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LEMSIP MAX ALL IN ONE LEMON POWDER FOR ORAL SOLUTION

Active substance(s): GUAIFENESIN / PARACETAMOL / PHENYLEPHRINE HYDROCHLORIDE / GUAIFENESIN / PARACETAMOL / PHENYLEPHRINE HYDROCHLORIDE / GUAIFENESIN / PARACETAMOL / PHENYLEPHRINE HYDROCHLORIDE

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SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS
1

NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Lemsip Max All in One Lemon
Powder for Oral Solution

2

QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Active ingredients
Paracetamol
Guaifenesin
Phenylephrine hydrochloride

mg/Sachet
1000.00
200.00
12.20

Excipient(s) with known effect:
• Sucrose
• Sodium
• Aspartame
• Lactose
For the full list of excipients, see Section 6.1.

3

PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Powder for oral solution
Pale yellow powder.

4

CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1

Therapeutic indications
For the relief of symptoms of colds and influenza, including the relief of aches
and pains, sore throat, headache, nasal congestion, lowering of temperature
and chesty coughs.

4.2

Posology and method of administration
Patients should consult a doctor or pharmacist if symptoms persist for more than 3 days, or
worsen.
Posology
Adults and children 16 years and over: Content of one sachet dissolved by stirring in hot
water and sweetened to taste.
Dose may be repeated every 4-6 hours as required.

Do not take more than 4 sachets in 24 hours.
Do not give to children under 16 years of age.
Elderly Population: No dosage adjustment is considered necessary in the elderly.

Method of administration
Oral administration after dissolution in water.
4.3

Contraindications







4.4

Hypersensitivity to any of the active substances or any of the excipients listed in
section 6.1
Severe coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disorders
Hypertension
Hyperthyroidism
Contraindicated in patients currently receiving or within two weeks of stopping
therapy with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)
Concomitant use of other sympathomimetic decongestants

Special warnings and precautions for use
Use with caution in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon or diabetes mellitus.
Care is advised in the administration of paracetamol to patients with severe renal or severe
hepatic impairment. The hazard of overdose is greater in those with non-cirrhotic alcoholic
liver disease.
Patients should be advised not to take other paracetamol -containing products concurrently.
Immediate medical advice should be sought in the event of an overdose, even if the patient
feels well because of the risk of delayed serious liver damage (see section 4.9).

Phenylephrine should be used with care in patients with closed angle glaucoma and prostatic
enlargement.
The product should not be used during pregnancy unless recommended by a healthcare
professional (see section 4.6).
Use during breastfeeding should be avoided, unless recommended by a healthcare professional
(see section 4.6).
Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or
glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.
Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose- galactose
malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.
This product also contains 1973.3mg sucrose per dose (total sugars 2g). Patients with rare
hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucraseisomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.
This product contains 129.0mg (5.6mmol) sodium per dose – to be taken into consideration
for patients on a controlled sodium diet.
Contains a source of phenylalanine. May be harmful for people with phenylketonuria.

4.5

Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Paracetamol
The rate of absorption of paracetamol may be increased by metoclopramide or domperidone
and absorption may be reduced by cholestyramine.
The anticoagulant effect of warfarin and other coumarins may be enhanced by prolonged
regular use of paracetamol with increased risk of bleeding; occasional doses have no
significant effect.
Phenylephrine hydrochloride
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (including moclobemide): hypertensive interactions occur
between sympathomimetic amines such as phenylephrine and monoamine oxidase inhibitors
(see section 4.3).
Sympathomimetic amines: concomitant use of phenylephrine with other sympathomimetic
amines can increase the risk of cardiovascular side effects.
Beta-blockers and other antihypertensives (including debrisoquine, guanethidine, reserpine,
methyldopa): phenylephrine may reduce the efficacy of beta-blockers and antihypertensives.
The risk of hypertension and other cardiovascular side effects may be increased (see section
4.3).
Tricyclic antidepressants (e.g. amitriptyline): may increase the risk of cardiovascular side
effects with phenylephrine (see section 4.3).
Digoxin and cardiac glycosides: concomitant use of phenylephrine may increase the risk of
irregular heartbeat or heart attack.
Guaifenesin
Guaifenesin may interfere with diagnostic measurements of urinary 5-hydroxyindoleactic acid
or vanillylmandelic acid. If urine is collected within 24 hours of a dose of the medicinal
product, a metabolite of guaifenesin may cause a colour interference with laboratory
determinations of urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and vanillylmandelic acid
(VMA).

