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PROTHROMPLEX TOTAL 600 IU POWDER AND SOLVENT FOR SOLUTION FOR INJECTION

Active substance(s): HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR II / HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR IX / HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR VII / HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR X / PROTEIN C

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Package leaflet Information for the user
Prothromplex TOTAL 600 IU
Powder and solvent for solution for injection
Active substance: Human Prothrombin Complex
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine, because it
contains important information for you.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1.
What Prothromplex TOTAL is and what it is used for
2.
What you need to know before you use Prothromplex TOTAL
3.
How to use Prothromplex TOTAL
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Prothromplex TOTAL
6.
Contents of the pack and other information

1.

What Prothromplex TOTAL is and what it is used for

Prothromplex TOTAL is a preparation made from human plasma (the liquid part of blood). It
contains the blood clotting factors II, VII, IX and X (prothrombin complex coagulation factors).
These clotting factors are vitamin K dependent and, like vitamin K, they play an important
role in blood clotting. In the event of a deficiency of one of these factors, blood does not clot
as rapidly as usual, which leads to an increased bleeding tendency.
Prothromplex TOTAL is used for:
the treatment of bleeding
the prevention of bleeding immediately before or after surgery
the conditions acquired deficiency and congenital deficiency of coagulation factors
Acquired deficiency:
You may develop a deficiency of the vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors (acquired
deficiency), for example, from treatment with or an overdose of medicinal products that
reduce the effect of vitamin K (so-called vitamin K antagonists).
Congenital deficiency:
If you were born with a deficiency (congenital deficiency), this medicine may be given to you
immediately before or after surgery if the appropriate individual factor concentrate is not
available.

2.

What you need to know before you use Prothromplex TOTAL

Do not use Prothromplex TOTAL
-

if you are allergic to clotting factors or any of the other ingredients of this medicine
(listed in section 6).

Date of last revision: 2015-06-08

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-

if you have or are suspected to have had a heparin-triggered drop in blood platelets,
the cells that are important for blood clotting (heparin-induced thrombocytopenia).

Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before using Prothromplex TOTAL


as there is the rare possibility that you may develop a severe sudden allergic reaction
(anaphylactic reaction) to Prothromplex TOTAL because such allergic-type reactions
have been reported with Prothromplex TOTAL.
More detailed information on early symptoms of such an allergic reaction you can find
in section 4 “Possible Side Effects”.



if you have acquired deficiency of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors.
This acquired deficiency may be caused by treatment with medicinal products which
neutralize blood coagulation through the inhibition of vitamin K. In this case,
Prothromplex TOTAL must be administered only when a rapid correction of the
concentration of the coagulation factors of the prothrombin complex is required, for
example in severe bleeding or emergency surgery. In all other cases, a reduction of
the dose of the vitamin K antagonists or an administration of vitamin K is sufficient.



if you have congenital deficiency of a vitamin K-dependent coagulation factor, a
specific individual factor concentrate will be administered to you by your doctor if it is
available.



if you receive medicinal products to inhibit blood coagulation (vitamin K antagonists).
You may have an increased disposition to coagulation which may be increased
through the infusion of human prothrombin complex concentrate.



if you are treated with a prothrombin complex concentrate, especially in case that you
have received it repeatedly, because blood clots (thrombosis) may occur and be
washed into the blood stream (embolisms).



because of the potential for the occurrence of blood clots, if you belong to one of the
following patient groups:
• patients with a disease of the coronary vessels or a heart infarction
• patients with liver disease
• pre-or post-operative patients
• newborns
• patients with a risk of thromboembolic complications or disseminated
intravascular coagulation (DIC)

In all these situations, the doctor will carefully weigh the benefits of treatment with
Prothromplex TOTAL against the potential risk of these complications.
Virus safety
Please note:
When medicines are made from human blood or plasma, certain measures are put in place
to prevent infections being passed on to patients. These include
– careful selection of blood and plasma donors to make sure those at risk of carrying
infections are excluded,
– testing of each donation and pools of plasma for signs of virus/ infections,
– inclusion of steps in the processing of the blood and plasma that can inactivate or
remove viruses.

