PROGRAF 1 MG HARD CAPSULES
Active substance(s): TACROLIMUS / TACROLIMUS MONOHYDRATE / TACROLIMUS / TACROLIMUS MONOHYDRATE / TACROLIMUS / TACROLIMUS MONOHYDRATE
Prograf® 1 mg hard capsules
The name of your product is Prograf® 1 mg hard capsules but will be referred to as
Prograf® throughout the following:
Other strengths of this product are also available.
Patient Information Leaflet
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine
because it contains important information for you.
− Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
− If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
− This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others.
It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
− If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes
any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Prograf® is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Prograf®
3. How to take Prograf®
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Prograf®
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT PROGRAF® IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Prograf® belongs to a group of medicines called immunosuppressants. Following your
organ transplant (e.g. liver, kidney, heart), your body’s immune system will try to reject
the new organ. Prograf® is used to control your body’s immune response enabling your
body to accept the transplanted organ.
Prograf® is often used in combination with other medicines that also suppress the
You may also be given Prograf® for an ongoing rejection of your transplanted liver,
kidney, heart or other organ or if any previous treatment you were taking was unable to
control this immune response after your transplantation.
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE PROGRAF®
Do not take Prograf®
− If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to tacrolimus or any of the other ingredients of
Prograf® (listed in section 6).
− If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to any antibiotic belonging to the subgroup of
macrolide antibiotics (e.g. erythromycin, clarithromycin, josamycin).
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Prograf®
− You will need to take Prograf® every day as long as you need immunosuppression
to prevent rejection of your transplanted organ. You should keep in regular contact
with your doctor.
− Whilst you are taking Prograf® your doctor may want to carry out a number of tests
(including blood, urine, heart function, visual and neurological tests) from time to
time. This is quite normal and will help your doctor to decide on the most appropriate
dose of Prograf® for you.
− Please avoid taking any herbal remedies, e.g. St. John’s wort (Hypericum
perforatum) or any other herbal products as this may affect the effectiveness and
the dose of Prograf® that you need to receive. If in doubt please consult your doctor
prior to taking any herbal products or remedies.
− If you have liver problems or have had a disease which may have affected your liver,
please tell your doctor as this may affect the dose of Prograf® that you receive.
− If you feel strong abdominal pain accompanied or not with other symptoms, such as
chills, fever, nausea or vomiting.
− If you have diarrhoea for more than one day, please tell your doctor, because it
might be necessary to adapt the dose of Prograf® that you receive.
− If you have an alteration of the electrical activity of your heart called “QT
− Limit your exposure to sunlight and UV light whilst taking Prograf® by wearing
appropriate protective clothing and using a sunscreen with a high sun protection
factor. This is because of the potential risk of malignant skin changes with
− If you need to have any vaccinations, please inform your doctor beforehand. Your
doctor will advise you on the best course of action.
− Patients treated with Prograf® have been reported to have an increased risk of
developing lymphoproliferative disorders (see section 4). Ask your doctor for
specific advice on these disorders.
Other medicines and Prograf®
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any
other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription and herbal
Prograf® must not be taken with ciclosporin.
Prograf® blood levels can be affected by other medicines you take, and blood levels of
other medicines can be affected by taking Prograf® which may require interruption, an
increase or a decrease in Prograf® dose. In particular, you should tell your doctor if you
are taking or have recently taken medicines with active substances like:
− antifungal medicines and antibiotics (particularly so-called macrolide antibiotics)
used to treat infections e.g. ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole,
clotrimazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin, josamycin, and rifampicin
− HIV protease inhibitors (e.g. ritonavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir), used to treat HIV
− HCV protease inhibitors (e.g. telaprevir, boceprevir), used to treat hepatitis C
− medicines for stomach ulcer and acid reflux (e.g. omeprazole, lansoprazole or
− antiemetics, used to treat nausea and vomiting (e.g. metoclopramide)
− magnesium-aluminium-hydroxide (antacid), used to treat heartburn
− hormone treatments with ethinylestradiol (e.g. the oral contraceptive pill) or danazol
− medicines for high blood pressure or heart problems such as nifedipine, nicardipine,
diltiazem and verapamil
− anti-arrhythmic medicines (amiodarone) used to control arrhythmia (uneven beating
of the heart)
− medicines known as “statins” used to treat elevated cholesterol and triglycerides
− the anti-epileptic medicines phenytoin or phenobarbital
− the corticosteroids prednisolone and methylprednisolone
− the anti-depressant nefazodone
− herbal preparations containing St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) or extracts
of Schisandra sphenanthera.
