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Active substance(s): HUMAN FACTOR IX

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One carton contains 1 vial with powder for solution for injection and the package leaflet.
The other carton contains the vial with the solvent (water for injections); 5 ml for OCTANINE 500
IU and 10 ml for OCTANINE 1000 IU.
This package also contains the following medical devices:
–– 1 disposable syringe
–– 1 transfer set Mix2VialTM
–– 1 infusion set (butterfly)
–– 2 alcohol swabs
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing
Authorisation Holder.
Octapharma Ltd.
The Zenith Building, 26 Spring Gardens, Manchester M21AB, United Kingdom
Manufacturer: Octapharma Pharmazeutika Produktionsges.m.b.H.
Oberlaaer Strasse 235, A-1100 Vienna, Austria
Octapharma S.A.S., 70-72 Rue du Maréchal Foch, 67380 Lingolsheim, France
This leaflet was last revised in February 2016
Instructions for Home Treatment
–– Please read all the instructions and follow them carefully!
–– Do not use OCTANINE after expiry date given on the label and carton.
–– During the procedure described below, sterility must be maintained!
–– The solution in the syringe should be clear or slightly pearly shimmery. Do not inject
solutions that are cloudy or have deposits.
–– Use the prepared solution immediately, to prevent microbial contamination.
–– Only use the injection set provided. The use of other injection/infusion equipment
can cause additional risks and treatment failure.
Instructions for preparing the solution:
1. Do not use the product directly from the refrigerator. Allow the solvent and the powder in the
closed vials to reach room temperature.
2. Remove the flip off caps from both vials and clean the rubber stoppers with one of the
provided alcohol swabs.
3. The Mix2vial™ is depicted in Fig. 1. Place the solvent vial on an even surface and hold it
firmly. Take the Mix2Vial™ and turn it upside down. Place the blue part of the Mix2Vial™ on
top of the solvent vial and press firmly down until it snaps (Fig. 2+3).

Fig. 1

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it
contains important information for you.
–– Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
–– If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
–– This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm
them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
–– If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

Fig. 2

Fig. 3

Fig. 4

Fig. 5

Fig. 6

Fig. 7

4. Place the powder vial on an even surface and hold it firmly. Take the solvent vial with the
attached Mix2Vial™ and turn it upside down. Place the transparent part on top of the
powder vial and press firmly down until it snaps (Fig. 4). The solvent flows automatically into
the powder vial.
5. With both vials still attached, gently swirl the powder vial until the product is dissolved.
The dissolving is completed in less than 10 minutes at room temperature. Slight foaming
might occur during preparation. Unscrew the Mix2Vial™ into two parts (Fig. 5). Foaming
will disappear.
Dispose the empty solvent vial with the blue part of the Mix2Vial™.
Instructions for injection:
As a precaution, your pulse rate should be taken before and during the injection. If a marked
increase in your pulse rate occurs, reduce the injection speed or interrupt the administration for
a short time.
1. Attach the syringe to the transparent part of the Mix2Vial™. Turn the vial upside down and
draw the solution into the syringe (Fig. 6).
The solution in the syringe should be clear or slightly pearly shimmery.
Once the solution has been transferred, firmly hold the plunger of the syringe (keeping it
facing down) and remove the syringe from the Mix2Vial™ (Fig. 7). Dispose the Mix2Vial™
and the empty vial.
2. Clean the chosen injection site with one of the provided alcohol swabs.
3. Attach the provided injection needle to the syringe
4. Insert the injection needle into the chosen vein. If you have used a tourniquet to make the
vein easier to see, this tourniquet should be released before you start injecting OCTANINE.
No blood must flow into the syringe due to the risk of formation of fibrin clots.
5. Inject the solution into the vein at a slow speed, not faster than 2–3 ml per minute.
If you use more than one vial of OCTANINE powder for one treatment, you may use the same
injection needle and syringe again. The Mix2Vial™ is for single use only.



