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LECADO 200/50 MG MODIFIED RELEASE TABLETS

Active substance(s): CARBIDOPA MONOHYDRATE / LEVODOPA

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

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Lecado 100/25 mg Modified-release Tablets
Lecado 200/50 mg Modified-release Tablets

Active substances: levodopa and carbidopa

Read all of this leaflet carefully because it contains important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it onto others. It may harm them, even if
their symptoms are the same as yours.
• If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effect not listed in this leaflet, please
tell your doctor or pharmacist.

In this leaflet:
1. What Lecado is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Lecado
3. How to take Lecado
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Lecado
6. Further information

1

What Lecado is and what it is used for

Lecado is used in the treatment of Parkinsonʼs disease. It
reduces the “off” time (a sudden onset of muscle stiffness that can
last for minutes or even hours) if you are being treated with
levodopa alone, levodopa/decarboxylase inhibitor tablets with an
immediate-release formulation (e.g. carbidopa) and if you suffer
from sudden uncontrolled movements.

Lecado belongs to a class of drugs used to treat Parkinsonʼs disease.
The symptoms of this disease are probably caused by a lack of
dopamine, a substance that is normally produced by the brain.
Dopamine plays a role in controlling muscle movement. A lack of it
causes problems in muscle movement. Levodopa compensates for
the lack of dopamine, whilst carbidopa ensures that enough
levodopa reaches the brain.

2

Before you take Lecado

Do not take Lecado
• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to levodopa or carbidopa, or
any of the other ingredients of the tablets;
• if you have increased eye pressure (narrow-angle glaucoma);
• if you are suffering from severe heart failure;
• if you have a serious heart rhythm disorder;
• in the event of a sudden stroke;
• if you are not allowed to use drugs that act on the central
nervous system (sympathomimetic agents);
• if you are using non-selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors
and selective, type-A MAO inhibitors (MAO inhibitors; drugs
used in depression). You must stop taking these drugs for at least
two weeks before starting treatment with Lecado. Lecado retard
may be co-administered with the recommended dose of a MAO
inhibitor which is selective for MAO type B (e.g. selegiline).

Take special care with Lecado
If you are currently being, or have ever been, treated with levodopa
on its own. You must wait for at least 12 hours before you can start
taking Lecado tablets;
• if you suffer from movement disorders such as facial muscle
twitches, muscle rigidity and stiffness, difficulties in starting to
move, trembling of the fingers or hands. It may be necessary to
reduce the dose;
• If you have ever suffered from involuntary movements in the past;
• if you have ever had a psychotic episode or suffered from
psychosis. Psychosis is a severe mental illness whereby control
over oneʼs own conduct and behaviour is impaired; Very rarely,
there have been reports of patients who became depressed and
who later developed suicidal tendencies. If you think that this also
applies to you, you are advised to contact your doctor immediately.
• if you are constantly tired and/or prone to falling asleep without
warning. You must not drive or operate machines; your doctor will
adjust your dose if necessary, or stop your treatment altogether;
• if you have a severe cardiovascular condition;
• if you have a severe lung disease or if you experience sudden
attacks of breathlessness caused by muscular spasms and
swelling of the mucous membrane inside the airways, often
accompanied by coughing and the production of phlegm
(bronchial asthma);
• if you have a kidney or liver disorder, or if you have problems with
your endocrine system (glands that secrete hormones internally
into the blood stream)
• if you have ever had stomach or intestinal ulcers, as there is a
greater risk of stomach bleeding;
• if you are vomiting blood;
• if you have ever had seizures/ convulsions;
• if you have recently had a heart attack and are still suffering from
heart rhythm disorders;
• if you have chronic glaucoma (increased eye pressure);
• if your levodopa/carbidopa dose is suddenly lowered or stopped,
particularly if you are receiving drugs to treat psychosis; as this
may trigger off a change in your mental condition; muscle rigidity
and increased body temperature may occur
• if you have an hereditary disease characterised by sudden
involuntary but coordinated movements (Huntingtonʼs chorea).
Use of Lecado is not recommended;
• if you have ever had a malignant melanoma;
• if you have a skin condition that has not yet been diagnosed by
your doctor.
• Lecado could give rise to abnormalities in several laboratory
tests. These include:
- liver function tests
- a false positive coombs test
- decreased haemoglobin and haemotocrit, elevated serum
glucode and white blood cells, bacteria and blood in the urine
- when a test strip is used to determine ketonuria a false
positive result for urinary ketone bodies can be shown. This
reaction is not altered by boiling the urine sample.
- false negative results can also occur in the examination if
glycosuria with the use of glucose oxidase methods
• the safety and efficacy of Lecado in newly-born infants and
children under the age of 18 has not been established; the use of
Lecado in patients under the age of 18 is therefore not recommended:
• if you or your family/carer notices you are developing urges or
cravings to behave in ways that are unusual for you or you
cannot resist the impulse, drive or temptation to carry out certain
activities that could harm yourself or others. These behaviours
are called impulse control disorders and can include addictive
gambling, excessive eating or spending, an abnormally high sex
drive or an increase in sexual thoughts or feelings. Tell your
doctor if this occurs, he may need to review your treatment.
Please tell your doctor if any one of the above-mentioned warnings
applies to you, or has ever applied to you in the past.