4.6

Fertility, Pregnancy and Lactation
Pregnancy
The product should not be used during pregnancy unless recommended by a healthcare
professional.
The safety of this medicine during pregnancy and lactation has not been established but in
view of a possible association of foetal abnormalities with first trimester exposure to
phenylephrine, the use of the product during pregnancy should be avoided. In addition,
because phenylephrine may reduce placental perfusion, the product should not be used in
patients with a history of preeclampsia.
Epidemiological studies in human pregnancy have shown no ill effects due to paracetamol
used in the recommended dosage.
There are limited data on the use of guaifenesin in pregnant women. Guaifenesin has been
linked with an increased risk of neural tube defects in a small number of women with febrile
illness in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Breast-feeding
The product should be avoided during lactation unless recommended by a healthcare
professional. There are limited data on the use of phenylephrine in lactation.

Paracetamol is excreted in breast milk, but not in a clinically significant amount. Available
published data do not contraindicate breast feeding.
There is no information on the use of guaifenesin in lactation.
Fertility
There are no available data regarding the effects of the active ingredients on fertility.

4.7

Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Lemsip Max All in One Lemon has no or negligible influence on ability to
drive or use machinery.

4.8

Undesirable effects
Adverse events which have been associated with paracetamol, guaifenesin and phenylephrine
are given below, tabulated by system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as:
Very common (≥1/10); Common (≥1/100 and <1/10); Uncommon (≥1/1000 and <1/100); Rare
(≥1/10,000 and <1/1000); Very rare (< 1/10,000); Not known (cannot be estimated from the
available data). Within each frequency grouping, adverse events are presented in order of
decreasing seriousness.
System Organ Class
Blood and Lymphatic
System Disorders
Immune System
Disorders
Gastrointestinal
Disorders
Skin and Subcutaneous
Tissue Disorders

Frequency
Not known
Not known

Adverse Events
Thrombocytopenia, leucopenia, pancytopenia,
neutropenia, agranulocytosis1
Hypersensitivity

Not known

Abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting

Very rare

Cases of serious skin reactions have been
reported

Not known
Renal and Urinary
Disorders

Not known

Skin rash
Urinary retention2

Description of Selected Adverse Reactions
1
There have been reports of blood dyscrasias including thrombocytopenia, leucopenia,
pancytopenia, neutropenia and agranulocytosis, but these were not necessarily causally related
to paracetamol.
2
Especially in males
Reporting of Suspected Adverse Reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is
important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product.
Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow
Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
4.9

Overdose
Paracetamol
Liver damage is possible in adults who have taken 10 g or more of paracetamol. Ingestion of
5 g or more of paracetamol may lead to liver damage if the patient has risk factors (see below).
Risk Factors
If the patient:

(a) Is on long-term treatment with carbamazepine, phenobarbitone, phenytoin, primidone,
rifampicin, St John’s Wort or other drugs that induce liver enzymes,
or
(b) Regularly consumes ethanol in excess of recommended amounts,
or
(c) Is likely to be glutathione depleted, e.g. eating disorders, cystic fibrosis, HIV infection,
starvation, cachexia.
Symptoms
Symptoms of paracetamol overdose in the first 24 hours are pallor, nausea, vomiting, anorexia
and abdominal pain. Liver damage may become apparent 12 to 48 hours after ingestion.
Abnormalities of glucose metabolism and metabolic acidosis may occur. In severe poisoning,
hepatic failure may progress to encephalopathy, haemorrhage, hypoglycaemia, cerebral
oedema, and death. Acute renal failure with acute tubular necrosis, strongly suggested by loin
pain, haematuria and proteinuria, may develop even in the absence of severe liver damage.
Cardiac arrhythmias and pancreatitis have been reported.
Management
Immediate treatment is essential in the management of paracetamol overdose. Despite a lack
of significant early symptoms, patients should be referred to hospital urgently for immediate
medical attention. Symptoms may be limited to nausea or vomiting and may not reflect the
severity of overdose or the risk of organ damage. Management should be in accordance with
established treatment guidelines, see BNF overdose section.
Treatment with activated charcoal should be considered if the overdose has been taken within
1 hour. Plasma paracetamol concentration should be measured at 4 hours or later after
ingestion (earlier concentrations are unreliable). Treatment with N-acetylcysteine may be used
up to 24 hours after ingestion of paracetamol, however, the maximum protective effect is
obtained up to 8 hours post-ingestion. The effectiveness of the antidote declines sharply after
this time. If required the patient should be given intravenous N-acetylcysteine, in line with the
established dosage schedule. If vomiting is not a problem, oral methionine may be a suitable
alternative for remote areas, outside hospital. Management of patients who present with
serious hepatic dysfunction beyond 24 hours from ingestion should be discussed with the
NPIS or a liver unit.
Phenylephrine hydrochloride
Features of severe overdose of phenylephrine include haemodynamic changes and
cardiovascular collapse with respiratory depression. Treatment includes symptomatic and
supportive measures. Hypertensive effects may be treated with an i.v. alpha-receptor-blocking
agent.
Phenylephrine overdose is likely to result in: nervousness, headache, dizziness, insomnia,
increased blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, mydriasis, acute angle closure glaucoma (most
likely to occur in those with closed angle glaucoma), tachycardia, palpitations, allergic
reactions (e.g. rash, urticaria, allergic dermatitis), dysuria, urinary retention (most likely to
occur in those with bladder outlet obstruction, such as prostatic hypertrophy).
Additional symptoms may include, hypertension, and possibly reflex bradycardia. In severe
cases confusion, seizures and arrhythmias may occur. However the amount required to
produce serious phenylephrine toxicity would be greater than that required to cause
paracetamol-related liver toxicity.
Treatment should be as clinically appropriate. Severe hypertension may need to be treated
with alpha blocking medicinal products such as phentolamine.
Guaifenesin
Very large doses may cause nausea and vomiting. The active substance is, however, rapidly
metabolised and excreted in the urine. Patients should be kept under observation and treated
symptomatically.

