IFOSFAMIDE 40MG/ML SOLUTION FOR INFUSION
Ifosfamide 40 mg/ml Solution for Infusion
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you are given this medicine because it contains
important information for you..
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet.
Throughout this leaflet, Ifosfamide 40 mg/ml Solution for Infusion will be called Ifosfamide.
Important things to know about Ifosfamide
Your doctor has prescribed Ifosfamide because you have cancer that can be treated.
Ifosfamide is a medicine that kills cancer cells but, as a result, also attacks normal cells. It can
therefore have a number of side effects. Your doctor will not give you Ifosfamide unless he or
she thinks that your cancer is more of a risk to you than any possible side effects. Your doctor
will check you regularly and treat any side effects where possible.
• will reduce your blood cell count, which may make you feel tired and be more likely to get
• can affect your kidneys and bladder. You may be given another medicine called Mesna to
help prevent any damage. If you notice blood in your urine, tell your doctor immediately.
• can cause mental problems, such as confusion, feeling unusually sleepy and more
seriously, fits and loss of consciousness.
• like most anti-cancer or chemotherapy medicines, you may lose your hair (anything from
thinning to total loss), although it should start to grow back once your treatment has
finished. It may also make you feel sick or be sick. Your doctor can give you advice or
medicines to help.
• Men or women should not have a child during treatment with Ifosfamide or for at least 6
months after treatment. You should use an effective contraceptive. Ask your doctor for
Now read the rest of this leaflet. It includes other important information on the use of
Ifosfamide that might be especially important for you.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What is Ifosfamide and what is it used for?
2. What you need to know before you are given Ifosfamide
3. How you will be given Ifosfamide
4. Possible side effects
5. Storing IFOSFAMIDE 40 mg/ml
Contents of the pack and other information
1. What is Ifosfamide and what is it used for?
Ifosfamide is a cytotoxic drug or anti-cancer drug. It works by killing cancer cells, this is
sometimes called ‘chemotherapy’.
It is used to treat lots of different cancers. Ifosfamide is often used together with other anticancer drugs or radiotherapy.
2. What you need to know before you are given Ifosfamide
You will not be given Ifosfamide if:
you have ever had an allergic reaction to Ifosfamide or any of the other ingredients. An
allergic reaction can include shortness of breath, wheezing, rash, itching or swelling of
the face and lips you have a condition which decreases your ability to urinate (Urinary
your bone marrow is not working properly (especially if you have previously had
chemotherapy or radiotherapy). You will have blood tests to check how well your bone
marrow is working
you have a urinary tract infection, which can be recognised as pain when passing urine
your liver and kidneys are not working properly. You will have blood tests to check this.
you currently have any infections
you have ever had kidney or bladder problems as a result of previous chemotherapy or
Tell your doctor if:
• you are already having, or have recently had, radiotherapy or chemotherapy
• you have diabetes
• you have liver or kidney problems.
• you have been treated with cisplatin
• you have poor general health or are frail
• you are elderly.
If any of the above apply to you your doctor may need to do extra tests on your blood or urine
and may decide to change your treatment.
Take special care with Ifosfamide :
• Ifosfamide can have effects on your blood and immune system.
• Blood cells are made in your bone marrow. Three different types of blood cell are made:
- red blood cells, which carry oxygen around your body
- white blood cells, which fight infection, and
- platelets, which help your blood to clot.
• After taking Ifosfamide, your blood count of the three types of cells will drop. This is an
unavoidable side effect of Ifosfamide. Your blood count will reach its lowest level about 5 to
10 days after you start taking Ifosfamide and will stay low until a few days after you finish
the course. Most people recover to a normal blood count within 21 to 28 days. If you have
had a lot of chemotherapy in the past, it may take a little longer to return to normal.
• You may be more likely to get infections when your blood count drops. Try to avoid close
contact with people who have coughs, colds and other infections.
• Your doctor will check that the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets is
high enough before and during your treatment with Ifosfamide.
• Ifosfamide can affect wound healing. Keep any cuts clean and dry, and check they are
• It is important to keep your gums healthy, as mouth ulcers and infections can occur. Ask
your doctor about this if you are unsure.
• Ifosfamide can damage the lining of your bladder, causing bleeding into your urine. Your
doctor knows this can happen and, if necessary, he or she will give you a medicine called
Mesna which will protect your bladder.
• Mesna can either be given to you as a short injection, or mixed into the drip solution with
your Ifosfamide, or as tablets.
• More information on Mesna can be found in the Patient Information Leaflet for Mesna
Injection and Mesna tablets.
