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Active substance(s): IFOSFAMIDE

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Ifosfamide Injection 1 g and 2 g
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you
are given this medicine because it contains
important information for you.

• Ifosfamide can make you feel sick or be sick. This can last
for about 24 hours after taking Ifosfamide. You may need to
be given medicines to stop feeling or being sick. Ask your
doctor about this.

• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

Using other medicines and treatments

Throughout this leaflet, Ifosfamide Injection 1 g and 2 g will
be called Ifosfamide.

Important things to know about Ifosfamide
Your doctor has prescribed Ifosfamide because you have
cancer that can be treated.
Ifosfamide is a medicine that kills cancer cells but, as a
result, also attacks normal cells. It can therefore have
a number of side effects. Your doctor will not give you
Ifosfamide unless he or she thinks that your cancer is more
of a risk to you than any possible side effects. Your doctor
will check you regularly and treat any side effects where
• will reduce your blood cell count, which may make you
feel tired and be more likely to get infections.
• can affect your kidneys and bladder. You may be given
another medicine called Mesna to help prevent any
damage. If you notice blood in your urine, tell your
doctor immediately.
• can cause mental problems, such as confusion, feeling
unusually sleepy and more seriously, fits and loss of
• like most anti-cancer or chemotherapy medicines,
you may lose your hair (anything from thinning to total
loss), although it should start to grow back once your
treatment has finished. It may also make you feel sick
or be sick. Your doctor can give you advice or medicines
to help.
• Men or women should not have a child during treatment
with Ifosfamide or for at least 6 months after treatment.
You should use an effective contraceptive. Ask your
doctor for advice.
Now read the rest of this leaflet. It includes other
important information on the use of Ifosfamide that might
be especially important for you.

What is in this leaflet:

What Ifosfamide is and what it is used for
What you need to know before you are given Ifosfamide
How you will be given Ifosfamide
Possible side effects
How Ifosfamide is stored
Contents of the pack and other information

1 What Ifosfamide is and what it is used for
Ifosfamide is a cytotoxic drug or anti-cancer drug. It works by
killing cancer cells, this is sometimes called ‘chemotherapy’.
It is used to treat lots of different cancers. Ifosfamide is often
used together with other anti-cancer drugs or radiotherapy.

2 What you need to know before you are
given Ifosfamide
You will not be given Ifosfamide if:
• you have ever had an allergic reaction to Ifosfamide. An
allergic reaction can include shortness of breath, wheezing,
rash, itching or swelling of the face and lips
• you have a condition which decreases your ability to
urinate (Urinary outflow obstruction)
• your bone marrow is not working properly (especially if you
have previously had chemotherapy or radiotherapy). You
will have blood tests to check how well your bone marrow
is working
• you have a urinary tract infection, which can be recognised
as pain when passing urine (cystitis)
• your liver and kidneys are not working properly. You will
have blood tests to check this
• you currently have any infections
• you have ever had kidney or bladder problems as a result
of previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Tell your doctor if:
• you are already having, or have recently had, radiotherapy
or chemotherapy
• you have liver or kidney problems
• you have been treated with cisplatin
• you have poor general health or are frail
• you are elderly.
If any of the above apply to you your doctor may need to do
extra tests on your blood or urine and may decide to change
your treatment.

