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SIMVASTATIN 10MG FILM-COATED TABLETS

Active substance(s): SIMVASTATIN

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Package leaflet: Information for the user

Simvastatin 10mg, 20mg and 40mg Film-coated Tablets
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you
 Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again
 If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse
 This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,
even if their signs of illness are the same as yours
 If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Simvastatin is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Simvastatin
3. How to take Simvastatin
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Simvastatin
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Simvastatin is and what it is used for
Simvastatin belongs to a group of medicines known as statins. These work by reducing the amount of total
cholesterol, “bad” cholesterol (LDL cholesterol), and certain fatty substances called triglycerides in your blood. In
addition, simvastatin raises levels of “good” cholesterol (HDL cholesterol). You should stay on a cholesterol-lowering
diet while taking this medicine.
Simvastatin is used:
• to lower cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood when a low fat diet and other measures (such as exercise, weight
loss) have failed (primary hypercholesterolaemia or mixed hyperlipidaemia).
• to lower inherited high levels of cholesterol in your blood (homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia), together
with dieting and other treatments (e.g. LDL-apheresis), or when such treatments are not appropriate.
• to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease if you have hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis) or diabetes, even
if your cholesterol levels are normal, together with dieting and other treatments.
In most people, there are no immediate symptoms of high cholesterol. Your doctor can measure your cholesterol
with a simple blood test. Visit your doctor regularly, keep track of your cholesterol, and discuss your goals with
your doctor.

2. What you need to know before you take Simvastatin
Do not take Simvastatin:
• if you are allergic to simvastatin or to any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in
section 6)
• if you currently have liver problems or a continuous high level of certain liver enzymes (serum transaminases)
• if you are pregnant or breast-feeding
• if you are taking one or more of the following medicines at the same time:
- ketoconazole, itraconazole or posaconazole (medicines for fungal
infections)
- HIV-protease inhibitors, such as indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir and saquinavir (medicines used for HIV
infections)
- erythromycin, clarithromycin or telithromycin (antibiotics for infections)
- nefazodone (an antidepressant)
- gemfibrozil (a medicine for lowering cholesterol)
- ciclosporin (a medicine often used in organ transplant patients)
- danazol (a man-made hormone used to treat endometriosis)

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Warnings and precautions:
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before taking Simvastatin
 Tell your doctor about all your medical conditions including allergies.
 Tell your doctor if you drink large amounts of alcohol.
 Tell your doctor if you have ever had liver disease. Simvastatin may not be right for you.
 Tell your doctor if you are due to have an operation. You may need to stop taking Simvastatin tablets for a short
time.
 Your doctor should do a blood test before you start taking Simvastatin. This is to check how well your liver is
working.
 Your doctor may also want you to have blood tests to check how well your liver is working after you start
taking Simvastatin.
 Tell your doctor if you have severe lung disease.
 If you are taking or have taken in the last 7 days a medicine called fusidic acid, (a medicine for bacterial
infection) orally or by injection. The combination of fusidic acid and Simvastatin can lead to serious muscle
problems (rhabdomyolysis)
Also tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have a muscle weakness that is constant. Additional tests and medicines
may be needed to diagnose and treat this.
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience unexplained muscle pain, sensitivity to pressure or muscle
weakness. This is because on rare occasions, muscle problems can be serious, including muscle breakdown
resulting in kidney damage; and very rare deaths have occurred.
You may have a greater risk of muscle breakdown at higher doses of simvastatin, particularly the 80mg dose. The
risk of muscle breakdown is also greater in certain patients. Talk with your doctor if any of the following applies to
you:
- you are more than 65 years old
- you have kidney problems
- you have thyroid problems
- you or close family members have a hereditary muscle disorder
- you are female
- you have ever had muscle problems during treatment with cholesterol-lowering medicines called “statins” or
fibrates
- if you consume large amounts of alcohol
Consult your doctor if any of the above applies to you or has applied to you in the past.

Other medicines and Simvastatin
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
Please note that the following statements may also apply to products you took some time ago or
may take at some time in the future.
It is particularly important to tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following drugs.The risk of muscle
problems can be greater if simvastatin is taken with the following medicines: (some of these have already been listed
in the above section “Do not take Simvastatin”)
• Fibrates (other cholesterol-lowering medicines, such as gemfibrozil, bezafibrate)
• Ciclosporin (drug used to suppress the immune system)
• Medicines like itraconazole, ketoconazole, fluconazole posaconazole (antifungals)
• Erythromycin, clarithromycin and telithromycin (antibiotics)
• Certain medicines for the treatment of HIV infections (HIV protease inhibitors such as indinavir,
nelfinavir, ritonavir and saquinavir)
• Danazol (medicine used to treat endometriosis and breast cysts in women)
• Nefazodone (medicine for depression)
• Amiodarone, a medicine used for irregular heart beat
• Verapamil, diltiazem or amlodipine (medicine used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain associated with heart
disease, or other heart conditions).
• Fusidic acid as a tablet or infusion (a medicine used to treat bacterial infections)
• Colchicine (a medicine to treat gout)
If you need to take oral fusidic acid to treat a bacterial infection you will need to temporarily stop using this
medicine. Your doctor will tell you when it is safe to restart Simvastatin. Taking Simvastatin with fusidic acid may
rarely lead to muscle weakness, tenderness or pain (rhabdomyolysis). See more information regarding
rhabdomyolysis in section 4.

