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NORADRENALINE (NOREPINEPHRINE) 0.08 MG/ML SOLUTION FOR INFUSION

Active substance(s): NORADRENALINE TARTRATE

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Patient’s
Weight (kg)

100

h: hour

Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/mL, solution for infusion – Noradrenaline expressed as a base
Posology (mg/h)
Posology (mg/h)
Posology (µg/kg/min)
Posology (µg/kg/min)
Infusion rate (mL/h)
noradrenaline base
noradrenaline tartrate
noradrenaline base
noradrenaline tartrate
0.05
0.1
0.3
0.6
3,8
0.1
0.2
0.6
1.2
7,5
0.25
0.5
1.5
3
18,8
0.5
1
3
6
37,5
1
2
6
12
75,0
1.5
3
9
18
112,5

Duration of Treatment:
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion should be continued until high-dose vasoactive drug support is no longer indicated, at which point,
the infusion should be gradually decreased, then switched to an infusion of lower concentration. Abrupt withdrawal can result in acute hypotension.
Elderly patients
See section Special warnings and precautions for use.
Paediatric population
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion is indicated for adults only.
The efficacy and safety of Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion in 50 ml ready to use solution for infusion in children and adolescents
has not been established.
Patients with renal- and hepatic impairment.
There is no experience of treatment in patients with renal- and hepatic impairment.
Special warnings and precautions for use
Warning:
Noradrenaline is contraindicated in hypotensive patients in whom circulatory collapse is associated with hypovolaemia except as an emergency
measure to maintain supply to the coronary and cerebral arteries until blood volume replacement therapy can be instituted.
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion is intended for infusion via a central venous catheter only. As such, the risk of extravasation and
subsequent tissue necrosis is very limited. The infusion site should be checked frequently. However, if extravasation occurs, the infusion should be
stopped immediately and the area should be infiltrated with phentolamine without delay, monitored closely for improvement and re-assessed for
further treatment to reverse the ischemic effect.
Precautions for use:
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion should not be used for initiating vasopressor treatment.
In general, cautious evaluation is recommended in the following cases of hypotension and hypoperfusion, in which a reduction in the dose of
noradrenaline may be required:
- Major left ventricular dysfunction associated with acute hypotension. Supportive therapy should be initiated simultaneously with diagnostic
evaluation. Noradrenaline should be reserved for patients with cardiogenic shock and refractory hypotension, in particular those without elevated
systemic vascular resistance.
- Hypotensive patients diagnosed with coronary, mesenteric or peripheral vascular thrombosis, myocardial infarction or Prinzmetal’s variant angina.
Particular caution should be observed as noradrenaline may increase the associated ischaemia and extend the area of infarction.
- Occurrence of heart rhythm disorders during noradrenaline therapy.
Caution is advised in patients with hyperthyroidism or diabetes mellitus.
Perfusion of noradrenaline must be performed with continuous monitoring of blood pressure and cardiac frequency.
In cases where it is necessary to administer noradrenaline at the same time as total blood or plasma, the latter must be administered in a separate drip.
Overdose
In the event of overdose, the following may be observed: cutaneous vasoconstriction, bed sores, circulatory collapse, and hypertension.
In the event of adverse reactions linked to an excessive dosage, it is recommended to reduce the dosage if possible.
Pharmaceutical Particulars
Incompatibilities
This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products.
Shelf life
18 months.
Special precaution for storage
Do not store above 25° C. Store the vial in the outer carton to protect from light.
Nature and content of container
Clear glass vial closed with a type I bromobutyl stopper and an aluminum cap containing 50 ml of solution for infusion in pack size of 1, 10, and
25 vials.
Instructions for use and handling and disposal
For single use only. Discard any unused contents.
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion is already diluted and ready to use. It should be used without prior dilution. It should be used with a
suitable syringe driver pump capable of accurately and consistently delivering the minimum specified volume at a strictly controlled rate of infusion
in line with the dose titration instructions specified in Section 4.2.
This medicine should not be used if the solution is darker than slightly yellow or pink in colour or if it contains a precipitate.
The sterile solution should not be used if it is not clear and contains particles, or if the tamper evident sealed vial is not intact.
Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk
balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the national reporting system:
Yellow Card Scheme
Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
xxxxxx xx/15