Taking Lecado with other medicines
Lecado may interfere with the effects/ side effects of other drugs,
and vice versa. This is particularly true in the case of:
• drugs used to treat high blood pressure; your doctor will need
to adjust the dosage;
• drugs used to treat depression (see also section: “Do not take
Levodopa/Carbidopa”);
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• drugs that act on the central nervous system (anticholinergics;
bronchodilators used in asthma), such as ipratropium and
tiotropium. The effect of levodopa may be reduced; your doctor
will adjust the dosage if necessary;
• drugs used to treat psychosis;
• isoniazid (a drug used to treat tuberculosis);
• benzodiazepines (certain sleeping pills and tranquilisers), such
as diazepam, oxazepam and - lormetazepam; the effect of
Lecado may be reduced;
• phenytoin (a drug used in epilepsy); the effect of Lecado may be
reduced;
• papaverine (a drug used to treat spasms in the gastrointestinal
tract); the effect of Lecado may be reduced;
• selegiline (a drug used in Parkinsonʼs disease); when used at
the same time as Lecado, severe low blood pressure may occur;
• COMT inhibitors (used in Parkinsonʼs disease); when used at the
same time as Lecado, the levels of levodopa reaching the brain may
increase. The Levodopa/Carbidopa dose may need to be adjusted;
• amantadine (used in Parkinsonʼs disease). The side effects of
levodopa may increase. The Levodopa/Carbidopa dose may
need to be adjusted;
• metoclopramide (a gastrointestinal drug)
• drugs that act on the central nervous system
(sympathomimetics; bronchodilators used in asthma), such as
apraclonidine, dipivefrin and brimonidine. Cardiovascular-related
side effects may increase;
• ferrous sulphate. Levodopa absorption may decrease.
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, or have
recently taken, any other medicines, including medicines obtained
without a prescription.

Taking Lecado with food and drink
The effect of levodopa can sometimes be impaired in patients on a
high-protein diet.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any
medicine.
• Any woman of childbearing potential who is receiving Lecado
must practise effective contraception.
• Not enough is known about the use of Lecado during human
pregnancies. It as shown to be harmful in animal experiments.
Do not take Lecado if you are pregnant, or trying to conceive.
• Levodopa is excreted into breast milk.
You must therefore not breastfeed during treatment with Lecado.

Driving and using machines
Lecado can cause side effects such as
• dizziness,
• drowsiness,
• double vision,
which may affect your ability to react.
You should bear this in mind if you intend driving or using machines.
Patients who are known to be prone to drowsiness and falling
asleep without warning must not drive or use machines.

3

How to take Lecado

Dosage
Adults and the elderly
Your doctor has prescribed how much Lecado you should take.
Generally speaking, the following doses apply:

If you have never been treated with levodopa:
Starting dose
1 Lecado 100/25 mg tablet twice daily or 1 Lecado 200/50 mg tablet
twice daily.
Maximum starting dose
6 tablets of Lecado 100/25 mg daily or 3 tablets of Lecado
200/50 mg daily (600 mg of levodopa per day).
Doses should be taken at intervals of at least 6 hours.

If you are switching from normal Levodopa/Carbidopa tablets
to Lecado tablets:
Such a switch should take place gradually and under the
supervision of a doctor.

