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OXIS TURBUHALER 6 MICROGRAMS

Active substance(s): EFORMOTEROL FUMARATE DIHYDRATE

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

Oxis® Turbuhaler® 6 micrograms
(formoterol fumarate)
This product is available using the above name but will be referred to as Oxis
Turbuhaler throughout the following leaflet.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because
it contains important information for you.


Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.



If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.



This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It
may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.



If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

What Oxis Turbuhaler is and what it is used for
What you need to know before you use Oxis Turbuhaler
How to use Oxis Turbuhaler
Possible side effects
How to store Oxis Turbuhaler
Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Oxis Turbuhaler is and what it is used for
Oxis Turbuhaler is an inhaler. It contains a medicine called formoterol. This belongs
to a group of medicines called ‘long-acting beta-agonists’ or ‘bronchodilators’.
It works by relaxing the muscles in your airways. This helps you to breathe more
easily. It starts to work within 1 to 3 minutes and the effects last up to 12 hours.
Your doctor has prescribed this medicine to treat asthma or chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease (COPD).
Asthma
Oxis Turbuhaler is used to treat asthma in adults, adolescents and children 6
years and older. For asthma, your doctor will prescribe two asthma inhalers: Oxis
Turbuhaler and a separate ‘corticosteroid’ inhaler. These should be used together.
■ Oxis Turbuhaler is used to help prevent asthma symptoms from happening.
■ Some people also use Oxis Turbuhaler when they need extra doses for relief of
asthma symptoms, to make it easier to breathe again.
■ Oxis Turbuhaler can also be used before exercise to prevent asthma symptoms
caused by exercise.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Oxis Turbuhaler can also be used to treat the symptoms of COPD in adults.
COPD is a long-term disease of the airways in the lungs, which is often caused by
cigarette smoking.
2. What you need to know before you use Oxis Turbuhaler
Do not use Oxis Turbuhaler:
■ If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to formoterol, or any of the other ingredients
of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Warnings and Precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using Oxis Turbuhaler if
■ You are diabetic. You may need some additional blood sugar tests while you
are using Oxis Turbuhaler.
■ You have high blood pressure or you have ever had a heart problem.
■ You have problems with your thyroid gland.
■ You have low levels of potassium in your blood. Your doctor may take blood
samples to check the levels of potassium in your blood.
■ You have severe liver problems such as liver cirrhosis.
If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or
pharmacist before using Oxis Turbuhaler.
Other medicines and Oxis Turbuhaler
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take
any other medicines. This includes medicines that you buy without a prescription
and herbal medicines. This is because Oxis Turbuhaler can affect the way some
medicines work and some medicines can have an effect on Oxis Turbuhaler.
In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following
medicines:
■ Beta-blocker medicines (such as atenolol or propranolol for high blood
pressure), including eyedrops (such as timolol for glaucoma).
■ Medicines for a fast or uneven heart beat (such as quinidine).
■ Medicines like digoxin, often used to treat heart failure.
■ Diuretics, also known as ‘water tablets’ (such as furosemide). These are used
to treat high blood pressure.
■ Steroid medicines that you take by mouth (such as prednisolone).
■ Xanthine medicines (such as theophylline or aminophylline). These are often
used to treat asthma.
■ Erythromycin (used to treat infections).
■ Anti-histamines (such as terfenadine).
■ Other substances that dilate the airways (bronchodilators, such as salbutamol).
■ Ephedrine (used to treat asthma or as a decongestant).
■ Tricyclic anti-depressants (such as amitriptyline).
If any of the above applies to you, or if you are not sure, talk to your doctor or
pharmacist before using Oxis Turbuhaler.
Also tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are going to have a general anaesthetic
for an operation or for dental work.

The addition of anticholinergics (such as tiotropium or ipratropium bromide) to the
treatment with Oxis Turbuhaler, can help to open your airways even more.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, think you may be pregnant, or are
planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine
- do not use Oxis Turbuhaler unless your doctor tells you to.
■ If you get pregnant while using Oxis Turbuhaler, do not stop using Oxis
Turbuhaler but talk to your doctor immediately.


Driving and using machines
Oxis Turbuhaler is not likely to affect you being able to drive or use any tools or
machines.
Oxis Turbuhaler contains lactose monohydrate.
Oxis Turbuhaler contains lactose monohydrate, which is a type of sugar. If you
have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, talk to
your doctor before using this medicine. The amount of lactose monohydrate in this
medicine does not normally cause problems in people who are lactose intolerant.
The excipient lactose monohydrate contains small amounts of milk proteins, which
may cause allergic reactions.
3. How to use Oxis Turbuhaler




Always use this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Do not increase the dose of Oxis Turbuhaler prescribed by your doctor without
talking to your doctor first.
If you are using Oxis Turbuhaler regularly for asthma or COPD you should
continue to use your medicine, even if you have no symptoms.

