UK Edition. Click here for US version.
OXYCONTIN 20MG FILM-COATED TABLETS
Active substance(s): OXYCODONE HYDROCHLORIDE
are or have ever been addicted to alcohol or drugs or have a known
have an increased sensitivity to pain;
need to take increasingly higher doses of OxyContin to gain the
same level of pain relief (tolerance).
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR USER
OXYCONTIN 20mg FILM-COATED TABLETS
OXYCONTIN 80mg FILM-COATED TABLETS
Your medicine is known by either of the above name but will be referred
to as OxyContin tablets throughout the following leaflet.
Please note that information regarding other strength of OxyContin
tablets is also present in the below leaflet.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to
others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as
If any of the side effects become serious, or if you notice any side
effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
If you are going to have an operation, please tell the doctor at the
hospital that you are taking these tablets.
Taking other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently
taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a
prescription. If you take these tablets with some other medicines, the
effect of these tablets or the other medicine may be changed.
These tablets must not be used together with a monoamine oxidase
inhibitor, or if you have taken this type of medicine in the last two weeks
(see section 2 “Do not take…”).
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking:
medicines to help you sleep or stay calm (for example tranquillisers,
hypnotics or sedatives);
medicines to treat depression (such as paroxetine);
medicines to treat psychiatric or mental disorders (such as
phenothiazines or neuroleptic drugs);
other strong analgesics (‘painkillers’);
medicines to treat high blood pressure;
quinidine (a medicine to treat a fast heart beat);
5. How to store OxyContin tablets
cimetidine (a medicine for stomach ulcers, indigestion or heartburn);
6. Further information
antifungal medicines (such as ketoconazole, voriconazole,
itraconazole and posaconazole);
antibiotics (such as clarithromycin, erythromycin or telithromycin);
medicines known as ‘protease inhibitors’ to treat HIV (e.g.
boceprevir, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir or saquinavir);
rifampicin (to treat tuberculosis);
carbamazepine (a medicine to treat seizures, fits or convulsions
and certain pain conditions);
phenytoin (a medicine to treat seizures, fits or convulsions);
a herbal remedy called St. John’s Wort (also known as Hypericum
In this leaflet:
1. What OxyContin tablets are and what they are used for
2. Before you take OxyContin tablets
3. How to take OxyContin tablets
4. Possible side effects
1. WHAT OXYCONTIN TABLETS ARE AND WHAT THEY ARE
These tablets have been prescribed for you by your doctor to relieve
moderate to severe pain over a period of 12 hours. They contain the
active ingredient oxycodone which belongs to a group of medicines
called strong analgesics or ‘painkillers’.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE OXYCONTIN TABLETS
Do not take OxyContin tablets if you:
are allergic (hypersensitive) to oxycodone, or any of the other
ingredients of the tablets (see section 6 ‘Further Information’);
have breathing problems, such as chronic obstructive lung disease,
severe bronchial asthma or respiratory depression. Your doctor will
have told you if you have any of these conditions. Symptoms may
include breathlessness, coughing or breathing more slowly or
weakly than expected;
have a head injury that causes a severe headache or makes you
feel sick. This is because the tablets may make these symptoms
worse or hide the extent of the head injury;
have a condition where the small bowel does not work properly
(paralytic ileus), your stomach empties more slowly than it should
(delayed gastric emptying) or you have severe pain in your
have a heart problem after long-term lung disease (cor pulmonale);
have severe kidney problems or moderate to severe liver problems.
If you have other long-term kidney or liver problems you should only
take these tablets if recommended by your doctor;
have ongoing problems with constipation;
are taking a type of medicine known as a monoamine oxidase
inhibitor (examples include tranylcypromine, phenelzine,
isocarboxazid, moclobemide and linezolid), or you have taken this
type of medicine in the last two weeks;
Also tell your doctor if you have recently been given an anaesthetic.
Taking OxyContin tablets with food, drink and alcohol
Drinking alcohol whilst taking OxyContin tablets may make you feel
more sleepy or increase the risk of serious side effects such as shallow
breathing with a risk of stopping breathing, and loss of consciousness. It
is recommended not to drink alcohol while you’re taking OxyContin
You should avoid drinking grapefruit juice during your treatment with
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Do not take these tablets if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
These tablets may cause a number of side effects such as drowsiness
which could affect your ability to drive or use machinery (see section 4
for a full list of side effects). These are usually most noticeable when
you first start taking the tablets, or when changing to a higher dose. If
you are affected you should not drive or use machinery.
This medicine can affect your ability to drive as it may make you sleepy
Do not drive while taking this medicine until you know how it affects
It is an offence to drive while you have this medicine in your body
over a specified limit unless you have a defence (called the
This defence applies when:
are under 18 years of age.