Take special care with Ifosfamide:
• Ifosfamide can have effects on your blood and immune
• Blood cells are made in your bone marrow. Three different
types of blood cell are made:
– red blood cells, which carry oxygen around your body
– white blood cells, which fight infection, and
– platelets, which help your blood to clot.
• After taking Ifosfamide, your blood count of the three
types of cells will drop. This is an unavoidable side effect
of Ifosfamide. Your blood count will reach its lowest level
about 5 to 10 days after you start taking Ifosfamide and
will stay low until a few days after you finish the course.
Most people recover to a normal blood count within 21 to
28 days. If you have had a lot of chemotherapy in the past,
it may take a little longer to return to normal.
• You may be more likely to get infections when your blood
count drops. Try to avoid close contact with people who
have coughs, colds and other infections.
• Your doctor will check that the number of red blood cells,
white blood cells and platelets is high enough before and
during your treatment with Ifosfamide.
• Ifosfamide can affect wound healing. Keep any cuts clean
and dry, and check they are healing normally.
• It is important to keep your gums healthy, as mouth ulcers
and infections can occur. Ask your doctor about this if you
are unsure.
• Ifosfamide can damage the lining of your bladder,
causing bleeding into your urine. Your doctor knows this
can happen and, if necessary, he or she will give you a
medicine called Mesna which will protect your bladder.
• Mesna can either be given to you as a short injection, or
mixed into the drip solution with your Ifosfamide, or as
• More information on Mesna can be found in the Patient
Information Leaflet for Mesna Injection and Mesna tablets.
• Most people having Ifosfamide with Mesna do not develop
any problems with their bladder, but your doctor may
want to test your urine for the presence of blood using a
‘dipstick’ or microscope.
• If you notice that you have blood in the urine, you must tell
your doctor straight away.
• Ifosfamide can damage your kidneys so that they do not
work properly.
• This is more likely to happen if you only have one kidney or
if your kidneys are already damaged.
• This is often temporary and they return to normal once
Ifosfamide therapy is stopped. Occasionally the damage is
permanent and more severe.
• Your doctor will check your test results for signs of kidney
• Cancer medicines and radiation therapy can increase the
risk of you developing other cancers; this can be a number
of years after your treatment has stopped.
• Ifosfamide can cause damage to your heart or affect the
rhythm of it beating. This increases with higher doses of
Ifosfamide, if you are being treated with radiation or other
chemotherapy medicines or if you are elderly. Your doctor
will monitor your heart closely during treatment.
• Ifosfamide can cause inflammation or scarring in your
lungs. This can occur more than six months after your
treatment. If you start having difficulty breathing tell your
doctor straight away.
• Ifosfamide can have life threatening effects on your liver.
If you have sudden weight gain, liver pain and jaundice tell
your doctor straight away.
• Hair thinning or baldness can occur. Your hair should grow
back normally though it may be different in texture or


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Version: 01

Artworker: Caroline Berghmans

Date: 12 MAY 2016

Errors: Yes / No PR1:

Errors: Yes / No PR2:






Draft: 2nd

Tell your doctor or nurse if you are taking or have recently
taken any other medicines, including medicines you have
bought yourself.
In particular, tell them about the following medicines or
treatments as they may not work well with Ifosfamide:

The following medicines can increase the
toxicity of Ifosfamide:
medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your
blood cells and immunity:

ACE inhibitors (used to treat high blood pressure)
Carboplatin (used to treat cancer)
Cisplatin (used to treat cancer)
Natalizumab (used to treat multiple sclerosis)

medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your
• anthracyclines such as bleomycin, doxorubicin,
epirubicin, mitomycin (used to treat cancer)
• radiation in the area of your heart

medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your
• Amiodarone (used to treat irregular heart beat)
• G-CSF, GM-CSF hormones (used to increase white blood
cell numbers after chemotherapy)

medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your

Acyclovir (used to treat viruses)
Aminoglycosides (used to treat bacterial infections)
Amphotericin B (used to treat fungal infections)
Carboplatin (used to treat cancer)
Cisplatin (used to treat cancer)

medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your
• Busulfan (used to treat cancer)
• Irradiation of the bladder

medicines that can cause additive effects on you
central nervous system when combined with

Antiemetics (used to control vomiting and nausea)
Antihistamines (used to treat allergic reactions)

the following medicines can increase the toxicity of

• Carbamazepine, Phenytoin, Phenobarbital (used to treat
• Corticosteroids (used to treat inflammation)
• Rifampin (used to treat bacterial infections)
• St. John’s (a herbal remedy for mild depression)

the following medicines can reduce how effective
Ifosfamide is:

• Ketoconazole, Fluconazole, Itraconazole (used to treat
bacterial or protozoal infections)
• Sorafenib (used to treat cancer)
• Aprepitant (used to prevent being sick)

other medicines that can affect or be affected by
Ifosfamide include:

Docetaxel (used to treat cancer)
Coumarins such as warfarin (used to thin the blood)
Tamoxifen: (used to treat breast cancer)
Cisplatin: (used to treat cancer)
Irinotecan: (used to treat cancer)

Using Ifosfamide with food and drink
Drinking alcohol can increase the nausea and vomiting
caused by Ifosfamide.

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and contraception
Do not become pregnant while taking Ifosfamide. This is
because it can cause miscarriage or damage your unborn
baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, think you might be
pregnant or are trying to become pregnant.
• Men or women should not try to have a child during or for
at least 6 to 12 months after treatment. You should use an
effective contraceptive. Ask your doctor for advice.
• Ifosfamide can affect your ability to have children in the
future. Talk to your doctor about freezing sperm samples or
eggs before your treatment starts.
Do not breast-feed while being treated with Ifosfamide. Ask
your doctor for advice.

Driving or operating machines
Some of the side effects of treatment with Ifosfamide might
affect your ability to drive and use machines safely. Your
doctor will decide if it is safe for you to do so.

