LEVOBUPIVACAINE 1.25 MG/ML SOLUTION FOR INFUSION
Active substance(s): LEVOBUPIVACAINE HYDROCHLORIDE
Tell your doctor or nurse if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
In particular, tell them if you are taking medicines for:
• irregular heart beats (such as mexiletine)
• fungal infections (such as ketoconazole) since this may affect how long Levobupivacaine
stays in your body
• asthma (such as theophylline) since this may affect how long Levobupivacaine stays in
Package leaflet: Information for the user
0.625 mg/ml or 1.25 mg/ml
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby,
ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.
solution for infusion
For Epidural use only
Levobupivacaine must not be a given for pain relief by injection into the area around the neck of
the womb or cervix during childbirth (paracervical block).
The effect of Levobupivacaine on the child during the early stage of pregnancy is not known.
Therefore, Levobupivacaine should not be used during the first three months of your pregnancy,
unless your doctor thinks it is necessary.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this
medicine because it contains important information for you.
It is not known if levobupivacaine passes into breast milk. However from the experience with
a similar drug, only small amounts of levobupivacaine are expected to pass into breast milk.
Breastfeeding is therefore possible after having a local anaesthesic.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse.
This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
See section 4.
The name of your medicine is Levobupivacaine 0.625 mg/ml or 1.25 mg/ml solution for
infusion; in the rest of the leaflet it will be called “Levobupivacaine ”
What is in this leaflet:
What Levobupivacaine is and what it is used for
What you need to know before you are given Levobupivacaine
How you will be given Levobupivacaine
Possible side effects
How to store Levobupivacaine
Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Levobupivacaine is and what it is used for
Levobupivacaine belongs to a group of medicines called local anaesthetics. This type of medicine
is used to make an area of the body numb or free from pain.
Levobupivacaine Solution for Infusion is for adult use only.
Levobupivacaine is used for pain relief:
• after major surgery
• during childbirth
2. What you need to know before you are given Levobupivacaine
Do not use Levobupivacaine :
• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to levobupivacaine, to any similar local anaesthetics or to
any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
• if you have very low blood pressure
• as a type of pain relief given by injection into the area around the neck of the womb (the cervix)
during the early stage of labour (paracervical block)
• to numb an area by injecting Levobupivacaine into a vein
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before you are given Levobupivacaine if you have any of the diseases or
conditions below. You may need to be checked more closely or given a smaller dose.
Driving and using machines
The use of Levobupivacaine can have a considerable effect on the ability to drive or use
machines. You must not drive or operate machinery until all the effects of Levobupivacaine and
the immediate effects of surgery have worn off. Make sure you get advice about this matter from
the doctor or nurse who is treating you, before leaving hospital.
Levobupivacaine contains sodium
This medicinal product contains 15.65 mmol (or 360 mg) sodium per bag of 100 ml solution and
31.3 mmol (or 720 mg) sodium per bag of 200 ml solution. To be taken into consideration by
patients on a controlled sodium diet.
3. How to use Levobupivacaine
Your doctor will give you Levobupivacaine through a small tube in your back (epidural). Your
doctor and nurse will watch you carefully while you are being given Levobupivacaine .
The amount of Levobupivacaine you will be given and how often it is given will depend on why
it is being used and also on your health, age and weight. The smallest dose that can produce
numbness in the required area will be used. The dose will be carefully worked out by your doctor.
When Levobupivacaine is used for pain relief during childbirth the dose used should be
particularly carefully controlled.
If you get more Levobupivacaine than you should
If you get more Levobupivacaine than you should, you may have numbness of the tongue,
dizziness, blurred vision, muscle twitching, severe breathing difficulties (including stopping
breathing) and even fits (convulsions). If you notice any of these symptoms, tell your doctor
immediately. Sometimes too much Levobupivacaine may also cause low blood pressure, fast
or slow heartbeats and changes in your heart rhythm. Your doctor may need to give you other
medicines to help stop these symptoms.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.
if you have a heart condition
if you suffer from diseases of the nervous system
if you are weak or ill
if you are elderly
if you have liver disease.
Do not give this medicine to children because the safety and efficacy for pain management in
children have not been established.
The following information is intended for medical or health care professionals only:
Levobupivacaine 0.625 mg/ml or 1.25 mg/ml solution for infusion.
Instructions for use and handling
Levobupivacaine 0.625 or 1.25 mg/ml solution for infusion is intended for single epidural use
only and must not be used for intravenous administration. Do not use unless the solution is clear
and container is undamaged. Discard any unused solution.
As for all parenteral medicinal products, the solution/dilution should be inspected visually prior to
use. Only clear solutions without visible particles should be used.
Shelf life after dilution:
Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for levopbupivacaine solution for
- With 8.4ug/ml clonidine hydrochloride, 50ug/ml morphine sulphate and 2-4ug/ml fentanyl
citrate for 30 days at either 2-8c or 20c-25c.
- With sufentanil added in the concentration of 0.4ug/ml for 30 days at 2-8c or 7 days at 20c-25c.
From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used
immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user
and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2-8ºC, unless the admix has been prepared in
controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
There is limited safety experience with levobupivacaine therapy for periods exceeding 24 hours.
Levobupivacaine must not be mixed with any other medicinal products except those listed above.
Dilution with alkaline solutions such as sodium bicarbonate may result in precipitation.
Method of administration
Levobupivacaine should be administered only by, or under the supervision of, a clinician having
the necessary training and experience.
Please refer to the summary of product characteristics for posology information.
Careful aspiration before infusion is recommended to prevent intravascular injection. If toxic
symptoms occur, the injection should be stopped immediately.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Tell your doctor or nurse immediately if you notice any of the following side effects. Some
side effects with Levobupivacaine can be serious.
Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):
• feeling tired or weak, short of breath, looking pale (these are all signs of anaemia)
• low blood pressure
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
problems (distress) for an unborn child
high body temperature (fever)
pain after surgery
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data):
• serious allergic (hypersensitive) reactions which cause severe breathing difficulties, difficulty in
swallowing, hives and very low blood pressure
allergic (hypersensitive) reactions recognised by red itchy skin, sneezing, sweating a lot, rapid
heartbeat, fainting or swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat.
loss of consciousness
heart block or heart stopping
numbness of the tongue
muscle weakness or twitching
loss of bladder or bowel control
tingling, numbness or other abnormal sensation
prolonged erection of the penis that may be painful
nerve disorder which can include drooping of the eyelid, small pupil (black center of the eye),
sunken eye socket, sweating and/or redness in one side of the face
Fast, slow or irregular heartbeats, and heart rhythm changes that can be seen on an ECG, have
also been reported as side effects.
Rarely, some side effects may be long-term or permanent.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report
side effects directly:
For UK: via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
For IE: Reports may be made by following the links to the online reporting
option accessible from the IMB homepage, or by completing the
downloadable report form also accessible from the IMB website, which may
be completed manually and submitted to the IMB via freepost, to the
IRL - Dublin 2
Tel: +353 1 6764971
Fax: +353 1 6762517
5. How to store Levobupivacaine
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use Levobupivacaine after the expiry date which is stated on the label. The expiry date
refers to the last day of that month.
Your doctor will store this medicine for you.
The solution should be used immediately after opening.
Do not use medicine if you notice visible particles in it.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how
to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Levobupivacaine contains
- The active substance is levobupivacaine (as levobupivacaine hydrochloride).
Levobupivacaine 0.625 mg/ml solution for infusion: 1 ml solution contains 0.625 mg
levobupivacaine (as levobupivacaine hydrochloride). Each bag of 100 ml contains 62.5 mg
levobupivacaine (as levobupivacaine hydrochloride). Each bag of 200 ml contains 125 mg
levobupivacaine (as levobupivacaine hydrochloride).
Levobupivacaine 1.25 mg/ml solution for infusion: 1 ml solution contains 1.25 mg levobupivacaine
(as levobupivacaine hydrochloride). Each bag of 100 ml contains 125 mg levobupivacaine (as
- The other ingredients are water for injection, sodium chloride, and small quantity of sodium
hydroxide and hydrochloric acid.
This medicine contains an excipient with known effect (sodium). See section 2 for further
Osmolarity: 271 – 332 mOsmol/l
What Levobupivacaine looks like and contents of the pack
This medicine is a clear, colourless solution, in a polyolefin bag with a transparent foil over pouch.
It is supplied in packs of 5, 24 or 60 bags of 100 ml or 5, 12 or 32 bags of 200 ml solution.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Fresenius Kabi Limited,
Fresenius Kabi Deutschland GmbH
D-61346 Bad Homburg v.d.H.
This leaflet was last revised in 03/2014
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.