OXYTETRACYCLINE 250MG COATED TABLETS
Active substance(s): OXYTETRACYCLINE DIHYDRATE
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Oxytetracycline 250mg Coated Tablets
QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Active ingredient : - Oxytetracycline Dihydrate 268.8 mg.
Sugar coated tablet.
Oxytetracycline is a bacteriostatic broad-spectrum antibiotic, active against a wide
variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms.
Infections caused by oxytetracycline-sensitive organisms include:
1) Respiratory tract infections: Pneumonia, whooping cough and other lower
respiratory tract infections due to susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae,
Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and other organisms. Mycoplasma
pneumoniae pneumonia. Treatment of chronic bronchitis (including the prophylaxis
of acute exacerbations).
2) Urinary tract infections: caused by susceptible strains of the Klebsiella species.
Enterobacter species, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus faecalis and other organisms.
3) Sexually transmitted diseases: Infections due to Chlamydia trachomatis including
uncomplicated urethral, endocervical or rectal infections. Non-gonococcal urethritis
caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum. Oxytetracycline is also indicated in chancroid,
granuloma inguinale and lymphogranuloma venereum. Oxytetracycline is an
alternative drug in the treatment of gonorrhoea and syphilis.
4) Skin Infections: Acne vulgaris when antibiotic therapy is considered necessary and
5) Ophthalmic infections: Trachoma, although the infectious agent, as judged by
immunofluorescence, is not always eliminated. Inclusion conjunctivitis may be
treated with oral oxytetracycline alone or in combination with topical agents.
6) Rickettsial infections: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus group, Q fever and
Coxiella endocarditis and tick fevers.
7) Other infections: Stagnant loop syndrome. Psittacosis, brucellosis (in combination
with streptomycin), cholera, bubonic plague, louse and tick-borne relapsing fever,
tularaemia, glanders, melioidosis and acute intestinal amoebiasis (as an adjunct to
Oxytetracycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of leptospirosis, gas-gangrene
Posology and method of administration
The tablets are for oral administration and are best taken on an empty stomach (1
hour before food or two hours after). If gastric irritation occurs, tablets should be
taken with food. Tablets should be taken well before going to bed. Therapy should be
continued for up to three days after symptoms have subsided.
The tablets must not be given to children below the age of 12.
All infections due to Group A beta-haemolytic streptococci should be treated for at
least 10 days.
Adults (including the elderly) and children over 12 years: The minimum
recommended dosage is 250mg every six hours. Therapeutic levels are attained more
rapidly by the administration of 500mg initially, followed by 250mg every six hours.
For severe infections, the dosage may be increased to 500mg every six hours.
Elderly: Usual adult dose. Caution should be observed as subclinical renal
insufficiency may lead to drug accumulation.
Renal impairment: In general, tetracyclines are contraindicated in renal impairment
and the dosing recommendations only apply if use of this class of drug is deemed
absolutely essential. Total dosage should be decreased by reduction of recommended
individual doses and/or by extending time intervals between doses.
Dosage Recommendations in Specific Infections:
Skin infections: 250-500mg daily in single or divided doses should be administered
for at least 3 months in the treatment of acne vulgaris and severe rosacea.
Streptococcal infections: A therapeutic dose of oxytetracycline should be
administered for at least 10 days.
Brucellosis: 500mg four times daily accompanied by streptomycin.
Sexually transmitted diseases: 500mg four times daily for 7 days is recommended in
the following infections: uncomplicated gonococcal infections (except anorectal
infections in men); uncomplicated urethra; endocervical or rectal infection caused by
Chlamydia trachomatis; non-gonoccocal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma
Acute epididymo-orchitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, or Neisseria
gonorroeae: 500mg four times daily for 10 days.
Primary and Secondary syphilis: 500mg four times daily for 15 days. Syphilis of
more than one year's duration, (latent syphilis of uncertain or more than one year's
duration, cardiovascular or late benign syphilis) except neurosyphilis, should be
treated with 500mg four times daily for 30 days. Patient compliance with this regimen
may be difficult so care should be taken to encourage optimal compliance. Close
follow-up including laboratory tests, is recommended
Must not be given to children below 12 years.
Known hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines or any of the other ingredients in
the formulation, renal or hepatic impairment, systemic lupus erythematosus,
pregnancy and breastfeeding women, porphyria, patients receiving vitamin A or
Special warnings and precautions for use
Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase
deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine as this
product contains lactose and sucrose.
Tetracycline drugs may cause permanent tooth discoloration (yellow-grey-brown), if
administered during tooth development, in the last half of pregnancy and in infancy
up to twelve years of age. Enamel hypoplasia has also been reported. This adverse
reaction is more common during long-term use of the drug but has been observed
following repeated short-term courses.
Absorption is adversely affected by milk, antacids and aluminium, calcium, iron,
magnesium and zinc salts.
Tetracyclines depress plasma prothrombin activity, therefore reduced dosages of
concurrent anticoagulants may be required.
Lower doses are indicated in cases of renal impairment to avoid excessive systemic
accumulation and if therapy is prolonged serum level determinations are advisable.
Special care should be taken when treating the elderly or patients receiving potentially
In long-term therapy, periodic laboratory evaluation of organ systems, including
haematopoietic, renal and hepatic studies should be performed.
When treating venereal disease, where co-existent syphilis is suspected, proper
diagnostic procedures should be utilised. In all such cases, monthly serological tests
should be made for at least 4 months.
Care is advised when administering to patients with myasthenia gravis.
Treatment should cease if symptoms of benign intracranial hypertension (e.g.
headache and visual disturbance) develop.
