Active Substance: levetiracetam
Common Name: levetiracetam
ATC Code: N03AX14
Marketing Authorisation Holder: ratiopharm GmbH
Active Substance: levetiracetam
Authorisation Date: 2011-08-26
Therapeutic Area: Epilepsy
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Antiepileptics
Levetiracetam ratiopharm is indicated as monotherapy in the treatment of partial onset seizures with or without secondary generalisation in patients from 16 years of age with newly diagnosed epilepsy.
Levetiracetam ratiopharm is indicated as adjunctive therapy:
- in the treatment of partial onset seizures with or without secondary generalisation in adults, children and infants from 1 month of age with epilepsy;
- in the treatment of myoclonic seizures in adults and adolescents from 12 years of age with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy;
- in the treatment of primary generalised tonic-clonic seizures in adults and adolescents from 12 years of age with idiopathic generalised epilepsy.
What is Levetiracetam ratiopharm?
Levetiracetam ratiopharm is a medicine that contains the active substance levetiracetam. It is available as oblong tablets (250 mg, 500 mg, 750 mg and 1000 mg) and as an oral solution (100 mg/ml).
Levetiracetam ratiopharm is a ‘generic medicine’. This means that Levetiracetam ratiopharm is similar to a ‘reference medicine’ already authorised in the European Union (EU) called Keppra.
What is Levetiracetam ratiopharm used for?
Levetiracetam ratiopharm can be used on its own in patients from 16 years of age with newly diagnosed epilepsy, to treat partial-onset seizures (fits) with or without secondary generalisation. This is a type of epilepsy where too much electrical activity in one side of the brain causes symptoms such as sudden, jerky movements of one part of the body, distorted hearing, sense of smell or vision, numbness, or a sudden sense of fear. Secondary generalisation occurs when the overactivity later reaches the whole brain.
Levetiracetam ratiopharm can also be used as an add-on to other anti-epileptic medicines to treat:
- partial-onset seizures with or without generalisation in patients from one month of age;
- myoclonic seizures (short, shock-like jerks of a muscle or group of muscles) in patients from 12 years of age with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy;
- primary generalised tonic-clonic seizures (major fits, including loss of consciousness) in patients from 12 years of age with idiopathic generalised epilepsy (the type of epilepsy that is thought to have a genetic cause).
The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.
How is Levetiracetam ratiopharm used?
When Levetiracetam ratiopharm is used on its own, the starting dose is 250 mg twice a day, increasing two weeks later to 500 mg twice a day. The dose can be further increased at two-week intervals according to the patient’s response, to a maximum dose of 1500 mg twice a day.
When Levetiracetam ratiopharm is added to another anti-epileptic treatment, the starting dose in patients over 12 years weighing more than 50 kg is 500 mg twice a day. The daily dose can be increased up to 1500 mg twice a day. In patients aged between six months and 17 years weighing less than 50 kg, the starting dose is 10 mg per kilogram body weight twice a day, which can be increased up to 30 mg/kg twice a day. The oral solution is recommended when starting treatment in children under six years old or weighing less than 25 kg. In babies aged between one and six months, the starting dose is 7 mg/kg twice a day, using the oral solution. This can be increased up to 21 mg/kg twice a day.
Lower doses are used in patients who have problems with their kidneys (such as older patients).
Levetiracetam ratiopharm tablets are swallowed with liquid. The oral solution may be mixed in a glass of water before it is taken.
How does Levetiracetam ratiopharm work?
The active substance in Levetiracetam ratiopharm, levetiracetam, is an anti-epileptic medicine.
Epilepsy is caused by excessive electrical activity in the brain. The exact way in which levetiracetam works is still unclear but it seems to interfere with a protein called synaptic vesicle protein 2A, which is found in the spaces between nerves and is involved in the release of chemical messengers from nerve cells. This helps Levetiracetam ratiopharm to stabilise electrical activity in the brain and prevent seizures.
How has Levetiracetam ratiopharm been studied?
Because Levetiracetam ratiopharm is a generic medicine, studies in patients have been limited to tests to determine that it is bioequivalent to the reference medicine, Keppra. Two medicines are bioequivalent when they produce the same levels of the active substance in the body.
What are the benefits and risks of Levetiracetam ratiopharm?
Because Levetiracetam ratiopharm is a generic medicine and is bioequivalent to the reference medicine, its benefits and risks are taken as being the same as the reference medicine’s.
Why has Levetiracetam ratiopharm been approved?
The CHMP concluded that, in accordance with EU requirements, Levetiracetam ratiopharm has been shown to have comparable quality and to be bioequivalent to Keppra. Therefore, the CHMP’s view was that, as for Keppra, the benefit outweighs the identified risk. The Committee recommended that Levetiracetam ratiopharm be given marketing authorisation.
Other information about Levetiracetam ratiopharm
The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Levetiracetam ratiopharm on 26 August 2011.
For more information about treatment with Levetiracetam ratiopharm, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.