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NORMOSANG 25MG/ML CONCENTRATE FOR SOLUTION FOR INFUSION

Active substance(s): HEMIN

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B. PACKAGE LEAFLET

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Normosang 25 mg/ml, concentrate for solution for infusion.
Human hemin

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please
tell your doctor.

In this leaflet:
1.
What Normosang is and what it is used for
2.
Before you use Normosang
3.
How to use Normosang
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Normosang
6.
Further information

1.

WHAT NORMOSANG IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR

Normosang contains human hemin, which is a substance derived from human blood.
Normosang is used to treat sudden attacks that occur in patients suffering from acute hepatic porphyria; the
disease is characterized by liver accumulation of compounds (including porphyrins and its toxic precursors).
There are three types of hepatic porphyria whose medical names are: acute intermittent porphyria, porphyria
variegata and hereditary coproporphyria. This accumulation leads to symptoms of the disease including pain
(mainly abdomen, back and thighs), nausea, vomiting and constipation.

2.

BEFORE YOU USE NORMOSANG

Do not use Normosang
if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to human hemin or any of the other ingredients of Normosang.
Take special care with Normosang
 Before treatment with Normosang, your doctor should confirm an attack of hepatic porphyria by series of
clinical and biological criteria :
 suggestive family or personal history;
 suggestive clinical signs;
quantitative determination ofdelta-amino-laevulinic acid and porphobilinogen (specific markers of the
disease) in urines.
 The sooner Normosang treatment is started after the onset of an attack, the greater its efficacy.
 As a result of Normosang infusions, abdominal pain and other gastro-intestinal symptoms generally
disappear within 2 - 4 days. Neurological complications (paralysis and psychological disorders) are less
affected by the treatment.
You will be monitored during the whole course of the treatment, because porphyria attacks are often
associated with various effects on the heart and circulation, and on the nervous system.
 Do not:
make sudden changes to your normal diet, in particular, do not stop eating for long periods

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take drugs or substances such as oestrogens (e.g. oral contraceptives), barbiturates (drugs which
help you to sleep and drugs sometimes used to treat epilepsy) or steroids (body hormone-like
drugs), because this can bring on an attack or make the attack worse.

Please ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice on the drugs and substances you should not take (now and in
the future).
 To prevent vein irritation, the solution will be administered by infusion in a large vein (blood vessel) of
your arm or in a vein in your chest over a period of at least 30 minutes. After the infusion, the vein shall be
rinsed with a saline solution.
The infused solution can give your blood an unusual colour.
To limit the risk of iron compound increase, Normosang should not be used as a preventive treatment of the
acute attacks.
 Human hemin contains iron. It can sometimes happen that iron builds up in the body after several years of
treatment with repeated infusions of Normosang. Your doctor may perform blood tests from time to time
to check the level of iron in your body.
 Standard measures to prevent infections resulting from the use of medicinal products prepared from human
blood or plasma include selection of donors, screening of individual donations for specific markers of
infections and the inclusion of effective manufacturing steps for the inactivation/ removal of viruses.
Despite this, when medicinal products prepared from human blood or plasma are administered, the
possibility of transmitting infective agents cannot be totally excluded. This also applies to unknown or
emerging viruses and other pathogens.
 The measures taken are considered effective for enveloped viruses such as HIV, HBV and HCV.
It is strongly recommended that every time that Normosang is administered to a patient, the name and batch
number of the product are recorded in order to maintain a link between the patient and the batch of the product
Taking or using other medicines
Do not take drugs or substances such as oestrogens (e.g. oral contraceptives), barbiturates (drugs which help
you to sleep and drugs sometimes used to treat epilepsy) or steroids (body hormone-like drugs), because they
can bring on an attack or make the attack worse.
Please inform your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicine - even those not
prescribed.
Pregnancy and Breast-feeding
It is not known if there is a risk in using the medicine during pregnancy. However, mothers treated with have
delivered normal babies.
When you are pregnant, ask your doctor for advice before Normosang is administered to you. Your doctor will
only prescribe the medicine when absolutely necessary.
Normosang has not been studied during breast-feeding. However, since a lot of drugs are passed into the
breast-milk, you should inform your doctor when you are breast-feeding and ask for advice before Normosang
is administered to you. Your doctor will only prescribe Normosang treatment when absolutely necessary, or
may advise you to stop breast-feeding.
Normosang contains ethanol (alcohol). This should be taken into account if you are pregnant or breast feeding
women. See heading “Important information about some of the ingredients of Normosang”.
Driving and using machines
Your medicine should not affect your ability to drive or to use machines.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Normosang
Normosang contains 11.78 vol. % ethanol (alcohol), i.e. up to 1000 mg per daily dose (one ampoule),
equivalent to 23.6ml beer or 9.8ml wine per daily dose.