• Most people having Ifosfamide with Mesna do not develop any problems with their bladder,
but your doctor may want to test your urine for the presence of blood using a ‘dipstick’ or
• If you notice that you have blood in the urine, you must tell your doctor straight away.
• Ifosfamide can damage your kidneys so that they do not work properly.
• This is more likely to happen if you only have one kidney or if your kidneys are already
• This is often temporary and they return to normal once Ifosfamide therapy is stopped.
Occasionally the damage is permanent and more severe.
• Your doctor will check your test results for signs of kidney damage.
• Cancer medicines and radiation therapy can increase the risk of you developing other
cancers; this can be a number of years after your treatment has stopped.
• Ifosfamide can cause damage to your heart or affect the rhythm of it beating. This
increases with higher doses of Ifosfamide, if you are being treated with radiation or other
chemotherapy medicines or if you are elderly. Your doctor will monitor your heart closely
• Ifosfamide can cause inflammation or scarring in your lungs. This can occur more than six
months after your treatment. If you start having difficulty breathing tell your doctor straight
• Ifosfamide can have life threatening effects on your liver. If you have sudden weight gain,
liver pain and jaundice tell your doctor straight away.
Hair thinning or baldness can occur. Your hair should grow back normally though it may
be different in texture or colour.
• Ifosfamide can make you feel sick or be sick. This can last for about 24 hours after taking
Ifosfamide. You may need to be given medicines to stop feeling or being sick. Ask your
doctor about this.
Using other medicines and treatments
Tell your doctor or nurse if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines,
including medicines you have bought yourself.
In particular, tell them about the following medicines or treatments as they may not work well
The following medicines can increase the toxicity of Ifosfamide:
medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your blood cells and immunity:
• ACE inhibitors (used to treat high blood pressure).
• Carboplatin (used to treat cancer)
• Cisplatin (used to treat cancer)
• Natalizumab (used to treat multiple sclerosis)
medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your heart:
• anthracyclines such as bleomycin, doxorubicin, epirubicin, mitomycin (used to treat
• radiation in the area of your heart
medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your lungs:
• Amiodarone (used to treat irregular heart beat)
• G-CSF, GM-CSF hormones (used to increase white blood cell numbers after
medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your kidneys :
• Acyclovir (used to treat viruses)
• Aminoglycosides (used to treat bacterial infections)
• Amphotericin B (used to treat fungal infections)
• Carboplatin (used to treat cancer)
• Cisplatin (used to treat cancer)
medicines that can increase the toxic effects on your bladder:
• Busulfan (used to treat cancer)
• Irradiation of the bladder
medicines that can cause additive effects on you central nervous system when
combined with ifosfamide
• Antiemetics ( used to control vomiting and nausea)
• Antihistamines ( used to treat allergic reactions)
the following medicines can increase the toxicity of Ifosfamide:
• Carbamazepine ,Phenytoin, Phenobarbital (used to treat epilepsy)
• Corticosteroids (used to treat inflammation)
• Rifampin (used to treat bacterial infections)
• St. John’s (a herbal remedy for mild depression)
the following medicines can reduce how effective Ifosfamide is:
• Ketoconazole ,Fluconazole ,Itraconazole (used to treat bacterial or protozoal
• Sorafenib ( used to treat cancer)
• Aprepitant (used to prevent being sick)
other medicines that can affect or be affected by Ifosfamide include:
Docetaxel( used to treat cancer)
Coumarins such as warfarin (used to thin the blood)
Tamoxifen: (used to treat breast cancer)
Cisplatin: (used to treat cancer).
Irinotecan : (used to treat cancer)
Using Ifosfamide with food and drink
Drinking alcohol can increase the nausea and vomiting caused by Ifosfamide.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and contraception
Do not become pregnant while taking Ifosfamide. This is because it can cause miscarriage or
damage your unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, think you might be pregnant or
are trying to become pregnant.
• Men or women should not try to have a child during or for at least 6 to 12 months after
treatment. You should use an effective contraceptive. Ask your doctor for advice.
• Ifosfamide can affect your ability to have children in the future. Talk to your doctor about
freezing sperm samples or eggs before your treatment starts.
Do not breast-feed while being treated with Ifosfamide. Ask your doctor for advice.
Driving or operating machines
Some of the side effects of treatment with Ifosfamide might affect your ability to drive and use
machines safely. Your doctor will decide if it is safe for you to do so.
3. How you will be given Ifosfamide
Ifosfamide will be given to you by a doctor or nurse.
• Ifosfamide will normally be added to a large bag of fluid and will be slowly injected (infused)
directly in to your vein. The vein can be in your arm, the back of your hand or a large vein
under your collar bone. Depending on your dose, the Injection usually takes several hours
but may be given over several days.
• Ifosfamide is often given with other anti-cancer drugs or radiotherapy.
The usual dose
• Your doctor will decide how much of the medicine you need and when you should take it.
• The amount of Ifosfamide you will need to take depends on:
- the type of illness you have
- how big you are (a combination of your height and weight)
- your general health
- whether you are being given other anti-cancer drugs or having radiotherapy.
Ifosfamide is usually given as a series of courses of treatment. After a course there is a break
(a period when no injections are given) before the next course.
If you are given too much Ifosfamide
It is unlikely that you will be given more Ifosfamide than you should, because it will be given to
you by a trained and qualified person. They would stop the injection straightaway if too much
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Ifosfamide can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The
following side effects may happen with this medicine.
Tell your doctor straight away, if you notice any of the following serious side effects:
• getting bruises without knocking yourself, being slow to stop bleeding or bleeding from your
nose or gums. This may be a sign that the platelet levels in your blood are getting too low
• a lowering of your white blood cell count, your doctor will check this during your treatment.
It will not cause any signs, but you will be more likely to get infections. If you think you have
an infection (a high temperature, feeling cold and shivery, or hot and sweaty, or any signs
of infection such as a cough, or stinging on passing water) you may need antibiotics to fight
infections because your blood count is lower than usual
• very pale, lethargic and tired. This may be a sign of low red blood cells (anaemia). Usually,
no treatment is required, your body will eventually replace the red blood cells. If you are
very anaemic, you may need a blood transfusion
• blood in your urine, pain, or less being passed
• mental problems. In some people Ifosfamide can affect the brain. Sometimes people on
Ifosfamide do not realise that they have been affected but friends and relatives may notice
a change in them. If any of the following side effects are seen your doctor will stop your
treatment with Ifosfamide.
- muscle spasms in the arms or legs.
- rapid speech
- repeating words
- becoming clumsy
- being fixed on a task
- fits (convulsions)
- loss of consciousness
These side effects may be accompanied by a fever or rapid heart beat.
Other possible side effects may be:
Immune system and Infections
● allergic reactions, signs of this would be shortness of breath, wheezing, rash, itching or
swelling of the face and lips (hypersensitivity). Severe allergic reactions could lead to difficulty
in breathing or shock, with a possible fatal outcome (anaphylactic shock,
● reduction in the effectiveness of your immune system (immunosuppression).
● increased risk and severity of bacterial, fungal, viral, protozoal or parasitic infections due to
the effect of cyclophosphamide on your immune system
● reactivation of infections you have had before (latent infections)
● severe infection spreading through the blood which may lead to a dangerous drop in blood
pressure with a possible fatal outcome (sepsis, shock).
● secondary tumours in various parts of the body, often in the area of the bladder
● cancer of the bone marrow (myelodysplastic syndrome)
● cancer of your blood (leukaemia)
● cancer of the lymphatic system (Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma)
Blood and Lymphatic System
● decrease in the activity of your bone marrow (myelosuppression).
This can cause a decrease in the number of cells in your blood:
– white cells - which fight infection (leucopenia, agranulocytosis, granulocytopenia,
lymphopenia, neutropenia). This may be associated with fever (febrile neutropenia)
– platelets - which help your blood clot (thrombocytopenia)
– red cells - which carry oxygen around the body (anaemia).
This may be associated with a decrease in their ability to carry oxygen (decreased
– red cells, white cells and platelets at the same time (pancytopenia)
● formation of small blood clots in your blood vessels disrupting the
normal blood flow around your body (disseminated intravascular coagulation)
● haemolytic uremic syndrome – a condition causing abnormal break down of the red blood
cells, decreased numbers of platelets in the blood and kidney failure.
● swelling of the brain due to too much water in your blood (water intoxication). Signs of this
can be headache, changes in personality or behaviour, confusion, drowsiness
● increase in the release of antidiuretic hormone from the pituitary gland. This affects the
kidneys causing the low levels of sodium in your blood (hypernatremia) and water retention.
Metabolism and Nutrition
● loss or decrease of appetite ( anorexia)
● changes to your metabolism caused by the breakdown of the dying cancer cells (Tumour
● increase of acidity of body fluids ( metabolic acidosis)
●low blood levels of potassium which can cause abnormal heart rhythms , constipation,
fatigue, muscle weakness or spasms, depression, psychosis, delirium, confusion, or
●low blood levels of calcium which can cause muscle cramps and twitching, irregular
heartbeat, overactive reflexes, and burning or tingling sensations in the hands and feet
●low blood levels of phosphate which can cause bone pain, confusion and muscle weakness
● high blood sugar levels which can cause thirst, tiredness and irritability (hyperglycaemia)
● excessive thirst that is also accompanied by excessive fluid intake (polydipsia).