Tell your doctor if you are taking or need to take ibuprofen, amphotericin B, or antivirals
These may worsen kidney or nervous system problems when taken together with
Your doctor also needs to know if you are taking potassium supplements or
potassium-sparing diuretics (e.g., amiloride, triamterene, or spironolactone), certain
pain killers (so-called NSAIDs, e.g. ibuprofen), anticoagulants, or oral medication for
diabetic treatment, while you take Prograf®.
If you need to have any vaccinations, please inform your doctor beforehand.
Prograf® with food and drink
You should generally take Prograf® on an empty stomach or at least 1 hour before or 2
to 3 hours after a meal. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice should be avoided while taking
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have
a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Prograf® is excreted into breast milk. Therefore you should not breast-feed whilst
Driving and using machines
Do not drive or use any tools or machines if you feel dizzy or sleepy, or have problems
seeing clearly after taking Prograf®. These effects are more frequently observed if
Prograf® is taken in conjunction with alcohol use.
Prograf® contains lactose and lecithin (soya)
Prograf® contains lactose. If you have been told by your doctor that you have an
intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
The printing ink used on Prograf® capsules 0.5 mg and 1 mg contains soya lecithin. If
you are allergic to peanut or soya, talk to your doctor to determine whether you should
use this medicine.
3. HOW TO TAKE PROGRAF®
Always take Prograf® exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your
doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Make sure that you receive the same tacrolimus medicine every time you collect your
prescription, unless your transplant specialist has agreed to change to a different
This medicine should be taken twice a day. If the appearance of this medicine is not the
same as usual, or if dosage instructions have changed, speak to your doctor or
pharmacist as soon as possible to make sure that you have the right medicine.
The starting dose to prevent the rejection of your transplanted organ will be determined
by your doctor calculated according to your body weight. Initial doses just after
transplantation will generally be in the range of
0.075 – 0.30 mg per kg body weight per day
depending on the transplanted organ.
Your dose depends on your general condition and on which other immunosuppressive
medication you are taking. Regular blood tests by your doctor will be required to define
the correct dose and to adjust the dose from time to time. Your doctor will usually reduce
your Prograf® dose once your condition has stabilised. Your doctor will tell you exactly
how many capsules to take and how often.
Prograf® is taken orally twice daily, usually in the morning and evening. You should
generally take Prograf® on an empty stomach or at least 1 hour before or 2 to 3 hours
after the meal. The capsules should be swallowed whole with a glass of water. Take the
capsules immediately following removal from the blister. Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit
juice while taking Prograf®. Do not swallow the desiccant contained in the foil wrapper.
If you take more Prograf® than you should
If you have accidentally taken too much Prograf® see your doctor or contact your
nearest hospital emergency department immediately.
If you forget to take Prograf®
Do not take a double dose to make up for forgotten individual doses.
If you have forgotten to take your Prograf® capsules, wait until it is time for the next
dose, and then continue as before.
If you stop taking Prograf®
Stopping your treatment with Prograf® may increase the risk of rejection of your
Do not stop your treatment unless your doctor tells you to do so.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Prograf® can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Prograf® reduces your body’s own defence mechanism to stop you rejecting your
transplanted organ. Consequently, your body will not be as good as usual at fighting
infections. So if you are taking Prograf® you may therefore catch more infections than
usual such as infections of the skin, mouth, stomach and intestines, lungs and urinary
Severe side effects may occur, including the ones listed below. Tell your doctor
immediately if you have or suspect you may have any of the following serious side
− Opportunistic infections (bacterial, fungal, viral and protozoal): prolonged diarrhea,
fever and sore throat.
− Benign and malignant tumours have been reported following treatment as a result
− Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (or TTP) a condition characterised by fever
and bruising under the skin that may appear as red pinpoint dots, with or without
unexplained extreme tiredness, confusion, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice),
with symptoms of acute renal failure (low or no urine output).
- Cases of pure red cell aplasia (a very severe reduction in red blood cell counts) and
haemolytic anaemia (decreased number of red blood cells due to abnormal
breakdown accompanied with tiredness) have been reported. You may have no
symptoms or depending on the severity of the condition, you may feel: fatigue,
apathy, abnormal paleness of the skin (pallor), shortness of breath, dizziness,
headache, chest pain and coldness in hands and feet.
- Cases of agranulocytosis (a severely lowered number of white blood cells
accompanied with ulcers in the mouth, fever and infection(s)). You may have no
symptoms or you may feel sudden fever, rigors and sore throat.
- Allergic and anaphylactic reactions with the following symptoms: a sudden itchy
rash (hives), swelling of hands, feet, ankle, face, lips, mouth or throat (which may
cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing) and you may feel you are going to faint.
- Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): headache, altered mental
status, seizures, and visual disturbances.
- Torsades de Pointes: change in the heart frequency that can be accompanied or not
by symptoms, such as chest pain (angina), faint, vertigo or nausea, palpitations
(feeling the heartbeat) and difficulty breathing.
- Gastrointestinal perforation: strong abdominal pain accompanied or not with other
symptoms, such as chills, fever, nausea or vomiting.
- Stevens-Johnson syndrome: unexplained widespread skin pain, facial swelling,
serious illness with blistering of skin, mouth, eyes and genitals, hives, tongue
swelling, red or purple skin rash that spreads, skin shedding.
- Toxic epidermal necrolysis: erosion and blistering of skin or mucous membranes,
red swollen skin that can detach in large parts of the body.
- Haemolytic uraemic syndrome, a condition with the following symptoms: low or no
urine output (acute renal failure), extreme tiredness, yellowing of the skin or eyes
(jaudince) and abnormal bruising or bleeding and signs of infection.
- Insufficient function of your transplanted organ
The side effects listed below may also occur after receiving Prograf®:
Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):
- Increased blood sugar, diabetes mellitus, increased potassium in the blood
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Trembling, headache
- Increased blood pressure
- Diarrhoea, nausea
- Kidney problems
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
− Reduced magnesium, phosphate, potassium, calcium or sodium in the blood, fluid
overload, increased uric acid or lipids in the blood, decreased appetite, increased
acidity of the blood, other changes in the blood salts
− Anxiety symptoms, confusion and disorientation, depression, mood changes,
nightmare, hallucination, mental disorders
− Fits, disturbances in consciousness, tingling and numbness (sometimes painful) in
the hands and feet, dizziness, impaired writing ability, nervous system disorders
− Blurred vision, increased sensitivity to light, eye disorders
− Ringing sound in your ears
− Reduced blood flow in the heart vessels, faster heartbeat
− Bleeding, partial or complete blocking of blood vessels, reduced blood pressure
− Shortness in breath, changes in the lung tissue, collection of liquid around the lung,
inflammation of the pharynx, cough, flu-like symptoms
− Inflammations or ulcers causing abdominal pain or diarrhoea, bleeds in the
stomach, inflammations or ulcers in the mouth, collection of fluid in the belly,
vomiting, abdominal pains, indigestion, constipation, flatulence, bloating, loose
stools, stomach problems
− Changes in liver enzymes and function, yellowing of the skin due to liver problems,
liver tissue damage and inflammation of the liver
− Itching, rash, hair loss, acne, increased sweating
− Pain in joints, limbs or back, muscle spasms
− Insufficient function of the kidneys, reduced production of urine, impaired or painful
− General weakness, fever, collection of fluid in your body, pain and discomfort,
increase of the enzyme alkaline phosphatase in your blood, weight gain, feeling of
Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
− Changes in blood clotting, reduction in all blood cell counts
− Dehydration, reduced protein or sugar in the blood, increased phosphate in the
− Coma, bleeding in the brain, stroke, paralysis, brain disorder, speech and language
abnormalities, memory problems
− Blurring of the vision due to abnormality in the lens of the eye
− Impaired hearing
− Irregular heartbeat, stop of heartbeat, reduced performance of your heart, disorder
of the heart muscle, enlargement of the heart muscle, stronger heartbeat, abnormal
ECG, heart rate and pulse abnormal
− Blood clot in a vein of a limb, shock
− Difficulties in breathing, respiratory tract disorders, asthma
− Obstruction of the gut, increased blood level of the enzyme amylase, reflux of
stomach content in your throat, delayed emptying of the stomach
− Dermatitis, burning sensation in the sunlight
− Joint disorders
− Inability to urinate, painful menstruation and abnormal menstrual bleeding
− Failure of some organs, influenza like illness, increased sensitivity to heat and cold,
feeling of pressure on your chest, jittery or abnormal feeling, increase of the enzyme
lactate dehydrogenase in your blood, weight loss
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
− Small bleeds in your skin due to blood clots
− Increased muscle stiffness
− Collection of fluid around the heart
− Acute breathlessness
− Cyst formation in your pancreas
− Problems with blood flow in the liver
− Increased hairiness
− Thirst, fall, feeling of tightness in your chest, decreased mobility, ulcer
Very rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people):
- Muscular weakness
- Echocardiogram abnormal
- Liver failure, narrowing of the bile vessel
- Painful urination with blood in the urine
- Increase of fat tissue
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow
Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help
provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE PROGRAF®
• Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
• Take the hard capsules immediately following removal from the blister.
• Do not use Prograf after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and blister
after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
• Store in the original package in order to protect from moisture.
• Prograf capsules should all be used within 1 year of opening the aluminium
• If the medicine become discoloured or show any other signs of deterioration, you
should seek the advice of your doctor or pharmacist who will tell you what to do.
• Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your
pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will
help to protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Prograf® contains
Prograf® 1 mg hard capsules
- The active substance is tacrolimus. Each hard capsule contains 1 mg of
tacrolimus as tacrolimus monohydrate.
The other ingredients are:
Capsule content: Hypromellose, croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate,
Capsule shell: Titanium dioxide (E 171), gelatin.
Printing ink of capsule shell: Shellac, lecithin (soya), hydroxypropyl cellulose,
simeticone, red iron oxide (E 172).
What Prograf® looks like and contents of the pack
Prograf® 1 mg hard capsules
Opaque white hard gelatin capsules imprinted in red with “1 mg” and “[f] 617”,
containing white powder.
Prograf® 1 mg hard capsules are supplied as blister strips containing 30 capsules within
a protective foil wrapper, including a desiccant protecting the capsules from moisture.
The desiccant should not be swallowed.
Manufacturer and Product Licence Holder :
This medicine is manufactured by Astellas Ireland Co. Ltd., Killorglin, County Kerry,
Ireland. It is procured from within the EU by the Product Licence Holder: Swinghope
Limited, Brandon House, Marlowe Way, Croydon CR0 4XS and repackaged by Interport
Limited, Brandon House, Marlowe Way, Croydon CR0 4XS.
PL No: 10380/1505
Leaflet revision date: 03/12/2015
Prograf® is a registered trademark of Astellas Pharma Inc, Japan.
Free Information Service
Your doctor has prescribed you Prograf® to help treat your organ transplant.
To help ensure you have as much information as possible about your condition,
Astellas Pharma Ltd has produced a selection of booklets called the
PA Transplantation Support Service. The information service is free and has
been produced with the help of transplant nurses and transplant coordinators.
If you would like more information about this information service, please talk to
your transplant team.
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.