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ROCEPHIN 250MG POWDER AND SOLVENT FOR SOLUTION FOR INJECTION

Active substance(s): CEFTRIAXONE SODIUM

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PACKAGE LEAFLET

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Package leaflet: Information for the Patient
Rocephin 1 g Powder and Solvent for Solution for Injection
Rocephin 250 mg Powder and Solvent for Solution for Injection
Ceftriaxone (as Ceftriaxone Sodium)

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you are given this medicine because it contains important
information for you.

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.

This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,
even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet
1.
What Rocephin is and what it is used for
2.
What you need to know before you are given Rocephin
3.
How Rocephin is given
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Rocephin
6.
Contents of the pack and other information

1.

What Rocephin is and what it is used for

Rocephin is an antibiotic given to adults and children (including newborn babies). It works by killing
bacteria that cause infections. It belongs to a group of medicines called cephalosporins.
Rocephin is used to treat infections of

the brain (meningitis).

the lungs.

the middle ear.

the abdomen and abdominal wall (peritonitis).

the urinary tract and kidneys.

bones and joints.

the skin or soft tissues.

the blood.

the heart.
It can be given:

to treat specific sexually transmitted infections (gonorrhoea and syphilis).

to treat patients with low white blood cell counts (neutropenia) who have fever due to bacterial
infection.

to treat infections of the chest in adults with chronic bronchitis.

to treat Lyme disease (caused by tick bites) in adults and children including newborn babies
from 15 days of age.

to prevent infections during surgery.

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2.

What you need to know before you are given Rocephin

You must not be given Rocephin if:

You are allergic to ceftriaxone or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section
6).

You have had a sudden or severe allergic reaction to penicillin or similar antibiotics (such as
cephalosporins, carbapenems or monobactams). The signs include sudden swelling of the throat
or face which might make it difficult to breath or swallow, sudden swelling of the hands, feet
and ankles, and a severe rash that develops quickly.

You are allergic to lidocaine and you are to be given Rocephin as an injection into a muscle.
Rocephin must not be given to babies if:

The baby is premature.

The baby is newborn (up to 28 days of age) and has certain blood problems or jaundice
(yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes) or is to be given a product that contains calcium
into their vein.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse before you are given Rocephin if:

You have recently received or are about to receive products that contain calcium.

You have recently had diarrhoea after having an antibiotic medicine. You have ever had
problems with your gut, in particular colitis (inflammation of the bowel).

You have liver or kidney problems.

You have gall stones or kidney stones

You have other illnesses, such as haemolytic anaemia (a reduction in your red blood cells that
may make your skin pale yellow and cause weakness or breathlessness).

You are on a low sodium diet.
If you need a blood or urine test
If you are given Rocephin for a long time, you may need to have regular blood tests. Rocephin can
affect the results of urine tests for sugar and a blood test known as the Coombs test. If you are having
tests:

Tell the person taking the sample that you have been given Rocephin.
If you are diabetic or need to have your blood glucose level monitored you should not use certain
blood glucose monitoring systems which may estimate blood glucose incorrectly while you are
receiving ceftriaxone. If you use such systems check the instructions for use and tell your doctor,
pharmacist or nurse. Alternative testing methods should be used if necessary.
Children
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse before your child is administered Rocephin if:

He/She has recently been given or is to be given a product that contains calcium into their vein.
Other medicines and Rocephin
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
medicines.
In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:

A type of antibiotic called an aminoglycoside.

An antibiotic called chloramphenicol (used to treat infections, particularly of the eyes).
Pregnancy and breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask
your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.
The doctor will consider the benefit of treating you with Rocephin against the risk to your baby.
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Driving and using machines
Rocephin can cause dizziness. If you feel dizzy, do not drive or use any tools or machines. Talk to
your doctor if you experience these symptoms.

3.

How Rocephin is given

Rocephin is usually given by a doctor or nurse. It will be given as an injection directly into a muscle.
Rocephin is made up by the doctor, pharmacist or nurse and will not be mixed with or given to you at
the same time as calcium-containing injections.
The usual dose
Your doctor will decide the correct dose of Rocephin for you. The dose will depend on the severity
and type of infection; whether you are on any other antibiotics; your weight and age; how well your
kidneys and liver are working. The number of days or weeks that you are given Rocephin depends on
what sort of infection you have.
Adults, older people and children aged 12 years and over with a body weight greater than or
equal to 50 kilograms (kg):

1 to 2 g once a day depending on the severity and type of infection. If you have a severe
infection, your doctor will give you a higher dose (up to 4 g once a day). If your daily dose is
higher than 2 g, you may receive it as a single dose once a day or as two separate doses.
Newborn babies, infants and children aged 15 days to 12 years with a body weight of less than
50 kg:

50-80 mg Rocephin for each kg of the child’s body weight once a day depending on the severity
and type of infection. If you have a severe infection, your doctor will give you a higher dose up
to 100 mg for each kg of body weight to a maximum of 4 g once a day. If your daily dose is
higher than 2 g, you may receive it as a single dose once a day or as two separate doses.

Children with a body weight of 50 kg or more should be given the usual adult dose.
Newborn babies (0-14 days)

20 – 50 mg Rocephin for each kg of the child’s body weight once a day depending on the
severity and type of infection.

