NITRAZEPAM 5MG TABLETS BP
Active substance(s): NITRAZEPAM / NITRAZEPAM / NITRAZEPAM
NITRAZEPAM 5 mg TABLETS
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,
even if their signs of illness are the same as yours
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Nitrazepam Tablets are and what they are used for
2. What you need to know before you take Nitrazepam tablets
3. How to take Nitrazepam tablets
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Nitrazepam tablets
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Nitrazepam Tablets are and what they are used for
Nitrazepam belongs to a group of medicines known as benzodiazepines, which are tranquillisers
(medicines that have a calming effect). Nitrazepam shortens the time taken to fall asleep and
lengthens the duration of sleep. Nitrazepam Tablets are used for the short term treatment of
sleeplessness (also known as insomnia) when it is severe. Nitrazepam Tablets help you to sleep
but do not cure the underlying cause of your insomnia, which you should discuss with your
2. What you need to know before you take Nitrazepam tablets
Do not take Nitrazepam Tablets if you:
- are allergic to nitrazepam or any of the other ingredients of Nitrazepam Tablets (listed in
- are allergic to any medicine known as a benzodiazepine (e.g. flurazepam, diazepam,
chlordiazepoxide or temazepam).
- suffer from lung disease.
- suffer from difficulty breathing while awake or asleep.
- suffer from myasthenia gravis (a condition in which the muscles become weak and tire easily).
- are suffering from a psychiatric illness or a personality disorder (severe mental problems).
- have a severe liver condition.
Nitrazepam Tablets are not for use in anyone under 18 years of age.
Warnings and Precautions
Tell your doctor before you take these tablets if you:
- have a long-term lung, liver or kidney disease.
- suffer from depression or have recently suffered the death of a close friend or relative.
- are suffering or have suffered from a mental illness.
- have abused alcohol or drugs. You must not drink alcohol or use drugs while taking
- are pregnant or breast-feeding
Because Nitrazepam Tablets relax the muscles, elderly patients should take extra care when they
get up at night as there is a risk of falls and consequently of injuries including hip fractures.
Other medicines and Nitrazepam tablets
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines,
including medicines obtained without a prescription. This is extremely important, as using more
than one medicine at the same time can strengthen or weaken the effect of the medicines
involved. In particular, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- Antidepressants, other tranquillisers or sleeping pills, or other such medicines that act on the
brain and nerves.- Medicines used to relieve pain or anaesthetics.
- Antihistamines (used for treating allergies) that cause drowsiness (e.g. chlorphenamine).
- Medicines for treating epilepsy (e.g. phenytoin and phenobarbital) - Medicines that affect the liver (e.g. the antibiotic rifampicin).
Nitrazepam Tablets with food, drink and alcohol
Do not drink alcohol while you are taking Nitrazepam tablets.
Alcohol will increase the effects of the tablets and this can be dangerous.
Pregnancy, Breast-feeding and Fertility
Tell your doctor before taking Nitrazepam Tablets if you are pregnant, think that you are
pregnant or intend to become pregnant during treatment. Your doctor will then decide whether
you should take this medicine.
If your doctor has decided that you should receive this medicine during late pregnancy or during
labour, your baby might have a low body temperature, floppiness, breathing and feeding
difficulties. Also, your unborn baby may be at risk of developing dependency to this medicine
and after birth may be at some risk of developing withdrawal symptoms.
Tell your doctor before taking Nitrazepam Tablets if you are breastfeeding. Avoid taking
Nitrazepam Tablets if you are breast-feeding as Nitrazepam passes into breast-milk.
Driving and using machines
Nitrazepam Tablets may cause side effects such as reduced alertness, confusion, tiredness,
dizziness, poor muscle co-ordination and double vision. This may affect your ability to drive and
operate machinery. Do not drive or operate machinery if you experience any of these side
The medicine can affect your ability to drive. Do not drive while taking this medicine until you
know how it affects you.
It may be an offence to drive if your ability to drive safely is affected. However, you would not
be committing an offence if:
The medicine has been prescribed to treat a medical or dental problem and
• You have taken it according to the instructions given by the prescriber or in the information
provided with the medicine and
• It was not affecting your ability to drive safely
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether it is safe for you to drive while
taking this medicine.
There is further information for patients who are intending to drive in Great Britain – go to
Nitrazepam tablets contain Lactose.
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your
doctor before taking this medicine.
3. How to take Nitrazepam Tablets
Your doctor will find the lowest dose to control your symptoms. The dose that your doctor
prescribes will depend on the nature of your illness, your reaction to the medicine, your age and
Always take Nitrazepam tablets exactly as your doctor has told you. Do not change the
prescribed dose yourself. You should not take Nitrazepam tablets for longer than 4 weeks.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. If you think that the effect of your
medicine is too weak or too strong, talk to your doctor.
