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NIQUITIN MINT 2 MG MEDICATED CHEWING GUM

Active substance(s): NICOTINE RESINATE

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NiQuitin
Extra Fresh Mint 2 mg & 4 mg Medicated Chewing Gums
Nicotine

Please read right through this leaflet before you start using this medicine. This
medicine is available without prescription, but you still need to use NiQuitin Extra
Fresh Mint Gum carefully to get the best results from it.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask a healthcare professional (doctor, nurse,
smoking cessation advisor or pharmacist).
• Throughout this leaflet NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint 2 mg & 4 mg Medicated
Chewing Gums are referred to as NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum.
In this leaflet:
1. What NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum does
2. Check before you use NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum
3. How to use NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum
4. Possible side-effects
5. How to store NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum
6. Further information
1.

What NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum does

NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum is used to help people stop smoking. It works by
replacing some of the nicotine you get from cigarettes. This type of treatment is called
Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT).
The nicotine in cigarettes makes them addictive, but other substances in cigarette
smoke, such as tar, carbon dioxide and other toxins, are more harmful to your health.
NRT products like NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum do not have the health
dangers of tobacco.
The nicotine from NRT reduces your cravings for cigarettes and helps you resist the
urge to smoke. It also relieves some of the unpleasant symptoms (like feeling ill or
irritable) that smokers have when they try to give up.
NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum can be used to help you:
• stop smoking straightaway (a quit attempt)
• cut down on smoking, perhaps before you go on to stop completely (reducing to
quit or just reducing).
In addition, NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum may be used when you:
• do not wish to smoke or are unable to smoke, for example in confined spaces (in
the car, in the house), where others (such as children) could be harmed by tobacco
smoke or in places where smoking is prohibited (temporary abstinence).
• develop cravings once you have stopped smoking.

Reducing the number of cigarettes smoked can increase the chances that you will go
on to quit completely.
NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum can be used during pregnancy and breast-feeding (see
Pregnancy and Breast-feeding below).
Some people worry that, when they have stopped smoking, they may become
dependent on NRT instead. This is very rare, and if it were to happen it is still safer
than continuing to smoke. It is also an easier habit to break.
It is always better to stop smoking completely. Smoking is harmful and has no
health benefits. NRT products like NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum can help you stop.
Any risks or possible side-effects of nicotine from NRT are much less than the proven
dangers of continuing to smoke.
Your chance of stopping smoking will be improved if you also take part in a
support programme. These ‘Stop Smoking’ programmes are known as behavioural
support.
For more information:
• call the NHS Free Smoking Helpline on 0800 022 4332, or visit
http://www.smokefree.nhs.uk [or the Irish National Smokers Quitline on 1850 201
203]
2.

Check before you take NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum

Do not take NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum:
• if you have ever had an allergic reaction to nicotine or any of the other
ingredients (listed in Section 6)
• if you are a non-smoker.
• if you are under 12 years. The level of nicotine in NRT is not suitable for
children under 12. Children are more susceptible to the effects of nicotine, and it
could cause severe toxicity, which can be fatal.
Take special care with NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum
Get help and advice from a healthcare professional:
• if you are in hospital because you have had a heart attack, severe heart rhythm
disturbances or a stroke. Try to quit smoking without NRT unless your doctor
has told you to use it. Once you are discharged from hospital, you can use NRT as
normal.
• if you have diabetes. When you start using NRT, you need to monitor your blood
sugar levels more often than usual, because your dose of medication for diabetes
may need to be adjusted.
• if you have serious liver or kidney problems because you may be more likely to
get side effects.
• if you have uncontrolled overactive thyroid gland or an adrenal gland tumour
(phaeochromocytoma) because nicotine may make your symptoms worse.







if you have stomach or duodenal ulcers or inflammation of the oesophagus or
gullet (the passage between the mouth and stomach) because swallowing nicotine
can make your symptoms worse. It may also cause mouth ulcers. If your
symptoms do get worse you should talk to your doctor. You might want to use a
non-oral form of NRT instead, such as patches.
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some
sugars, contact your doctor before taking this product. NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint
Gum contains sorbitol (E420).
If you have had allergic reactions that involve swelling of the lips, face and
throat (angiodema) or itchy skin rash (urticaria). Using NRT can sometimes
trigger this type of reaction.
If you are on a low sodium diet. This medicinal product contains less than 1mmol
sodium (23 mg) per piece, i.e essentially ‘sodium-free’.

