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LOSARTAN POTASSIUM/HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE 100/12.5MG FILM COATED TABLETS
Active substance(s): HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE / LOSARTAN POTASSIUM / HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE / LOSARTAN POTASSIUM / HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE / LOSARTAN POTASSIUM
100 mg /12.5 mg film-coated tablets
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are
the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See
What is in this leaflet
1. What Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide
3. How to take Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT LOSARTAN POTASSIUM/HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is a combination of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (losartan) and a diuretic
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is indicated for the treatment of essential hypertension (high blood pressure).
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE LOSARTAN POTASSIUM/HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE
Do not take Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide
• if you are allergic to losartan and/or hydrochlorothiazide or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6);
• if you are more than 3 months pregnant. (It is also better to avoid Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide in early pregnancy
- see pregnancy section.);
• if you have severely impaired liver function; cholestasis and biliary obstructive disorders
• if you have severely impaired kidney function (i.e. creatinine clearance <30 ml/min);
• if your kidneys are not producing any urine;
• if you have low potassium, low sodium or high calcium levels which cannot be corrected by treatment;
• if you are suffering from gout.
• if you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressure lowering medicine containing
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking using Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide.
• if you have previously suffered from swelling of the face, lips, throat or tongue,
• if you take diuretics (water pills),
• if you are on a salt-restricted diet,
• if you have or have had severe vomiting and/or diarrhoea,
• if you have heart failure,
• if you have narrow arteries to your kidneys (renal artery stenosis) or only have one functioning, kidney, or you have recently
had a kidney transplant,
• if you have narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), angina pectoris (chest pain due to poor heart function),
• if you have ‘aortic or mitral valve stenosis’ (narrowing of the valves of the heart) or ‘hypertrophic cardiomyopathy’ (a disease
causing thickening of heart muscle),
• if you are diabetic,
• if you have had gout,
• if you have or have had an allergic condition, asthma or a condition that causes joint pain, skin rashes and fever (systemic
• if you have high calcium or low potassium levels or you are on a low potassium diet,
• if you need to have an anaesthetic (even at the dentist) or before surgery, or if you are going to have tests to check your
parathyroid function, you must tell the doctor or medical staff that you are taking losartan potassium and hydrochlorothiazide
• if you suffer from primary hyperaldosteronism (a syndrome associated with increased secretion, of the hormone aldosterone
by the adrenal gland, caused by an abnormality within the gland).
• if you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
– an ACE-inhibitor (for example enalapril, lisinopril, ramipril), in particular if you have diabetes-related kidney problems.
Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes (e.g. potassium) in your blood at
See also information under the heading “Do not take Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide”
You must tell your doctor if you think that you are (or might become) pregnant. Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is not
recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm
to your baby if used at that stage (see pregnancy section).
Other medicines and Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken, or might take any other medicines.
Diuretic agents such as the hydrochlorothiazide contained in Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide may interact with other
medicines. Preparations containing lithium should not be taken with Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide without close
supervision by your doctor. Special precautionary measures (e.g. blood tests) may be appropriate if you take potassium
supplements, potassium-containing salt substitutes or potassium-sparing medicines, other diuretics (“water tablets”), some
laxatives, medicines for the treatment of gout, medicines to control heart rhythm or for diabetes (oral agents or insulins).It is also
important for your doctor to know if you are taking other medicines to reduce your blood pressure, steroids, medicines to treat
cancer, pain killers, drugs for treatment of fungal infections, or arthritis medicines, resins used for high cholesterol, such as
colestyramine, medicines which relax your muscles, sleeping tablets, opioid medicines such as morphine, ‘pressor amines’ such as
adrenaline or other drugs from the same group; (oral agents for diabetes or insulins).
Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions:
• If you are taking an ACE-inhibitor or aliskiren (see also information under the headings “Do not take Losartan Potassium/
Hydrochlorothiazide ” and “Warnings and precautions”)
Please also inform your doctor when it is planned to apply iodine contrast media about taking Losartan Potassium/
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide with food and drink and alcohol
You are advised not to drink alcohol whilst taking these tablets: alcohol and Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets may
increase each other’s effects.
Dietary salt in excessive quantities may counteract the effect of Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets.
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets may be taken with or without food.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist
for advice before taking this medicine.
You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Your doctor will normally advise you to stop taking
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide before you become pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant and will advise
you to take another medicine instead of Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide. Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is not
recommended during pregnancy, and must not be taken when more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to
your baby if used after the third month of pregnancy.
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is not
recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your doctor may choose another treatment for you if you wish to
Use in children and adolescents
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is not recommended for use in children below the age of 18 years due to a lack of data
on safety and efficacy.
Use in elderly patients
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide works equally well in and is equally well tolerated by most older and younger adult
patients. Most older patients require the same dose as younger patients.
Driving and using machines
When you begin treatment with this medication, you should not perform tasks which may require special attention (for example,
driving an automobile or operating dangerous machinery) until you know how you tolerate your medicine.
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide contains lactose
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this
3. HOW TO TAKE LOSARTAN POTASSIUM/HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE
Always take this medicine exactly as described in this leaflet or as your doctor or pharmacist have told you. Check with your
doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. Your doctor will decide on the appropriate dose of Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide depending on your condition and whether you are taking other medicines. It is important to continue taking Losartan
Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide for as long as your doctor prescribes it in order to maintain smooth control of your blood
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide is available in three strengths: Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg/12.5 mg
film-coated tablets, Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 100 mg/12.5 mg film-coated tablets, and Losartan Potassium/
Hydrochlorothiazide 100 mg/25 mg film-coated tablets.