Important information about your asthma or COPD symptoms
If you feel you are getting breathless or wheezy while using Oxis Turbuhaler, you
should continue to use Oxis Turbuhaler but go to see your doctor as soon as
possible, as you may need additional treatment.
Contact your doctor immediately if:
■ Your breathing is getting worse or you often wake up at night with asthma.
■ You start getting chest tightness.
■ You are not getting relief from your current dose.
■ You need to take more than your usual dose for more than two days in a week.
■ You need to use your Turbuhaler more often than usual before exercise.
These signs could mean that your asthma or COPD is not being properly
controlled and you may need different or additional treatment immediately.
Asthma
Oxis Turbuhaler should not be used in children under 6 years of age.
Adults (18 years and above)
■ The recommended dose is 1 or 2 inhalations, once or twice a day.
■ Your doctor may increase this to 4 inhalations, once or twice a day.
■ Some people also use Oxis Turbuhaler as a ‘reliever inhaler’. If you get asthma
symptoms, the usual dose is 1 or 2 inhalations when they happen.
■ A total daily dose of more than 8 inhalations is not normally needed. This
includes the inhalations that you take every day, when you get asthma
symptoms and before exercise. However, your doctor may allow you to take up
to 12 inhalations a day. Do not use more than 12 inhalations in total in 24
hours.
■ Do not take more than 6 inhalations at any one time.
Children and adolescents (6 to 17 years)
■ The recommended dose is 2 inhalations, once or twice a day.
■ Some children also use Oxis Turbuhaler as a ‘reliever inhaler’. If your child gets
asthma symptoms, the usual dose is 1 or 2 inhalations when they happen.
■ A total daily dose of more than 4 inhalations is not normally needed. This
includes the inhalations that your child takes every day, when they get asthma
symptoms and before exercise. However, your doctor may allow your child to
take up to 8 inhalations a day. Your child should not use more than 8
inhalations in total in 24 hours.
■ Your child should not have more than 2 inhalations at any one time.
Your doctor (or asthma nurse) will help you to manage your asthma. Once your
asthma is well controlled your doctor may consider it appropriate to gradually
reduce the dose of Oxis Turbuhaler.
Asthma caused by exercise
If you or your child have asthma symptoms caused by exercise, your doctor may
advise you or your child to use Oxis Turbuhaler before exercise as well. Oxis
Turbuhaler should not be used in children under 6 years of age.
Adults (18 years and above)
■ The recommended dose is 2 inhalations before exercise.
■ A total daily dose of more than 8 inhalations is not normally needed. This
includes the inhalations that you take every day, when you get asthma
symptoms and before exercise. However, your doctor may allow you to take up
to 12 inhalations a day. Do not use more than 12 inhalations in total in 24
hours.
■ Do not take more than 6 inhalations at any one time.
Children and adolescents (6 to 17 years)
■ The recommended dose is 1 or 2 inhalations before exercise.
■ A total daily dose of more than 4 inhalations is not normally needed. This
includes the inhalations that your child takes every day, when they get asthma
symptoms and before exercise. However, your doctor may allow your child to
take up to 8 inhalations a day. Your child should not use more than 8
inhalations in total in 24 hours.
■ Your child should not have more than 2 inhalations at any one time.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
■ Only to be used by adults (aged 18 years and above).
■ The recommended dose is 2 inhalations once or twice a day.
■ Your doctor may advise you to take extra doses for relief of your COPD
symptoms.
■ You should not have more than 8 inhalations a day.
■ Do not take more than 4 inhalations at any one time.
Preparing your new Oxis Turbuhaler Inhaler

If you forget to use Oxis Turbuhaler
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is
nearly time for your next dose, skip the missed dose.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop using Oxis Turbuhaler
Do not stop using Oxis Turbuhaler without talking to your doctor.
If you have any further questions on using your Turbuhaler, ask your doctor, nurse
or pharmacist.

Mouthpiece

Before using your new Oxis Turbuhaler for the first
time, you need to prepare it for use as follows.
Indicator
■ Unscrew the white cover and lift it off. You may hear a
rattling sound.
■ Hold your Oxis Turbuhaler upright with the turquoise
grip at the bottom.
Grip
■ Turn the turquoise grip as far as it will go in one
Grip
direction. Then turn it as far as it will go in the other
direction (it does not matter which way you turn it first).
You should hear a click sound.
■ Do this again, turning the turquoise grip in both
directions.
■ Your Oxis Turbuhaler is now ready for use.

