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NUROFEN JOINT & BACK PAIN RELIEF 5% GEL

Active substance(s): IBUPROFEN / IBUPROFEN / IBUPROFEN

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SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

1

NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Nurofen Joint & Back Pain Relief 5% Gel

2

QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Each 1 gram of gel contains 50 mg of ibuprofen.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1

3

PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Gel
Colourless or almost colourless, clear or slightly opalescent gel.

4

CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1

Therapeutic indications
Topical analgesic and anti-inflammatory for backache, rheumatic and muscular pain,
sprains, strains and sports injuries.

4.2

Posology and method of administration
For cutaneous use.
Adults, the elderly and children over 12 years: Squeeze 50 to 125 mg (4 to 10 cm) of
the gel from the tube and lightly rub into the affected area until absorbed.
The dose should not be repeated more frequently than every four hours and no more
than 4 times in any 24 hour period.
Wash hands after every application. Do not exceed the stated dose. Review treatment
after 7 days, especially if the symptoms worsen or persist.
Children under 12 years: Do not use on children under 12 years of age except on the
advice of a doctor.

4.3

Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to the active substance(s) or to any of the excipients listed in section
6.1. In patients who have previously shown hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. asthma,
rhinitis or urticarial) in response to ibuprofen, Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), or other
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Do not use in third trimester of pregnancy.
Not to be used on broken or damaged skin.

4.4

Special warnings and precautions for use
Discontinue immediately if rash develops.
Apply with gentle massage only. Avoid contact with eyes, mucous membranes and
inflamed or broken skin.
Hands should be washed immediately after use.
Not for use with occlusive dressings.
The label will state:
Do not exceed the stated dose.
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
For external use only.
If symptoms persist, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Do not use if you are allergic to ibuprofen or any of the ingredients, aspirin or any
other painkillers.
Speak to a pharmacist or doctor before using this product if:
You are taking aspirin or any other pain relieving medication.
You are pregnant.
You have asthma
Not to be used in children under 12 years.
Oral NSAIDs, including ibuprofen, can sometimes be associated with renal
impairment, aggravation of active peptic ulcers, and can induce allergic bronchial
reactions in susceptible asthmatic patients. Although the systemic absorption of
topically applied ibuprofen is less than for oral dosage forms, these complications can
occur in rare cases. For these reasons, patients with an active peptic ulcer, impaired
hepatic function, a history of kidney problems or asthma should seek medical advice
before using Ibuprofen gel as should patients already taking other painkillers.
If symptoms persist for more than 7 days, or worsen at any time, consult your doctor or
pharmacist.
Patients should be advised against excessive exposure to sunlight of area treated in order to
avoid possibility of photosensitivity.

4.5

Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may interact with blood pressure lowering
drugs, and may possibly enhance the effects of anticoagulants, although the chance of

either of these occurring with a topically administered preparation is extremely
remote.
Concurrent aspirin or other NSAIDS may result in an increased incidence of adverse
reactions.

4.6

Pregnancy and lactation
Not to be used during pregnancy or lactation.
Pregnancy:
Although no teratogenic effects have been demonstrated in animal experiments,
ibuprofen should be avoided during pregnancy. During the last trimester of pregnancy
there is a risk of premature closure of the fetal ductus arteriosus with possible
persistent pulmonary hypertension. The onset of labour may be delayed and the
duration of labour increased.
Lactation:
Ibuprofen appears in breast milk in very low concentrations but is unlikely to affect
breast fed infants adversely
Fertility:
No observed effects at this level of exposure.

4.7

Effects on ability to drive and use machines
None known.

4.8

Undesirable effects
Systemic availability of topical ibuprofen is very low compared to orally administered
NSAIDs. Adverse events, particularly those affecting the gastrointestinal tract, are less
common with the use of topical ibuprofen.
The list of the following adverse effects relates to those experienced with topical
ibuprofen at OTC doses (maximum 500 mg per day), in short-term use. In the
treatment of chronic conditions, under long-term treatment, additional adverse effects
may occur.
Adverse events which have been associated with ibuprofen are given below, tabulated
by system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as: Very common
(≥1/10); Common (≥1/100 and <1/10); Uncommon (≥1/1000 and <1/100); Rare
(≥1/10,000 and <1/1000); Very rare (< 1/10,000); Not known (cannot be estimated
from the available data). Within each frequency grouping, adverse events are
presented in order of decreasing seriousness.
Table of Adverse Events