OCTANINE 500 IU / 1000 IU, Powder and Solvent for Solution for Injection
Human Coagulation Factor IX


What is in this leaflet
1. What OCTANINE is and what it is used for
2. What do you need to know before you use OCTANINE
3. How to use OCTANINE
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store OCTANINE
6. Contents of the pack and other information



1. What OCTANINE is and what it is used for
OCTANINE belongs to a group of medicines called clotting factors and contains the human blood
coagulation factor IX. This is a special protein, which increases the ability of the blood to clot.
OCTANINE is used for the treatment and prevention of bleeding in patients with bleeding
disorder (haemophilia B). This is a medical condition in which bleeding can go on for longer than
expected. It is due to an in-born deficiency in the amount of coagulation factor IX in the blood.
OCTANINE is supplied as a powder and solvent to prepare a solution for injection. After
reconstitution, it is administered intravenously (injected into a vein).

2. What do you need to know before you use OCTANINE
Do not use OCTANINE:
–– if you are allergic to human blood coagulation factor IX or any of the other ingredients of this
medicine (listed in section 6).
–– if you suffer from heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II, which is a fall in the number of
platelets in the blood after administration of heparin. Platelets are cells in the blood that help
to stop bleeding. Heparin is a medicine used to prevent blood clots.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using OCTANINE.
–– As with any medicine which contains proteins and which is administered intravenously,
allergic type hypersensitivity reactions can occur. OCTANINE contains very small amounts
of human proteins other than factor IX and heparin. Early signs of hypersensitivity reactions
–– hives
–– rash (urticaria)


tightness of the chest
low blood pressure
acute, severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis when any or all of the
above symptoms develop rapidly and are intense)

If these symptoms occur, stop the injection immediately and consult your doctor. In case of
anaphylactic shock, he/she must start the recommended treatment as soon as possible.
Your doctor may recommend that you consider vaccination against hepatitis A and B if you
regularly / repeatedly receive human plasma-derived factor IX products.
It is known that individuals with haemophilia B may develop inhibitors (neutralising
antibodies) to factor IX, produced by the immune cells. Inhibitors may increase the risk of
suffering an anaphylactic shock (severe allergic reactions). Therefore, if you suffer an allergic
reaction, you should be tested for the presence of an inhibitor. Patients with factor IX
inhibitors may be at higher risk of anaphylaxis if they are treated with factor IX. Your doctor
may therefore decide to give the first injection of factor IX under medical supervision, where
appropriate medical care for allergic reactions can be provided.
Factor IX protein concentrates may cause an obstruction of your blood vessels with a clot.
Because of this risk, which is higher in low purity products, you should be monitored for signs
of the formation of blood clots after the administration of factor IX products if you:
–– have signs of fibrinolysis (blood clots which are broken down)
–– have disseminated intravascular coagulation (the widespread clotting of the blood within
the blood vessels)
–– are diagnosed with liver disease
–– have documented cardiovascular risk factors
–– had surgery recently
–– are at higher risk of clot formation or of disseminated intravascular coagulation.
If any of the above conditions is true for you, your doctor will only give you OCTANINE if the
benefit outweighs the risks.
After repeated treatment with human coagulation factor IX products, patients should
be monitored for the development of neutralising antibodies (inhibitors) that should be
quantified in Bethesda Units (BU) using appropriate biological testing.

Virus safety of blood products
–– When medicines are made from human blood or plasma, certain measures are put in place to
prevent infections being passed on to patients. These include careful selection of blood and
plasma donors to make sure those at risk of carrying infections are excluded, and the testing
of each donation and pools of plasma for signs of virus. Manufacturers of these products
also include steps in the processing of the blood or plasma that can inactivate or remove
viruses. Despite these measures, when medicines prepared from human blood or plasma are
administered, the possibility of passing on infection cannot be totally excluded. This also
applies to any unknown or emerging viruses or other types of infections.
–– The measures taken are considered effective for enveloped viruses such as human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus, and for the non-enveloped
hepatitis A virus. The measures taken may be of limited value against non-enveloped viruses
such as parvovirus B19. Parvovirus B19 infection may be serious for pregnant women (fetal




infection) and for individuals whose immune system is depressed or who have some types of
anaemia (e.g. sickle cell disease or haemolytic anaemia).
It is strongly recommended that every time you receive a dose of OCTANINE the name and batch
number of the product are recorded in order to maintain a record of the batches used.
If OCTANINE is given to a new-born infant, the child must be closely monitored for signs of
disseminated intravascular coagulation.
Other medicines and OCTANINE
–– As far as is known, human blood coagulation factor IX products do not interact with any
other medicinal products.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines,
including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
There is no experience on the use of factor IX during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Therefore,
factor IX should be used during pregnancy and breast feeding only if it is clearly indicated.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
No effects on ability to drive and use machines have been observed.

