Active Substance: repaglinide
Common Name: repaglinide
ATC Code: A10BX02
Marketing Authorisation Holder: Krka, d.d., Novo mesto
Active Substance: repaglinide
Authorisation Date: 2009-11-04
Therapeutic Area: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Drugs used in diabetes
Repaglinide is indicated in patients with type-2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)) whose hyperglycaemia can no longer be controlled satisfactorily by diet, weight reduction and exercise.
Treatment should be initiated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to lower the blood glucose in relation to meals.
What is Repaglinide Krka?
Repaglinide Krka is a medicine that contains the active substance repaglinide. It is available as round tablets (white: 0.5 mg; yellow: 1 mg; pink: 2 mg).
Repaglinide Krka is a ‘generic medicine’. This means that Repaglinide Krka is similar to a ‘reference medicine’ already authorised in the European Union (EU) called NovoNorm.
What is Repaglinide Krka used for?
Repaglinide Krka is used in patients who have type-2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes). It is used together with diet and exercise to lower blood glucose (sugar) levels in patients whose hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose levels) cannot be controlled by diet, weight reduction and exercise.
The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.
How is Repaglinide Krka used?
Repaglinide Krka is taken before meals, normally up to 15 minutes before each main meal. The dose is adjusted to give the best control. A doctor should regularly test the patient’s blood glucose to find the lowest effective dose. Repaglinide Krka can also be used for type-2-diabetes patients whose blood glucose levels are usually controlled well on diet, but are experiencing temporary loss of blood glucose control.
The recommended starting dose is 0.5 mg. This dose may need to be increased after one or two weeks.
If patients are transferred from another anti-diabetes medicine, the recommended starting dose is 1 mg.
Repaglinide Krka is not recommended for patients below 18 years of age because of a lack of information on safety and effectiveness in this age group.
How does Repaglinide Krka work?
Type-2 diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas does not make enough insulin to control the level of glucose in the blood or when the body is unable to use insulin effectively. Repaglinide Krka helps the pancreas to produce more insulin at mealtimes and is used to control type-2 diabetes.
How has Repaglinide Krka been studied?
Because Repaglinide Krka is a generic medicine, studies have been limited to tests to determine that it is bioequivalent to the reference medicine, NovoNorm. Two medicines are bioequivalent when they produce the same levels of the active substance in the body.
What are the benefit and risk of Repaglinide Krka?
Because Repaglinide Krka is a generic medicine and is bioequivalent to the reference medicine, its benefit and risk are taken as being the same as the reference medicine's.
Why has Repaglinide Krka been approved?
The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) concluded that, in accordance with EU requirements, Repaglinide Krka has been shown to have comparable quality and to be bioequivalent to NovoNorm. Therefore, the CHMP’s view was that, as for NovoNorm, the benefit outweighs the identified risk. The Committee recommended that Repaglinide Krka be given marketing authorisation.
Other information about Repaglinide Krka
The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Repaglinide Krka to Krka, d.d., Novo mesto on 4 November 2009.
Source: European Medicines Agency
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