NUROFEN LONG LASTING PAIN RELIEF 300MG PROLONGED RELEASE CAPSULES
Active substance(s): IBUPROFEN
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Nurofen Back Pain 300mg Sustained Release Capsules
Nurofen Long Lasting Pain Relief 300mg Prolonged Release Capsules
QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Ibuprofen 300 mg/capsule
Excipient(s) with known effect:
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1
Prolonged-release capsules, hard
Size 0, hard gelatin capsules with transparent, colourless caps and transparent
colourless bodies, imprinted axially in red ink with "N 300", containing
spherical white granules.
For the effective relief of backache, rheumatic pain and muscular pains.
Posology and method of administration
During short-term use, if symptoms persist or worsen the patient should be advised to
consult a doctor.
Adults, the elderly and children and adolescents between 12 and 18 years:
Undesirable effects may be minimised by using the lowest effective dose for the
shortest duration necessary to control symptoms (see section 4.4).
If in children and adolescents this medicinal product is required for more than 3 days,
or if symptoms worsen a doctor should be consulted.
If in adults the product is required for more than 10 days, or if the symptoms worsen,
the patient should consult a doctor.
For oral administration.
Children and Adolescents between 12 and 18 years: One or two capsules taken
Adults: One or two capsules taken twice daily.
The capsules should be taken together with water and swallowed whole. Do not chew
or suck the capsules.
Do not take more than 4 capsules in 24 hours.
There should be at least 8 hours between doses.
Patients with a known hypersensitivity to ibuprofen or any other constituent of the
Patients who have previously shown hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. asthma, rhinitis,
angiodema, or urticaria) in response to aspirin or other non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
Active or history of recurrent peptic ulcer/haemorrhage (two or more distinct
episodes of proven ulceration or bleeding.
History of gastrointestinal bleeding or perforation, related to previous NSAIDS
Patients with severe hepatic failure, severe renal failure or severe heart failure
(NYHA Class IV). (See section 4.4)During the last trimester of pregnancy as there is
a risk of premature closure of the fetal ductus arteriosus with possible persistent
pulmonary hypertension. The onset of labour may be delayed and the duration
increased with an increased bleeding tendency in both mother and child (see Section
Severe heart failure.
Special warnings and precautions for use
Undesirable effects may be minimised by using the lowest effective dose for the
shortest duration necessary to control symptoms (see section 4.2, and GI and
cardiovascular risks below).
The elderly have an increased frequency of adverse reactions to NSAIDs especially
gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation which may be fatal.
Bronchospasm may be precipitated in patients suffering from, or with a history of,
bronchial asthma or allergic disease.
The use of Nurofen long lasting pain relief 300mg sustained release capsules with
concomitant NSAIDs, including cyclo-oxygenase-2 selective inhibitors should be
avoided (see section 4.5)
SLE and mixed connective tissue disease:
Systemic lupus erythematosus and mixed connective tissue disease – increased risk of
aseptic meningitis (see section 4.8)
Renal impairment as renal function may further deteriorate (see sections 4.3 and 4.8)
There is a risk of renal impairment in dehydrated children and adolescents
Hepatic dysfunction (see sections 4.3 and 4.8)
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular effects:
Caution (discussion with doctor or pharmacist) is required prior to starting treatment
in patients with a history of hypertension and/or heart failure as fluid retention,
hypertension and oedema have been reported in association with
Clinical studies suggest that use of ibuprofen, particularly at high dose (2400mg/day)
may be associated with a small increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (for
example myocardial infarction or stroke). Overall, epidemiological studies do not
suggest that low dose ibuprofen (e.g. ≤1200mg/day) is associated with an increased
risk of arterial thrombotic events.
Patients with uncontrolled hypertension, congestive heart failure (NYHA II-III),
established ischaemic heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, and/or cerebrovascular
disease should only be treated with ibuprofen after careful consideration and high
doses (2400 mg/day) should be avoided.
Careful consideration should also be exercised before initiating long-term treatment
of patients with risk factors for cardiovascular events (e.g. hypertension,
hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus and smoking), particularly if high doses of
ibuprofen (2400 mg/day) are required.
Impaired female fertility:
There is some evidence that drugs which inhibit cyclo-oxygenase/ prostaglandin
synthesis may cause impairment of female fertility by an effect on ovulation. This is
reversible on withdrawal of treatment.