3. How to use OCTANINE
Always use OCTANINE exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or
pharmacist if you are not sure.
OCTANINE should be administered intravenously (injected into a vein) after being reconstituted
with the supplied solvent.
Only use the injection set provided. The use of other injection/infusion equipment can cause
additional risks and treatment failure.
Treatment should be started under the supervision of a physician experienced in the treatment of
haemophilia. How much OCTANINE you should use and how long the substitution therapy must
be continued depends on the severity of your factor IX deficiency. It also depends on the site and
extent of the bleeding, as well as on your clinical condition.
Dosage calculation:
Your doctor will tell you how often and how much OCTANINE you need to inject.
The dosage of factor IX is expressed in International Units (IU). Factor IX activity in the plasma
refers to the amount of Factor IX present in the plasma. It is expressed either as a percentage
(relative to normal human blood plasma) or in International Units (relative to an international
standard for factor IX in blood plasma).
One International Unit (IU) of factor IX activity is equivalent to the amount of factor IX in one ml
of normal human blood plasma. The calculation of the required dosage of factor IX is based on the
finding that 1 IU of Factor IX per kg body weight raises the blood plasma
factor IX activity by 1% of normal activity. To calculate the dosage you
require, the level of factor IX activity in your blood plasma is measured.
This will indicate by how much the activity needs to be increased.

The dosage required is calculated using the following formula:
Required units = body weight (kg) × desired factor IX increase (%) (IU/dl) × 0.8
The size of your dose and how often it must be administered will depend on how you respond
to the medicine and will be decided by your doctor. Factor IX products rarely require to be
administered more than once daily.
Your response to factor IX products may vary. Your factor IX levels should therefore be measured
during the treatment to calculate the correct dosage and frequency of infusion. Especially during
surgeries, your doctor will use blood tests (plasma factor IX activity) to monitor the substitution
therapy closely.
Prevention of bleeding:
If you suffer from severe haemophilia B you should inject 20 to 40 IU of factor IX per kg body
weight (BW). You should administer this dosage twice weekly for long-term prevention. Your
dose should be adjusted according to your response. In some cases, especially in younger
patients, shorter dosage intervals or higher doses may be necessary.


Use in children
In the study conducted in children under 6 years of age, the median dose administered per
exposure day was 40 IU/kg BW.
If your bleeding cannot be stopped due to inhibitors:
If the expected activity of factor IX is not attained after an injection, or bleeding does not stop
after the correct dose, you should notify your doctor. He will examine your blood plasma to
see if you have developed inhibitors (antibodies) against the factor IX protein. These inhibitors
may reduce the activity of factor IX. In this case it may become necessary to choose a different
treatment. Your doctor will discuss this with you and recommend further treatment if necessary.
If you use more OCTANINE than you should
No symptoms of overdose with human coagulation factor IX have been reported. However, the
recommend dose should not be exceeded.
For “Instructions for Home Treatment”, please refer to the carton for the equipment pack.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
–– Hypersensitivity or allergic reactions have been observed infrequently in patients treated with
factor IX containing products. These can include:
–– involuntary contraction of the blood
–– low blood pressure
vessels (spasms) with swelling of the
–– tiredness
face, mouth and throat
–– feeling sick
–– burning and stinging at the infusion site
–– restlessness
–– chills
–– rapid heart beat
–– flushing
–– tightness of the chest
–– rash
–– feeling of pins and needles
–– headache
–– vomiting
–– hives
–– wheezing.
In some cases, these allergic reactions may lead to a severe reaction called anaphylaxis,
which may include shock. These reactions are mostly associated with the development of