How to take an inhalation
Every time you need to take an inhalation, follow the instructions below.
1. Unscrew the white cover and lift it off. You may hear a rattling sound.
2. Hold your Turbuhaler upright with the turquoise grip at the bottom.
3. Do not hold the mouthpiece when you load your Turbuhaler. To load your
Turbuhaler with a dose, turn the turquoise grip as far as it will go in one
direction. Then turn it as far as it will go in the other direction (it does not matter
which way you turn it first). You should hear a click sound. Your Turbuhaler is
now loaded and ready to use. Only load your Turbuhaler when you need to use
it.
4. Hold your Turbuhaler away from your mouth. Breathe out gently (as far as is
comfortable).
Do not breathe out through your Turbuhaler.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody
gets them.
If the following happens to you, stop using Oxis Turbuhaler and talk to your
doctor immediately:
■ Bronchospasm (tightening of the muscles in the airways which causes sudden
wheezing) after inhaling your medicine. This happens very rarely, may affect up
to 1 in 10,000 people.
Other possible side effects:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
■ Trembling or shaking. If these effects occur, they are usually mild and usually
disappear as you continue to use Oxis Turbuhaler.
■ Headache.
■ Feeling dizzy.
■ Nausea (feeling sick).
■ Muscle cramps.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
■ Palpitations (awareness of your heart beating). If this effect occurs, it is usually
mild and usually disappear as you continue to use Oxis Turbuhaler.
■ Disturbed sleep.
■ Fast heart beat.
■ Allergic reactions such as rash, itching and bronchospasm.
■ Low level of potassium in your blood.
■ An increase in the amount of sugar (glucose) in your blood.
■ Taste changes, such as an unpleasant taste in the mouth.
■ Changes in your blood pressure.
■ Uneven heart beat.
■ Chest pain or tightness in the chest (angina pectoris).
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
Feeling restless or agitated.



5. Place the mouthpiece gently between your teeth. Close
your lips. Breathe in as deeply and as hard as you can
through your mouth. Do not chew or bite on the
mouthpiece.
6. Remove your Turbuhaler from your mouth. Then breathe out gently. The
amount of medicine that is inhaled is very small. This means you may not be
able to taste it after inhalation. If you have followed the instructions, you can still
be confident that you have inhaled the dose and the medicine is now in your
lungs.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes
any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects
directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of
this medicine.
5. How to store Oxis Turbuhaler


7. If you are to take a second inhalation, repeat steps 2 to 6.


8. Replace the cover tightly after use.



Do not try to remove or twist the mouthpiece. It is fixed to your Turbuhaler and
must not be taken off. Do not use your Turbuhaler if it has been damaged or if the
mouthpiece has come apart from your Turbuhaler.




Oxis Turbuhaler should not be stored above 30°C. Store with the cover properly
replaced after use.
Keep all medicines out of sight and reach of children.
Do not use after the expiry date printed on the Turbuhaler label or carton. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
If your doctor tells you to stop using the Turbuhaler, please take it back to the
pharmacist for safe disposal. Only keep the Turbuhaler if your doctor tells you to.
If the Turbuhaler does not work properly or shows any signs of deterioration,
you should consult a pharmacist.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask
your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines that are no longer required. This
will help to protect the environment.

As with all inhalers, caregivers should ensure that children prescribed Oxis
Turbuhaler use correct inhalation technique, as described above.



Cleaning your Turbuhaler
Wipe the outside of the mouthpiece once a week with a dry tissue. Do not use
water or liquids.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

When to start using a new Turbuhaler
■ The Turbuhaler contains 60 doses (inhalations). The dose indicator tells you
how many doses are left in the Turbuhaler.
■ When you first see a red mark at the edge of the indicator window, there are
approximately 20 doses left. When the red mark reaches the bottom of the
indicator window, you must start using your new Turbuhaler.

Your medicine is called Oxis Turbuhaler 6micrograms. Your Turbuhaler is a multidose powder inhaler which works by breathing in (inhaling) through the
mouthpiece. The active substance is formoterol fumarate dihydrate. Each dose
contains 6 micrograms of formoterol fumarate dihydrate of which you can inhale
4.5 micrograms.
Oxis Turbuhaler also contains lactose monohydrate.
Oxis Turbuhaler contains 60 actuations or puffs.
POM

Note:
■ The grip will still twist and ‘click’ even when your Turbuhaler is empty.
■ The sound that you hear as you shake your Turbuhaler is produced by a drying
agent and not the medicine. Therefore the sound does not tell you how much
medicine is left in your Turbuhaler.
■ If you load your Oxis Turbuhaler more than once by mistake before taking your
dose, you will still only receive one dose. However, the dose indicator will
register all the loaded doses.
If you use more Oxis Turbuhaler than you should
If you use more Oxis Turbuhaler than you should, contact your doctor or
pharmacist for advice immediately. The following effects may happen: trembling,
headache or a rapid heart beat.

PL: 15814/0374

This product is manufactured by AstraZeneca AB, Sodertalje, Sweden and
procured from within the EU and repackaged by the Product Licence holder:
O.P.D. Laboratories Ltd., Unit 6, Colonial Way, Watford, Herts WD24 4PR.
Leaflet revision and issue date (Ref.) 05.08.2016.
Oxis and Turbuhaler are registered Trade Marks of AstraZeneca AB, Sweden.
To request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio please call 01923
332 796.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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