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NITROFURANTOIN 25MG/5ML ORAL SUSPENSION
Active substance(s): NITROFURANTOIN
Furadantin 25mg/5ml Oral Suspension
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,
even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
• If any of the side effects becomes serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this
leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1. What Furadantin Oral Suspension is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Furadantin Oral Suspension
3. How to take Furadantin Oral Suspension
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Furadantin Oral Suspension
6. Further information
1. WHAT FURADANTIN ORAL SUSPENSION IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Nitrofurantoin (the active substance in Furadantin Oral Suspension) is an antibiotic.
It is used to prevent and treat infections of the bladder, kidney and other parts of the urinary
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE FURADANTIN ORAL SUSPENSION DO NOT TAKE
Furadantin Oral Suspension and talk to your doctor if:
• you are allergic (causing itching, reddening of the skin or difficulty in breathing) to
Nitrofurantoin or any of the ingredients of Furadantin Oral Suspension (listed in Section 6
at the end of the leaflet) or other medicines containing nitrofurantoin
• you have a disease of the kidneys which is severely affecting the way they work (ask your
doctor if you are not sure)
• you are in the final stages of pregnancy (labour or delivery) as there is a risk that it might
affect the baby
• you suffer from a blood disorder called porphyria
• you are deficient in an enzyme called G6PD (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase)
• in infants under three months of age.
Tell your doctor if you are not sure about any of the above.
TAKE SPECIAL CARE with Furadantin Oral Suspension and speak to your doctor or
pharmacist before taking this medicine if:
• you have diabetes
• you are suffering from any illness causing severe weakness
• you have anaemia (a decrease in red blood cells causing pale skin, weakness and
breathlessness); or a lack of vitamin B or abnormal levels of salts in your blood (your
doctor will be able to advise you)
• you have a history of allergic reactions
• The above conditions may increase the chance of developing a side effect which results in
damage to the nerves, causes altered sense of feeling pins and needles
• you lack an enzyme (body chemical) called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, which
causes your red blood cells to be more easily damaged (this is more common in black
people and people of Mediterranean, Middle Eastern or Asian origin. Your doctor will
• you have any disease of the lungs, liver or nervous system. If you need to take Furadantin
Oral Suspension for a number of months, your doctor may want to regularly check how
your lungs and liver are working.
This medicine may interfere with urine tests for glucose, causing the test to give a “false
positive” result. That is, the test may say that glucose is present in the urine even if it is not.
This medicine may also cause your urine to turn yellow or brown.
Taking other medicines:
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other
medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. If they are taken with
Furadantin Oral Suspension their effect or the effect of Furadantin Oral Suspension may be
• Antacids for indigestion (e.g. magnesium trisilicate)
• Oral contraceptives (“the pill”)
• Typhoid vaccine
• Medicines for gout (e.g. probenecid or sulfinpyrazone);
• Medicines which slow the passage of food through the stomach (e.g. atropine, hyoscine)
• Medicines for raised pressure in the eye (glaucoma), such as carbonic anhydrase
inhibitors (e.g. acetazolamide)
• Medicines which make the urine less acidic (e.g. potassium citrate mixture)
• Medicines for infections, known as quinolones.
If you are in doubt about any of these medicines ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Taking Furadantin Oral Suspension with food and drink:
Furadantin Oral Suspension should be taken at meal times with food or milk. This will help
to avoid stomach upset and also to help the absorption.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. As far as it is known
Furadantin Oral Suspension may be used in pregnancy. However, it should not be used
during labour or delivery because there is a possibility that use at this stage may affect the
baby. If you want to breast feed, please consult your doctor first.
Driving and using machines:
Furadantin Oral Suspension may cause dizziness and drowsiness. You should not drive or
operate machinery if you are affected this way until such symptoms go away.
Important information about some of the ingredients in Furadantin Oral Suspension:
This medicine contains:
• Methylhydroxybenzoate (E218) and propyl parahydroxybenzoate (E216) which may
cause allergic reactions (possibly delayed) and exceptionally, bronchospasm
• Glycerol (E422) which can be harmful in high does. It can cause headache, stomach upset
• Less than 1mmol sodium per dose, i.e. essentially sodium free.
3. HOW TO TAKE FURADANTIN ORAL SUSPENSION
Follow your doctor's instructions exactly and complete the course of treatment even if you
feel better. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Do not forget to take your medicine.