Take special care with OxyContin tablets
Before treatment with these tablets tell your doctor or pharmacist if you:
are elderly or weakened;
have an under-active thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), as you may
need a lower dose;
The medicine has been prescribed to treat a medical or
dental problem; and
have myxoedema (a thyroid disorder with dryness, coldness and
swelling [‘puffiness’] of the skin affecting the face and limbs;
You have taken it according to the instructions given by the
prescriber and in the information provided with the medicine.
have a severe headache or feel sick as this may indicate that the
pressure in your skull is increased;
have low blood pressure (hypotension);
have low blood volume (hypovolaemia); this can happen with
severe external or internal bleeding, severe burns, excessive
sweating, severe diarrhoea or vomiting;
have a mental disorder as a result of an infection (toxic psychosis);
have inflammation of the pancreas (which causes severe pain in the
abdomen and back);
have problems with your gall bladder or bile duct;
have inflammatory bowel disease;
have an enlarged prostate gland, which causes difficulty in passing
urine (in men);
have poor adrenal gland function (your adrenal gland is not working
properly which may cause symptoms including weakness, weight
loss, dizziness, feeling or being sick), e.g. Addison’s disease;
have breathing problems such as severe pulmonary disease. Your
doctor will have told you if you have this condition. Symptoms may
include breathlessness and coughing;
have kidney or liver problems;
have previously suffered from withdrawal symptoms such as
agitation, anxiety, shaking or sweating, upon stopping taking
alcohol or drugs;
Please note that it is still an offence to drive if you are unfit because
of the medicine (i.e. your ability to drive is being affected).
Details regarding a new driving offence concerning driving after drugs
have been taken in the UK may be found here:
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether it is safe
for you to drive while taking this medicine.
Important information about some of the ingredients of OxyContin
These tablets contain lactose which is a form of sugar. If you have been
told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars,
contact your doctor before taking these tablets.
3. HOW TO TAKE OXYCONTIN TABLETS
Always take these tablets exactly as your doctor has told you. The label
on your medicine will tell you how many tablets to take and how often.
Adults (over 18 years of age)
The usual starting dose is one 10 mg tablet every 12 hours. However,
your doctor will prescribe the dose required to treat your pain. If you find
that you are still in pain whilst taking these tablets, discuss this with
Do not exceed the dose recommended by your doctor. You should
check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Swallow your tablets whole with water. Do not crush, dissolve or
Difficulty in passing urine, impotence, decreased sexual drive,
absence of menstrual periods.
Fast, irregular heart beat, low blood pressure, a feeling of ‘faintness’
especially on standing up, flushing of the skin.
Dehydration, thirst, swelling of the hands, ankles or feet.
Dry skin, severe flaking or peeling of the skin, hives (nettle rash).
You must only take the tablets by mouth. The tablets should never be
crushed or injected as this may lead to serious side effects, which may
Redness of the face, reduction in size of the pupils in the eye,
muscle spasm, high temperature.
A need to take increasingly higher doses of the tablets to obtain the
same level of pain relief (tolerance).
Colicky abdominal pain or discomfort.
Children and adolescents under 18 years of age should not take the
A worsening of liver function tests (seen in a blood test).
OxyContin tablets are designed to work properly over 12 hours
when swallowed whole. If a tablet is broken, crushed, dissolved or
chewed, the entire 12-hour dose may be absorbed rapidly into
your body. This can be dangerous, causing serious problems such
as an overdose, which may be fatal.
You should take your tablets every 12 hours. For instance, if you take a
tablet at 8 o’clock in the morning, you should take your next tablet at 8
o’clock in the evening.
Patients with kidney or liver problems
Please tell your doctor if you suffer from kidney or liver problems as
they may prescribe a lower dose depending on your condition.
If you take more OxyContin tablets than you should or if someone
accidentally swallows your tablets
Call your doctor or hospital straight away. People who have taken an
overdose may feel very sleepy, sick or dizzy, or have hallucinations.
They may also have breathing difficulties leading to unconsciousness or
even death and may need emergency treatment in hospital. When
seeking medical attention make sure that you take this leaflet and any
remaining tablets with you to show to the doctor.
If you forget to take your OxyContin tablets
If you remember within 4 hours of the time your tablet was due, take
your tablet straight away. Take your next tablet at your normal time. If
you are more than 4 hours late, please call your doctor or pharmacist
for advice. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.
(Frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
An increased sensitivity to pain.
You may see the remains of the tablets in your faeces. This should not
affect how the tablets work.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also
report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the
safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE OXYCONTIN TABLETS
If you stop taking OxyContin tablets
KEEP OUT OF THE SIGHT AND REACH OF CHILDREN.