Photosensitivity reactions may occur in hypersensitive persons and such patients
should be warned to avoid direct exposure to natural or artificial sunlight and to
discontinue therapy at the first sign of skin discomfort.
The use of antibiotics may occasionally result in the overgrowth of nonsusceptible
organisms including Candida. If a resistant organism appears, the antibiotic should be
discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.
Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Antidiarrhoeal preparations such as kaolin-pectin and bismuth subsalicylate hinder
absorption of tetracyclines.
Antacids containing aluminium, calcium, iron, magnesium or zinc may impair
absorption of oxytetracycline. Allow two to three hours between doses of
oxytetracycline and antacids.
Oxytetracycline may potentiate action of some anti-coagulants.
Since bacteriostatic drugs may interfere with the bactericidal action of penicillin, it is
advisable to avoid giving oxytetracycline in conjunction with penicillin.
The nephrotoxic effects of tetracyclines may be exacerbated by co-administration of
diuretics, methoxyflurane or other drugs known to be nephrotoxic.
Dairy products and food may interfere with absorption.
Oxytetracycline may increase the hypoglycaemic effects of insulin and
sulphonylureas in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Benign intracranial hypertension has been reported following the concomitant use
of tetracyclines and vitamin A or retinoids and therefore concurrent use is
There is a slight risk of adverse effect on oral contraception
Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
The product should not be used in pregnancy unless absolutely essential.
Animal studies have shown that tetracyclines cross the placenta and may have toxic
effects on foetal tissues, particularly on skeletal development. (See section 4.4)
The use of tetracycline compounds during pregnancy has been associated with reports
of maternal liver toxicity.
Use in newborns, infants and children: All tetracyclines form a stable calcium
complex in any bone-forming tissue.
A decrease in the fibula growth rate has been observed in premature infants given oral
tetracycline in doses of 25mg/kg every 6 hours. This reaction was reversed when the
drug was discontinued.
Tetracyclines are also excreted in breast milk and are therefore contraindicated
in nursing mothers.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Very common (1/10); common (1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to
<1/100); rare (≥ 1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); Frequency not
known (cannot be estimated from the available data).
Blood and lymphatic disorders:
Frequency not known: Haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia,
Nervous system disorders:
Frequency not known: bulging fontanelles in infants, benign intracranial
Frequency not known: Pericarditis.
Rare: oesophagitis, oesophageal ulceration
Frequency not known: Gastrointestinal irritations giving rise to nausea,
Pseudomembranous colitis, intestinal overgrowth of resistant organisms
(Candida albicans, in particular), may occur and cause glossitis, rectal and
vaginal irritation and inflammatory lesions (with candidial overgrowth) in the
anogenital regions. Similarly, resistant staphylococci may cause enterocolitis.
Tooth discolouration, pancreatitis.
Hepatobiliary system disorders:
Frequency not known: Hepatotoxicity (hepatitis, jaundice and hepatic failure),
fatty liver degeneration.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:
Uncommon: Exfoliative dermatitis
Hypersensitivity reactions: urticaria, angioneurotic oedema, anaphylaxis,
anaphylactoid purpura, pericarditis, exacerbation of systemic lupus
Renal and urinary disorders:
Frequency not known: Renal dysfunction.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal
product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance
of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any
suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
No specific overdose problems or symptoms. Gastric lavage and
administration of milk or antacids.
Oxytetracycline is a broad spectrum tetracycline antibiotic with activity
against a large number of gram positive and gram negative bacteria.
The product acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis.
The tetracyclines are incompletely and irregularly absorbed from the gastrointestinal
The degree of absorption is diminished by the soluble salts of divalent and trivalent
metals, with which tetracyclines form stable complexes and to a variable degree by
milk or food. Plasma concentrations will depend upon the degree of absorption. Peak
plasma concentrations occur about 1 to 3 hours after ingestion.
It is recommended that tetracyclines should be given before food.
A dose of 500mg every 6 hours by mouth is reported to produce steady-state plasma
concentrations of 3 to 4µg per ml.
In the circulation, tetracyclines are bound to plasma proteins in varying degrees, but
reported values differ considerably: from about 20 to 40% for oxytetracycline.
They are widely distributed throughout the body tissues and fluids. Small amounts
appear in saliva, and the fluids of the eye and lung.
Tetracyclines appear in the milk of nursing mothers where concentrations may be
60% or more of those in the plasma. They diffuse across the placenta and appear in
the foetal circulation in concentrations of about 25 to 75% of those in the maternal
blood. Tetracyclines are retained at sites of new bone formation and recent
calcification and in developing teeth.
The tetracyclines are excreted in the urine and in the faeces. Renal clearance is by
The tetracyclines are excreted in the bile where concentrations 5 to 25 times those in
plasma can occur. Since there is some enterohepatic reabsorption complete
elimination is slow. Considerable quantities occur in the faeces after administration
Preclinical safety data
There is no pre-clinical data of relevance to a prescriber which is additional to
that already included in other sections of the SPC.
List of excipients
Lactose, Pregelatinised Starch, Sodium Lauryl Sulphate, Gelatin, Magnesium
Stearate, Talc, Sugar, Titanium Dioxide, Aluminium Hydroxide and Tartrazine
(E102), Shellac, Beeswax and Carnauba Wax.
May potentiate action of some anticoagulants, antacids, iron and zinc salts and
diary products may reduce absorption. Slight risk of adverse effect on action
of oral contraceptives.
Special precautions for storage
Store below 25°C.
Nature and contents of container
The tablets are available in Al/PVC blister packs of 28 tablets enclosed in a carton.
Special precautions for disposal
No special precautions required.
MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Intrapharm Laboratories Limited
The Courtyard Barns
Berks SL6 6PT
MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE
DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT