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OXACTIN 20MG CAPSULES

Active substance(s): FLUOXETINE HYDROCHLORIDE

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ITC Avant Garde

Artwork prepared by David Heaton +44 (0)1462 431277dc.heaton@ntlworld.com

Typefaces

1
No. of Colours

PANTONE
Black

160 x 490 mm
DSC-OXA-PIL-086

Country
Type size

UK
8.2pt / 9.2pt

21/07/2015
30/07/2015
_01
_02

Important.

Reason for Draft

Format
Job No:

3. How to take Oxactin Capsules
Always take Oxactin Capsules exactly as your doctor has told you.
You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

No. of Draft Date

2. What you need to know before you take Oxactin Capsules
Do not take Oxactin Capsules:
• If you are allergic to fluoxetine or any of the other ingredients of
this medicine (listed in Section 6). If you develop a rash or
other allergic reactions (like itching, swollen lips or face or
shortness of breath), stop taking the capsules straight away
and contact your doctor immediately.
• If you are taking other medicines used to treat depression,
known as irreversible non-selective monoamine oxidase
inhibitors (non-selective MAOI, for example: iproniazid) since
serious or even fatal reactions can occur.
Treatment with Oxactin should only be started 2 weeks after
discontinuation of irreversible non-selective MAOIs.
Do not take these MAOIs for at least 5 weeks after you stop
taking Oxactin. If Oxactin has been prescribed for a long period
and/or at a high dose, a longer interval needs to be
considered by your doctor.
• If you are taking metoprolol, a medicine used for the treatment
of heart failure.
Warnings and precautions
Tell your doctor if any of the following applies to you:
- have epilepsy or fits (seizures) or experience an increase in
seizure frequency, contact your doctor immediately; Oxactin
might need to be discontinued.
- mania now or in the past; if you have a manic episode,
contact your doctor immediately, Oxactin might need to be
discontinued.
- diabetes (your doctor may need to adjust your dose of insulin
or other antidiabetic treatment.
- liver problems (your doctor may need to adjust your dosage).
- heart problems.
- weight loss
- are taking diuretics (water tablets), especially if you are elderly.
- are having ECT (electro-convulsive therapy) treatment.
- have a history of bleeding disorders or you develop bruises or
unusual bleeding.
- are taking medicines that thin the blood (see taking other
medicines).
- have glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye).
- are taking treatment with tamoxifen (used to treat breast
cancer).
- start to feel restless and cannot sit or stand still (akathisia).
- start to experience fever, muscle stiffness or tremor, changes in
your mental state like confusion, irritability and extreme
agitation; you may suffer from the so-called “serotonin
syndrome” or “neuroleptic malignant syndrome”. Although this
syndrome occurs rarely it may result in potentially life
threatening conditions; contact your doctor immediately,
Oxactin might need to be discontinued.
- have thoughts of suicide and worsening of your depression or
anxiety disorder.
If you are depressed and/or have anxiety disorders you can
sometimes have thoughts of harming or killing yourself. These
may be increased when first starting antidepressants, since these
medicines all take time to work, usually about two weeks but
sometimes longer.
You may be more likely to think this:
• if you have previously had thoughts of killing or harming
yourself
• if you are a young adult. Information from clinical trials has
shown an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in adults aged
less than 25 years with psychiatric conditions who were
treated with an antidepressant.
If you have thoughts about harming or killing yourself at any time,
contact your doctor or go to a hospital straight away.
You may find it useful to tell a relative or close friend that you
are depressed or have an anxiety disorder, and ask them to read
this leaflet. You might ask them to tell you if they think that your
depression or anxiety disorder is getting worse, or if they are
worried about changes in your behaviour.
Children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 years
Patients younger than 18 have an increased risk of suicide
attempts, suicidal thoughts and hostility (mainly aggression,
oppositional behaviour and rage) if they are treated with
medicines from this therapeutic class (known as selective
serotonin reuptake inhibitors).Oxactin should only be used in
children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 years for the treatment of
moderate to severe major depressive episodes (in combination
with psychological therapy) and it should not be used to treat
other conditions. Additionally, only limited information concerning
the long-term safety of fluoxetine on growth, puberty, mental,
emotional and behavioural development in this age group is
available. Despite this your doctor may prescribe Oxactin
Capsules to patients younger than 18 years for moderate to
severe major depressive episodes in combination with
psychological therapy because it is in the patients interest. If your
doctor has prescribed Oxactin Capsules to a patient who is

Date Created
21/07/2015
Type (carton etc) LEAFLET

1. What Oxactin Capsules are and what they are used for
Oxactin Capsules contain fluoxetine which is one of a group of
medicines called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)
antidepressants.
Oxactin Capsules are used in the treatment of:
Adults:
• Severe depression
• Anxiety disorders with compulsive thoughts or actions, which
means that you may have uncontrollable thoughts or carry out
repetitive actions. This condition is known as obsessive
compulsive disorder.
• Binge-eating (bulimia nervosa), alongside psychotherapy, in
order to avoid binge-eating and vomiting
Children and adolescents aged 8 years and above:
• Moderate to severe major depressive disorder, if the depression
does not respond to psychological therapy after 4-6 sessions.
Oxactin should be offered to a child or young person with
moderate to severe major depressive disorder only in
combination with psychological therapy.

Discovery Oxactin
20 mg

Fluoxetine (as hydrochloride)
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this
medicine because it contains important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or
pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it
on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness
are the same as yours.
• If you get any of the side effects, talk to your doctor or
pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in
this leaflet. See section 4.
• If you are a carer or are helping someone else to take their
capsules, please read this leaflet before you give the first dose.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Oxactin Capsules are and what they are used for
2. What you need to know before you take Oxactin Capsules
3. How to take Oxactin Capsules
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Oxactin Capsules
6. Contents of the pack and other information

younger than 18 years, and you want to discuss this, you are
requested to contact your doctor. If one of the symptoms listed
above develops or worsens in patients younger than 18 years
while they are taking Oxactin Capsules, you are requested to
inform your doctor of this.
Oxactin should not be used in the treatment of children under the
age of 8 years.
Other medicines and Oxactin Capsules
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently
taken or might take any other medicines (up to 5 weeks ago).
This includes medicines obtained without a prescription.
The effects of this medicine may change especially if you are
taking:
• Certain MAO-inhibitors (some used to treat depression). Nonselective MAO-inhibitors and MAO-inhibitors type A must not be
used with fluoxetine as serious or even fatal reactions
(serotonin syndrome) can occur (see section ‘Do not take
Oxactin Capsules). Treatment with Oxactin Capsules should
only be started at least 2 weeks after discontinuation of an
Irreversible MAOI (for instance tranylcypromine). However,
treatment with fluoxetine can be started the following day after
discontinuation of certain reversible MAOIs (for instance
moclobemide, linezolid, methylthioninium chloride (methylene
blue)). Some MAO-inhibitors type B (selegeline) can be used
with fluoxetine provided that your doctor monitors you closely.
• Metoprolol (for the treatment of heart failure). Oxactin Capsules
increases the chances of side effects when taken with
metoprolol.
• Tamoxifen (used to treat breast cancer), because Oxactin
Capsules may change the blood levels of this drug and a
reduction of the effect of tamoxifen cannot be excluded, your
doctor may need to consider different antidepressant
treatments
• Mequitazine (used to treat allergies), increases the chances of
side effects (such as changes in heart beat) when taken
Oxactin Capsules.
• Phenytoin (for epilepsy). When taken with Oxactin, the amount
of phenytoin in the blood can change, which may cause side
effects. If necessary, the doctor will adjust the dosage and
check you regularly.
• Medicines that can increase the possibility of serotonin
syndrome, such as tramadol (a pain-killer), lithium (for manic
depressive disorders), tryptophan (for depression), tryptans
(medicines for migraine) and St. John’s wort (Hypericum
perforatum). Tryptans also increase the chance of side effects.
If you are taking any of these medicines your doctor will keep a
close eye on you.
• Certain drugs that are broken down by the same enzyme as
fluoxetine such as flecainide or encainide (for disturbance of