What to do if you see a different doctor, or have
to go to hospital
If you see any other doctor or have to go to hospital for any
reason, tell them what medicines you are taking. Do not take
any other medicines unless your doctor knows you are taking

3 How you will be given Ifosfamide
Ifosfamide will be given to you by a doctor or nurse.
• Ifosfamide will normally be added to a large bag of fluid
and will be slowly injected (infused) directly in to your vein.
The vein can be in your arm, the back of your hand or a
large vein under your collar bone. Depending on your dose,
the Injection usually takes several hours but may be given
over several days.
• Ifosfamide is often given with other anti-cancer drugs or

The usual dose
• Your doctor will decide how much of the medicine you
need and when you should take it.
• The amount of Ifosfamide you will need to take depends
– the type of illness you have
– how big you are (a combination of your height and
– your general health
– whether you are being given other anti-cancer drugs or
having radiotherapy.
Ifosfamide is usually given as a series of courses of
treatment. After a course there is a break (a period when no
injections are given) before the next course.

If you are given too much Ifosfamide
It is unlikely that you will be given more Ifosfamide than you
should, because it will be given to you by a trained and
qualified person. They would stop the injection straightaway if
too much was given.

4 Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Ifosfamide can cause side effects,
although not everybody gets them. The following side effects
may happen with this medicine.

Tell your doctor straight away, if you notice any
of the following serious side effects:
• getting bruises without knocking yourself, being slow to
stop bleeding or bleeding from your nose or gums. This
may be a sign that the platelet levels in your blood are
getting too low
• a lowering of your white blood cell count, your doctor
will check this during your treatment. It will not cause
any signs, but you will be more likely to get infections.
If you think you have an infection (a high temperature,
feeling cold and shivery, or hot and sweaty, or any signs
of infection such as a cough, or stinging on passing water)
you may need antibiotics to fight infections because your
blood count is lower than usual
• very pale, lethargic and tired. This may be a sign of low red
blood cells (anaemia). Usually, no treatment is required,
your body will eventually replace the red blood cells. If you
are very anaemic, you may need a blood transfusion
• blood in your urine, pain, or less being passed
• mental state changes. In some people Ifosfamide can
affect the brain. Sometimes people on Ifosfamide do
not realise that they have been affected but friends and
relatives may notice a change in them.
Turn over leaflet for further information.


DATE 12 MAY 2016







If any of the following side effects are seen your doctor will
stop your treatment with Ifosfamide
– mania
– paranoia
– delusion
– delirium
– amnesia
– motionless and unresponsive to stimuli (catatonia)
– panic attack
– inability to speak (mutism)
– repeating words (echolalia)
– being fixed on a task (perseveration).