NSAIDS should be given with care to patients with a history of gastrointestinal
disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease) as these conditions may be exacerbated
(see section 4.8).
The elderly are at increased risk of the consequence of adverse reactions.
The risk of GI bleeding, ulceration or perforation is higher with increasing NSAID
doses, in patients with a history of ulcer, particularly if complicated with
haemorrhage or perforation (see section 4.3), and in the elderly. These patients should
commence treatment on the lowest dose available.
Patients with a history of GI toxicity, particularly the elderly, should report any
unusual abdominal symptoms (especially GI bleeding) particularly in the initial stages
Caution should be advised in patients receiving concomitant medications which could
increase the risk of ulceration or bleeding, such as corticosteroids, or anticoagulants
such as warfarin, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors or anti-platelet agents such as
aspirin (see Section 4.5).
When GI bleeding or ulceration occurs in patients receiving ibuprofen, the treatment
should be withdrawn.
Serious skin reactions, some of them fatal, including exfoliative dermatitis, StevensJohnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis, have been reported very rarely in
association with the use of NSAIDs (see section 4.8). Patients appear to be at highest
risk for these reactions early in the course of therapy: the onset of the reaction
occurring in the majority of cases within the first month of treatment. Nurofen long
lasting pain relief 300mg sustained release capsules should be discontinued at the first
appearance of skin rash, mucosal lesions, or any other signs of hypersensitivity.
Advice for patients with sugar-related disorders:
Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose
malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.
The leaflet will include:
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars,
contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
The label will include:
Read the enclosed leaflet before taking this product
Do not take if you:
have (or have had two or more episodes of) a stomach ulcer, perforation or
are allergic to ibuprofen, to any of the ingredients, or to aspirin or other
are taking other NSAID pain killers, or aspirin with a daily dose above 75mg
or the patient is under 12 years of age.
Speak to your doctor or pharmacist before use if you
Have or have had asthma, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, a
stroke, heart, liver, kidney or bowel problems or are dehydrated
Are a smoker
If symptoms persist or worsen, or if new symptoms occur, consult your doctor or
Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Ibuprofen (like other NSAIDs) should be avoided in combination with:
• Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic acid): concomitant administration of ibuprofen and
acetylsalicylic acid is not generally recommended because of the potential of
increased adverse effects, unless low-dose aspirin (not above 75mg daily) has
been advised by a doctor as this may increase the risk of adverse reactions (see
Experimental data suggest that ibuprofen may competitively inhibit the effect of
low dose aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) on platelet aggregation when they are
dosed concomitantly. Although there are uncertainties regarding extrapolation of
these data to the clinical situation the possibility that regular, long-term use of
ibuprofen may reduce the cardioprotective effect of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid
cannot be excluded. No clinically relevant effect is considered to be likely for
occasional ibuprofen use (see section 5.1).
Other NSAIDS including cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors: Avoid
concomitant use of two or more NSAIDS as this may increase the risk of adverse
effects (see section 4.4)
Ibuprofen should be used with caution in combination with:
Corticosteroids: Increased risk of gastrointestinal ulceration or bleeding (see
Antihypertensives and diuretics: since NSAIDs may diminish the effects of
these drugs. In some patients with compromised renal function (e.g. dehydrated
patients or elderly patients with compromised renal function) the coadministration of an ACE inhibitor or Angiotensin II antagonist and agents that
inhibit cyclo-oxygenase may result in further deterioration of renal function,
including possible acute renal failure, which is usually reversible. These
interactions should be considered in patients taking a coxib concomitantly with
ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II antagonists. Therefore, the combination should
be administered with caution, especially in the elderly. Patients should be
adequately hydrated and consideration should be given to monitoring of renal
function after initiation of concomitant therapy, and periodically thereafter.
Diuretics can increase the risk of nephrotoxicity of NSAIDs.
Anticoagulants: NSAIDs may enhance the effects of anti-coagulants, such as
warfarin (see section 4.4)
Anti-platelet agents and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):
increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (see section 4.4)
Cardiac glycosides: NSAIDs may exacerbate cardiac failure, reduced GFR and
increased plasma glycoside levels.
Lithium. There is evidence for potential increases in plasma levels of lithium.