The normal dosage depends on the type of infection you have and instructions should be
written on the label provided by the pharmacist. Consult your pharmacist or doctor if these
instructions are not clear. The usual doses are:
• For treatment of infections: two to four 5ml spoonfuls four times a day for seven days
• For prevention of further infections: two to four 5ml spoonfuls to be taken once a day
• For prevention of infections during surgery: two 5ml spoonfuls four times a day on the
day of the operation and three days thereafter.
Children and infants aged over three months:
The dose depends on the weight of the child and will be provided by your doctor. Follow
your doctor’s instructions exactly.
Children below 3 months of age should not take Furadantin Oral Suspension.
Your doctor will watch carefully for any effects on the liver, lungs, blood or nervous system.
Furadantin Oral Suspension may interfere with the results of some tests for glucose in the
If you TAKE MORE Furadantin Oral Suspension than you should:
Consult your doctor or pharmacist immediately or go to the emergency department of the
nearest hospital. Always take any left over medicine with you, as well as the container and
label, so that the medical staff knows what you have taken.
If you FORGET TO TAKE Furadantin Oral Suspension:
Do not worry. If you remember later on that day, take that day’s dose as usual. If you miss a
whole day’s dose take the normal dose on the next day. Do not take a double dose to make up
for a forgotten dose. If you are not sure ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you STOP TAKING Furadantin Oral Suspension:
Your doctor will tell you how long to take the treatment. Do not stop earlier than you are told,
even if you feel better. If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your
doctor or pharmacist
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Furadantin Oral Suspension can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them. Most of them are mild and disappear when you stop taking Furadantin
All medicines can cause allergic reactions although serious allergic reactions are rare. If you
notice any sudden wheeziness, difficulty in breathing, swelling of the eyelids, face or lips,
rash or itching (especially affecting your whole body) STOP TAKING your medicine and go
to a doctor immediately.
If you experience any of the side effects detailed below or any other side effects, stop taking
Furadantin Oral Suspension and consult your doctor.
• Your lungs may react to Furadantin Oral Suspension. This may develop quickly, within a
week of starting treatment or very slowly, especially in elderly patients. This may
produce fever, chills, cough and shortness of breath.
• Jaundice (inflammation of the liver causing yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes).
• The nerves outside the spinal cord may be affected causing changes to the sense of
feeling and the use of muscles. In addition headache, extreme changes of mood or mental
state, confusion, weakness, blurred vision may occur. These effects may be severe and in
some instances permanent.
• Raised pressure in the skull (causing severe headaches).
Please note that while taking Furadantin Oral Suspension your urine may become dark
yellow or brown coloured. This is quite normal and not a reason to stop taking the medicine.
Other side effects include:
• Feeling sick (nausea) and headache.
• Loss of appetite, stomach ache, and being sick (vomiting).
• Dizziness, drowsiness.
• Blood cells have been affected in some patients. This may result in bruising, delayed
clotting of the blood, sore throat, fever, anaemia, and a susceptibility to colds or persistent
• A variety of skin rashes or reactions have occurred in some patients. These may appear as
flaking skin, a red rash or fever accompanied by rapid heart rate and severe rash with
Other reactions may include inflammation of salivary glands (causing facial pains),
inflammation of the pancreas gland (causing severe abdominal pain) and joint pains.
• Short-term hair loss.
• Urinary infection by germs which are not sensitive to Furadantin Oral Suspension.
If any of the side effects become serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this
leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine is only for you. Only a doctor can prescribe it for you. Never give this
medicine to someone else. It could harm them, even if their symptoms seem the same as
5. HOW TO STORE FURADANTIN ORAL SUSPENSION
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not store above 25°C. Keep the bottle in the outer carton in order to protect from light. Do
Do not use Furadantin Oral Suspension after the expiry date which is stated on the pack. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your
pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to
protect the environment.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
What Furadantin Oral Suspension contains:
The active substance is Nitrofurantoin. Each 5ml spoonful contains 25mg of the
The other ingredients are glycerol, polysorbate 20, carbomer, saccharin sodium,
methylhydroxybenzoate (E218), propyl parahydroxybenzoate (E216), sodium hydroxide,
flavourings, purified water.
What Furadantin Oral Suspension looks like and contents of the pack:
Appearance: Furadantin Oral Suspension is an opaque yellow liquid with a lemon/apricot
Packaging: this medicine is supplied in 300ml amber glass bottles.
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Mercury Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Capital House, 85 King William Street, London EC4N 7BL, UK
Dales Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Snaygill Industrial Estate, Keighley Road, Skipton, North
Yorkshire, BD23 2RW, UK
This leaflet was revised in December 2013
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.