Other possible side effects may be:
Immune system and Infections
• allergic reactions, signs of this would be shortness of
breath, wheezing, rash, itching or swelling of the face and
lips (hypersensitivity). Severe allergic reactions could lead
to difficulty in breathing or shock, with a possible fatal
outcome (anaphylactic shock, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid
• reduction in the effectiveness of your immune system
• increased risk and severity of bacterial, fungal, viral,
protozoal or parasitic infections due to the effect of
ifosfamide on your immune system
• reactivation of infections you have had before (latent
• severe infection spreading through the blood which may
lead to a dangerous drop in blood pressure with a possible
fatal outcome (sepsis, shock)
• swelling of the skin around the face, inside of the mouth
and throat (angioedema)
• a skin rash of red itchy swellings (urticaria).
• secondary tumours in various parts of the body, often in
the area of the bladder
• progression of underlying cancers.
Blood and Lymphatic System
• decrease in the activity of your bone marrow
This can cause a decrease in the number of cells in your
– white cells – which fight infection (leucopenia,
agranulocytosis). This may be associated with fever
(febrile bone marrow aplasia)
– platelets – which help your blood clot
– red cells – which carry oxygen around the body
(anaemia, neonatal anaemia, haemolytic anaemia)
This may be associated with a decrease in their ability
to carry oxygen (methaemoglobinaemia)
• formation of small blood clots in your blood vessels
disrupting the normal blood flow around your body
(disseminated intravascular coagulation)
• haemolytic uremic syndrome – a condition causing
abnormal break down of the red blood cells, decreased
numbers of platelets in the blood and kidney failure.
Endocrine System
• increase in the release of antidiuretic hormone from the
pituitary gland (SIADH). This affects the kidneys causing
the low levels of sodium in your blood (hypernatraemia)
and water retention.
Metabolism and Nutrition
• loss or decrease of appetite
• changes to your metabolism caused by the breakdown of
the dying cancer cells (Tumour lysis syndrome)
• increase of acidity of body fluids (metabolic acidosis)
• low blood levels of potassium which can cause abnormal
heart rhythms, constipation, fatigue, muscle weakness
or spasms, depression, psychosis, delirium, confusion, or
hallucinations (hypokalaemia)
• low blood levels of calcium which can cause muscle
cramps and twitching, irregular heartbeat, overactive
reflexes, and burning or tingling sensations in the hands
and feet (hypocalcaemia)
• low blood levels of phosphate which can cause bone pain,
confusion and muscle weakness (hypophosphataemia)
• high blood sugar levels which can cause thirst, tiredness
and irritability (hyperglycaemia)
• excessive thirst that is also accompanied by excessive fluid
intake (polydipsia).
Digestive system
• feeling sick and being (nausea, vomiting)
• diarrhoea
• inflammation of the lining of your mouth, including ulcers
• inflammation of your intestines or bowel (enterocolitis)
• severe tummy and back pain which may be from
inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
• decrease bowel activity which may lead to bowel
obstruction (ileus)
• bleeding in your stomach or intestines (gastrointestinal
• ulceration of the lining of the digestive system (mucosal
• constipation
• increased saliva production
Nervous System
• a disorder of the nerves which can cause weakness,
tingling or numbness (peripheral neuropathy)
• having difficulties in controlling or coordinating the
muscles you use when you speak, or weakness of those
muscles (Dysarthria)
• a syndrome called Status epilepticus (convulsive and
nonconvulsive) defined as one continuous, unremitting
seizure lasting longer than 5 minutes, or recurrent seizures
without regaining consciousness between seizures for
greater than 5 minutes
• effects on the brain (encephalopathy), signs of this can be
problems in thinking or concentrating, reduced alertness,
changes in personality, tiredness, fits, muscle twitching,
and shaking
• movement disorders and gait disturbances (movement
disorder, extrapyramidal disorder, gait disorder)
• effects on the spinal cord (myelopathy), which can cause
numbness, weakness and tingling in the hands, loss of
motor skills
• pain from your nerves, which can also feel like an aching
or burning sensation (neuralgia)
• flapping tremor of the hand (asterixis)
• tingling or numbness, often in the hands or feet
• loss of sense of touch or sensation (hypoesthesia)
• inability to control bowel movements (faecal incontinence).
Eyes and Ears
• blurring, reduction or loss of sight
• inflammation of the eye (conjunctivitis)
• irritation of the eyes
• deafness or hearing impairment
• dizziness or feeling of spinning (vertigo)
• ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
Heart and Circulation
• damage to the heart muscle (cardiotoxicity)
• changes in your heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
• irregular heart beat (atrial fibrillation)
• early heartbeat (premature atrial contractions)
• slower heart beat (bradycardia)
• heart attack (myocardial infarction)
• decrease in your hearts ability to pump enough blood
around your body which may be life threatening (cardiac
failure or cardiac arrest)
• bleeding in to the muscles of the heart (myocardial
• chest pain from reduced blood supply to the heart (angina
• disease of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy, congestive
• abnormal ECG heart tracing
• blood clot in the lungs which causes chest pain and
breathlessness (pulmonary embolism)
• blood clot, usually in a leg, which causes pain swelling or
redness (deep vein thrombosis)
• leaking of fluid from the circulation into surrounding
tissues (capillary leak syndrome)
• inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis)
• low or high blood pressure (hypotension, hypertension)
• reddening of the skin (flushing).
• life-threatening decrease of your lungs ability to transfer
oxygen in to your blood (respiratory failure)
• conditions causing inflammation of the lungs which can
cause breathlessness, cough and raised temperature
or scarring of the lungs (pneumonitis, acute respiratory
distress syndrome)
• scarring of the lungs which causes shortness of breath
(interstitial lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis)
• fluid in or around the lungs (pulmonary oedema, pleural