5.1

Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Analgesics, Anilides,
ATC Code: N02B E51. Paracetamol, combinations excl. psycholeptics
Paracetamol: Paracetamol has both analgesic and antipyretic activity, which is believed to be
mediated principally through its inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis within the central
nervous system.
Phenylephrine hydrochloride: Phenylephrine is sympathomimetic post-synaptic α1–adrenergic
receptor agonist with low cardioselective beta receptor affinity and minimal central nervous
stimulant activity. It is a recognised decongestant and acts by vasoconstriction to reduce
oedema and nasal swelling.

Guaifenesin: Guaifenesin is an expectorant which reduces the viscosity of tenacious sputum.
The active ingredients are not known to cause sedation.

5.2

Pharmacokinetic properties
Paracetamol: Paracetamol is absorbed rapidly and completely from the small intestine,
producing peak plasma levels after 15-20 minutes following oral dosing. The systemic
availability is subject to first-pass metabolism and varies with dose between 70% and 90%.
The drug is rapidly and widely distributed throughout the body and is eliminated from plasma
with a T½ of approximately 2 hours. The major metabolites are glucuronide and sulphate
conjugates (>80%) which are excreted in urine.
Phenylephrine hydrochloride: Phenylephrine is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, but
has reduced bioavailability by the oral route due to first-pass metabolism. It retains activity as
a nasal decongestant when given orally, the drug distributing through the systemic circulation
to the vascular bed of the nasal mucosa. When taken by mouth as a nasal decongestant
phenylephrine is usually given at intervals of 4-6 hours.
Guaifenesin: Guaifenesin is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. It is rapidly metabolised
by oxidation to ί-(2 methoxy-phenoxy) lactic acid; which is excreted in the urine. Within 3
hours, approximately 40% of a single dose is excreted in the urine as this metabolite. The halflife in plasma is approximately 1 hour. Guaifenesin may increase the rate of absorption of
paracetamol.

5.3

Preclinical safety data
There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber, which are
additional to those already included in other sections of the SmPC.

6.1

List of excipients
Ascorbic acid
Sucrose
Citric acid
Sodium citrate
Lemon flavour no. 1
Aspartame (E951)
Saccharin sodium

Curcumin WD (curcumin (E100), Lactose, Polysorbate 80 (E433) and Silica (E551)).

6.2

Incompatibilities
None known.

6.3

Shelf life
Two years

6.4

Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25°C. Store in the original package.

6.5

Nature and contents of container
Heat-sealed sachet of paper/polyethylene / aluminium foil/polyethylene
laminate in an outer cardboard carton.
Carton of 16 sachets.

6.6

Special precautions for disposal
No special requirements for disposal.

7

MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare (UK) Limited, Dansom Lane, Hull, HU8 7DS,
East Yorkshire, UK.

8

MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
PL 00063/0537

9
DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE
AUTHORISATION
13/10/2009

10

DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
22/03/2017

Expand Transcript

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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