If you are currently being treated with levodopa alone (i.e. on its
own):
Treatment with levodopa should be stopped for at least 12 hours
before using Lecado. Starting dose in patients with a
mild-to-moderate form of Parkinsonʼs disease:
1 Lecado 200/50 mg tablet twice daily or 2 Lecado 100/25 mg
tablets twice daily.
Maintenance dose:
Your doctor will monitor you on a regular basis and adjust your
dosage if necessary.
An interval of at least three days should be allowed between each
dose adjustment.

Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water irrespective of meals;
do not break or chew the tablet.
If you have the impression that the effect of Lecado is too strong or
too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Children and adolescents (under 18 years of age)
The use of Lecado in patients under the age of 18 is not
recommended (see section “Take special care with Lecado”).

Length of treatment
Your doctor will tell you how long you must keep using Lecado. Do
not stop treatment before you should; otherwise, your symptoms
may return.
If you take more Lecado than you should
If you have taken too much Lecado, contact your doctor or
pharmacist immediately.
Overdose symptoms may include: spasms of the orbicularis oculi
muscle surrounding the eye (see also section 4: “Possible side
effects”).

If you forget to take Lecado
Do not take a double dose of Lecado to make up for a forgotten
dose. If you have forgotten a dose, you can still take it unless it is
almost time for your next dose. If this occurs, continue on your
normal dosage schedule.

Continued on the next page >>

If you stop taking Lecado
Your doctor will monitor you regularly if your dosage is suddenly
lowered or if your treatment is stopped. Please read the section:
“Take special care with Lecado”, particularly if you are using drugs in
the treatment of psychosis (antipsychotic agents).
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask
your doctor or pharmacist.

4

Possible side effects

Like all medicines, Lecado can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them. Side effects that may occur are:
• very common
in more than one in 10 patients
• common
in more than one in 100 patients, but less
than one in 10 patients
• uncommon
in more than one in 1,000 patients, but less
than one in 100 patients
• rare
in more than one in 10,000 patients, but
less than one in 1,000 patients
• very rare in less than one in 10,000 patients
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Rare:
• a blood disorder (lack of white blood cells) accompanied by an
increased susceptibility to infections (leukopenia)
• anaemia (haemolytic and non-haemolytic)
• a blood disorder (lack of blood platelets) accompanied by
bruising and a tendency to bleed (thrombocytopenia)
Very rare:
• a very serious blood disorder (lack of white blood cells)
accompanied by sudden high fever, severe sore throat and
mouth ulcers (agranulocytosis).
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
Common:
• loss of appetite (anorexia)
Uncommon:
• weight loss
• weight gain.

Psychiatric disorders
Common:
• seeing things that are not there (hallucinations)
• confusion
• dizziness
• nightmares
• drowsiness
• tiredness
• sleeplessness
• depression with (very rarely) suicidal tendencies
• feeling of well-being (euphoria)
• dementia
• episodes of serious mental illness, during which control over
oneʼs own conduct and behaviour is impaired (psychosis)
• feeling of stimulation
Rare:
• excitement (agitation)
• anxiety
• impaired ability to think
• disorientation
• headache
• increased sexual desire
• numbness
• fits/ seizures.

Unknown frequency:
• inability to resist the impulse to perform an action that could be
harmful, which may include:
• strong impulse to gamble excessively despite serious personal or
family consequences
• altered or increased sexual interest and behaviour of significant
concern to you or to others, for example, an increased sex drive
• uncontrollable excessive shopping or spending
• binge eating (eating large amounts of food in a short time period)
or compulsive eating (eating more food than normal and more
than is needed to satisfy your hunger)
Tell your doctor if you experience any of these behaviours to
discuss ways of managing or reducing the symptoms.
Drowsiness and (very rarely) constant daytime fatigue/ sudden
attacks of sleep.