• feeling sick and being (nausea, vomiting).
• inflammation of the lining of your mouth including ulcers ( stomatitis)
• inflammation of your intestines or bowel which may resulting in bleeding (enteritis, cecitis,
• inflammation which causes abdominal pain or diarrhoea (colitis)
• bleeding in your stomach or intestines (gastrointestinal haemorrhage)
• severe tummy and back pain (inflammation of the pancreas).
• a disorder of the nerves which can cause weakness, tingling or numbness (peripheral
neuropathy). This could be in more than one set of nerves (polyneuropathy)
• having difficulties in controlling or coordinating the muscles you use when you speak, or
weakness of those muscles (Dysarthria)
• fits (convulsions)
• a syndrome called Status epilepticus (convulsive and nonconvulsive) defined as one
continuous, unremitting seizure lasting longer than 5 minutes, or recurrent seizures without
regaining consciousness between seizures for greater than 5 minutes.
• a syndrome called Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome, which can cause
swelling of the brain, headache, confusion, fits and loss of sight
• effects on the brain (encephalopathy), signs of this can be problems in thinking or
concentrating, reduced alertness, changes in personality, tiredness, fits, muscle twitching,
• movement disorders and gait disturbances
effects on the spinal cord (Myelopathy), which can cause numbness, weakness and
tingling in the hands, loss of motor skills
pain from your nerves, which can also feel like an aching or burning sensation (neuralgia)
• tingling or numbness, often in the hands or feet (paresthesia)
• changes in your sense of touch (dysesthesia) or loss of sensation (hypoesthesia)
• changes in your sense of taste (dysgeusia) or loss of taste (hypogeusia)
• inability to control bowel movements (fecal incontinence).
Eyes and Ears
● blurring, reduction or loss of sight
● inflammation of the eye (conjunctivitis)
● deafness or hearing impairment
● ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
Heart and Circulation
● changes in your heart rhythm (arrhythmia) which may be noticeable (palpitations):
– irregular heart beat (fibrillation)
– faster heart beat (tachycardia), which may be life threatening
– slower heart beat (bradycardia)
● heart attack (myocardial infarction)
● decrease in your hearts ability to pump enough blood around your body which may be life
threatening (cardiogenic shock, heart failure or cardiac arrest)
● disease of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy)
● inflammation of the tissues in or around your heart (myocarditis, pericarditis)
● build up of fluid in the sac around your heart (pericardial effusion). Increased pressure from
this fluid can stop the heart filling properly (cardiac tamponade)
● abnormal ECG heart tracing (Electrocardiogram QT prolonged).
● blood clot in the lungs which causes chest pain and breathlessness (pulmonary embolism)
● blood clot, usually in a leg, which causes pain swelling or redness (venous thrombosis)
● inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis)
● low or high blood pressure (hypotension, hypertension)
● reddening of the skin (flushing)
● life-threatening decrease of your lungs ability to transfer oxygen in to your blood (respiratory
● conditions causing inflammation of the lungs which can cause breathlessness, cough and
raised temperature or scarring of the lungs (pneumonitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome,
● scarring of the lungs which causes shortness of breath (pulmonary fibrosis)
● fluid in or around the lungs (pulmonary oedema, pleural effusion)
● increased blood pressure in the lungs which can cause shortness of breath, fatigue, cough,
angina, fainting, peripheral oedema (pulmonary hypertension)
● difficulty in breathing or wheezing (bronchospasm)
● shortness of breath (dyspnea)
● decrease levels of oxygen in your body (hypoxia)
● a build up of toxins in the body due to liver failure (hepatotoxicity).
● liver failure
● blockage of the small veins in your liver (veno-occlusive liver disease) which can cause
weight gain, increased liver size, pain and jaundice
● reduction of blood supply or blockage of the portal vein of the liver (portal vein thrombosis)
● conditions causing inflammation of the liver which can cause jaundice, weight loss and
● disruption of the formation of bile by the liver which can cause itchiness, jaundice, pale
coloured stools, dark urine (cholestasis)
● increased levels of certain proteins produced by your liver called enzymes. Your doctor will
do blood tests to test for these.
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue
●hair loss ( alopecia).