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Despite these measures, when medicines prepared from human blood or plasma are
administered, the possibility of passing on infection cannot be totally excluded. This also
applies to unknown or emerging viruses or other types of infections.
The measures taken are considered effective for enveloped viruses such as human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus, and for the nonenveloped hepatitis A virus.
The measures taken may be of limited value against non-enveloped viruses such as
parvovirus B19. Parvovirus B19 infection may be serious for pregnant women (infection of
the unborn child) and for individuals whose immune system is depressed or who have some
types of anaemia (e.g. sickle cell disease or haemolytic anaemia).
Your doctor may recommend that you consider vaccination against hepatitis A and B if you
regularly or repeatedly receive human plasma-derived prothrombin complex concentrates.
It is strongly recommended that every time you receive a dose of Prothromplex TOTAL the
name and batch number of the product are recorded in order to maintain a record of the
batches used.

Children and adolescents
The safety and efficacy of the use of Prothromplex TOTAL in patients under 18 years have
not been established in Baxter clinical trials.

Other medicines and Prothromplex TOTAL
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking/using, have recently taken/used or might
take/use any other medicines.
Please inform your attending doctor if you receive medicinal products to inhibit blood
coagulation (vitamin K antagonists). You may have an increased disposition to coagulation
which may be increased through the infusion of human prothrombin complex concentrate.
Interference with biological testing:
When performing clotting tests, which are sensitive to heparin in patients receiving high
doses of human prothrombin complex, the heparin as a constituent of the administered
product must be taken into account.

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a
baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before using this medicine.
Prothromplex TOTAL is to be used during the pregnancy and breast-feeding period only if
clearly indicated.
There is no information on the effects of Prothromplex TOTAL on fertility.

Driving and using machines
No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed.

Prothromplex TOTAL contains sodium and heparin
Prothromplex TOTAL contains 80 mg sodium per vial (calculated value) or 0.13 mg sodium
per IU/ kg dose. This is to be taken into consideration in patients on a controlled sodium diet.

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Heparin may cause allergic reactions and reduced blood cell counts which may affect the
blood clotting system. Patients with a history of heparin-induced allergic reactions should
avoid the use of heparin-containing medicines.

3.

How to use Prothromplex TOTAL

Your therapy should be initiated, administered and monitored by a doctor who is experienced
in the treatment of coagulation disorders.
The required amount of Prothromplex TOTAL as well as the duration of the treatment
depends on various factors such as body weight, the degree of severity of your disease,
localization and extent of the bleeding or the necessity to prevent bleeding in surgical
procedures.
The doctor will determine the dosage which is suitable for you and will monitor the
coagulation and your clinical condition regularly (see section “The following information is
intended for healthcare professionals only”).
Use in children and adolescents:
Since no clinical trials have been performed the product should be used with caution in this
special patient group.
Method of administration
Prothromplex TOTAL administration is supervised by a doctor.
After reconstitution with the enclosed sterilized water for injections, Prothromplex TOTAL is
administered slowly into a vein (intravenously). The speed of administration depends on your
well-being and should not exceed 2 ml per minute (60 IU/min).

If you use more Prothromplex TOTAL than you should
In the event of overdose, there is a risk of the development of thromboembolic complications
or consumption coagulopathy.
When high doses of human prothrombin complex concentrates were administered, heart
attack, increased consumption of blood platelets and coagulation factors with pronounced
clot formation in the blood vessels (DIC, disseminated intravascular coagulation,
consumption coagulopathy), venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism have been
observed.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4.

Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
As in all therapies with plasma derivatives, there is the possibility that you may develop a
sudden allergic reaction (anaphylactic reaction). In individual cases, a severe hypersensitivity
reaction including shock may develop.
Therefore, please pay attention to potential early symptoms of an allergic reaction such as:
erythema (reddening of the skin)
skin rash
appearance of hives on the skin (nettle rash / urticaria)
Date of last revision: 2015-06-08