System Organ Class
Immune System
Disorders
Gastrointestinal
Disorders
Renal and Urinary
Disorders
General Disorders and
Administration Site
Conditions

Frequency
Not known

Adverse Event
Hypersensitivity 1

Not known

Abdominal pain,
dyspepsia
Renal impairment 2

Not known
Not known

Application site
reaction 3

Description of Selected Adverse Reactions
1 Hypersensitivity reactions have been rarely reported following treatment with oral
and topical ibuprofen. These may consist of (a) non-specific allergic reactions and
anaphylaxis, (b) respiratory tract reactivity comprising asthma, aggravated asthma,
bronchospasm or dyspnoea, or (c) assorted skin disorders, including rashes of various
types, pruritus, urticaria, purpura, angioedema and, more rarely, exfoliative and
bullous dermatoses (including toxic epidermal necrolysis and erythema multiforme).
2 Renal impairment (can occur in patients with with a history of kidney problems.)
3 The most common undesirable effects are application site reactions.
Reporting of Suspected Adverse Reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is
important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal
product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions
are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
4.9

Overdose
Overdosage with a topical presentation is unlikely.
Symptoms of severe ibuprofen overdosage (eg following accidental oral ingestion)
include headache, vomiting, drowsiness and hypotension. Correction of severe
electrolyte abnormalities should be considered.
In children ingestion of more than 400 mg/kg may cause symptoms. In adults the dose
response effect is less clear cut. The half-life in overdose is 1.5-3 hours.
Symptoms
Symptoms of Ibuprofen overdose include headache, vomiting, drowsiness and
Hypotension. Most patients who have ingested clinically important amounts of
NSAIDs will develop no more than nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, or more rarely
diarrhoea. Tinnitus, headache and gastrointestinal bleeding are also possible. In more
serious poisoning, toxicity is seen in the central nervous system, manifesting as
drowsiness, occasionally excitation and disorientation or coma. Occasionally patients
develop convulsions. In serious poisoning metabolic acidosis may occur and the
prothrombin time/INR may be prolonged, probably due to interference with the
actions of circulating clotting factors. Acute renal failure and liver damage may occur.
Exacerbation of asthma is possible in asthmatics.

Management
Management should be symptomatic and supportive and include the maintainance of a
clear airway and monitoring of cardiac and vital signs until stable. Consider oral
administration of activated charcoal if the patient presents within 1 hour of ingestion
of a potentially toxic amount. If frequent or prolonged, convulsions should be treated
with intravenous diazepam or lorazepam. Give bronchodilators for asthma.

5

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

5.1

Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Anti-inflammatory preparations, non-steroids for topical
use.
ATC code: M02AA13
Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which is effective as an analgesic
and anti-inflammatory after both systemic and topical administration.
The gel is for topical application. It contains the active ingredient, ibuprofen, a
phenylpropionic acid derivative which exerts its anti-inflammatory and analgesic
effects directly in inflamed tissues underlying the site of application, mainly by
inhibiting prostaglandin biosynthesis. Because it is formulated in an aqueous/
alcoholic gel, the preparation also exerts a soothing and cooling effect when applied to
the affected area.

5.2

Pharmacokinetic properties
Specially formulated for external application, the active ingredient penetrates through the skin
rapidly and extensively (approximately 22% of a finite dose within 48 hours), achieving high,
therapeutically relevant local concentrations in underlying soft tissues, joints and the synovial
fluid, whilst producing plasma levels that are unlikely to be sufficient to cause any systemic
side-effects, other than in rare individuals who are hypersensitive to ibuprofen. Furthermore,
there do not appear to be any appreciable differences between the oral and topical routes of
administration regarding metabolism or excretion.

5.3

Preclinical safety data
No relevant information additional to that contained elsewhere in the SPC.

6

PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

6.1

List of excipients
Hydroxyethylcellulose
Sodium hydroxide
Benzyl alcohol

Isopropyl alcohol
Purified water

6.2

Incompatibilities
Not applicable.

6.3

Shelf life
3 years

6.4

Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25oC.

6.5

Nature and contents of container
Aluminium tube with internal epoxy phenolic coating and polyethylene screw cap
containing 15 g, 30 g, 35g or 50 g.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6

Special precautions for disposal
No special requirements.

7

MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare (UK) Ltd
Slough
SL1 4AQ

8

MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
PL 00063/0706

9

DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE
AUTHORISATION
29/04/2008

10

DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
08/12/2015

Expand Transcript

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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