Nitrazepam is not for use in children.
The usual starting dose is 5 mg (one tablet). However, if you are elderly or suffer from a lung,
liver or kidney condition, or are generally unwell, your starting dose will not usually be more
than 2.5 mg (half a tablet).
You may not need to take this medicine every night.
Swallow the tablet(s) whole with water or another non-alcoholic drink.
Take the medicine just before going to bed. Make sure that you can sleep without interruptions
for 7 to 8 hours after taking the tablets.
Treatment will not normally be continued for more than four weeks
Nitrazepam Tablets may become less effective if you take them for more than four weeks. If you
think that your medicine is no longer working or your insomnia does not improve, you should
consult your doctor.
Also, you may become dependent on the tablets if you use them at high doses and for long
periods. Therefore, Nitrazepam Tablets are not suitable for long-term use and after a few weeks
it is worth trying to get by without these tablets. This will help to prevent you becoming used to
Nitrazepam and reduce the risk of dependence.
Withdrawal symptoms may occur when you stop taking Nitrazepam Tablets (see section below
when you stop taking Nitrazepam Tablets). Do not stop taking Nitrazepam Tablets without
speaking to your doctor.
If you take more Nitrazepam Tablets than you should
If you take too many tablets or someone else accidentally takes your medicine, contact your
doctor, pharmacist or nearest hospital straight away. If you (or someone else) swallow a lot of
tablets at the same time, or you think a child may have swallowed any, contact your nearest
hospital casualty department or tell your doctor immediately. Signs of an overdose include
slowing down of the nervous system ranging from tiredness to coma such as confusion,
drowsiness, lack of coordination, reduced muscle tension, low blood pressure, slow heart beat,
breathing difficulties, in rare cases overdose may lead to coma (unrousable unconsciousness) and
in very rare cases may lead to death.
If you forget to take Nitrazepam Tablets
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. If you forget to take a dose take it as
soon as you remember it and then take the next dose at the right time.
When you stop taking Nitrazepam Tablets
Your doctor will advise you when to stop taking the tablets. Do not stop taking Nitrazepam
tablets abruptly. You may experience withdrawal effects if your treatment is stopped suddenly.
This is less likely if your dose is gradually reduced towards the end of your treatment.
Withdrawal symptoms may include recurrence of sleep problems, depression, nervousness,
extreme anxiety, tension, restlessness, confusion, mood changes, irritability, sweating, diarrhoea,
headaches and muscle weakness.
In severe cases the following symptoms may occur:
- changes in behaviour
- numbness and tingling of the extremities
- over-sensitivity to light, noise and touch
If you have taken benzodiazepines for a long time, the reduction in your dosage will be over a
longer period of time than would normally be required when you stop taking this medicine. You
may need additional help. Your doctor will be able to discuss this with you. If you have any
further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Possible Side Effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Changes in behaviour may occur rarely. These changes may include aggression, excitement,
confusion, restlessness, agitation, irritability, rages, hallucinations, nightmares and depression.
If these behavioural symptoms occur, you must inform your doctor. He/she may want you
to stop taking this medicine.
Common side effects: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
• drowsiness during the day
• a feeling of emptiness
• reduced alertness
• poor muscle co-ordination
• double vision
Rare side effects: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people
reduced blood pressure
changes in your vision other than double vision
changes in the level of sexual desire
inability to pass urine
yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice)
an abnormality of the blood (blood dyscrasias)
If you are woken up soon after taking higher doses of medicine your memory may be
If you are an older patient, you may be more susceptible to side effects. If this happens, tell your
doctor and he/she may decide to change your dose.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card
Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects, you can help provide more
information on the safety of this medicine.
5. How to Store Nitrazepam Tablets
- Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
- Do not use this medicine after the expiry date (EXP) which is stated on the carton. The expiry
date refers to the last day of that month.
- Do not store above 25°C. Store in the original container.
- Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist
how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the
6. Contents of the Pack and Other Information
What Nitrazepam Tablets contain
- Each Nitrazepam tablet contains 5mg of active ingredient Nitrazepam
- The other ingredients in Nitrazepam 5mg tablets are: lactose, starch, talc and stearic acid
What Nitrazepam Tablets look like and contents of the pack
- Nitrazepam 5 mg Tablets are uncoated, white, flat bevel edged tablets with breakline on one
face and stamped ‘SPN5’ on the other.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Name and address: Bristol Laboratories Limited,
Unit 3, Canalside, Northbridge Road, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire,
Nitrazepam 5mg Tablets BP; PL 17907/0355
This leaflet was last revised in July 2016
To request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio format, please contact the licence
holder at the address (or telephone, fax, email) above.
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.