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NITROCINE 1MG/ML SOLUTION FOR INFUSION

Active substance(s): GLYCERYL TRINITRATE

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nitrocine® 1 mg/ml Solution for Infusion
GLYCERYL TRINITRATE
Patient Information Leaflet
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.
 Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again
 If you have further questions, please ask your doctor or pharmacist
 This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm
them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours
 In this leaflet Nitrocine 1 mg/ml w/v Solution for Infusion will be called Nitrocine.
In this leaflet:
1. What Nitrocine is for
2. Before you are given Nitrocine
3. How you will be given Nitrocine
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Nitrocine
6. Further information.
1. What Nitrocine is for
Nitrocine belongs to a group of medicines called ‘nitrates’. These are used to widen your
blood vessels and reduce the workload of your heart.
Nitrocine is usually used in emergency situations to:
 Rapidly control high blood pressure during surgery, especially heart surgery
 Treat unstable angina. (Angina attacks feel like a tight pain in your chest, neck or arm
and are a sign that your heart is not getting enough oxygen for the amount of work it
is doing)
 Treat heart failure following a heart attack. It is very important that your doctor treats
these conditions as quickly and effectively as possible, as left untreated the
consequences could be fatal.
2. Before you are given Nitrocine
Do not use Nitrocine if:
 You are allergic to glyceryl trinitrate or to any of the other ingredients in Nitrocine
(See section 6)
 You are allergic to any other nitrates
 You are taking medicines for failure to achieve an erection such as Viagra. Using
Nitrocine with these medicines could cause a severe drop in blood pressure and could
lead to collapse and unconsciousness, and may be fatal
 You suffer from low blood pressure
 You suffer from low blood volume
 You suffer from severe anaemia (low iron levels in your blood)
 You have ever had a serious head injury, cerebral haemorrhage (bleeding in the brain)
or a disease which is accompanied by increased pressure on the brain
 You have or had heart conditions
 You are using riociguat, a medicine used in treating pulmonary hypertension
If any of the above applies to you talk to your doctor.

Check with your doctor before using
Nitrocine if:
 You have an underactive thyroid gland
 You have any diseases of the liver or kidneys
 You have hypothermia (very low body temperature)
 You are malnourished (severe lack of food)
 You are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Taking other medicines
• Do not take Nitrocine with medicines for failure to achieve an erection such as Viagra.
Using Nitrocine with these medicines could cause a severe drop in blood pressure and
could lead to collapse and unconsciousness, and may be fatal.
Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
 Medicines which reduce blood pressure (e.g. beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers,
vasodilators)
 Tricyclic anti-depressants (used to treat depression)
 Neuroleptics (used to treat anxiety)
 Any other medicine, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
 Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs except acetyl salicylic acid.
 Sapropterine containing medicines.
If any of the above applies to you, talk to your doctor before you are given Nitrocine.
Using Nitrocine with food and drink
Do not drink alcohol whilst using Nitrocine as it can cause your blood pressure to drop. This
may make you feel dizzy or faint.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant, trying to become pregnant or breast feeding, tell your doctor before you
are given Nitrocine.
3. How you will be given Nitrocine
Important:
Your doctor will choose the dose that is right for you. Your medicine will be
administered by a doctor in hospital. It will be given via a drip into your bloodstream
and may be diluted or undiluted.
Nitrocine is not suitable for children.
Adults
 The usual dose is between 10 micrograms and 200 micrograms per minute, but
sometimes as much as 400 micrograms per minute may be needed
 The exact dose that the doctor will give you depends on the condition you are being
treated for. As a guide:
To control high blood pressure during surgery:
 25 micrograms per minute will be given as a starting dose
 This may be increased by 25 micrograms per minute at 5 minute intervals until your
blood pressure is stabilised



Doses up to 400 micrograms per minute may occasionally be needed.

To control myocardial ischaemia during and after cardiovascular surgery:
15-20 micrograms per minute will be given as a starting dose
Depending on your response, the dose may be increased by increments of 10-15 micrograms
per minute until the desired effect is obtained.
To treat unstable angina:
 10 micrograms per minute will be given as a starting dose
 Depending on your response, the dose may be increased or decreased by 10
micrograms every 30 minutes until the desired effect is achieved.
Treat heart failure following a heart attack:
 20-25 micrograms per minute will be given as a starting dose
 Depending on your needs, the doctor may decrease the dose by 10 micrograms per
minute or give you a further 20-25 micrograms per minute until the required effect is
obtained.
While you are being given Nitrocine, the doctor may monitor your heart rate and breathing to
make sure that the medicine is working properly.
If you are given more Nitrocine than you should
This is unlikely as Nitrocine will be injected slowly by a doctor who will monitor your heart
continuously during treatment. If any problem occurs, Nitrocine can be stopped and any
symptoms of overdosage treated urgently.
If you have any further questions about this medicine, ask your doctor.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Nitrocine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Common side effects:
 You may have headaches, abnormally fast, slow or irregular heart beat, feel dizzy
when stand up suddenly, weakness and feel sick whilst being given Nitrocine.
Other side effects:
 dizziness
 sleepiness
 chest pain
 heart failure
 vomiting
 heartburn
 allergic skin reactions (skin rash, redness, itch, burning sensation, irritation)
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the national
reporting system:
UK

The Yellow Card Scheme
Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Ireland
HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax: +353 1 6762517.
Website: www.hpra.ie; E-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of the
medicine.
5. How to store Nitrocine
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use Nitrocine after the expiry date shown on the label. The expiry date refers to the
last day of that month.
Nitrocine is for single use only.
Unopened, this medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
When opened, Nitrocine must be used immediately.
If it has to be diluted, the mixed product should also be used immediately.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Return all unused
medicine to your pharmacist.
Your doctor or nurse will make sure your medicine is correctly stored and disposed of.
6. Further information
What Nitrocine contains
The active ingredient in Nitrocine is glyceryl trinitrate. Each 1 ml of solution contains 1 mg
glyceryl trinitrate.
The other ingredients are glucose, propylene glycol, water for injection and hydrochloric acid
for pH adjustment.
What Nitrocine looks like
Nitrocine 1mg/ml Solution for Infusion is an isotonic sterile solution. It is supplied in packs
of 10 ampoules, each containing 10 mg glyceryl trinitrate in 10 ml solution, or in a single
glass vial containing 50 mg glyceryl trinitrate in 50 ml solution.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
In UK
Merus Labs Luxco II S.à r.l.
26-28, rue Edward Steichen
L-2540 Luxembourg

In Ireland
Merus Labs Luxco II S.à r.l.,26-28, rue Edward Steichen
L-2540 Luxembourg

Manufacturer
Aesica Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Alfred-Nobel-Strasse 10, D-40789 Monheim, Germany.
This leaflet was last updated

If this leaflet is difficult to read and you would like it in a different format, please
contact the Marketing Authorisation Holder in your country.

nitrocine® 1 mg/ml Solution for Infusion
GLYCERYL TRINITRATE
User information leaflet
nitrocine® 1mg/ml solution for infusion
glyceryl trinitrate
PRESENTATION
Nitrocine® is a solution for infusion and is available in 10 ml ampoules containing 10 mg
glyceryl trinitrate or 50 ml vials containing 50 mg glyceryl trinitrate.
In both cases, each ml of solution contains 1 mg glyceryl trinitrate.
Nitrocine® also contains glucose anhydrous, propylene glycol, water for injection and
hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment.
Nitrocine® is an isotonic sterile solution.
USES
Surgery:
Nitrocine® is indicated for:
1. the rapid control of hypertension during cardiac surgery.
2. reducing blood pressure and maintaining controlled hypotension during surgical
procedures.
3. controlling myocardial ischaemia during and after cardiovascular surgery.
Unresponsive congestive heart failure:
Nitrocine® may be used to treat unresponsive congestive heart failure secondary to acute
myocardial infarction.
Unstable angina:
Nitrocine® may be used to treat unstable angina which is refractory to treatment with beta
blockers and sublingual nitrates.
PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIONS
Glyceryl trinitrate reduces the tone of vascular smooth muscle, with a more marked effect on
the venous capacitance vessel than on the arterial vessels. This reduces venous return to the
heart and lowers elevated filling pressure. The lowering of filling pressure reduces the left
ventricular end diastolic volume and preload. The net effect is a lowering of myocardial
oxygen consumption.
Systemic vascular resistance, pulmonary vascular and arterial pressure are also reduced by
glyceryl trinitrate and there is a net reduction in afterload. Glyceryl trinitrate improves the
myocardial oxygen supply by redistributing blood flow along collateral channels from
epicardial to endocardial regions.
DOSAGE
Use as directed by your physician.
Adults:

The dose of Nitrocine® should be adjusted to meet the individual needs of the patient.
The recommended dosage range is 10-200mcg/min but up to 400mcg/min may be necessary
during some surgical procedures.
Children:
The safety and efficacy of Nitrocine® has not yet been established in children.
Elderly:
There is no evidence that a posology adjustment is required in the elderly.
Surgery:
A starting dose of 25mcg/min is recommended for the control of hypertension, or to produce
hypotension during surgery. This may be increased by increments of 25mcg/min at 5 minute
intervals until the blood pressure is stabilized. Doses between 10-200mcg/min are usually
sufficient during surgery, although doses of up to 400mcg/min have been required in some
cases.
The treatment of perioperative myocardial ischaemia maybe started with a dose of 1520mcg/min, with subsequent increments of 10-15mcg/min until the required effect is
obtained.
Unresponsive congestive heart failure:
The recommended starting dose is 20-25mcg/min. This may be decreased to 10mcg/min, or
increased in steps of 20-25mcg/min every 15-30 minutes until the desired effect is obtained.
Unstable angina:
An initial dose of 10mcg/min is recommended with increments of 10mcg/min being made at
approximately 30 minute intervals according to the needs of the patient.
ADMINISTRATION
Refer to compatibilities at the end of this leaflet.
Nitrocine® can be administered undiluted by slow intravenous infusion using a syringe pump
incorporating a glass or rigid plastic syringe. Alternatively, Nitrocine may be administered
intravenously as an admixture using a suitable vehicle such as Sodium Chloride Injection
B.P. or Dextrose Injection B.P. . In case of dilution, Nitrocine must be mixed under aseptic
conditions immediately after opening.
Admixture preparation:
Admixtures are prepared by replacing a given volume of infusion vehicle with an equal
volume of Nitrocine® to produce the final infusion solution. For example to obtain an
admixture of glyceryl trinitrate at a concentration of 100mcg/ml, add 50 ml Nitrocine®
solution (containing 50 mg glyceryl trinitrate) to 450ml of infusion vehicle to give a final
volume of 500ml. For different concentrations, refer to summary ofproduct characteristics.
Example:
If a dosage of 100mcg/min is required, this can be obtained using an admixture of glyceryl
trinitrate containing 100mcg/ml by giving 60 ml of the admixture per hour. This is equivalent
to a drip rate of 60 paediatric microdrops/minute, or 20 standard drops/minute. At this drip
rate, the infusion will last for 8 hours and 20 minutes.