Noradrenaline
Package leaflet: Information for the user

(Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion
Noradrenaline
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as
yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you use Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion
3. How to use Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT NORADRENALINE 0.08 MG/ML, SOLUTION FOR INFUSION IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion is a medicine that belongs to the group of adrenergic and dopaminergic agents.
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion is indicated in adults weighing over 50 kg for the on-going treatment of hypotensive emergencies
with escalating noradrenaline dose requirements.
The product is for adults only.
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU USE NORADRENALINE 0.08 MG/ML, SOLUTION FOR INFUSION
Do not use Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion:
- administred via peripheral cannula and/or peripheral vein,
- if you are allergic to noradrenaline or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or nurse before using Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion:
- if you have major left ventricular dysfunction (a heart condition),
- if you have recently had myocardial infarction (a heart attack),
- if you have cardiac rhythm disorders (your heart beats too fast, too slow or irregular),
- if you have hyperthyroidism (your thyroid gland is overactive) or diabetes mellitus,
- if you are hypotensive (have low blood pressure) that has been caused by hypovolaemia (low blood volume),
- if you have angina pectoris, or any vascular blockage in your limbs or abdomen (acute difficulty for the blood to circulate normally).
During the infusion of noradrenaline, your doctor will check continuously your blood pressure, cardiac frequency (heart rate) and the infusion site.
In cases where it is necessary to administer Noradrenaline at the same time as blood or plasma transfusion, the latter will be administered in a separate drip.
Children and adolescents
Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion is indicated for adults only.
Other medicines and Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are using, have recently used or might use any other medicines, such as:
- some anaesthetic gas (halogen),
- s ome antidepressants (imipramine, serotoninergic-adrenergics such as venlafaxine or duloxetine, monoamine oxidase inhibitors such as
moclobemide or phenelzine),
- linezolid (an antibiotic),
- Methylene Blue.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, ask your doctor or nurse for advice before using this medicine. If you are pregnant, your doctor will decide if
you should be given Noradrenaline Solution for infusion, as noradrenaline may harm the unborn baby.
No information is available on the use of noradrenaline during lactation.
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion contains sodium
This product contains 177.3 mg of sodium per 50 ml vial. This should be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
3. HOW TO USE NORADRENALINE 0.08 MG/ML, SOLUTION FOR INFUSION
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion will be given to you in a hospital, by a doctor or nurse.
Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion should not be diluted before use: it is a ready to use solution in a 50 ml vial.
Noradrenaline solution for infusion will be administered by intravenous infusion (into a vein) and only via a central venous catheter. A syringe driver
pump will be used.
The dose of Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion will depend on your condition. Your doctor will know the best dose to use.
Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion should not be used for initiating vasopressor treatment. It may be considered for use in patients
already established on noradrenaline therapy whose dose requirements are clinically confirmed to be escalating, such that Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml,
solution for infusion may be commenced at a flow rate of 2 ml/hr.
The dose will be adjusted using the syringe driver pump according to the response to treatment, with the aim to establish a normal blood pressure.
The infusion site will be checked frequently.

For single use only. Discard any unused contents.
If you use more Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion than you should
In the event of overdose, the following symptoms may be observed: cutaneous vasoconstriction (blood vessels become narrower), bed sores (skin
ulcers), circulatory collapse (failure of the circulation) and hypertension (high blood pressure).
In the event of adverse reactions linked to an excessive dosage, contact your doctor immediately. It is recommended to reduce the dosage, if possible.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The following side effects have been reported:
- Anxiety,
- Headache, tremor,
- Acute glaucoma,
- Tachycardia (fast heart rate), bradycardia (slow heart rate), arrhythmia (irregular heart beats), palpitations, increase in the contractility of the cardiac
muscle, acute cardiac insufficiency (heart failure),
- Arterial hypertension (high blood pressure) and tissue hypoxia (decrease in oxygen supply to some organ); coldness and paleness of the members
and the face,
- Respiratory insufficiency or difficulty, dyspnea (difficulty to breath),
- Vomiting,
- Retention of urine,
- Locally: possibility of irritation and necrosis (cell injury, causing death of cells in the tissue) at the injection site.
The continuous administration of vasopressor to maintain blood pressure in the absence of blood volume replacement may cause the following
symptoms:
- severe peripheral and visceral vasoconstriction,
- decrease in renal blood flow,
- decrease in urine production,
- hypoxia,
- increase in lactate serum levels.
In case of hypersensitivity or overdose, the following effects may appear more frequently: arterial hypertension (high blood pressure), photophobia
(abnormal intolerance to visual perception of light), retrosternal pain (thoracic pain), pharyngeal pain (throat pain), pallor, intense sweating and
vomiting.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects
directly via the national reporting system:
Yellow Card Scheme
Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE NORADRENALINE 0.08 MG/ML, SOLUTION FOR INFUSION
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label of the vial and the carton after EXP.The expiry date refers to the last day
of that month.
After the first opening, the product should be used immediately.
Do not store above 25° C. Store the vial in the outer carton to protect from light.
Do not use this medicine if the solution is darker than slightly yellow or pink in colour or if it contains a precipitate.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help
protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Noradrenaline Solution for infusion contains:
- The active substance is Noradrenaline (norepinephrine) tartrate.
Each mL of solution contains 0.16 mg Noradrenaline tartrate equivalent to 0.08 mg Noradrenaline base. Each 50 mL vial contains 8 mg
Noradrenaline tartrate, equivalent to 4 mg Noradrenaline base.
- The other ingredients are: sodium chloride, disodium edetate dihydrate, hydrochloric acid or sodium hydroxide (pH adjustment) and water for
injections.
What Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion looks like and contents of the pack:
Clear colourless or slightly yellow solution for infusion packaged in a clear glass vial of 50 mL.
Pack sizes of 1, 10 and 25 vials.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Laboratoire AGUETTANT
1, rue Alexander Fleming
69007 LYON - France
Distributed by:
AGUETTANT LTD
No 1 Farleigh House, Flax Bourton, Bristol, BS48 1UR United Kingdom
This leaflet was last revised in 06/2015.
Detailed information on this medicinal product is available on the web site of Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