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itching anywhere on the body
swelling of lips and tongue
breathing difficulties / dyspnoea
tightness of the chest
general indisposition
dizziness
drop in blood pressure
If you notice one or several of the listed symptoms, discontinue the infusion at once. Call
your doctor immediately. Severe symptoms require immediate emergency treatment.
When using prothrombin complex concentrates (including Prothromplex TOTAL), patients
may develop resistance (inhibitors) to one or several of the coagulation factors with
subsequent inactivation of the blood coagulation factors. The occurrence of such inhibitors
may manifest as an insufficient response to the treatment.
During the treatment with prothrombin complex concentrates, blood clots (thromboses) may
develop and be washed into the blood stream (embolisms). This may lead to complications
such as heart infarction, an increased consumption of blood platelets and blood coagulation
factors with pronounced blood clot formation in the blood vessels (consumption
coagulopathy), obstruction of the veins by blood clots (venous thrombosis) and obstruction of
a lung blood vessel by a blood clot (pulmonary infarction).
The following side effects may affect up to 1 in 10 people while using Prothromplex TOTAL:
– blood clot formation throughout the body (disseminated intravascular coagulation),
resistance (inhibitors) to one or more of the prothrombin complex factors (Factors II,
VII, IX, X)
– severe sudden allergic reaction (anaphylactic shock), anaphylactic reaction,
hypersensitivity stroke, headache
– heart attack (acute myocardial infarction), palpitation of the heart (tachycardia)
– arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis, drop of blood pressure (hypotension)
reddening of the skin (flushing)
– occlusion of a lung vessel through a blood clot (pulmonary embolism), breathing
difficulties, breathlessness (dyspnoea), wheezing
– vomiting, feeling of sickness (nausea)
– nettle rash on the entire body (urticaria) skin rash (rash erythematous), itching
(pruritus)
– a certain kidney disorder with symptoms such as swelling of the eyelids, face and
lower legs with weight gain as well as loss of protein via the urine (nephrotic
syndrome)
– fever (pyrexia)
The following side effects have been observed with other prothrombin complex concentrates:
– swelling of face, tongue and lips (angioedema) skin sensation such as burning,
prickling, itching or tingling (paraesthesia)
– infusion site reaction
– lethargy
– restlessness
Reporting of side effects:
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly via the national reporting system listed below.
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Yellow Card Scheme
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this
medicine.

5.

How to store Prothromplex TOTAL

Store in a refrigerator (2 °C to 8 °C). Do not free ze.
Store in the original package in order to protect from light.
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use the medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and outer carton
after “EXP.” The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Prothromplex TOTAL may be stored at room temperature (maximum 25 °C) only once within
the shelf life for six months. Record The beginning and the end of storage at room
temperature on the product box. You must use Prothromplex TOTAL within those six months
or dispose of it. . Do not return Prothromplex TOTAL to the refrigerator.
The ready-to-use solution should be used immediately.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist
how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the
environment.

6.

Contents of the pack and other information

What Prothromplex TOTAL contains
Powder:
The active substances are Human Coagulation Factors II, VII, IX and X. Each vial
contains 480-900 human coagulation factor II, 500 IU human coagulation factor VII and
600 IU of human coagulation factor IX and X.
After reconstitution with the supplied solvent, the product contains 24-45 IU human
coagulation factor II, 25 IU human coagulation factor VII , 30 IU human coagulation
factor IX and 30 human coagulation factor X.
One vial contains at least 400 IU Protein C co-purified with the blood coagulation
factors.
The other ingredients are: sodium chloride, sodium cytrate dihydrate, heparin sodium
(0.2 - 0.5 IU/IU factor IX) and antithrombin III 15 - 30 IU per vial (0.75 - 1.5 IU/ml).
Solvent:
Sterilized water for injections.

What Prothromplex TOTAL looks like and contents of the pack
Powder and solvent for solution for injection.
Prothromplex TOTAL is a white to light yellow, freeze dried powdery or compact dry
substance.
Date of last revision: 2015-06-08