Methotrexate: There is evidence for the potential increase in plasma levels of
Ciclosporin: Increased risk of nephrotoxicity
Mifepristone: NSAIDs should not be used for 8-12 days after mifepristone
administration as NSAIDs can reduce the effect of mifepristone.
Tacrolimus: Possible increased risk of nephrotoxicity when NSAIDs are given
Zidovudine: Increased risk of haematological toxicity when NSAIDs are given
with zidovudine. There is evidence of an increased risk of haemarthroses and
haematoma in HIV(+) haemophiliacs receiving concurrent treatment with
zidovudine and ibuprofen.
Quinolone antibiotics: Animal data indicate that NSAIDs can increase the risk
of convulsions associated with quinolone antibiotics. Patients taking NSAIDs and
quinolones may have an increased risk of developing convulsions.
Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis may adversely affect the pregnancy and/or the
embryo/foetal development. Data from epidemiological studies suggest an increased
risk of miscarriage and of cardiac malformation and gastroschisis after use of a
prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor in early pregnancy. The absolute risk for
cardiovascular malformation was increased from less than 1%, up to approximately
1.5%. The risk is believed to increase with dose and duration of therapy. In animals,
administration of a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor has been shown to result in
increased pre- and post-implantation loss and embryfoetal lethality. In addition,
increased incidences of various malformations, including cardiovascular, have been
reported in animals given a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor during the organogenetic
period. During the first and second trimester of pregnancy, Nurofen should not be
given unless clearly necessary. If Nurofen is used by a woman attempting to
conceive, or during the first and second trimester of pregnancy, the dose should be
kept as low and duration of treatment as short as possible.
During the third trimester of pregnancy, all prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors may
expose the foetus to:
- cardiopulmonary toxicity (with premature closure of the ductus arteriosus and
- renal dysfunction, which may progress to renal failure with oligohydroamniosis;
the mother and the neonate, at the end of the pregnancy, to:
- possible prolongation of bleeding time, an anti-aggregating effect which may occur
even at very low doses;
- inhibition of uterine contractions resulting in delayed or prolonged labour.
Consequently, Nurofen is contraindicated during the third trimester of pregnancy.
In limited studies, ibuprofen appears in the breast milk in very low concentration and
is unlikely to affect the breast-fed infant adversely.
See section 4.4 regarding female fertility.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines
None expected at recommended doses and duration of therapy.
Adverse events which have been associated with Ibuprofen are given below, listed by
system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥1/10),
common (≥1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥1/1000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to
<1/1000), very rare (<1/10,000) and not known (cannot be estimated from the
available data). Within each frequency grouping, adverse events are presented in
order of decreasing seriousness.
The list of the following adverse events relates to those experienced with ibuprofen at
OTC doses, for short-term use. In the treatment of chronic conditions, under longterm treatment, additional adverse events may occur.
The adverse events observed most often are gastrointestinal in nature. Adverse events
are mostly dose-dependent, in particular the risk of occurrence of gastrointestinal
bleeding is dependent on the dosage range and duration of treatment.
Clinical studies suggest that use of ibuprofen (particularly at high doses 2400mg/day)
may be associated with a small increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (for
example myocardial infarction or stroke), (see section 4.4).
System Organ Class
Blood and Lymphatic
First signs are: fever, sore throat, superficial
mouth ulcers, flu-like symptoms, severe
exhaustion, unexplained bleeding and
Hypersensitivity reactions consisting of1:
Urticaria and pruritus
Severe hypersensitivity reactions.
Symptoms could be facial, tongue and
larynx swelling, dyspnoea, tachycardia,
hypotension (anaphylaxis, angioedema or
Respiratory tract reactivity comprising
asthma, aggravated asthma, bronchospasm
Cardiac failure and oedema
Abdominal pain, nausea, dyspepsia
Diarrhoea, flatulence, constipation and
Peptic ulcer, perforation or gastrointestinal
haemorrhage, melaena, haematemesis,
sometimes fatal, particularly in the elderly.
Ulcerative stomatitis, gastritis
Exacerbation of ulcerative colitis and
Crohn's disease (section 4.4).
Liver disorders, especially in long-term
Skin and Subcutaneous
Various skin rashes
Severe forms of skin reactions such as
bullous reactions including Stevens-
Johnson syndrome, erythema multiforme
and toxic epidermal necrolysis can occur.