Nervous system disorders
Common:
• movement disorders (dyskinesia)
• a disorder characterised by sudden involuntary movements
(chorea)
• muscle tone disorder (dystonia)
• movement disorders caused from outside the nervous system
(extrapyramidal)
• sudden changes in Parkinsonʼs symptoms ("on-off" symptoms)
• slowdown in movements during "on-off" periods (bradykinesia)
Uncommon:
• ataxia
• increase in hand tremors

Rare:
• a serious condition as a result of using neuroleptics, which may
manifest as muscle stiffness, a severe inability to sit still, high
fever, sweating, increased salivation and impaired consciousness
(neuroleptic malignant syndrome)
• feelings of prickling, tingling and itchiness without any apparent
cause (paraesthesia)
• fits
• gait disorders
• lockjaw.
Eye disorders
Rare:
• blurred vision
• spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle surrounding the eye (this
may be a sign of overdosage)
• activation of a pre-existing Horner's syndrome (an eye disorder)
• double vision
• dilated pupils
• a deterioration in eye movements.
Cardiac (heart) disorders
Common:
• palpitations
• irregular heartbeat.

Vascular disorders
Common:
• a drop in blood pressure caused e.g. by getting up too quickly
from a sitting or lying position, sometimes accompanied by
dizziness (orthostatic hypotension)
• tendency to faint
• sudden loss of consciousness

Respiratory, thoracic (chest) and mediastinal disorders (i.e. the
area between the lungs)
Uncommon:
• hoarseness
• chest pain
Rare:
• breathlessness
• abnormal breathing patterns.
Gastrointestinal disorders
Common:
• nausea
• vomiting
• dry mouth
• bitter taste

Uncommon:
• constipation
• diarrhoea
• increased salivation
• difficulties in swallowing (dysphagia)
• wind

Rare:
• impaired digestion with symptoms such as feelings of fullness in
the upper abdomen, upper abdominal pain, belching, nausea,
vomiting and heartburn (dyspepsia)
• stomach and intestinal pain
• dark saliva
• bruxism (grinding of teeth)
• hiccups
• stomach and intestinal bleeding
• burning tongue
• duodenal ulcers.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Uncommon:
• fluid accumulation (oedema)

Rare:
• sudden build-up of fluid in the skin and mucous membranes (e.g.
throat and tongue), breathing difficulties and/or itching and skin
rash, often appearing as an allergic reaction (angioedema)
• skin rash with severe itching and the formation of wheals
(urticaria)
• itching
• facial redness
• hair loss
• skin rash
• increased sweating
• dark sweat
• in children, allergy-related bleeding in the skin and
gastrointestinal tract wall (Schönlein-Henoch purpura).
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Uncommon:
• muscle spasms.
Renal and urinary disorders
Uncommon:
• dark urine

Rare:
• urine retention
• involuntary passing of urine
• persistent erection (priapism).

General disorders and administration site conditions
Uncommon:
• weakness
• feeling of being unwell (malaise)
• hot flushes.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side
effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

5

How to store Lecado

• Children: Keep out of the reach and sight of children.

• Use by Date: Do not take Lecado after the expiry date which is
stated on the blister and the carton after Exp.
• Storage conditions:
This medicinal product does not require any special storage
conditions.

Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater of household
waste. Ask you pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer
required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6

Further information

What Lecado contains
The active substances of Lecado 100/25 mg and 200/50 mg are:
Levodopa and Carbidopa

One Lecado 100/25 mg tablet contains 100 mg levodopa and 25 mg
carbidopa (as carbidopa monohydrate).
One Lecado 200/50 mg tablet contains 200 mg levodopa and 50 mg
carbidopa (as carbidopa monohydrate).
The other ingredients (excipients) are: hypromellose, colloidal
anhydrous silica, fumaric acid, sodium stearyl fumarate, macrogol
6000, quinoline yellow (E104), yellow and red iron oxide (E172),
titanium dioxide (E171).
What Lecado looks like and contents of the pack
Appearance:
Lecado 100/25 mg: orange-brown, biconcave, round tablets with
rounded edges.
Lecado 200/50 mg: orange-brown, round, biconvex tablets.

The prolonged-release tablets are packed in blister strips containing
30, 50, 60 or 100 tablets, which are packed in a box. Not all pack
sizes will be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Sandoz Ltd,
Frimley Business Park,
Frimley, Camberley,
Surrey, GU16 7SR, UK.
Manufacturers
Salutas Pharma GmbH
Otto-von-Guericke-Allee 1
39179 Barleben
Germany.

This leaflet was last revised in 10/2012.

Uncommon:
• increase in blood pressure

Rare:
• inflammation of the veins (phlebitis).

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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