Ibandronic acid Accord
Active Substance: ibandronic acid
Common Name: ibandronic acid
ATC Code: M05BA06
Marketing Authorisation Holder: Accord Healthcare Ltd
Active Substance: ibandronic acid
Authorisation Date: 2012-11-19
Therapeutic Area: Calcium Metabolism Disorders Breast Diseases Neoplastic Processes Neoplasms by Site Wounds and Injuries Water-Electrolyte Imbalance
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Drugs for treatment of bone disease
Ibandronic acid is indicated in adults for
- Prevention of skeletal events (pathological fractures, bone complications requiring radiotherapy or surgery) in patients with breast cancer and bone metastases.
- Treatment of tumour induced hypercalcaemia with or without metastases.
Treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at increased risk of fracture (see section 5.1).
A reduction in the risk of vertebral fractures has been demonstrated, efficacy on femoral neck fractures has not been established.
What is Ibandronic acid Accord and what is it used for?
Ibandronic acid Accord is a medicine used to treat certain conditions affecting bones and blood calcium.
Ibandronic acid Accord solution for injection is used to treat osteoporosis (a disease that makes bones fragile) in women who have been through the menopause and are at risk of developing bone fractures (breaks). Its effect in reducing the risk of spine fractures has been shown in studies, but its effect on the risk of fractures of the neck of the femur (the top of the thighbone) has not been established.
Ibandronic acid Accord concentrate for solution for infusion (drip) is used in adults to:
- prevent ‘skeletal events’ (fractures or bone complications requiring treatment) in patients with breast cancer and bone metastases (when the cancer has spread to the bone);
- treat hypercalcaemia (high levels of calcium in the blood) caused by tumours.
Ibandronic acid Accord contains the active substance ibandronic acid and is a ‘generic medicine’. This means that Ibandronic acid Accord contains the same active substance and works in the same way as a ‘reference medicine’ already authorised in the European Union (EU). The reference medicines for Ibandronic acid Accord are Bondronat and Bonviva.
How is Ibandronic acid Accord used?
Ibandronic acid Accord is available as a solution for injection (3 mg) in a pre-filled syringe and as a concentrate (2 mg and 6 mg) to be made up into a solution for infusion (drip) into a vein. It can only be obtained with a prescription.
For the prevention of skeletal events or the treatment of hypercalcaemia in cancer patients, treatment with this medicine should only be started by a doctor who has experience in the treatment of cancer.
In the prevention of skeletal events in patients with breast cancer and bone metastases, Ibandronic acid Accord is given into a vein as a 6 mg infusion lasting at least 15 minutes every three to four weeks. Patients with moderate or severe kidney problems should receive Ibandronic acid Accord infusions at a lower dose over an hour.
In the treatment of hypercalcaemia caused by tumours, Ibandronic acid Accord is given into a vein as an infusion of 2 or 4 mg, depending on how severe the hypercalcaemia is. The infusion lasts 2 hours. This will normally bring the blood calcium level down to normal levels within a week.
For the treatment of osteoporosis, Ibandronic acid Accord is given as an injection into a vein once every three months. Patients should also take vitamin D and calcium supplements.
How does Ibandronic acid Accord work?
The active substance in Ibandronic acid Accord, ibandronic acid, is a bisphosphonate. It stops the action of osteoclasts, the cells in the body that are involved in breaking down the bone tissue. This reduces bone loss. The reduction of bone loss helps to make bones less likely to break in cancer patients with bone metastases and in women with osteoporosis.
Patients with tumours can have high levels of calcium in their blood, released from the bones. By preventing the breakdown of bones, Ibandronic acid Accord also helps to reduce the amount of calcium released into the blood.
How has Ibandronic acid Accord been studied?
Studies on the benefits and risks of the active substance in the approved uses have already been carried out with the reference medicines, Bondronat and Bonviva, and do not need to be repeated for Ibandronic acid Accord.
As for every medicine, the company provided studies on the quality of Ibandronic acid Accord. There was no need for ‘bioequivalence’ studies to investigate whether Ibandronic acid Accord is absorbed similarly to the reference medicines to produce the same level of the active substance in the blood. This is because Ibandronic acid Accord is given by infusion or injection into a vein, so the active substance is delivered straight into the bloodstream.
What are the benefits and risks of Ibandronic acid Accord?
Because Ibandronic acid Accord is a generic medicine, its benefits and risks are taken as being the same as the reference medicines’.
Why is Ibandronic acid Accord approved?
The European Medicines Agency concluded that, in accordance with EU requirements, Ibandronic acid Accord has been shown to be comparable to Bondronat and Bonviva. Therefore, the Agency’s view was that, as for Bondronat and Bonviva, the benefit outweighs the identified risk. The Agency recommended that Ibandronic acid Accord be approved for use in the EU.
What measures are being taken to ensure the safe and effective use of Ibandronic acid Accord?
The company that markets Ibandronic acid Accord will provide a card to inform patients receiving Ibandronic acid Accord infusion about the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw and to instruct them to contact their doctor if they get symptoms. Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a condition affecting the bones of the jaw, which could lead to pain, sores in the mouth or loose teeth.
Recommendations and precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and patients for the safe and effective use of Ibandronic acid Accord have also been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet.
Other information about Ibandronic acid Accord
The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Ibandronic acid Accord on 19 November 2012.
For more information about treatment with Ibandronic acid Accord, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Source: European Medicines Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.