The following information is intended for medicinal and healthcare professionals only:
This is an extract from the Summary of Product Characteristics to assist in the administration of Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/ml,
solution for infusion. When determining appropriateness of use in a particular patient, the prescriber should be familiar with the Summary of Product
Characteristics of the product.
Qualitative and Quantitative composition
Each ml of solution for infusion contains 0.16 mg Noradrenaline tartrate, equivalent to 0.08 mg Noradrenaline base.
Each 50 ml vial contains 8 mg Noradrenaline tartrate, equivalent to 4 mg Noradrenaline base.
Excipients:
Each mL of solution for infusion contains 3.546 mg equivalent to 0.1542 mmol of sodium.
Each 50 ml vial contains approximately 177.3 mg equivalent to 7.71 mmol of sodium.
List of excipients: Sodium chloride, Disodium edetate dehydrate, Hydrochloric acid or Sodium hydroxide (pH adjustment), Water for injections.
Description of solution
Clear, colourless or slightly yellow solution - pH = 3.2 – 3.8 - Osmolality: 260 - 320 mOsm/kg.
Posology and method of administration
For intravenous use only.
Noradrenaline 0.08mg/ml, solution for infusion should not be used for initiating vasopressor treatment. It may be considered for use in patients
already established on noradrenaline therapy whose dose requirements are clinically confirmed to be escalating, such that Noradrenaline 0.08 mg/ml,
solution for infusion may be commenced at a flow rate of 2 ml/hr.
Noradrenaline should only be administered as an intravenous infusion via a central venous catheter to minimize the risk of extravasation and
subsequent tissue necrosis. Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion should be infused at a controlled rate using a syringe
driver pump.
Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion should not be diluted before use: it is supplied ready to use. It should not be mixed
with other medicines.
Blood pressure control:
Blood pressure should be monitored carefully for the duration of therapy, and preferably controlled by arterial blood pressure monitoring. The patient
should be monitored carefully for the duration of noradrenaline (norepinephrine) therapy.
Posology
Initial dose:
The initial dose of noradrenaline base is usually between 0.05-0.15 micrograms/kg/min.
Maintenance dose range:
The recommended maintenance range of noradrenaline base is between 0.05-1.5 micrograms/kg/min.
Titration of dose:
Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/ml, solution for infusion, should be used with a suitable syringe driver pump capable of accurately and
consistently delivering the minimum specified volume at a strictly controlled rate of infusion in line with the dose titration instructions.
Once an infusion of noradrenaline has been established the dose should be titrated in steps of 0.05 -0.1 micrograms/kg/min of noradrenaline base
according to the pressor effect observed. There is great individual variation in the dose required to attain and maintain normotension. The aim should
be to establish a low normal systolic blood pressure (100 - 120 mm Hg) or to achieve an adequate mean arterial blood pressure (greater than 65 mm
Hg – depending on the patient’s condition). Manual bolus for priming when initiating an infusion is not recommended. Caution is required during
syringe relay to avoid haemodynamic instability. Continuous noradrenaline infusion through a double pump system and an extension set reducing
dead-space volume should be encouraged.
Patient’s
Weight (kg)

50

60

70

80

90


Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine) 0.08 mg/mL, solution for infusion – Noradrenaline expressed as a base
Posology (mg/h)
Posology (mg/h)
Posology (µg/kg/min)
Posology (µg/kg/min)
Infusion rate (mL/h)
noradrenaline base
noradrenaline tartrate
noradrenaline base
noradrenaline tartrate
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.3
1,9
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.6
3,8
0.25
0.5
0.75
1.5
9,4
0.5
1
1.5
3
18,8
1
2
3
6
37,5
1.5
3
4.5
9
56,3
0.05
0.1
0.18
0.36
2,3
0.1
0.2
0.36
0.72
4,5
0.25
0.5
0.9
1.8
11,3
0.5
1
1.8
3.6
22,5
1
2
3.6
7.2
45,0
1.5
3
5.4
10.8
67,5
0.05
0.1
0.21
0.42
2,6
0.1
0.2
0.42
0.84
5,3
0.25
0.5
1.05
2.1
13,1
0.5
1
2.1
4.2
26,3
1
2
4.2
8,4
52,5
1.5
3
6.3
12.6
78.8
0.05
0.1
0.24
0.48
3,0
0.1
0.2
0.48
0.96
6,0
0.25
0.5
1.2
2.4
15,0
0.5
1
2.4
4.8
30,0
1
2
4.8
9.6
60,0
1.5
3
7.2
14.4
90,0
0.05
0.1
0.27
0.54
3,4
0.1
0.2
0.54
1.08
6,8
0.25
0.5
1.35
2.7
16,9
0.5
1
2.7
5.4
33,8
1
2
5.4
10.8
67,5
1.5
3
8.1
16.2
101,3

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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