If you are taking other medicines
Stopping smoking may alter the effect of other medicines you may be taking. If you
have any questions or concerns about this, talk to a healthcare professional.
Other things you may need to know:
• NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum contains butylhydroxytoluene (E 321) which
may cause irritation to the mouth or the skin around it.
• NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum is sugar-free.
• If you wear dentures (false teeth) that are poorly fitting or not clean you may
have difficulty chewing the gum. Another NRT product may be more suitable for
you, such as patch or lozenge.
Pregnancy and breast feeding
If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant
Smoking when you are pregnant is harmful to the baby. The risks include poor
growth before birth, damage to the baby’s lungs, premature birth and stillbirth.
Stopping smoking is the best way to improve your health and the health of your baby,
and the earlier you stop smoking the better.
It is best to give up smoking without using NRT. If that’s too difficult, using NRT
is safer for you and your baby than continuing to smoke. The nicotine in NRT is less
dangerous than the more harmful substances in cigarette smoke, such as tar and other
toxins.
If you have tried to stop smoking without using NRT, and haven’t been able to, your
healthcare advisor may recommend NRT to help you stop. If you do have to use NRT
during pregnancy:
• Start as early in your pregnancy as possible.
• Aim if possible to use NRT for only 2 to 3 months. But remember- the most
important thing is not to smoke. It is safer to carry on using NRT than to start
smoking again.



If you can use them, NRT gum or lozenges are better than patches. That’s because
you will not be absorbing nicotine into your body all the time. But if you feel sick,
you may need to use NRT patches instead.

If you are breast feeding
Tobacco smoke is harmful to babies and children, causing breathing difficulties
and other problems.
If you are breast feeding, it is best if you stop smoking without using NRT. But if you
do need to use NRT, the nicotine that gets into breast milk is less dangerous to your
baby than breathing in second-hand smoke. If you do use NRT whilst breast-feeding:
• It is better to use NRT gum or lozenges to control your cravings as they happen,
rather than patches. With gum or lozenges, you will not be absorbing nicotine into
your body all the time.
• Try to breast-feed just before you take gum or lozenge, when the nicotine levels in
your body are at their lowest. That way, your baby gets as little nicotine as
possible.
3.

How to use NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum

Adults and young people aged 12 years and over
Instructions for use of NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum depend on whether you are:
• stopping smoking straightaway.
• cutting down on smoking before you stop.
• cutting down with no immediate plans to stop.
• going without cigarettes for a short time.
Or if you having cravings after you have stopped smoking.
If you are under 18 years old and not ready to stop smoking straightaway, talk to a
healthcare professional for advice.
In all cases:
• NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint 4 mg Medicated Gums is for smokers who smoke
within 30 minutes of waking.
• NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint 2 mg Medicated Gums is for smokers who smoke
more than 30 minutes after waking.
• You should put a piece of gum in your mouth and periodically chew it, as
described in the instructions below, for about 30 minutes. Dispose of it carefully.
• Do not use more than 15 pieces of gum a day.
NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum is not suitable for children under 12 years of
age or for non-smokers. They may develop signs of nicotine overdose, including
headache, sickness, stomach pain and diarrhoea.
Stopping smoking straightaway
Adults and young people aged 12 years and over:

It is important to make every effort to stop smoking completely. But if you do
sometimes smoke a cigarette while using NRT, don’t be discouraged- just keep going
with your quit attempt. It may help to talk to a healthcare professional if you are
finding your quit attempt difficult.
• Use 8-12 pieces of gum a day. Take a piece of gum whenever you have an urge to
smoke.
• Use the gum like this for up to 3 months in total, then gradually reduce the
number of pieces you use a day.
• Once you are only using 1-2 pieces of gum a day, try to stop using it altogether.
• If you started using the 4 mg gum, you can change to the 2 mg gum during the
reduction stage.
To increase your chances of success, complete the step down programme in full and
follow a stop smoking behavioural support programme- see the end of section 1 for
more details.
Cutting down on smoking before you stop
Adults aged 18 years and over:
You may find it easier to quit completely later if you use NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint
Gum to help you cut down on smoking first.
When you feel an urge to smoke, chew a piece of gum instead of having a cigarette to
help you manage your cravings. Cut down the number of cigarettes you smoke each
day after 6 weeks, talk to a healthcare professional.
As soon as you feel ready to stop smoking completely, follow the instructions above,
under ‘Stopping smoking straightaway’. If you have not felt able to make a quit
attempt within 6 months of starting to use NRT, you may find it helpful to talk to a
healthcare professional.
Cutting down with no immediate plans to stop
Adults aged 18 years and over:
It is always best to stop smoking completely, but using NRT to cut down is less
harmful than continuing to smoke heavily. Cutting down the number of cigarettes you
smoke each day will make it easier to quit completely in future.
When you feel an urge to smoke, chew a piece of gum instead of having a cigarette to
help you manage your cravings. Cut down the number of cigarettes you smoke per
day by as many as possible.
It is best to stop smoking completely as soon as you feel able to. Follow the
instructions above, under ‘Stopping smoking straightaway’.
Going without cigarettes for a short time
Adults aged 18 years and over:

NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum can help you manage your cravings so that you can
resist cigarettes in situations where smoking is inappropriate, for example:
• where your second-hand smoke may damage other people, such as children.
• where smoking is not allowed, such as on a flight or in a hospital.
• when smoking should be avoided, such as before surgery.
When you feel an urge to smoke, chew a piece of gum instead of having a cigarette to
help you manage your cravings. Continue to use one piece of gum every 1-2 hours
(maximum 15 a day) during the period when you are avoiding smoking.
It is best to stop smoking completely as soon as you feel able to. Follow the
instructions above, under ‘Stopping smoking straightaway’.
Once you have stopped smoking...
After you have stopped smoking, you may still sometimes feel a craving for a
cigarette. You can use NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum again to help you relieve these
cravings- using NRT is always better than smoking again.
If you are worried that you may start smoking again, talk to a healthcare professional.
They can advise you on how to get the best results from further courses of NRT.
If you are finding it difficult to stop using NRT completely, talk to a healthcare
professional.
How to use the gum
The method of chewing NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum is not the same as for
ordinary chewing gum. The gum is chewed to release nicotine then rested, so that
nicotine can be taken into your system through the lining of the mouth. If the nicotine
gum is chewed continuously, the nicotine is released too quickly and swallowed. This
may irritate your throat, upset your stomach and give you hiccups.
• Chew a piece of gum when you feel the urge to smoke.
• Chew slowly until the taste becomes strong (about 1 minute) then stop and rest the
gum against your cheek.
• When the taste fades chew a few times until the taste gets strong then rest the gum
again.
• Keep chewing like this for about half an hour.
• When the gum has lost its strong taste you should dispose of it carefully.
If you use more NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum than you should
If a child has used or eaten any of the gum, contact your doctor or hospital
emergency department immediately.
If possible, show them the NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum packet or this leaflet.
Symptoms of nicotine overdose in children include headache, sickness, stomach pain
and diarrhoea.

If you take too much gum, you may start to feel sick, dizzy and unwell. Stop using
the gum and contact your doctor or hospital emergency department immediately.
4.

Possible side-effects

Like all medicines, the nicotine in NRT products can have side-effects. They are
similar to those you might get from the nicotine in cigarettes, and are more likely the
more nicotine you take, but not everybody gets them. At the recommended doses
NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum has not been found to cause any serious sideeffects.
Stopping smoking itself can cause some symptoms such as dizziness, headache, sleep
disturbance and more mouth ulcers than usual.
Other side-effects may include
• Troublesome side-effects that do not improve.
• Very rare: Severe allergic reaction symptoms which include sudden
wheeziness or tightness of the chest, rash & feeling faint.
Stop taking the gum and tell a healthcare professional if you get these.





Allergic reactions e.g. swelling, a rapid irregular heartbeat or palpitations (feeling
your heart beat).
Sore/irritated throat, more saliva than usual, hiccups.
Feeling sick, stomach pains, jaw ache.
Red or itchy skin.

Tell a healthcare professional if you get any of these.
If you wear dentures it is possible that the gum may stick to them or, in rare cases,
damage them.
If you do get any side-effects, even those not mentioned in this leaflet, tell a
healthcare professional.
5.






6.

How to store NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum
Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the ‘EXP’ date shown on the blister pack and outer
packaging. The expiry date refers to the last day of the month.
Store in the original package. .
Do not store above 25˚C.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your
pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will
help to protect the environment.
Further information

What NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum contains

The active substance is nicotine. Each piece of gum contains 2 mg or 4 mg (in the
form of a resin complex called nicotine resinate). The other ingredients are chewing
gum base, contains butylated hydroxytoluene (E321), Sorbitol (E420), Xylitol (E967),
Calcium Carbonate (E170), Sodium Carbonate anhydrous (E500), Glycerol (E422),
Acesulfame Potassium (E950), Sucralose (E995), Talc and Flavours.
Coating contains Xylitol (E967), Mannitol (E421), Acacia (E414), Sucralose (E955),
Carnauba Wax (E903), Talc and flavours.
What NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum looks like and the contents of the pack
White to off white rectangular shaped chewing gum. Each blister contains 4 or 10
gum pieces. Packs contains 4, 10, 30, 100 or 200 gum pieces.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
The Marketing Authorisation holder is GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare,
Brentford, TW8 9GS, U.K. and all enquiries should be sent to this address.
The manufacturer of NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum is Fertin Pharma A/S, 7100
Vejle, Denmark.
If you have any questions or comments about NiQuitin Extra Fresh Mint Gum,
please FREEPHONE our Information Line on 0500 100 222 or e-mail
customer.relations@gsk.com.
NiQuitin is a registered trademark of the GlaxoSmithKline group of companies.
GSK logo
This leaflet was last revised in October 2015.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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