heart rhythm), carbamazepine (for epilepsy) and some drugs
for depression (the tricyclic antidepressants). The doctor will
begin with a low dosage of these drugs, or lower the dosage
of fluoxetine. This also applies if you have taken Oxactin in the
last 5 weeks.
• Medicines that may affect the heart’s rhythm, e.g. Class IA and
III antiarrhythmics, antipsychotics (e.g. fentiazine derviatives,
pimozide, haloperidol), tricyclic antidepressants, certain
antimicrobial agents (e.g. sparfloxacin, moxifloxacin,
erythromycin IV, pentamidine), anti-malaria treatment
particularly halofantrine, certain antihistamines (astemizole,
mizolastine).
• Warfarin, NSAID (pain killers) or other medicines which can
thin the blood (including clozapine, used to treat certain mental
disorders, and aspirin); Oxactin Capsules may alter the effect
of these medicines on the blood. If Oxactin Capsules treatment
is started or stopped when you are taking warfarin, your doctor
will need to perform certain tests.
• Cyproheptadine (used to treat allergies), reduces the
antidepressant effect of Oxactin Capsules.
• Diuretics (water tablets), carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine
(used to treat epilepsy) may decrease blood sodium levels
• Certain antidepressant medications (TCAs, other SSRIs,
phenothiazines, butyrophenones, mefloquine, chloroquine,
bupropion, tramadol) may increase risk of seizures.
• Flecainide or encainide (for heart problems), carbamazepine
(for epilepsy), tricyclic antidepressants (for example
imipramine, desipramine and amitriptyline); because Oxactin
Capsules may possibly change the blood levels of these
medicines, your doctor may need to lower their dose when
administered with Oxactin Capsules.
If you are having electro-convulsive therapy (electroshock
treatment), which can be used for the treatment of seizures (fits),
any seizure that you have may go on for longer than normal. The
doctor will monitor you more closely.
Oxactin Capsules with food, drink and alcohol
• You can take Oxactin with or without food, whatever you prefer.
• Oxactin does not increase the effect of alcohol. However, the use
of alcohol is not recommended during treatment with Oxactin.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
Pregnancy
Talk to your doctor as soon as possible if you’re pregnant, if you
might be pregnant, or if you are planning to become pregnant. In
babies whose mothers took fluoxetine during the first few months of
pregnancy, there have been some reports suggesting an increased
risk of birth defects affecting the heart. In the general population,
about 1 in 100 babies are born with a heart defect. This increased
to about 2 in 100 babies in mothers who took fluoxetine. You and
your doctor may decide that it is better for you to gradually stop
taking fluoxetine while you are pregnant. However, depending on
your circumstances, your doctor may suggest that it is better for
you to keep taking fluoxetine.Make sure your midwife and/or doctor
know you are on Oxactin Capsules. When taken during pregnancy,
particularly in the last 3 months of pregnancy, medicines like
Oxactin Capsules may increase the risk of a serious condition in
babies, called persistent pulmonary hypertension of the new born
(PPHN), making the baby breathe faster and appear bluish. These
symptoms usually begin during the first 24 hours after the baby is
born. If this happens to your baby you should contact your midwife
and/or doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding
Fluoxetine passes into the breast-milk and can cause adverse
effects in babies. If you are breast-feeding your baby, you must
consider stopping breast-feeding. If you continue to breast-feed
your doctor will prescribe the lowest possible effective dose of
fluoxetine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking
any medicine.
Fertility
Fluoxetine has been shown to reduce the quality of sperm in animal
studies. Theoretically, this could affect fertility, but impact on human
fertility has not been observed as yet.
Driving and using machines
Oxactin 20mg Capsules can cause side effects which may affect
concentration and/or co-ordination.Do not drive or operate
machines until you are sure that Oxactin has no effect on your
ability to drive or use machines.
Oxactin Capsules contain lactose
If your doctor has told you that you do not tolerate certain sugars,
contact your doctor before you take this medicine.