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While you are on this medicine your doctor will monitor you closely if you have diabetes or are at risk of
developing diabetes. You are likely to be at risk of developing diabetes if you have high levels of sugars and fats in
your blood, are overweight and have high blood pressure.
As well as the medicines listed above, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any
other medicines, including those obtained without a prescription. In particular, you should also tell your doctor if
you take
• medicines that prevent blood clots (anticoagulants, such as acenocoumarol and warfarin). Simvastatin may
increase the effect of these medicines.
 Fenofibrate (another medicine for lowering cholesterol)
 Niacin (another medicine for lowering cholesterol)
• Rifampicin (antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis)
Also tell your doctor if you are taking niacin (nicotinic acid) or a niacin-containing product and are Chinese.
You should also tell any doctor who is prescribing a new medicine for you that you are taking Simvastatin.
Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including
medicines obtained without a prescription.

Simvastatin with food and drink:
Grapefruit juice contains one or more components which may increase the amount of simvastatin in the blood.
Therefore, you should not drink grapefruit juice as it could increase the risk of muscle damage.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Do not take simvastatin if you are pregnant, trying to become pregnant or suspect you may be pregnant, as the safety
in pregnant women has not been established. If you become pregnant while using simvastatin, you must stop taking
the tablets immediately and contact your doctor.
No data on the excretion of simvastatin in breast milk are available. Because many medicinal products are excreted
in human milk and because of the potential for serious side effects, you must not breast-feed your infant while
taking simvastatin.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.

Children
Safety and effectiveness have been studied in 10-17 year old boys and in girls who had started their menstrual
period at least one year before (see 3.How to take simvastatin). Simvastatin has not been studied in children under
the age of 10 years. For more information, talk to your doctor.

Driving and using machines:
Simvastatin is not expected to interfere with your ability to drive or use machines.
However, there have been rare cases of dizziness reported in patients taking simvastatin tablets (see section 4). Do
not drive vehicles or operate machines that require attention if you experience this side-effect.

Simvastatin contains lactose:
Amongst other ingredients, Simvastatin tablets contain lactose monohydrate. If your doctor has informed you that
you cannot tolerate certain sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicine.

3. How to take Simvastatin
Always take your tablets exactly as your doctor has instructed you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are
not sure. You should stay on a cholesterol lowering diet while taking Simvastatin.
The dose is 1 simvastatin 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 40mg or 80mg tablet by mouth once a day in the evening.
The 80mg dose is only recommended for adult patients with very high cholesterol levels and at high risk of heart
disease problems who have not reached their cholesterol goal on lower doses.
Your doctor will determine the appropriate tablet strength for you, depending on your condition, your current
treatment and your personal risk status.

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Take Simvastatin in the evening. You can take it with or without food. The usual starting dose is 10, 20 or, in some
cases, 40mg a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose after at least 4 weeks to a maximum of 80mg a day. Do not
take more than 80mg a day. Your doctor may prescribe lower doses, particularly if you are taking certain medicinal
products listed above or have certain kidney conditions. Keep taking Simvastatin unless your doctor tells you to
stop.
If your doctor has prescribed a bile acid sequestrant (another medicine for lowering cholesterol such as
colestyramine) along with simvastatin you should take simvastatin at least two hours before or four hours after
taking the bile acid sequestrant.

Use in children and adolescents (10-17 years of age)
For children (10 -17 years old) with a hereditary illness called familial hypercholesterolaemia, the recommended
usual starting dose is 10mg a day in the evening. The maximum recommended dose is 40mg a day.

Elderly patients
The dose of simvastatin does not need to be changed for elderly patients.

Instructions for use
Simvastatin tablets should be taken with water. Take the tablets either on an empty stomach or after a meal.

Duration of treatment:
You will have to take simvastatin over a long period of time. Your doctor will tell you how long you need to take
simvastatin.
If you have the impression that the effect of simvastatin is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or
pharmacist.

If you take more Simvastatin than you should:
If you take too many tablets by mistake, contact a doctor or pharmacist immediately.

