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METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE 500MG/5ML ORAL SOLUTION

Active substance(s): METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE

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Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Metformin Hydrochloride 500mg/5ml Oral Solution
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
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Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have further questions, ask your doctor or your pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed only for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may
harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or
pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

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What is in this leaflet
1. What Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
3. How to take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
6. Further information

1. What Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution is and what it is used for
What Metformin is
Metformin is a medicine to treat diabetes. It belongs to a group of medicines called biguanides.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that makes your body take in glucose (sugar) from the blood. Your
body uses glucose to produce energy or stores it for future use.
If you have diabetes, your pancreas does not make enough insulin or your body is not able to use properly the
insulin it produces. This leads to a high level of glucose in your blood. Metformin helps to lower your blood glucose
to as normal a level as possible.
If you are an overweight adult, taking Metformin over a long period of time also helps to lower the risk of
complications associated with diabetes.
What Metformin is used for
Metformin is used to treat patients with type 2 diabetes (also called 'non-insulin dependent diabetes') when diet and
exercise alone have not been enough to control your blood glucose levels. It is used particularly in overweight
patients.
Adults can take metformin on its own or together with other medicines to treat diabetes (medicines taken by mouth
or insulin).
Children 10 years and over and adolescents can take metformin on its own or together with insulin.
2. What you need to know before you take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral



Solution

Do not take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution:
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if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to metformin or any of the other ingredients of this liquid (see ‘What Metformin
Hydrochloride Oral Solution contains’ in section 6)
if you have liver or kidney problems
if you have uncontrolled diabetes, such as severe hyperglycaemia (a blood glucose level which is too high) or
ketoacidosis which can lead to diabetic pre-coma. Ketoacidosis is a condition in which substances called ‘ketone
bodies' accumulate in the blood. Symptoms include stomach pain, fast and deep breathing, sleepiness or unusual
fruity odour of the breath
if you have lost too much water from your body (dehydration), such as due to long-lasting or severe diarrhoea, or
if you have vomited several times in a row. Dehydration may lead to kidney problems, which can put you at risk
for lactic acidosis (see 'Warnings and Precautions' below)
if you have a severe infection, such as an infection affecting your lung or bronchial system or your kidneys.
Severe infections may lead to kidney problems, which can put you at risk for lactic acidosis (see 'Warnings and
Precautions' below)
if you are treated for heart failure or have recently had a heart attack, have severe problems with your circulation
(such as shock) or have breathing difficulties. This may lead to a lack in oxygen supply to tissue which can put
you at risk of lactic acidosis (see 'Warnings and Precautions' below)
if you drink a lot of alcohol
if you are breast-feeding.