Product Title
Strength/Form

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

Oxactin 20mg Capsules

Please ensure that the texts and layout are to
your satisfaction as David Heaton cannot
accept liability for any errors overlooked.
All Bar Codes and Braille text must be verified
by the client/manufacturer/printer.
David Heaton is unable to do this and cannot
accept liability for any errors.
Colours may not reproduce accurately on this
proof. You should refer to Pantone Reference
Guides for accurate colour match.

TEXT-FREE AREA

ITC Avant Garde

Artwork prepared by David Heaton +44 (0)1462 431277dc.heaton@ntlworld.com

Typefaces

PANTONE
Black

1

Country
Type size

UK
8.2pt / 9.2pt

Important.

No. of Colours

DSC-OXA-PIL-086_02
30/07/2015

160 x 490 mm
DSC-OXA-PIL-086

This leaflet was last revised in July 2015.

Format
Job No:

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Oxactin Capsules contain
- The active substance is fluoxetine (as hydrochloride) Each hard
capsule contains 20mg fluoxetine (as hydrochloride) .
The other ingredients are:
Lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose (E460(i)),
magnesium stearate (E572) and crospovidone.
Each capsule shell contains gelatine, yellow and black iron oxide
(E172), indigo carmine (E132) and titanium dioxide (E171).
The printing ink contains shellac , black iron oxide (E172)
propylene glycol (E1520) and ammonium hydroxide (E527).
What Oxactin Capsules look like and contents of the pack
Oxactin 20mg Capsules are olive-coloured/green capsules
marked FLE 20.
The capsules are packed in blister packs. A carton contains 10,
14, 20, 28, 30, 50, 60, 100, 200, 250, 500 or 1000 hard
capsules.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
The Marketing Authorisation Holder is:
Niche Generics Limited, 1 The Cam Centre, Wilbury Way,
Hitchin, Hertfordshire, SG4 OTW, United Kingdom.
The Manufacturer is:
Niche Generics Limited, 151 Baldoyle Industrial Estate, Baldoyle,
Dublin 13, Ireland.
Distributed by:
Discovery Pharmaceuticals, The Old Vicarage, Market Place,
Castle Donington, Derbyshire DE74 2JB, UK.
This Medicinal Product Is Authorised In The Member States Of
The EEA Under The Following Names:
Ireland:
Biozac 20mg Hard Capsules
United Kingdom: Oxactin 20mg Capsules

Date Created
21/07/2015
Type (carton etc) LEAFLET

5. How to store Oxactin Capsules
Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on
the carton and on the blister strip after EXP. The expiry date refers
to the last day of the month.
Do not store above 30°C.
If you have any other questions please talk to your doctor or
pharmacist.
If your doctor decides to stop treatment, return any left-over
capsules to a pharmacist. Only keep them if your doctor tells
you to.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household
waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no
longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

Discovery Oxactin
20 mg

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although
not everybody gets them.
• If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time,
contact your doctor or go to a hospital straight away
• If you develop a rash/itching or allergic reaction such as
swollen lips/tongue/eyelids or difficulty breathing, stop taking
the capsules immediately and contact your doctor straight
away.
• If you experience restlessness and cannot sit or stand still, you
may have something called ‘akathisia’; increasing your dose of
Oxactin may make these feelings worse. If you feel like this,
contact your doctor.
• If your skin starts to peel or blister or you develop a varied skin
reaction or redness, you should contact your doctor
immediately, although this is very rare.
The most frequent sides effects (very common side effects that
may affect more than 1 user in 10) are insomnia, headache,
diarrhoea, feeling sick (nausea) and fatigue.
Some patients have had:
• a combination of symptoms (known as “serotonin syndrome”)
including unexplained fever with faster breathing or heart rate,
sweating, muscle stiffness or tremor, confusion, extreme
agitation or sleepiness (only rarely);
• feelings of weakness, drowsiness or confusion mostly in
elderly people and in (elderly) people taking diuretics (water
tablets);
• prolonged and painful erection;
• irritability and extreme agitation;
• heart problems, such as fast or irregular heart rate, fainting,
collapsing or dizziness upon standing which may indicate
abnormal functioning of the heart rate.
If you have any of the above side effects, you should tell your
doctor immediately.
The following side effects have also been reported in patients
taking Oxactin Capsules
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• not feeling hungry, weight loss
• nervousness, anxiety
• restlessness, poor concentration
• feeling tense
• decreased sex drive or sexual problems (including difficulty
maintaining an erection for sexual activity)
• sleep problems, unusual dreams, tiredness or sleepiness
• dizziness
• change in taste
• uncontrollable shaking movements
• blurred vision
• rapid and irregular heartbeat sensations
• flushing
• yawning

• indigestion, vomiting
• dry mouth
• rash, urticaria, itching
• excessive sweating
• joint pain
• passing urine more frequently
• unexplained vaginal bleeding
• feeling shaky or chills
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• feeling detached from yourself
• strange thinking
• abnormally high mood
• orgasm problems
• thoughts of suicide or harming yourself
• teeth grinding
• muscle twitching, involuntary movements or problems with
balance or co-ordination
• memory impairment
• enlarged (dilated) pupils
• ringing in the ears
• low blood pressure
• shortness of breath
• nose bleeds
• difficulty swallowing
• hair loss
• increased tendency to bruising
• unexplained bruising or bleeding
• cold sweat
• difficulty passing urine
• feeling weak, feeling hot or cold
• abnormal liver function test results
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• low levels of salt in the blood
• reduction in blood platelets, which increases risk of bleeding or
bruising
• reduction in white blood cells or neutrophils in the blood
• imbalance of the fluid and chemicals in the body
• untypical wild behaviour
• hallucinations
• agitation
• panic attacks
• confusion
• stuttering
• aggression
• fits
• interruptions to the heart rhythm
• vasculitis (inflammation of a blood vessel)
• rapid swelling of the tissues around the neck, face, mouth
and/or throat
• pain in the tube that takes food or water to your stomach
• hepatitis
• lung problems
• sensitivity to sunlight
• muscle pain
• problems urinating
• producing breast milk
Bone fractures - an increased risk of bone fractures has been
observed in patients taking this type of medicines.
Most of these side effects are likely to disappear with continued
treatment.
In children and adolescents (8-18 years) – In addition to the
possible side effects listed above, Oxactin Capsules may slow
growth or possibly delay sexual maturity. Suicide-related
behaviours (suicide attempt and suicidal thoughts), hostility,
mania, and nose bleeds were also commonly reported in children.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can
also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme
website www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects
you can help provide more information on the safety of this
medicine.