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After reconstitution, the pH value of the solution is 6.5 to 7.5 and the osmolality does not lie
below 240 mosm/kg. The solution is clear or slightly opalescent.
Powder and solvent are supplied in single-dose vials made of glass (hydrolytic class I and
class II, respectively). The vials are closed with stoppers made of butyl rubber.
Contents of the pack
• 1 vial with Prothromplex TOTAL 600 IU powder for solution for injection
• 1 vial with 20 ml sterilized water for injections
According to the country specific labelling the following combinations of devices may be
included in the product pack:
1 aeration needle, 1 filter needle, 1 transfer needle
[1 disposable syringe, 1 triple set (aeration needle, butterfly needle and disposable needle), 1
filter needle, 1 transfer needle]
[1 triple set (aeration needle, butterfly needle and disposable needle), 1 filter needle, 1
transfer needle]
[1 transfer needle, 1 filter needle, 1 aeration needle, 1 butterfly needle, 1 disposable needle ]
[1 transfer needle, 1 filter needle, 1 disposable syringe, 1 aeration needle, 1 twin set
(butterfly needle, disposable needle)]
Pack size
1 x 600 IU

Marketing Authorization Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Baxalta Innovations GmbH
Industriestrasse 67
A-1221 Vienna
Austria
Manufacturer
Baxter AG
Industriestrasse 67
A 1221 Vienna, Austria

This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the
following names:
Austria:
Prothromplex TOTAL 600 I.E. Pulver und Lösungsmittel zur Herstellung
einer Injektionslösung
Belgium:
Prothromplex 600 UI, poudre et solvant pour solution injectable
Bulgaria:
Prothromplex Total NF 600 IU
Czech Republic: Prothromplex Total NF
Denmark:
Prothromplex
Estonia:
Prothromplex
Finland:
Prothromplex
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Germany:
Greece:
Hungary:
Ireland:
Italy:
Lithuania:
Latvia:
Luxembourg:
Malta:
Netherlands :
Norway:
Poland:
Portugal:
Romania:
Slovakia:
Slovenia:
Spain:
Sweden:
United Kingdom:

Prothromplex NF 600
Prothromplex NF 600
Prothromplex TOTAL 600 IU
Prothromplex TOTAL 600 IU
PROPLEX
Prothromplex 600 TV milteliai ir tirpiklis injekciniam tirpalui (Powder and
Solvent for solution for Injection
Prothromplex 600 SV pulveris un šķīdinātājs injekciju šķīduma
pagatavošanai
Prothromplex 600 UI, poudre et solvant pour solution injectable
Prothromplex TOTAL 600 IU
Prothromplex 600 IE poeder en oplosmiddel voor oplossing voor injection
Prothromplex
Prothromplex Total NF
Prothromplex
Prothromplex TOTAL 600 IU
Prothromplex NF 600 IU
PROPLEX 600 i.e. prašek in vehikel za raztopino za injiciranje
Prothromplex Total 600 UI
Prothromplex
Prothromplex TOTAL 600 IU

This leaflet was last revised in June 2015.

