness.
• Increased numbers of white blood cells (leukocytosis).
Body water and salts
not known
• Swelling and high blood pressure, caused by increased levels of water and salt content.
• Cramps and spasms, due to the loss of potassium from your body. In rare cases this can lead to
congestive heart failure (when the heart cannot pump properly).
Digestive system
not known
• Ulcers.
• Nausea (feeling sick) or vomiting (being sick).
• Diarrhoea.
• Thrush in the gullet (discomfort on swallowing).
• Indigestion.
• Bloated stomach.
• Abdominal pain.
• Hiccups.
not known
• A feeling of dizziness or spinning (vertigo).
not known
• Cataracts (indicated by failing eyesight).
• Glaucoma (raised pressure within the eye, causing pain in the eyes and headaches).
• Swollen optic nerve (papilloedema, indicated by sight disturbance).
• Thinning of the clear part at the front of the eye (cornea) or of the white part of the eye
• Worsening of viral or fungal eye infections.
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Protruding of the eyeballs (exophthalmos).
Blurred vision (chorioretinopathy).

General disorders
not known
• Poor wound healing.
• Feeling tired or unwell.
• Skin reactions at the site of injection.
Hormones and metabolic system
not known
• Slowing of normal growth in infants, children and adolescents which may be permanent.
• Round or moon-shaped face (Cushingoid facies).
• Irregular or no periods in women.
• Increased appetite and weight gain.
• Diabetes or worsening of existing diabetes.
• Prolonged therapy can lead to lower levels of some hormones which in turn can cause low
blood pressure and dizziness. This effect may persist for months.
• The amount of certain chemicals (enzymes) called alanine transaminase, aspartate
transaminase and alkaline phosphatase that help the body digest drugs and other substances in
your body may be raised after treatment with a corticosteroid. The change is usually small and
the enzyme levels return to normal after your medicine has cleared naturally from your
system. You will not notice any symptoms if this happens, but it will show up if you have a
blood test.
• Accumulation of fat tissue on localised parts of the body, manifesting as different
presentations for example back pain or weakness (due to epidural lipomatosis).
Immune system
not known
• Increased susceptibility to infections.
• Suppression of reactions to skin tests, such as that for tuberculosis.
Muscles and bones
not known
• Brittle bones (bones that break easily).
• Muscle weakness.
• Muscle wasting.
• Broken bones or fractures.
• Breakdown of bone due to poor circulation of blood, this causes pain in the hip.
• Torn muscle tendons causing pain and/or swelling.
• Muscle cramps or spasms.
Nerves and mood issues
not known
Steroids including methylprednisolone can cause serious mental health problems.
• Feeling depressed, including thinking about suicide.
• Feeling high (mania) or moods that go up and down.
• Feeling anxious, having problems sleeping, difficulty in thinking or being confused and losing
your memory.
• Feeling, seeing or hearing things which do not exist. Having strange and frightening thoughts,
changing how you act or having feelings of being alone.
• Fits.
not known
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Thinning of skin (skin atrophy).
Stretch marks (skin striae).
Small purple/red patches on the skin.
Pale or darker patches on your skin, or raised patches which are an unusual colour.
Excessive growth of bodily and facial hair.
Rash, itching, hives.
Increased sweating.

Liver disorder
not known
• Methylprednisolone can damage your liver, hepatitis and increase of liver enzymes have been
Vascular disorders
not known
• Increased clotting of the blood.
If you experience any of the side effects listed above tell your doctor straight away.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects
not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at By reporting effects you can help provide more information on the safety
of this medicine.

5. How to store Solu-Medrone
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and carton after EXP. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicine must be stored below 25°C.
Once the medicine has been mixed with Sterile Water for Injections the solution should be used
straight away. Any unused liquid should be disposed of safely.
Your doctor will check that the solution contains no particles and is not discoloured before using it.

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Solu-Medrone contains
This medicine contains 2.652 g of methylprednisolone sodium succinate (equivalent to 2 g
methylprednisolone) as the active ingredient.
Solu-Medrone also contains the inactive ingredients sodium biphosphate and sodium phosphate.
What Solu-Medrone looks like and contents of the pack
Solu-Medrone is a powder which comes in a clear glass vial fitted with a rubber stopper. Each pack
also contains a vial of Sterile Water for Injections.
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Marketing Authorisation Holder
Pfizer Limited, Ramsgate Road, Sandwich, Kent CT13 9NJ, UK.
Pharmacia NV/SA, Rijksweg 12, B-2870, Puurs, Belgium.
Company Contact Address
For further information on your medicine contact Medical Information at Pfizer Limited, Walton
Oaks, Dorking Road Tadworth, Surrey, KT20 7NS.
Tel: 01304 616161.
This leaflet was last revised in 03/2017.
Ref: SM 17_0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The following information is intended for healthcare professionals only:
Solu-Medrone® 2 gram
methylprednisolone sodium succinate
For further information consult the SPC (Summary of Product Characteristics).
Posology and method of administration
Solu-Medrone may be administered intravenously or intramuscularly, the preferred method for
emergency use being intravenous injection given over a suitable time interval. When administering
Solu-Medrone in high doses intravenously, it should be given over a period of at least 30 minutes.
Doses up to 250 mg should be given intravenously over a period of at least five minutes.
For intravenous infusion the initially prepared solution may be diluted with 5% dextrose in water,
isotonic saline solution, or 5% dextrose in isotonic saline solution. To avoid compatibility problems
with other drugs, Solu-Medrone should be administered separately, only in the solutions mentioned.
Undesirable effects may be minimised by using the lowest effective dose for the minimum period (see
section 4.4 of the SPC).
Parenteral drug products should wherever possible be visually inspected for particulate matter and
discoloration prior to administration.
Adults: Dosage should be varied according to the severity of the condition, initial dosage will vary
from 10 to 500 mg. In the treatment of graft rejection reactions following transplantation, a dose of up
to 1 g/day may be required. Although doses and protocols have varied in studies using
methylprednisolone sodium succinate in the treatment of graft rejection reactions, the published
literature supports the use of doses of this level, with 500 mg to 1 g most commonly used for acute
rejection. Treatment at these doses should be limited to a 48-72 hour period until the patient’s
condition has stabilised, as prolonged high dose corticosteroid therapy can cause serious corticosteroid
induced side-effects (see sections 4.4 and 4.8 of the SPC).
Children and adolescents: In the treatment of high dose indications, such as haematological,
rheumatic, renal and dermatological conditions, a dosage of 30 mg/kg/day to a maximum of 1 g/day is
recommended. This dosage may be repeated for three pulses either daily or on alternate days. In the
treatment of graft rejection reactions following transplantation, a dosage of 10 to 20 mg/kg/day for up
Page 9 of 11