Product Title
Strength/Form

The information below is only a guideline: Your doctor will tell you
what the correct dose for you is. Do not take more capsules than
your doctor tells you.
Swallow the capsules with a drink of water. Do not chew the
capsules.
Adults and older people
Depression:
The recommended dose is 1 capsule (20 mg) per day. After 3 to
4 weeks the doctor may increase the dosage if the effect is not
adequate. If required the dosage can be gradually increased up to
a maximum of 3 capsules (60mg) daily. The dose should be
increased carefully to ensure that you receive the lowest effective
dose. You may not feel better immediately when you first start
taking your medicines for depression. This is usual because an
improvement in depressive symptoms may not occur after the first
few weeks. Patients with depression should be treated for at least
6 months.
Obsessive compulsive disorder
The recommended dose is 1 capsule (20 mg) per day. After 2
weeks the doctor may review and adjust your dosage. If required,
the dosage can be gradually increased up to a maximum of 3
capsules (60mg) daily.
If the treatment has not had any effect after 10 weeks, the doctor
will reconsider your treatment.
Binge-eating (bulimia nervosa)
The recommended dosage is 60 mg (3 capsules per day).
Use in children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 years with
depression:
Treatment should be started and be supervised by a specialist.
The starting dose is 10mg/day. After 1 to 2 weeks, your doctor
may increase the dose to 20mg/day. The dose should be
increased carefully to ensure that you receive the lowest effective
dose. Lower weight children may need lower doses. Your doctor
will review the need for continuing treatment beyond 6 months,
and treatment will be reassessed if no improvement is seen.
Older people
For older people the recommended maximum dosage is
40 mg, and in exceptional cases 60 mg per day.
Liver impairment
If you have a liver problem or are using other medication that
might affect Oxactin, your doctor may decide to prescribe a lower
dose or tell you to use Oxactin every other day.
How long should/must you take Oxactin Capsules
Oxactin, and most other medicines for depression, do not work
immediately. You will only notice an effect after about 3 to 4
weeks. Your doctor will tell you how long you must take Oxactin
Capsules for.
If you take more Oxactin Capsules than you should
If you have taken too many capsules, you should tell your doctor
or go to your local hospital immediately. Take the pack of Oxactin
with you if you can.
The following symptoms may occur: nausea, vomiting, fits,
disturbances of the heart and blood vessels (ranging from an
irregular heart beat to cardiac arrest), disturbances in the action of
the lungs and changes in the central nervous system, varying
from agitation to coma.
If you forget to take Oxactin Capsules
If you have forgotten a dose, the effectiveness will usually be
maintained. Take the next capsule at the usual time. Do not take
a double dose to make up for a forgotten capsule. If you are not
sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you stop using Oxactin Capsules
Do not stop taking Oxactin without asking your doctor first, even
when you start to feel better. It is important that you keep taking
your medicine.
Make sure you do not run out of capsules.
Withdrawal symptoms often occur, especially if you stop
suddenly. These symptoms also depend on how much and how
long you have used Oxactin. The following symptoms can occur:
dizziness; sensory disturbances such as pins and needles for no
reason; insomnia, vivid dreams or other sleep disturbances;
weakness, irritability or anxiety; nausea and/or vomiting; tremors
and headache. These symptoms mostly occur in the first few days
after discontinuation of the treatment, and are mild to moderate.
When stopping Oxactin, your doctor will help you to reduce your
dose slowly over one or two weeks - this should help reduce the
chance of withdrawal effects
If you have any further questions on the use of thismedicine, ask
your doctor or pharmacist.

Please ensure that the texts and layout are to
your satisfaction as David Heaton cannot
accept liability for any errors overlooked.
All Bar Codes and Braille text must be verified
by the client/manufacturer/printer.
David Heaton is unable to do this and cannot
accept liability for any errors.
Colours may not reproduce accurately on this
proof. You should refer to Pantone Reference
Guides for accurate colour match.

TEXT-FREE AREA

Expand view ⇕

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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