The following information is intended for healthcare professionals only:
Posology
Only general dosage guidelines are given below. Treatment should be initiated under the
supervision of a physician experienced in the treatment of coagulation disorders. The dosage
and duration of the substitution therapy depend on the severity of the coagulation disorder,
on the location and extent of the bleeding and on the patient’s clinical condition.
Dosage and frequency of administration should be calculated on an individual patient basis.
Dosage intervals must be adjusted to the different circulating half-lives of the various
coagulation factors in the prothrombin complex.
Individual dosage requirements can only be identified on the basis of regular determinations
of the individual plasma levels of the coagulation factors of interest or on the global test of
the prothrombin complex level (e.g. Quick’s time value, INR, prothrombin time) and
continuous monitoring of the patient’s clinical condition.
In case of major surgical interventions precise monitoring of the substitution therapy by
means of coagulation assays is essential (specific coagulation factor assays and/or global
tests for prothrombin complex levels).
Bleeding and perioperative prophylaxis of bleeding during vitamin K antagonist
treatment:
In severe hemorrhages or before operations with a high risk of bleeding, normal values
(Quick’s time value 100%, INR 1.0) are to be aimed for.
The following rule of thumb applies: 1 IU factor IX/kg body weight raises the Quick’s time
value by about 1%.
If Prothromplex TOTAL administration is based on the INR results, the recommended dose
of Prothromplex TOTAL has to be calculated following the table below:
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dosing of Prothromplex TOTAL according to initial INR measurement
INR
dose
IU/kg (IUs refer to Factor IX)
2.0-3.9
25
4.0-6.0
35
>6.0
50
Bleeding and perioperative prophylaxis in congenital deficiency of any of the vitamin
K-dependent coagulation factors when specific coagulation factor product is not
available:
The calculated required dosage for treatment is based on the empirical finding that
approximately 1 IU of factor VII or factor IX per kg body weight raises the plasma factor IX
activity by about 0.015 IU/ml; and 1 IU per kg body weight of Factor VII by about 0.024 IU/ml.
One IU of factor II or X per kg body weight raises the plasma factor II or X activity by 0.021
IU/ml1.
The dose of a specific factor expressed in International Units (IU), which are related to the
current WHO standard for each factor. The activity in plasma of a specific coagulation factor
is expressed either as a percentage (relative to normal human plasma) or in International
Units (relative to the international standard for specific factor concentrates).
One International Unit (IU) of a coagulation factor activity is equivalent to the quantity in one
milliliter of normal human plasma.
The following dosage formula can serve to estimate the necessary dosage:
For example the calculation of the required dosage of factor X is based on the empirical
finding that 1 International Unit (IU) of factor X per kg body weight raises the plasma factor X
activity by 0.017 IU/ml. The required dosage is determined using the following formula:
Required units = body weight (kg) x desired factor IX increase (IU/ml) x 1.2
Paediatric population
The safety and efficacy of the use of Prothromplex TOTAL in paediatric patients have not
been established in Baxter clinical trials.
Interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
If high doses of Prothromplex TOTAL are applied, the heparin contained in the preparation is
to be taken into consideration when carrying out heparin-sensitive coagulation analyses.
Incompatibilities
This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products except the enclosed
solvent.
As with all coagulation factor preparations, the efficacy and tolerance of the medicinal
product may be impaired by mixing with other medicinal products. It is advisable to rinse a

1

Ostermann H, Haertel S, Knaub S, Kalina U, Jung K, Pabinger I. Pharmacokinetics of Beriplex P/N
prothrombin complex concentrate in healthy volunteers. Thromb Haemost. 2007; 98(4):790-797.

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common venous access with isotonic saline solution before and after the administration of
Prothromplex TOTAL.
Special precautions for disposal and other handling
For reconstitution, use only the enclosed set for reconstitution.
Only reconstitute Prothromplex TOTAL immediately before administration. Then the solution
is to be utilized straight away. (The solution does not contain any preservatives.)
The solution is clear or slightly opalescent. Before administration, always check the
reconstituted solution visually for suspended particles or discolorations. Cloudy solutions or
solutions with precipitate are to be disposed of.
Reconstitution of the powder for solution for injection:
Use aseptic technique!
1. Warm the unopened vial containing the solvent (sterilized water for injections) to room
or body temperature (maximum +37 °C).
2. Remove the protective caps from the powder vial and from the solvent vial (fig. A) and
cleanse the rubber stoppers of both.
3. Remove protective covering from one end of the enclosed transfer needle by twisting,
remove and insert the needle through the rubber stopper of the solvent vial (Fig. B
and C).
4. Remove protective covering from the other end of the transfer needle taking care not
to touch the exposed end!
5. Invert the solvent vial over the powder vial, and insert the end of the transfer needle
through the rubber stopper of the powder vial (Fig. D). The solvent will be drawn by
vacuum in the powder vial.
6. Disconnect the two vials by removing the transfer needle from the powder vial (Fig.
E). Gently agitate the powder vial to accelerate dissolution.
7. Upon complete dissolution of the powder, insert the enclosed aeration needle (Fig. F)
and any foam will collapse. Remove the aeration needle.
Injection/infusion:
Use aseptic technique!
1. Remove protective covering from one end of the enclosed filter needle by twisting and
fit the needle onto a sterile disposable syringe. Draw the solution into the syringe (Fig.
G).
2. Disconnect the filter needle from the syringe and slowly (maximum infusion / injection
rate: 2 ml per minute) administer the solution intravenously.

Fig.A

Fig.B

Fig.C Fig.D Fig.E

Fig.F

Fig.G

After administration, discard all needles unsealed, together with the syringe and/or the
infusion set in the product box, to avoid putting other persons at risk.

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Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with
local requirements.
Document each administration of Prothromplex TOTAL in the case history, using the
enclosed self-adhesive label.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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