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This can be harmful for those suffering from alcoholism. To be taken into account in pregnant or breast
feeding women, children and high risk groups such as patients with liver disease, or epilepsy.
Ask your doctor for advice before Normosang is administered to you, if you suffer from one of the above
conditions.

3.

HOW TO USE NORMOSANG

The medicine will only be administered to you in a hospital setting by qualified hospital personnel.
The dose to be administered will be calculated from your body weight and is about 3 mg per kg of body
weight per day, but not more than 250 mg (1 ampoule) per day. This calculated amount will be diluted with a
saline solution (0.9 % sodium chloride) in a glass bottle and this will form a dark coloured solution.
The solution will be administered by infusion in a large vein (blood vessel) of your arm or in a vein in your
chest over a period of at least 30 minutes. The infused solution can give your blood an unusual colour.
After the infusion, the vein shall be rinsed with a saline solution.
Usually, you will receive one infusion per day during four days.
If after this first course of treatment the symptoms are not relieved, your doctor can decide exceptionally to
start a second course of treatment.
If you have received more Normosang than it should
If you have received more Normosang than you should have, your doctor will treat you to prevent harmful
effects.
4.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS

Like all medicines, your medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The following side effects were defined as follows: very common (more than 1 out of 10 persons), common
(more than 1 out of 100 persons and less than 1 out of 10 persons), uncommon (more than 1 out of 1,000
persons and less than 1 out of 100 persons), rare (more than 1 out of 10,000 persons and less than 1 out of
1,000 persons).
Very common: after repeated treatments, access to veins in your arm may become difficult, which may mean
that a tube needs to be placed in a chest vein.
Common: if administered in too small a vein, pain and inflammation can be caused, clots can be formed in the
vein.
Uncommon: the amount of an iron compound (called ferritin) may increase in the blood following repeated
treatments over several years. To limit the risk of iron compound increase, Normosang should not be used as a
preventive treatment of the acute attacks.
Rare: fever and allergic reactions (rash, tongue swelling) may rarely occur.
Frequency unknown: headache.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your
doctor.

5.

HOW TO STORE NORMOSANG

Keep out of the reach and sight of children.

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Do not use Normosang after the expiry date which is stated on the ampoule label and carton after EXP. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Store in a refrigerator (2C – 8C).
Keep the ampoule in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
After dilution, the solution should be used within 1 hour.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose
of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6.

FURTHER INFORMATION

What Normosang contains
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The active substance is human hemin (25 mg/ml). 10 ml ampoule contains 250 mg of human hemin.
After dilution of one 10 ml ampoule in 100 ml of 0.9 % NaCl solution, the diluted solution contains 250
micrograms per ml of human hemin.
The other ingredients are arginine, ethanol (96 %), propylene glycol and water for injections.

What Normosang looks like and contents of the pack
Normosang is presented as a Concentrate for solution for infusion (10 ml in ampoule – pack size of 4).
Normosang is a dark coloured solution even after dilution of the concentrate for solution for infusion.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Orphan Europe SARL
Immeuble “Le Wilson”
70 avenue du Général de Gaulle
F-92800 Puteaux
France
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:
Austria - Heme arginate Orphan Europe
Finland - Heme arginate Orphan Europe
Germany - Heme arginate Orphan Europe
Poland – Normosang Orphan Europe
The Netherlands - Heme arginate Orphan Europe
This leaflet was last approved in {MM/YYYY}.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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