High Blood Pressure
The usual dose of Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide for most patients with high blood pressure is 1 tablet of Losartan
Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg/12.5 mg per day to control blood pressure over the 24-hour period. This can be increased
to 2 tablets once daily of Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg/12.5 mg film-coated tablets or changed to 1 tablet
daily of Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 100 mg/25 mg film-coated tablets (a stronger strength) per day. The maximum
daily dose is 2 tablets per day of Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg/12.5 mg film-coated tablets or 1 tablet daily of
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 100 mg/25 mg film-coated tablets.
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide 100 mg/12.5 mg (losartan 100 mg/HCTZ 12.5 mg) film-coated tablets are available for
those patients titrated to 100 mg of losartan who require additional blood pressure control.
If you take more Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide than you should
In case of an overdose, contact your doctor immediately so that medical attention may be given promptly. Overdose can cause a
drop in blood pressure, palpitations, slow pulse, changes in blood composition, and dehydration.
If you forget to take Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide
Try to take Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide daily as prescribed. However, if you miss a dose, do not take an extra dose.
Just resume your usual schedule.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If you experience the following, stop taking Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets and tell your doctor immediately or
go to the casualty department of your nearest hospital:
A severe allergic reaction (rash, itching, swelling of the face, lips, mouth or throat that may cause difficulty in swallowing or
This is a serious but rare side effect, which affects more than 1 out of 10,000 patients but fewer than 1 out of 1,000 patients. You
may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.
The following side effects have been reported:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
• Cough, upper airway infection, congestion in the nose, sinusitis, sinus disorder,
• Diarrhoea, abdominal pain, nausea, indigestion,
• Muscle pain or cramps, leg pain, back pain,
• Insomnia, headache, dizziness,
• Weakness, tiredness, chest pain,
• Increased potassium levels (which can cause an abnormal heart rhythm), decreased haemoglobin levels.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
• Anaemia, red or brownish spots on the skin (sometimes especially on the feet, legs, arms and buttocks, with joint pain,
swelling of the hands and feet and stomach pain), bruising, reduction in white blood cells, clotting problems and bruising,
• Loss of appetite, increased uric acid levels or frank gout, increased blood sugar levels, abnormal blood electrolyte levels,
• Anxiety, nervousness, panic disorder (recurring panic attacks), confusion, depression, abnormal dreams, sleep disorders,
sleepiness, memory impairment,
• Pins and needles or similar sensations, pain in the extremities, trembling, migraine, fainting,
• Blurred vision, burning or stinging in the eyes, conjunctivitis, worsening eyesight, seeing things in yellow,
• Ringing, buzzing, roaring or clicking in the ears,
• Low blood pressure, which may be associated with changes in posture (feeling light-headed or weak when you stand up,
angina (chest pain), abnormal heartbeat, cerebrovascular accident (TIA, “mini-stroke”), heart attack, palpitations,
• Inflammation of blood vessels, which is often associated with a skin rash or bruising,
• Sore throat, breathlessness, bronchitis, pneumonia, water on the lungs (which causes difficulty breathing), nosebleed, runny
• Constipation, wind, stomach upsets, stomach spasms, vomiting, dry mouth, inflammation of a salivary gland, toothache,
• Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin), inflammation of the pancreas,
• Hives, itching, inflammation of the skin, rash, redness of the skin, sensitivity to light, dry skin, flushing, sweating, hair loss,
• Pain in the arms, shoulders, hips, knees or other joints, joint swelling, stiffness, muscle weakness,
• Frequent urination including at night, abnormal kidney function including inflammation of the kidneys, urinary infection,
sugar in the urine,
• Decreased sexual appetite, impotence,
• Swelling of the face, fever.
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), abnormal liver function tests
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You
can also report side effects directly via: Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE LOSARTAN POTASSIUM/HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the packaging after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of
Do not store above 30°C.
Store in the original package in order to protect from moisture.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no
longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide contains
• The active substances are losartan potassium and hydrochlorothiazide. Each film-coated tablet contains 100 mg losartan
potassium, equivalent to 91.52 mg losartan and 12.5 mg hydrochlorothiazide.
• The other ingredients are pregelatinised maize starch, microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate and magnesium
stearate in the tablet core and hypromellose, macrogol 4000, talc and titanium dioxide (E171) in the film coating.
What Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide looks like and contents of the pack
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets are white, oval, biconvex, film-coated tablets.
Tablets are supplied in cartons containing 7, 10, 14, 20, 28, 30, 50, 56, 60, 84, 90 and 98 film-coated tablets in Al/PVC/PVDC
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto, Šmarješka cesta 6, 8501 Novo mesto, Slovenia
KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto, Šmarješka cesta 6, 8501 Novo mesto, Slovenia
TAD Pharma GmbH, Heinz-Lohmann-Straße 5, 27472 Cuxhaven, Germany
Consilient Health (UK) Ltd., No. 1 Church Road, Richmond upon Thames, Surrey, TW9 2QE.
This leaflet was last revised 01/2015
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.