You should not suddenly stop taking these tablets unless your doctor
tells you to. If you want to stop taking your tablets, discuss this with your
doctor first. They will tell you how to do this, usually by reducing the
dose gradually so you do not experience unpleasant effects. Withdrawal
symptoms such as agitation, anxiety, palpitations, shaking or sweating
may occur if you suddenly stop taking these tablets.
Do not store above 25°C.
Do not use after the expiry date printed on the carton label or blister
If your doctor tells you to stop using the medicine, please take it
back to the pharmacist for safe disposal. Only keep the medicine if
your doctor tells you to.
If the medicine becomes discoloured or shows any other signs of
deterioration, you should seek the advice of your pharmacist who
will tell you what to do.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household
waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer
required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your
doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, these tablets can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them.
All medicines can cause allergic reactions, although serious allergic
reactions are rare. Tell your doctor immediately if you get any sudden
wheeziness, difficulties in breathing, swelling of the eyelids, face or lips,
rash or itching especially those covering your whole body.
6. FURTHER INFORMAT ION
What OxyContin tablets contain
The most serious side effect is a condition where you breathe more
slowly or weakly than expected (respiratory depression). Tell your
doctor immediately if this happens to you.
OxyContin 20mg Tablets, each film-coated, prolonged release
tablet contains 18.0mg of the active ingredient, oxycodone as 20mg
of oxycodone hydrochloride
As with all strong painkillers, there is a risk that you may become
addicted or reliant on these tablets.
Very common side effects
OxyContin 80mg Tablets, each film-coated, prolonged release
tablet contains 72.0mg of the active ingredient, oxycodone as 80mg
of oxycodone hydrochloride
(May affect more than 1 in 10 people)
OxyContin 20mg Tablets also contain the following inactive
ingredients: lactose monohydrate, magnesium
stearate,ammoniomethacrylate copolymer, povidone, stearyl
alcohol, talc, tiacetin, hypromellose (E464), macrogol, polysorbate
80, titanium dioxide (E171) and iron oxide (E172).
OxyContin 80mg Tablets also contain the following inactive
ingredients: lactose monohydrate, magnesium
stearate,ammoniomethacrylate copolymer, povidone, stearyl
alcohol, talc, triacetin, hypromellose (E464), macrogol,
hydroxypropyl cellulose, titanium dioxide(E171), indigo carmine
(E132) and iron oxide (E172).
Constipation (your doctor can prescribe a laxative to overcome this
Feeling or being sick (this should normally wear off after a few days,
however your doctor can prescribe an anti-sickness medicine if it
continues to be a problem).
Drowsiness (this is most likely when you start taking your tablets or
when your dose is increased, but it should wear off after a few
Common side effects
(May affect up to 1 in 10 people)
Dry mouth, loss of appetite, indigestion, abdominal pain or
Confusion, depression, a feeling of unusual weakness, shaking,
anxiety, nervousness, difficulty in sleeping, abnormal thoughts or
Difficulty in breathing or wheezing, shortness of breath, decreased
Uncommon side effects
(May affect up to 1 in 100 people)
What OxyContin tablets looks like and contents of the pack
OxyContin 20mg Tablets, are round pink tablets marked ‘20’ on
one side and ‘OC’ on the other.
OxyContin 80mg Tablets, are round green tablets marked ‘80’ on
one side and ‘OC’ on the other’
OxyContin Tablets are available as blister packs of 28 and 56
Product Licence holder
Procured from within the EU and repackaged by the Product Licence
holder: S&M Medical Ltd, Chemilines House, Wembley, HA0 1DX.
This product is manufactured by Bard Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Cambridge
Science Park, Milton Rd, Cambridge CB4 0GW U.K.
Difficulty in swallowing, belching, hiccups, wind, a condition where
the bowel does not work properly (ileus), inflammation of the
stomach, changes in taste, tooth decay.
PL 19488/1087 OxyContin 20mg Film-Coated Prolonged-Release
PL 19488/1089 OxyContin 80mg Film-Coated Prolonged-Release
A blockage in the flow of bile from the liver (cholestasis). This can
cause itchy skin, yellow skin, very dark urine and very pale stools.
Leaflet revision date: 10 September 2015
A feeling of dizziness or ‘spinning’, hallucinations, mood changes,
unpleasant or uncomfortable mood, a feeling of extreme happiness,
restlessness, agitation, generally feeling unwell, loss of memory,
difficulty in speaking, reduced sensitivity to pain or touch, tingling or
numbness, seizures, fits or convulsions, blurred vision, fainting,
unusual muscle stiffness or slackness, involuntary muscle
® OxyContin is a registered trade mark of Napp Pharmaceutical
S1087-89 LEAFLET Oxycontin 20150910
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.