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POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 15% W/V CONCENTRATE FOR SOLUTION FOR INFUSION

Active substance(s): POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

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Transcript
PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET

Potassium Chloride 15% w/v
Concentrate for Solution for
Infusion
READ ALL OF THIS LEAFLET CAREFULLY BEFORE
YOU START USING THIS MEDICINE.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or
pharmacist.
If any of the side effects becomes serious, or if you
notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please
tell your doctor or pharmacist.
The name of your medicine is Potassium Chloride
15% w/v Concentrate for Solution for Infusion but will
be referred to as ‘Potassium chloride concentrate’
throughout the remainder of this leaflet.
In this leaflet:
1. What Potassium chloride concentrate is and what it
is used for
2. Before you are given Potassium chloride concentrate
3. How you are given Potassium chloride concentrate
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Potassium chloride concentrate
6. Further information
1. WHAT POTASSIUM CHLORIDE CONCENTRATE
AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Potassium chloride concentrate belongs to a group of
medicines called electrolyte replacement solutions.
Electrolytes are a group of chemicals and salts that are
in the body fluids.
Potassium chloride concentrate is used in patients
needing additional amounts of potassium.

Make sure your doctor knows if you suffer from the
above.
Take special care with Potassium chloride
concentrate if you:
• have heart disease
• have had a recent severe injury involving a large area
of skin such as a burn.
Make sure your doctor is aware of these situations if it
is not already obvious.
Taking other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking,
or have recently taken, any other medicines. This
includes medicines obtained without a prescription.
In particular, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the
following:
• Diuretics (“water tablets”) like amiloride,
spironolactone and triamterene
• Other medicines containing potassium
• ACE inhibitors, and angiotensin II antagonists,
aliskerin (used to treat high blood pressure)
• Ciclosporin, Tacrolimus (used to supress the immune
system following transplants)
• Glucose infusions (used in patients who have low
levels of sugar in their blood or are dehydrated).
Pregnancy and breast feeding
Do not have Potassium chloride concentrate if you are
pregnant (or think you may be), or breast feeding unless
your doctor has decided that it is in your best interests.

2. BEFORE YOU ARE GIVEN POTASSIUM
CHLORIDE CONCENTRATE
You should not be given Potassium chloride
concentrate if :
• you have hyperkalaemia (high levels of potassium in
your blood - your doctor will advise you)
• you suffer from impaired kidney function (you may
produce little or no urine)
• you suffer from Addison’s disease (a hormonal
disorder where you may feel weak, lose weight and
have a darkened skin)
• you are very dehydrated
• you suffer from heat cramps
• you suffer from Hyperchloraemia (electrolyte
disturbance in which there is an abnormally elevated
level of the chloride ion in the blood).

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Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking
any medicine.

• Muscle weakness or loss of movements

Driving and using machines
Potassium chloride concentrate should not interfere
with your ability to drive or use machines but consult
your doctor first.

• Hyperkalaemia (too much potassium in the blood
which would be identified by a blood test)

3. HOW YOU ARE GIVEN POTASSIUM
CHLORIDE CONCENTRATE
Potassium chloride concentrate is diluted and then
slowly dripped through a needle into a vein. The
process may take an hour or more depending on your
dose. Your doctor will decide the best dose for you.
While this medicine is being injected, your ECG
(electrocardiogram, measuring the heart) should be
monitored continuously.
If you are given more Potassium chloride
concentrate than you should
As Potassium chloride concentrate is administered by
a healthcare professional it is unlikely that you will be
given too much. If you think you have been given too
much medicine, tell your doctor. The likely signs of an
overdose are the occurrence of side-effects as listed
below.
In this event, you will be treated in the hospital and you
will be given the necessary treatment.
If you miss a dose of Potassium chloride concentrate
This is unlikely as the injection is given by a healthcare
professional but if you are concerned about missing a
dose speak to your doctor.

• Faintness or irregular heart beats, or heart attack

• Hypotension (low blood pressure causing dizziness
on standing)
• Pain at the site of injection
• Inflammation of the vein into which the solution is
injected.
Please tell your doctor as soon as possible if you
experience any of the above or are concerned they
may have occurred.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice
any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your
doctor (GP or hospital doctor) or pharmacist.
5. HOW TO STORE POTASSIUM
CHLORIDE CONCENTRATE
These instructions apply mainly to the healthcare
professional administering the injection.
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of
children
This medicine should be stored out of the light at a
maximum temperature of 25˚C. Do not use after the
expiry date (month, year) on the label and carton. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not use if the ampoule is damaged or if the solution
is cloudy or has solids in it. If only part of the ampoule
is used, throw away the rest of the solution

4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS

6. FURTHER INFORMATION

Like all medicines Potassium chloride concentrate can
sometimes cause side-effects, although not everybody
gets them.

The active substance is potassium chloride.
The other ingredient is water for injections.
Potassium chloride concentrate must be diluted before
use to not less than fifty times its volume of sodium
chloride injection or other suitable liquids for dilution.

The most likely side-effects are:
• Tingling or other odd sensations

What Potassium chloride concentrate looks like and
contents of pack
Potassium chloride concentrate is a clear, colourless,
sterile aqueous solution for injection. Each 10ml glass
ampoule contains 15%w/v (1.5g) of active ingredient,
potassium chloride. Potassium chloride concentrate is
supplied in pack of 10 ampoules.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Mercury Pharma International Ltd
4045, Kingswood Road, City West Business Park, Co
Dublin, Ireland.
Manufacturer
B. Braun Melsungen AG, Mistelweg 2, 12357 Berlin,
Germany.
This leaflet was last revised in September 2012.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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