If any of the above applies to you, talk to your doctor, before you start taking this medicine.
Make sure you ask your doctor for advice, if
you need to have an examination such as X-ray or scan involving the injection of contrast medicines that contain
iodine into your bloodstream
n you need to have major surgery.
You must stop taking metformin for a certain period of time before and after the examination or the surgery. Your
doctor will decide whether you need any other treatment for this time. It is important that you follow your doctor’s
instructions precisely.
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Warnings and Precautions
Metformin may cause a very rare, but serious complication called lactic acidosis, particularly if your kidneys are not
working properly. The risk of lactic acidosis is also increased with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, prolonged fasting
or alcohol intake. Symptoms of lactic acidosis are vomiting, bellyache (abdominal pain) with muscle cramps, a
general feeling of not being well with severe tiredness, and difficulty in breathing. If this happens to you, you may
need immediate hospital treatment. Stop taking metformin immediately and contact your doctor or nearest hospital
straight away.
Metformin on its own does not cause hypoglycaemia (a blood glucose level which is too low). However, if you take
metformin together with other medicines to treat diabetes that can cause hypoglycaemia (such as sulfonylureas,
insulin, glinides), there is a risk of hypoglycaemia. If you experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia such as weakness,
dizziness, increased sweating, fast heart beating, vision disorders or difficulty in concentration, it usually helps to eat
or drink something containing sugar.
Other medicines and Metformin
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including
medicines obtained without a prescription.
If you need to have an injection of contrast medicines that contain iodine into your bloodstream, for example for
examinations such as X-ray or scan, you must stop taking metformin for a certain period of time before and after
the examination (see 'Make sure you ask your doctor for advice' above).
Tell your doctor if you take any of the following medicines and metformin at the same time. You may need more
frequent blood glucose tests or your doctor may adjust the dosage of metformin:
n angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (used to treat a variety of heart and blood vessel conditions,
such as high blood pressure or heart failure)
n diuretics (used to remove water from the body by making more urine)
n beta-2 agonists such as salbutamol or terbutaline (used to treat asthma)
n corticosteroids (used to treat a variety of conditions, such as severe inflammation of the skin or in asthma)
n other medicines to treat diabetes mellitus.
Taking Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution with food and drink and alcohol
Do not drink alcohol when you take this medicine. Alcohol may increase the risk of lactic acidosis especially if you
have liver problems, if you are undernourished or if you have been fasting for a long time. This also applies to
medicines that contain alcohol.
Pregnancy and Breast-feeding
During pregnancy, you need insulin to treat your diabetes. Tell your doctor if you are, you think you might be or are
planning to become pregnant, so that he or she may change your treatment.
Do not take this medicine if you are breast-feeding or if you are planning to breast-feed your baby.
Driving and using machines
Metformin on its own does not cause hypoglycaemia (a blood glucose level which is too low). This means that it will
not affect your ability to drive or use machines.
However, take special care if you take metformin together with other medicines to treat diabetes that can cause
hypoglycaemia (such as sulfonylureas, insulin, glinides). Symptoms of hypoglycaemia include weakness, dizziness,
increased sweating, fast heart beat, vision disorders or difficulty in concentration. Do not drive or use machines if you
start to feel these symptoms.
Metformin Oral Solution contains: sodium methyl and propyl parahydroxybenzoates, liquid maltitol, sodium and
potassium.
n Sodium methyl and propyl parahydroxybenzoates. These may cause an allergic reaction such as skin rash and
difficulty in breathing. If this happens talk to a doctor straight away
n Liquid maltitol. If your doctor has told you that you cannot tolerate some sugars, talk to your doctor before taking
this medicine. It may have a mild laxative effect. Calorific value is 2.3kcal/g maltitol
n Sodium (5.3mg in a 5ml dose). Take this into account if you are on a low sodium diet
n Potassium (14.5mg in a 5ml dose). Take this into account if you have kidney problems or are on a low potassium
diet.

3. How to take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
Always take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your
doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. Metformin cannot replace the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. Continue to
follow any advice about diet that your doctor has given you and get some regular exercise.
Usual Dose
Children over 10 and adolescents
n The usual dose of metformin is one 5ml spoonful (500mg) each day
n Do not give more than a total of four 5ml spoonsful (2g) of metformin in one day (taken as 2 or 3 divided doses)
n Treatment of children between 10 and 12 years of age is only recommended on specific advice from your doctor,
as experience in this age group is limited.
Continued overleaf

P0XXX

Rosemont

TM

Rosemont Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Printed Packaging Origination and Approval

Product:

Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution

Date:

Strength:

500mg/5ml

Proof Number:

New Item Code:

P0XXX

Page:

Previous Item Code:

P0508

New Pharmacode:

Design Icon:

-

Sugar-Free

-

Cutter Ref:

-

Pack Size

-

Dimensions:

150 x 500mm (folded 150 x 33mm)

Number of 
colours used:

ONE

Black

16.07.13
THREE
1 of: 2

Barcode:

Keyline

Tick
applicable
box

Adults
n The usual starting dose is one 5ml spoonful (500mg) two or three times a day
n Do not take more than a total of six 5ml spoonsful (3g) of metformin in one day (taken as 3 divided doses).
If you take insulin too, your doctor will tell you how to start Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution.
Monitoring
Your doctor will adapt your dose of metformin to your blood glucose levels. Make sure that you talk to your
doctor regularly. This is particularly important for children and adolescents or if you are an older person
n Your doctor will also check at least once a year how well your kidneys work. You may need more
frequent checks if you are an older person or if your kidneys are not working normally.
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How to take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
Take the liquid with or after a meal. This will avoid you
having side effects affecting your digestion.
n If you take one dose a day, take it in the morning
(breakfast)
n If you take two divided doses a day, take them in the
morning (breakfast) and evening (dinner)
n If you take three divided doses a day, take them in the morning (breakfast), at noon
(lunch) and in the evening (dinner).
If, after some time, you think that the effect of metformin is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
If you take more Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution than you should
Talk to a doctor or go to a hospital straight away. If you have taken more metformin that you should have, you may
experience lactic acidosis. Symptoms of lactic acidosis are vomiting, bellyache (abdominal pain) with muscle cramps,
a general feeling of not being well with severe tiredness, and difficulty in breathing.
If you forget to take Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
Take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is less than 2 hours away from the next dose, skip the missed dose.
Then go on as before. Do not take a double dose to make up for the forgotten dose.
If you stop taking Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
Keep taking this medicine until your doctor tells you to stop. If you have any further questions on the use of this
medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, metformin can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side effects
may occur:
If you get any of the following very rare side effects, stop taking metformin and see your doctor immediately:
n lactic acidosis. This is a very rare but serious complication particularly if your kidneys are not working properly. If
you get this complication, you will need immediate treatment.
Symptoms of lactic acidosis are vomiting, bellyache (abdominal pain) with muscle cramps, a general feeling of
not being well with severe tiredness, and difficulty in breathing. If this happens to you, stop taking metformin
immediately and tell your doctor straight away.
Other side effects:
Very common (affects more than 1 in 10 people)
digestive problems, such as feeling sick (nausea), being sick (vomiting), diarrhoea, bellyache (abdominal pain) and
loss of appetite. These side effects most often happen at the beginning of the treatment with metformin. It helps if
you spread the doses over the day and if you take the medicine with or straight after a meal. If symptoms
continue, stop taking metformin and talk to your doctor.
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Common (affects more than 1 in 100 people)
n changes in taste.
Very rare (affects less than 1 in 10,000 people)
skin reactions such as redness of the skin (erythema), itching or an itchy rash (urticaria)
n low vitamin B12 levels in the blood.
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The frequencies of the following side effects are not known:
abnormalities in liver function tests or hepatitis (inflammation of the liver; this may cause tiredness, loss of
appetite, weight loss, with or without yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes). If this happens to you, stop
taking this medicine.

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Children and adolescents
Limited data in children and adolescents showed that adverse events were similar in nature and severity to those
reported in adults.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor
or pharmacist.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this
leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly (see details below). By reporting side effects you can help provide more
information on the safety of this medicine.
United Kingdom
Yellow Card Scheme. www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Ireland
Pharmacovigilance Section
Irish Medicines Board
Kevin O’Malley House
Earslfort Centre
Earlsfort Terrace
IRL- Dublin 2
Tel: +353 1 6764971
Fax: +353 1 6767836
Website: www. imb.ie
e-mail: imbpharmacovigilance@imb.ie

5. How to store Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution
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Keep out of the reach and sight of children
Do not store above 25°C
Get rid of the medicine 28 days after opening
Do not use after the expiry date which is stated on the label and carton EXP (month,year). The expiry date
refers to the last day of that month
Do not use Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution if you notice that the appearance or smell of your
medicine has changed. Talk to your pharmacist
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to
dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

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6. Further information
What Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution contains
The active substance is Metformin Hydrochloride.
Each 5ml oral solution contains 500mg Metformin Hydrochloride.
1ml of oral solution contains 100mg Metformin Hydrochloride.
The other ingredients are sodium methyl parahydroxybenzoate (E219), sodium propyl parahydroxybenzoate (E217),
liquid maltitol (E965), sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate, disodium hydrogen phosphate anhydrous (E339),
acesulfame potassium (E950), ammonia caramel (E150c), peppermint flavour (containing propylene glycol, isopropyl
alcohol and pulegone), peach flavour (containing propylene glycol and isopropyl alcohol) and purified water.
What Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution looks like and contents of the pack
Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution is a clear brown liquid which is peach and mint flavoured. It comes in a
brown glass bottle holding 100ml or 150ml of solution.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Rosemont Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Yorkdale Industrial Park, Braithwaite Street, Leeds, LS11 9XE, UK.
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:
United Kingdom/Ireland Metformin Hydrochloride 500mg/5ml Oral Solution
Austria
Metformin Rosemont 500 mg/5 ml Lösung zum Einnehmen
Germany
MetfoLiquid Geriasan 500 mg/5 ml Lösung zum Einnehmen
Greece
Metformin Hydrochloride/Rosemont Πόσιμο διάλυμα 500 mg / 5 ml
Denmark
Metformin Rosemont 100 mg/ml oral opløsning
Norway
Metformin Rosemont 100 mg/ml mikstur, oppløsning
Sweden
Metformin Rosemont 100 mg/ml oral lösning
The leaflet was last revised in July 2013.
P0XXX

Rosemont

TM

Rosemont Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Printed Packaging Origination and Approval

Product:

Metformin Hydrochloride Oral Solution

Date:

Strength:

500mg/5ml

Proof Number:

New Item Code:

P0XXX

Page:

Previous Item Code:

P0508

New Pharmacode:

Design Icon:

-

Sugar-Free

-

Cutter Ref:

-

Pack Size

-

Dimensions:

150 x 500mm (folded 150 x 33mm)

Number of 
colours used:

ONE

Black

16.07.13
THREE
2 of: 2

Barcode:

Keyline

Tick
applicable
box

Expand view ⇕

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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