● skin eruption or reaction consisting of small, round, raised bumps that have clear borders
● inflammation of this skin which may cause rash, blisters, itching, sores, oozing and scarring
● life threatening conditions which cause rash, ulcers, sore throat, fever, conjunctivitis,
separation of skin layers (toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome)
● swelling, numbness, red lumps and peeling of skin on the hands and feet (Palmar-plantar
● redness and blistering of the skin appearing months or years after treatment (Radiation
● skin eruption in which the lesions are flat and less than 1 cm in diameter macular rash)
● itchy, red rash which can develop in to sores (erythema)
● changes in colour of your fingernails and skin.
● separation of the nail bed which can cause nails to fall off
● swelling of the face
● excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis)
Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue
● abnormal muscle breakdown which can lead to kidney problems (rhabdomyolysis)
●softening of the bones that could cause severe bone pain, pain caused by slight crack in the
bone back pain, partial or complete fractures and muscle weaknesses (osteomalacia, rickets)
● muscle pain (myalgia) or joint pain (arthralgia).
● discomfort sensation in the upper or lower extremities (pain in extremity)
● muscle spasms
Renal and Urinary
● inflammation of the bladder lining which causes pain, bleeding, blood in the urine, reduced
urine flow (haemorrhagic cystitis)
● blood in the urine (haematuria)
● life threatening decrease in the abilities of your kidney to adequately remove toxins and
waste products from the blood (renal dysfunction)
● changes to the structure of your kidneys which prevent them from working correctly (renal
●kidney malfunction leads to excessive urine production and excessive thirst, resulting in
deficits of water, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and other substances in the body (fanconi
● glucose in the urine (nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)
● kidney malfunction causing urine to appear cloudy or murky color (phosphaturia)
● kidney malfunction causing Increased of total urine amino acids into
urine(aminoaciduria).Your doctor will do urine tests to test for these.
●condition usually defined as excessive or abnormally large production or passage of urine
●repeated inability to control urination (enuresis)
●feeling of residual urine
● renal failure
Pregnancy and Fertility
● infertility. Sperm production in men and egg production in women may be reduced or stop.
In some cases this can be permanent
● loss of ovarian function before age 40 (ovarian failure , premature menopause)
● absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) or absence of ovulation (ovulation disorder)
● absence of measurable level of sperm in male semen (azoospermia) or less number of
sperm in the ejaculate of the male (oligospermia)
● decrease in the hormone oestrogen in the blood
● increase in the hormone gonadotrophin in the blood
● use in young patients may result in some impairments of future fertility.
Congenital, Familial and Genetic Disorders
● reduction in growth, deformity or death of a foetus while in the womb
General Disorders and Administrative Site Conditions
● inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs (phlebitis)
● development of a fever, commonly in conjunction with signs of infection (neutropenic fever)
● feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness (malaise)
● life threatening failure of multiple organs
● general physical deterioration
● appearance of skin changes and irritation at the site of injection or infusion
● chest pain
● inflammation of the linings of your body cavities (mucosal inflammation).
● flu-like symptoms such as headache, fever, chills, joint and muscle pain, weakness,
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet,
please tell your doctor or nurse straight away.
5. How Ifosfamide is stored
Because Ifosfamide is usually given in hospital is will be stored safely and correctly by the
hospital staff. If you do need the storage conditions they are given below.
• Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use Ifosfamide after the expiry date which is stated on the label after EXP. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Your medicine will be stored between 2°C and 8°C ( in a refrigerator) and kept in its outer
container before use. Once it has been diluted ready for use it should not be stored above
25°C and should be used within 24 hours.
Any unused medicine or waste material from its use must be disposed of in accordance
with local requirements.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Ifosfamide contains
The name of your medicine is Ifosfamide 40 mg/ml solution for infusion.
Each vial of contains either 25 ml or 50 ml of Ifosfamide 40 mg / ml solution which equals 1 g
or 2 g of the active ingredient ifosfamide. It also contains the inactive ingredients: Sodium
chloride, sodium monohydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate
dihydrate, phosphoric acid and water for injections.
What Ifosfamide looks like and contents of the pack
Ifosfamide 40 mg/ml is a clear, colourless solution for infusion.
It is presented in a glass vial containing either 25 ml or 50 ml of Ifosfamide 40 mg/ml solution
Each carton contains 1 vial.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
The Marketing Authorisation holder is:
Baxter Healthcare Ltd
Caxton Way, Thetford
Norfolk, IP24 3SE, UK
Send all enquiries to this address.
The Manufacturer is:
Baxter Oncology GmbH
33790 Halle-Künsebeck, GERMANY
This leaflet was last revised in 02/2013.
For information about Ifosfamide 40 mg/ml or to request this leaflet in formats such as audio
or large print please contact the Marketing Authorisation Holder: Tel: 01635 206345.
Baxter is a trademark of Baxter International Inc.