Prepared admixtures should be given by intravenous infusion or with the aid of a syringe
pump to ensure a constant rate of infusion. During Nitrocine® administration there should be
close haemodynamic monitoring of the patient.
Vials of Nitrocine® are for single use only and should not be regarded as multi-dose
containers.
CHILDREN:
The safety and efficacy of Nitrocine has not yet been established in children.
CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS, ETC.
Contraindications:
Nitrocine should not be used in the following cases: known hypersensitivty to the active
substance, other nitro compounds or to any the excipients, acute circulatory failure,
cardiogenic shock, severe anaemia, closed angle glaucoma, severe hypotension, severe
hypovolemia, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, aortic and mitral stenosis,
constrictive pericarditis, cardiac tamponade, conditions with increased intracranial pressue.
Nitrocine® must not be given to patients taking phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors, e.g. sildenafil
due to potentially life threatening potentiation of hypotension by sildenafil.
Beta blockers, calcium antagonists, vasodilators, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, antihypertensives
and alcohol may also exacerbate the hypotensive effects of Nitrocine®. This might also occur
with neuroleptics and tricyclic anti depressants.
Simultaneous intravenous infusions of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) may accelerate
plasma clearance of tPA.
Nitrocine may increase the blood level of dihydroergotamine and its affects. Nitrocine
administered with heparin may lead to partial loss of action of heparin. Concurrent
administration of nitrocine with salicylic acid may potentiate the blood pressure lowering
effects of Nitrocine.
Nitrocine must not be given to patient using riociguat.
Precautions:
Nitrocine must used only with particular caution and under medical supervision low filling
pressures, aortic/mistral stenosis, orthostatic dysfuction. Tolerance and cross tolerance to
other nitro compounds has been described. The material of PVC/PU may induce a loss of the
active due to adsorption.
The solution contains glucose, this should be considered for diabetes mellitus patients.
Nitrocine should be used in caution in patients with hypoxaemia and methemoglobinemia.
Pregnancy and lactation:
There is no, or inadequate, evidence of safety of the drug in human pregnancy or lactation,
but it has been in widespread use for many years without apparent ill consequence, animal
studies having shown no hazard. If drug therapy is needed in pregnancy, this product can be
used if there is no safer alternative.
Adverse effects:
Severe hyptension responses have been reported for organic nitrates and include nausea,
vomiting, restlessness, pallor and excessive perspiration. Other possible adverse reactions
include headache, dizziness, tachycardia, enhanced angina pectoris symptoms, orthostatic
hypotension, circulatory collapse, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, allergic skin reactions and
skin dermatitis, dermatitis exfoliative,asthenia, pruritus, burning, erythema and irriatation.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the national
reporting system:
UK
The Yellow Card Scheme
Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Ireland
HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax:
+353 1 6762517.
Website: www.hpra.ie; E-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this
medicine.
Overdose:
Mild overdose usually results in hypotension and tachycardia. If arterial systolic blood
pressure drops below 90 mmHg and if heart rate increases 10 % above its initial value, the
infusion should be discontinued to allow a return to pretreatment levels.
If hypotension persists, or in more severe cases, this may be reversed by elevating the legs,
supply oxygen, expand plasma volume and/or treatment with hypertensive agents.
PHARMACEUTICAL PRECAUTIONS
Chemical and physical in-use stability of the admixture has been demonstrated for 24hrs at
25°C in suitable containers.
From a microbiological point of view, the admixture should be used immediately. If not used
immediately, in-use storage conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and
would not normally be longer than 24 hours at 2 to 8°C, unless dilution has taken place in
controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
Open ampoules or vials should be used immediately and any unused drug discarded.
Compatibility:
Nitrocine® is incompatible with polyvinylchloride (PVC) and severe losses of glyceryl
trinitrate (over 40 %) may occur if this material is used. Contact with polyvinylchloride bags
should be avoided.
Polyurethane also induces a loss of the active ingredient. Nitrocine® is compatible with glass
Infusion bottles and with rigid infusion packs made of polyethylene.
Nitrocine® may also be infused slowly using a syringe pump with a glass or plastic syringe.
This product does not require any special storage conditions.
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
LEGAL CATEGORY
POM
PACKAGE QUANTITIES
Ampoules: each pack contains 10 x 10 ml ampoules of Nitrocine®
Bottles: each pack contains 1 x 50 ml vial of Nitrocine®

PRODUCT LICENCE NUMBER
PL 44374/0019

PRODUCT AUTHORISATION NUMBERS
Nitrocine® 1mg/ml solution for infusion, 10 ml ampoule PA2118/001/001
Nitrocine® 1mg/ml solution for infusion, 50 ml vial PA2118/001/002
NAME AND ADDRESS OF MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
In UK
Merus Labs Luxco II S.à r.l.
26-28, rue Edward Steichen
L-2540 Luxembourg

In Ireland
Merus Labs Luxco II S.à r.l. 26-28, rue Edward Steichen
L-2540 Luxembourg

NAME AND ADDRESS OF MANUFACTURER
Aesica Pharmaceuticals GmbH Alfred-Nobel-Strasse 10, Monheim D 40789, Germany
DATE OF PREPARATION

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