to 3 days, to a maximum of 1 g/day, is recommended. In the treatment of status asthmaticus, a dosage
of 1 to 4 mg/kg/day for 1-3 days is recommended.
Solu-Medrone is NOT RECOMMENDED for use in spinal cord injury in children.
Elderly patients: Solu-Medrone is primarily used in acute short-term conditions. There is no
information to suggest that a change in dosage is warranted in the elderly. However, treatment of
elderly patients should be planned bearing in mind the more serious consequences of the common
side-effects of corticosteroids in old age and close clinical supervision is required (see section 4.4 of
the SPC).
Detailed recommendations for adult dosage are as follows:
In anaphylactic reactions adrenaline or noradrenaline should be administered first for an immediate
haemodynamic effect, followed by intravenous injection of Solu-Medrone (methylprednisolone
sodium succinate) with other accepted procedures. There is evidence that corticosteroids through their
prolonged haemodynamic effect are of value in preventing recurrent attacks of acute anaphylactic
In sensitivity reactions Solu-Medrone is capable of providing relief within one half to two hours. In
patients with status asthmaticus, Solu-Medrone may be given at a dose of 40 mg intravenously,
repeated as dictated by patient response. In some asthmatic patients it may be advantageous to
administer by slow intravenous drip over a period of hours.
In graft rejection reactions following transplantation doses of up to 1 g per day have been used to
suppress rejection crises, with doses of 500 mg to 1 g most commonly used for acute rejection.
Treatment should be continued only until the patient’s condition has stabilised; usually not beyond 4872 hours.
In cerebral oedema corticosteroids are used to reduce or prevent the cerebral oedema associated with
brain tumours (primary or metastatic).
In patients with oedema due to tumour, tapering the dose of corticosteroid appears to be important in
order to avoid a rebound increase in intracranial pressure. If brain swelling does occur as the dose is
reduced (intracranial bleeding having been ruled out), restart larger and more frequent doses
parenterally. Patients with certain malignancies may need to remain on oral corticosteroid therapy for
months or even life. Similar or higher doses may be helpful to control oedema during radiation
The following are suggested dosage schedules for oedemas due to brain tumour.
Schedule A (1)

Dose (mg)


During Surgery:

20 to 40


Schedule B (2)

Dose (mg)




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in hours


in hours


24 hours
24 hours
24 hours
24 hours
24 hours
24 hours
24 hours




Aim to discontinue therapy after a total of 10 days.
For treatment of acute spinal cord injury, administer intravenously 30 mg methylprednisolone per
kilogram of body weight in a bolus dose over a 15 minute period, followed by a 45 minute pause, and
then a continuous infusion of 5.4 mg/kg per hour for 23 hours.
There should be a separate intravenous site for the infusion pump. The treatment should begin within
eight hours of injury.
In hepatobiliary effects drug induced liver injury including acute hepatitis or liver enzyme increase
can result from cyclical pulsed IV methylprednisolone (usually at initial dose ≥ 1 g/day). Rare cases of
hepatotoxicity have been reported. The time to onset can be several weeks or longer. In the majority of
case reports resolution of the adverse events has been observed after treatment was discontinued.
Therefore, appropriate monitoring is required.
In other indications, initial dosage will vary from 10 to 500 mg depending on the clinical problem
being treated. Larger doses may be required for short-term management of severe, acute conditions.
The initial dose, up to 250 mg, should be given intravenously over a period of at least 5 minutes, doses
exceeding 250 mg should be given intravenously over a period of at least 30 minutes. Subsequent
doses may be given intravenously or intramuscularly at intervals dictated by the patient’s response and
clinical condition. Corticosteroid therapy is an adjunct to, and not replacement for, conventional
The shelf-life is printed on labels and cartons. Do not use Solu-Medrone after this date. After
reconstitution with Sterile Water for Injections, use immediately, discard any remainder.
Storage of the product
Store below 25°C. Refer to Posology and method of administration section above. No diluents other
than those referred to are recommended. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for
particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.

Ref: SM 16_0

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