factor IX inhibitors. If you suffer from one of the above mentioned symptoms, please inform
your doctor.
If you suffer from haemophilia B you may develop neutralising antibodies (inhibitors) to factor
IX. These antibodies can stop your medicine working properly. Your doctor will discuss this
with you and recommend further treatment if necessary.
A study in 25 children with Haemophilia B was conducted, thereof 6 patients were previously
untreated. No inhibitor was observed during the study. The tolerability of all injections was
rated as “very good” or “good”.
Some haemophilia B patients with factor IX inhibitors with immune tolerance therapy and a
history of allergic reactions developed nephrotic syndrome (a severe kidney condition).
Fever may occur in rare cases.
Low purity factor IX products may in rare cases cause a blood clot to form within a blood
vessel. This may lead to any of the following complications:
–– heart attack
–– widespread clotting in the blood vessels (disseminated intravascular coagulation)
–– Blood clots in the veins (venous thrombosis)
–– Blood clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism).
These side effects are more common if you use factor IX products of low purity and only occur
rarely if you use products of high purity such as OCTANINE.
The heparin in the preparation may cause a sudden fall in the number of platelets in the
blood to below 100,000 per microlitre or less than 50% of the starting count. This is an
allergic reaction called “heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II”. In rare cases in patients
not previously hypersensitive to heparin, this fall in the number of platelets can occur 6–14
days after the start of treatment. In patients with a previous heparin hypersensitivity, this
alteration may develop within a few hours of starting treatment. This severe form of blood
platelet reduction may be accompanied by, or result in:
–– blood clots in the arteries and veins
–– skin gangrene in the area of injection
–– obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot
–– flea bite-like bleeding
from another area
–– purple bruising
–– a severe blood clotting disorder called
–– tarry stools.
consumptive coagulopathy

If you observe these allergic reactions, immediately stop injections with OCTANINE and
do not use medicinal products containing heparin in the future. Because of this rare effect
on the blood platelets, your doctor should closely monitor the blood platelet count, especially at
the start of treatment.
For safety with respect to transmissible agents, see section 2.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the national reporting
system. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this
United Kingdom
Yellow Card Scheme


5. How to store OCTANINE
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not store above 25°C.
Do not freeze.
Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and on the carton
(month/year). The expiry date refers to the last day of the month.
Chemical and physical in use stability has been demonstrated for 72 hours at 25°C.
From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used
immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user
and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2 to 8°C, unless reconstitution / dilution has
taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
Use OCTANINE on one occasion only.
Do not use this medicine if you notice cloudy or incompletely dissolved solutions.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist
how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What OCTANINE contains
The active substance is the human blood coagulation factor IX.
The other ingredients are heparin, sodium chloride, sodium citrate, arginine hydrochloride and
lysine hydrochloride.
This medicinal product contains up to 69  mg sodium for 1 vial OCTANINE 500 IU and up to
138 mg sodium for 1 vial OCTANINE 1000 IU per dose. You should take this into consideration if
you are on a controlled sodium diet.
What OCTANINE looks like and contents of the pack
OCTANINE comes in 2 pack sizes with the following strengths:
–– OCTANINE 500 IU is presented as a powder and solvent for solution for injection containing
nominally 500 IU human coagulation factor IX per vial.
The product contains approximately 100 IU/ml human coagulation factor IX when
reconstituted with 5 ml water for injections.
–– OCTANINE 1000 IU is presented as a powder and solvent for solution for injection containing
nominally 1000 IU human coagulation factor IX per vial.
The product contains approximately 100 IU/ml human coagulation factor IX when
reconstituted with 10 ml water for injections.
OCTANINE is produced from plasma of human donors.
The potency (IU) is determined using the European Pharmacopoeia one stage clotting assay,
in comparison with an international standard from the World Health Organisation (WHO). The
specific activity of OCTANINE is approximately 100 IU/mg protein.
Description of the package:
OCTANINE is sold in a combination package consisting of two cartons held together with a
plastic film:


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