If you forget to take Simvastatin:
If you realise you have forgotten to take a dose soon after its due time, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is
almost time to take the next dose, omit the forgotten dose and take the next one when it is due. Ask your doctor or
pharmacist in case of doubt. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.

If you stop taking Simvastatin:
If you suddenly stop taking this medicine, your cholesterol may rise again. It is therefore important that you consult
a doctor before stopping treatment, even if you suffer from physical complaints. He/she can tell you if you can stop
and the best way to do so.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody will have them. For the most part
side effects have been mild and short lived.
If any of the following serious side effects happen, stop taking the medicine and tell your doctor immediately
or go to the emergency room at your nearest hospital:

muscle aches and pains, tenderness, weakness or cramps. This is because on rare occasions, muscle damage can
be serious, including muscle breakdown resulting in kidney damage; and very rare deaths have occurred (see
section 2 “Take special care with Simvastatin”)

hypersensitivity (allergic) reactions including:
- swelling of the face, tongue and throat which may cause difficulty in breathing
- severe muscle pain usually in the shoulders and hips
- rash with weakness of limbs and neck muscles
- pain or inflammation of the joints
- inflammation of the blood vessels
- unusual bruising, skin eruptions and swelling, hives, skin sensitivity to the sun, fever, flushing
- shortness of breath and feeling unwell
- lupus-like disease picture (including rash, joint disorders, and effects on blood cells)

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inflammation of the liver with yellowing of the skin and eyes, itching, dark-coloured urine or pale-coloured
stool, liver failure (very rare)
inflammation of the pancreas often with severe abdominal pain.

Rare may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people.
• low red blood cells (anaemia)
• stomach upsets (such as sickness, constipation, abdominal pain, flatulence, nausea, indigestion, diarrhoea
vomiting, abdominal pain)
• inflammation of the pancreas (severe abdominal pain radiating to the back, nausea and vomiting)
• headache, dizziness, weakness, numbness or loss of sensation in the arms and legs
• hair loss, rash, itchiness
• Muscle aches and pains, tenderness, weakness or cramps, dark coloured urine, pale coloured
stools (see above and section 2)
• liver disease (possibly presenting as yellowing of the eyes and/or skin)
• increase in blood levels of liver enzymes
Very rare may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people.
• Liver failure
 Trouble sleeping
 Poor memory
Not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data
 Erectile dysfunction
 Depression
 Inflammation of the lungs causing breathing problems including persistent cough and/or shortness of breath
or fever
 Tendonitis
 Tendon problems, sometimes complicated by rupture of the tendon
 Muscle weakness that is constant
Additional possible side effects reported with some statins:
 Sleep disturbances, including sleeplessness and nightmares
 Memory loss
 Sexual dysfunction
 Diabetes. This is more likely if you have high levels of sugars and fats in your blood, are overweight and
have high blood pressure. Your doctor will monitor you while you are taking this medicine.
Laboratory Values
Elevations in some laboratory blood tests of liver function and a muscle enzyme (creatine kinase) have been
observed.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed
in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Simvastatin
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Store the tablets in the original package, in order to protect from light and moisture. Do not store above 30°C. Do
not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated after ¨do not use after¨ or ¨exp¨ date stated on the
packaging. The wording ¨exp¨ means: ”expiry date”. The first 2 digits denote the month, the last digits the year. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away
medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Simvastatin contains:

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The active substance is: Simvastatin, 10mg, 20mg or 40mg
The other ingredients are:
Tablet core: Lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose (E460), Starch (maize)
pregelatinised 1500, butylhydroxyanisole (E320), ascorbic acid (E300), Citric acid, anhydrous (E330), silica,
colloidal anhydrous (E551), talc (E553b), magnesium stearate (E470b).
Film-coating: Hypromellose (E464), iron oxide, red (E172), iron oxide, yellow (E172), triethylcitrate (E1505),
titanium dioxide (E171), talc (E553b), povidone K-30.

What Simvastatin looks like and contents of pack
Simvastatin 10mg is a peach-coloured, oval, biconvex, film-coated tablet, scored on one side; The tablets can be
divided into equal halves along the score line.
Simvastatin 20mg is a tan-coloured, oval, biconvex, film-coated tablet, scored on one side;
The tablets can be divided into equal halves along the score line.
Simvastatin 40mg is a brick red-coloured, oval, biconvex, film-coated tablet, scored on one side;
The tablets can be divided into equal halves along the score line.
The tablets are packed in blisters in a carton box, containing 28 tablets.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Actavis,
Barnstaple,
EX32 8NS,
UK

Manufacturer
Actavis UK Ltd
Barnstaple
EX32 8NS
UK
This leaflet was last revised in November 2016

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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