• increased blood pressure in the lungs which can cause
shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, angina, fainting,
peripheral oedema (pulmonary hypertension)
• shortness of breath (dyspnoea)
• decrease levels of oxygen in your body (hypoxia)
• cough
• a build up of toxins in the body due to liver failure
• liver failure
• blockage of the small veins in your liver (veno-occlusive
liver disease) which can cause weight gain, increased liver
size, pain and jaundice
• reduction of blood supply or blockage of the portal vein of
the liver (portal vein thrombosis)
• inflammation of the liver which can cause jaundice, weight
loss and malaise (cytolytic hepatitis).
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue
• hair loss (alopecia)
• inflammation of this skin which may cause rash, blisters,
itching, sores, oozing and scarring (dermatitis)
• skin eruption or reaction consisting of small, round, raised
bumps that have clear borders (popular rash)
• life threatening conditions which cause rash, ulcers, sore
throat, fever, conjunctivitis, separation of skin layers (toxic
epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome)
• swelling, numbness, red lumps and peeling of skin on
the hands and feet (Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia
• redness and blistering of the skin appearing months or
years after treatment (Radiation recall dermatitis)
• swelling of the face
• rash
• itching (pruritus)
• itchy, red rash which can develop in to sores (erythema)
• changes in colour of your fingernails and skin
• separation of the nail bed which can cause nails to fall off
• excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis).
Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue
• abnormal muscle breakdown which can lead to kidney
problems (rhabdomyolysis)
• softening of the bones that could cause severe bone
pain, pain caused by slight crack in the bone back pain,
partial or complete fractures and muscle weaknesses
(osteomalacia, rickets)
• growth retardation
• muscle pain (myalgia) or joint pain (arthralgia)
• muscle twitching.
Renal and Urinary
• inflammation of the bladder lining which causes
pain, bleeding, blood in the urine, reduced urine flow
(haemorrhagic cystitis)
• blood in the urine (haematuria)
• life threatening decrease in the abilities of your kidney to
adequately remove toxins and waste products from the
blood (renal dysfunction, renal failure)
• kidney malfunction causing increased of total urine amino
acids into urine (aminoaciduria). Your doctor will do urine
tests to test for these
• kidney malfunction causing urine to appear cloudy or
murky colour (phosphaturia)
• kidney malfunction leads to excessive urine production
and excessive thirst, resulting in deficits of water, calcium,
potassium, magnesium, and other substances in the body
(fanconi syndrome)
• inflammation of the kidneys (tubulointerstitial nephritis)
• changes to the structure of your kidneys which prevent
them from working correctly (renal structural damage)
• glucose in the urine (nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)
• condition usually defined as excessive or abnormally large
production or passage of urine (polyuria)
• repeated inability to control urination (enuresis)
• feeling of residual urine.
Pregnancy and Fertility
• infertility. Sperm production in men and egg production in
women may be reduced or stop. In some cases this can be
• loss of ovarian function before age 40 (ovarian failure,
premature menopause)
• absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) or absence of
ovulation (ovulation disorder)
• absence of measurable level of sperm in male semen
(azoospermia) or less number of sperm in the ejaculate of
the male (oligospermia).
Congenital, Familial and Genetic Disorders
• reduction in growth, deformity or death of a foetus while in
the womb.
General Disorders and Administrative Site Conditions
• inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs (phlebitis)
• fatigue
• feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness (malaise)
• life threatening failure of multiple organs
• general physical deterioration
• appearance of skin changes and irritation at the site of
injection or infusion
• swelling
• pain
• fever
• chills.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You
can also report side effects directly (see details below). By
reporting side effects you can help provide more information
on the safety of this medicine.
ADR Reporting
Yellow Card Scheme

5 How Ifosfamide is stored
Because Ifosfamide is usually given in hospital it will be
stored safely and correctly by the hospital staff. If you do need
the storage conditions they are given below.
• Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
• Do not use Ifosfamide after the expiry date which is stated
on the label after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day
of that month.
• Do not store above 25ºC. Store in the original container.

6 Contents of the pack and other information
What Ifosfamide contains
The active substance is Ifosfamide and each vial contains
1 g or 2 g.
There are no other ingredients.

What Ifosfamide looks like and contents of the
Ifosfamide is a dry white powder supplied in clear glass vials.
Each carton contains 1 vial.
The contents of each vial has to be mixed with sterile water
(called ‘water for injections’) before use.

Nature and contents of container
Vials are packed with or without a protective plastic
overwrap. Protective plastic overwrap does not come into
contact with the medicinal product and provides additional
transport protection, which increases the safety for the
medical and pharmaceutical personnel.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and
The Marketing Authorisation holder is:
Baxter Healthcare Ltd
Caxton Way
IP24 3SE
United Kingdom
Send all enquiries to this address.
Ifosfamide is manufactured by:
Baxter Oncology GmbH
Kantstrasse 2
33790 Halle/Westfalen

This leaflet was last revised in 04/2016.

For information about Ifosfamide or to
request this leaflet in formats such as
audio or large print please contact the
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Tel: +44 (0)1635 206345.
Baxter is a trademark of Baxter International Inc



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DATE 12 MAY 2016







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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.