The maximum daily dose is not to be more than 50 mg for each kg of the baby’s weight.
People with liver and kidney problems
You may be given a different dose to the usual dose. Your doctor will decide how much Rocephin you
will need and will check you closely depending on the severity of the liver and kidney disease.
If you are given more Rocephin than you should
If you accidentally receive more than your prescribed dose, contact your doctor or nearest hospital
straight away.
If you forget to use Rocephin
If you miss an injection, you should have it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your
next injection, skip the missed injection. Do not take a double dose (two injections at the same time) to
make up for a missed dose.
If you stop using Rocephin
Do not stop taking Rocephin unless your doctor tells you to. If you have any further questions on the
use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.

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4.

Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The following side effects may happen with this medicine:
Severe allergic reactions (not known, frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
If you have a severe allergic reaction, tell a doctor straight away.
The signs may include:

Sudden swelling of the face, throat, lips or mouth. This can make it difficult to breathe or
swallow.

Sudden swelling of the hands, feet and ankles.
Severe skin rashes (not known, frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
If you get a severe skin rash, tell a doctor straight away.

The signs may include a severe rash that develops quickly, with blisters or peeling of the skin
and possibly blisters in the mouth.
Other possible side effects:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)

Abnormalities with your white blood cells (such as a decrease of leucocytes and an increase of
eosinophils) and platelets (decrease of thrombocytes).

Loose stools or diarrhoea.

Changes in the results of blood tests for liver functions.

Rash.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)

Fungal infections (for example, thrush).

A decrease in the number of white blood cells (granulocytopenia).

Reduction in number of red blood cells (anaemia).

Problems with the way your blood clots. The signs may include bruising easily and pain and
swelling of your joints.

Headache.

Dizziness.

Feeling sick or being sick.

Pruritis (itching).

Pain or a burning feeling along the vein where Rocephin has been given. Pain where the
injection was given.

A high temperature (fever).

Abnormal kidney function test (blood creatinine increased).
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)

Inflammation of the large bowel (colon). The signs include diarrhoea, usually with blood and
mucus, stomach pain and fever.

Difficulty in breathing (bronchospasm).

A lumpy rash (hives) that may cover a lot of your body, feeling itchy and swelling.

Blood or sugar in your urine.

Oedema (fluid build-up).

Shivering.
Not known (Frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)

A secondary infection that may not respond to the antibiotic previously prescribed

Form of anaemia where red blood cells are destroyed (haemolytic anaemia).

Severe decrease in white blood cells (agranulocytosis).

Convulsions.
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Vertigo (spinning sensation).
Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). The signs include severe pain in the stomach which
spreads to your back.
Inflammation of the mucus lining of the mouth (stomatitis).
Inflammation of the tongue (glossitis). The signs include swelling, redness and soreness of the
tongue.
Problems with your gallbladder, which may cause pain, feeling sick and being sick.
A neurological condition that may occur in neonates with severe jaundice (kernicterus).
Kidney problems caused by deposits of calcium ceftriaxone. There may be pain when passing
water (urine) or low output of urine.
A false positive result in a Coombs’ test (a test for some blood problems).
A false positive result for galactosaemia (an abnormal build up of the sugar galactose).
Rocephin may interfere with some types of blood glucose tests - please check with your doctor.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below).By
reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
United Kingdom
Yellow Card Scheme
Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard

5.

How to store Rocephin

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Store below 30 ºC.
Store in the original package in order to protect from light.
Freshly prepared solutions remain active for at least 6 hours at temperatures below 30 °C (or 24 hours
at 5 ºC).
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the packaging after “EXP”. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to
throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6.

Contents of the pack and other information

What Rocephin contains




The active substance is ceftriaxone disodium salt hemiseptahydrate, corresponding to 1 g
ceftriaxone.
The active substance is ceftriaxone disodium salt hemiseptahydrate, corresponding to 250 mg
ceftriaxone.
The other ingredients are lidocaine hydrochloride monohydrate and water for injections.

What Rocephin looks like and contents of the pack
Rocephin is a white to yellowish-orange powder. The pack contains a vial containing 1 g sterile
ceftriaxone powder for intramuscular administration (in the muscle). The pack also contains
1 ampoule containing 3.5 millilitres solution for injection (10 milligrams lidocaine hydrochloride
monohydrate per millilitre).
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Rocephin is a white to yellowish-orange powder. The pack contains a vial containing 250 mg sterile
ceftriaxone powder for intramuscular administration (in the muscle). The pack also contains
1 ampoule containing 2 millilitres solution for injection (10 milligrams lidocaine hydrochloride
monohydrate per millilitre).
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Roche Products Limited
6 Falcon Way
Shire Park
Welwyn Garden City, AL7 1TW
United Kingdom.
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following
names:
1 g Powder and Solvent for Solution for Injection
Belgium, France, Luxembourg: Rocephine
Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Sweden: Rocephalin
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, United Kingdom: Rocephin
Italy: Rocefin
Rocephin 250 mg Powder and Solvent for Solution for Injection
Hungary, Netherlands, Portugal, United Kingdom: Rocephin
Italy: Rocefin
This leaflet was last revised in July 2016.
The following information is intended only for doctors or other healthcare professionals.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------[The entire Summary of Product Characteristics will be printed here]


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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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