Renal and Urinary Disorders
Acute renal failure, papillary necrosis,
especially in long-term use, associated with
increased serum urea and oedema.
Decreased haemoglobin levels
Description of Selected Adverse Reactions
Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported following treatment with ibuprofen.
These may consist of (a) non-specific allergic reactions and anaphylaxis, (b)
respiratory tract activity comprising asthma, aggravated asthma, bronchospasm,
dyspnoea or (c) assorted skin disorders, including rashes of various types pruritus,
urticaria, purpura, angioedema and more rarely exfoliative and bullous dermatoses
(including epidermal necrolysis and erythema multiforme).
The pathogenic mechanism of drug-Induced aseptic meningitis is not fully
understood. However, the available data on NSAID-related aseptic meningitis points
to a hypersensitivity reaction (due to a temporal relationship with drug intake, and
disappearance of symptoms after drug discontinuation). Of note, single cases of
symptoms of aseptic meningitis (such as stiff neck, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever
or disorientation) have been observed during treatment with ibuprofen, in patients
with existing auto-immune disorders (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed
connective tissue disease).
In children ingestion of more than 400mg/kg may cause symptoms. In adults
the dose response effect is less clear cut. This product, sustained release
capsules, has a half life of approximately 8 hours.
Most patients who have ingested clinically important amounts of NSAIDs will
develop no more than nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, or more rarely
diarrhoea. Tinnitus, headache and gastrointestinal bleeding are also possible.
In more serious poisoning, toxicity is seen in the central nervous system,
manifesting as drowsiness, occasionally excitation and disorientation or coma.
Occasionally patients develop convulsions. In serious poisoning metabolic
acidosis may occur and the prothrombin time/ INR may be prolonged,
probably due to interference with the actions of circulating clotting factors.
Acute renal failure and liver damage may occur. Exacerbation of asthma is
possible in asthmatics.
Management should be symptomatic and supportive and include the
maintenance of a clear airway and monitoring of cardiac and vital signs until
stable. Consider oral administration of activated charcoal if the patient
presents within 1 hour of ingestion of a potentially toxic amount. If frequent or
prolonged, convulsions should be treated with intravenous diazepam or
lorazepam. Give bronchodilators for asthma.
ATC Code: M01AE01
Ibuprofen is a propionic acid derivative NSAID that has demonstrated its efficacy by
inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. In humans, ibuprofen reduces inflammatory
pain, swellings and fever. Furthermore, ibuprofen reversibly inhibits platelet
Experimental data suggests that ibuprofen may competitively inhibit the effect of low
dose aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) on platelet aggregation when they are dosed
concomitantly. Some pharmacodynamic studies show that when single doses of
ibuprofen 400mg were taken within 8 h before or within 30 min after immediate
release acetylsalicylic acid dosing (81mg), a decreased effect of acetylsalicylic acid
on the formation of thromboxane of platelet aggregation occurred. Although there are
uncertainties regarding extrapolation of these data to the clinical situation the
possibility that regular, long-term use of ibuprofen may reduce the cardioprotective
effect of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid cannot be excluded. No clinically relevant
effect is considered to be likely for occasional ibuprofen use.
The analgesic effects of a 2 capsule-dose (600mg) of sustained release ibuprofen last
for up to 12 hours.
Ibuprofen is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Ibuprofen is
extensively bound to plasma proteins.
Peak serum concentration occurs approximately 1-2 hours after administration.
Ibuprofen is metabolised in the liver to two major metabolites with primary
excretion via the kidneys, either as such or as major conjugates, together with
a negligible amount of unchanged ibuprofen. Excretion by the kidney is both
rapid and complete.
Elimination half-life is approximately 2 hours.
T½ with this formulation is prolonged from 2 to 8 hours.
No significant differences in pharmacokinetic profile are observed in the
Preclinical safety data
No relevant information, additional to that contained elsewhere in the SPC.
List of excipients
Sucrose and maize starch microgranules, polymers of methacrylic acid esters,
povidone, polymers of acrylic and methacrylic acid esters, talc, colloidal silica.
Gelatine, iron oxide ink (E172)
Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25°C
Nature and contents of container
Blister packs composed of aluminium and opaque or clear PVC
Boxes of 12, 24, 28, 30, 36, 56 and 60 capsules
Special precautions for disposal
MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare (UK) Ltd
MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE
DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT