Skip to Content

UK Edition. Click here for US version.

FUROSEMIDE 20MG/2ML SOLUTION FOR INJECTION

Active substance(s): FUROSEMIDE

PDF options:  View Fullscreen   Download PDF

PDF Transcript

28051373

28051373

Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Furosemide 20mg/2ml Solution for Injection, 50mg/5ml Solution for
Injection and 250mg/25ml Solution for Injection
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it
contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
The product is known by the name above but will be referred to as Furosemide
Injection throughout the rest of this leaflet.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Furosemide Injection is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before Furosemide Injection is given to you
3. How Furosemide Injection is given to you
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Furosemide Injection
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT FUROSEMIDE INJECTION IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Furosemide Injection is one of a group of medicines called diuretics. A diuretic helps
get rid of excess fluid in the body by causing more urine to be passed.
Furosemide Injection is used to remove excess fluid from the body.
It may also be used when your kidneys are not functioning properly and not
producing normal amounts of urine.
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE FUROSEMIDE INJECTION IS
GIVEN TO YOU
You should not be given Furosemide Injection if
- you are allergic to furosemide or any of the other ingredients of this medicine
(listed in section 6).
Signs of an allergic reaction include: a rash, swallowing or breathing problems,
swelling of your lips, face, throat or tongue
- you are allergic to amiloride, sulfonamides or sulphonamide derivatives, such as
sulfadiazine or cotrimoxazole
- you have a low blood volume or are dehydrated (with or without accompanying
low blood pressure)
- you have too little potassium or sodium in your blood (shown in blood test)
- you have severe liver problems (cirrhosis)
- you have already used furosemide in the past to treat failure to pass urine or
kidney failure or if you have kidney failure that is due to medicines or chemicals
that are prone to cause kidney or liver damage or if you have kidney failure due to
underlying liver disorders
- you are not passing any water (urine) or you have been told by a doctor that you
have kidney failure. In some types of kidney failure, it is still okay to have this
medicine. Your doctor will be able to decide
- you have an illness called ‘Addison's Disease’. This can make you feel tired and
weak or if you are taking digitalis, used to treat heart problems
- you have a disease called porphyria characterized by abdominal pain, vomiting
or muscle weakness
- you are breast feeding.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or nurse before you are given Furosemide Injection:
- if you are elderly, if you are on other medications which can cause drop in the
blood pressure and if you have other medical conditions that are risks for the
drop of blood pressure
- if you have low blood pressure or feel dizzy when you stand up
- if you feel dizzy or dehydrated. This can happen if you have lost a lot of water
through being sick, having diarrhoea or passing water very often. It can also
happen if you are having trouble drinking or eating
- if you have low blood levels of essential minerals like sodium or potassium or
you have acid base imbalance in the body identified by blood tests
- if you have difficulty in passing water, for example because of an enlarged
prostate gland (males only)
- if you have diabetes
- if you have gout (characterised by painful joints due to elevated uric acid levels)
- if you have kidney or liver problems
- if you have low blood protein levels (hypoproteinaemia) as this may reduce the
effect of the drug and increase the risk of ear damage
- if you have raised levels of calcium in the blood; careful monitoring of fluids and
electrolyte levels are recommended
- if you have a risk of fall in blood pressure; or in case of premature infants as they
may be more prone to development of kidney stones
- if you are already on medicines like NSAIDs (used for inflammation and pain) or
ACE inhibitors (medicines used to lower blood pressure)
- laboratory monitoring - It is recommended to undergo regular monitoring of
blood levels for sodium, potassium, kidney function tests (blood urea nitrogen
and creatinine levels), glucose, magnesium, calcium, chloride, bicarbonate and
uric acid
- regular monitoring is required to check for occurrence of blood dyscrasias
(abnormal or imbalance in blood components), liver damage or any symptom
that may occur particularly to you
- if you are an elderly patient with dementia and are also taking risperidone.

Do not use Furosemide Injection if
- you are planning to undergo procedure that includes the use of radiocontrast (as
taking Furosemide Injection may increase the risk for kidney damage)
- you can not tolerate certain sugars like galactose or glucose.
Other medicines and Furosemide Injection
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently used or might use any other
medicines
- tell your doctor if you are taking the below medicines as the dose of these may
need to be changed to avoid the risk of excessive lowering of blood pressure.
Other blood pressure lowering agents (cardiac glycosides eg digoxin, other
diuretics that help you pass more urine; or other blood pressure lowering agents)
- if you are taking any drugs that can be harmful to your kidneys
- if you have low levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood indicated by the
blood counts.
A large number of drugs can interact with Furosemide which can significantly alter
their effects. These drugs include:
- medicines such as ramipril, enalapril, perindopril (called ‘ACE inhibitors’) or
losartan, candesartan, irbesartan (called ‘angiotensin II receptor antagonists’)
- anti-psychotics (medicines used to treat mental disorders) such as tricyclic
antidepressants, hypnotics and anxiolytics (e.g pimozide, amisulpride, sertindole
or phenothiazines), risperidone used to treat dementia
- medicines for high blood pressure or heart problems (uneven heart beat) such
as calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, clonidine, moxonidine, sodium
nitroprusside, amiodarone, disopyramide, flecainide, minoxidil, lidocaine,
prazosin, diazoxide, methyldopa, sotalol and mexiletine
- cardiac glycosides (drugs used to improve heart function) eg. digoxin which is
used to treat heart failure. Your doctor may need to change the dose of your
medicine
- thymoxamine or hydralazine used to lower blood pressure
- metolazone - medicine used to pass more urine
- nitrates - used to lower blood pressure
- lithium - used for mental illness
- sucralfate - this drug may decrease the absorption of furosemide
- NSAIDs- drugs used to treat pain and inflammation (eg. indomethacin, ketorolac)
- salicylates (eg aspirin)
- antibiotics belonging to class of aminoglycosides, polymixins or vancomycin; as
there may be a risk of ear or kidney damage, low sodium levels with
trimethoprim and cephalosporins e.g. cefalexin and ceftriaxone
- medicines used to treat depression (eg. TCA or MAOIs)
- medicines used to treat diabetics
- medicines used to treat epilepsy (eg carbamazepine, phenytoin)
- anti-histamines (medicines used to treat allergies)
- anti-fungals e.g. amphotericin (risk of potassium loss or renal damage indicated
with furosemide)
- chloral hydrate or triclorfos (drugs used to treat anxiety)
- drugs used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) like e.g.
atomoxetine, amphetamines
- steroids (used to treat inflammation)
- liquorice; increased risk of loss of potassium with furosemide
- platinum containing compounds like cisplatin- used to treat cancers (increased
risk of kidney damage with furosemide)
- methotrexate- increase chance of furosemide toxicity
- levodopa- used to treat parkinson's disease (increased risk of lowering of blood
pressure with furosemide)
- medicines that modify immune system- (eg aldesleukin or ciclosprorin)
- medicines used as muscle relaxants like baclofen, tizanidine or curare like drugs
- birth control Pills or oestrogen containing drugs may block the effect of
furosemide if taken concurrently
- progesterone containing drugs (drosperidone) may lead to reduced blood
potassium levels if taken with furosemide
- medicines such as alprostadil, used to treat erectile dysfunction (impotency)
- theophylline used for wheezing or difficulty in breathing
- probenecid used for treatment of gout
- medicines used as general anaesthetics to induce unconsciousness. If you are
going to have an anaesthetic please ensure that the doctor or nurse knows you
are taking furosemide
- laxatives- drugs used to relieve constipation e.g. bisacodyl, senna
- medicines for asthma when given in high doses such as salbutamol, terbutaline
sulphate, salmeterol, formoterol or bambuterol
- medicines used to treat blocked noses, such as ephedrine and xylometazoline
- aminoglutethimide used to treat breast cancer.
Furosemide Injection with alcohol
- avoid consumption of alcohol with Furosemide Injection as it may lead to
excessive lowering of blood pressure.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
Pregnancy
- if you are pregnant or breast feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning
to have a baby, ask your doctor or nurse for advice before taking this medicine.
Furosemide passes through the placenta and hence should not be given during
pregnancy unless doctor feels it extremely necessary. If it is given in cases of
swelling or water retention, the growth of the baby must be regularly monitored.

Front

28051373

28051373

Furosemide

Breast-feeding
- furosemide passes into the milk and may inhibit secretion of milk. Hence it
should be avoided in breast feeding women.
Driving and using machines
Furosemide may cause some patients to be less alert which could interfere with the
ability to drive or to operate machines. If you notice that you are not as alert as
usual, do not drive or operate machinery and ask your doctor for advice.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Furosemide Injection
This medicine contains less than 1mmol sodium (23mg) per dose, i.e. is essentially
‘sodium-free’.
3. HOW FUROSEMIDE INJECTION IS GIVEN TO YOU
Furosemide Injection will always be given to you by a doctor or nurse. This is
because it can only be given by injection. It may be given by injecting the solution
into a muscle (intramuscular) or by injecting it slowly into a vein (intravenous).
Your doctor will decide on the most suitable dose for you, and how the medicine will
be given. The dosage and frequency of repeated doses may change depending on
how you respond to treatment.
The recommended dose is;
Adults: The initial dose may vary from 20 mg to 250 mg depending on how you
respond.
Elderly: Furosemide is generally cleared from the body more slowly in the elderly. If
you are elderly, your doctor may decide to start with a low dose and increase the
dose gradually according to your response.
Children: The doctor will decide on the dosage, depending on how severely the
kidneys are affected and on the response to initial doses.
Whilst you are receiving treatment with this medicine, your doctor may want to take
blood for testing which will show if you have the right balance of fluid and chemicals
in the body.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or
nurse.
If you think you have been given more Furosemide Injection than you should have
As the injection will be administered by a doctor, it is unlikely that you will be given
more than is necessary. However, if you think that you have been given too much,
tell your doctor immediately.
If you have missed an administration of Furosemide Injection
If you think you may have missed a dose, tell the doctor or nurse.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or
nurse.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody
gets them.
If any of the below mentioned side effects are observed please inform your doctor
immediately
- allergic reactions such as itching, skin rash with severe itching and nettle rash,
fever, allergic to light, severe allergic reaction with (high) fever, red patches on
the skin, joint pain and/or inflammation of the eyes,“acute generalised
exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP)”, DRESS, (acute febrile drug eruption)
characterized by severe acute (allergic) reaction accompanied by fever and
blisters on the skin/peeling skin and tiny spots from bleeding in the skin
- sudden inflammation of the pancreas accompanied by severe pain in the upper
abdomen, shifting towards the back
- abnormal blood counts, severe changes in blood count- and signs e.g. sore
throat, mouth ulcers, fever, unexplained bruising or bleeding
- signs of kidney inflammation e.g. blood in the urine, pain in the lower back
- signs of metabolic acidosis: chest pain, irregular heartbeat, nausea, vomiting,
weakness.
The other possible side effects are listed under headings of frequency, using the
following categories:
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
- blurred vision
- lowering of blood pressure, resulting in impaired concentration and reactions,
light-headedness, a feeling of pressure in the head, headache, dizziness,
drowsiness, a feeling of weakness, visual disturbances, dry mouth and an
inability to stand upright
- sensitivity to light (photosensitivity)
- feeling of tiredness
- dry mouth, thirst, disturbances of bowel like diarrhoea, constipation or vomiting.
- raised blood levels of creatinine and urea
- deafness (sometimes irreversible).
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
- abnormal blood count (white blood cell deficiency) accompanied by an increased
susceptibility to infection
- increase in certain substances (eosinophilic cells) in the blood
- a crawling sensation on the skin, itching or tingling without any reason
- a life-threatening form of unconsciousness
- acute kidney failure
- hearing disorders & ringing in the ears. These disorders are usually temporary in
nature
- inflammation of a blood vessel
- shock (severe drop in blood pressure, extreme paleness, restlessness, weak fast
pulse, clammy skin, impaired consciousness) as a result of a sudden severe
dilatation of the blood vessels due to allergy to certain substances
- fever
- muscle aches
- inability to control urination
- if you have a urinary tract obstruction, increased urine production may occur or
worsen

-

if you have a bladder disorder, enlarged prostate or narrowing of the ureters,
urine production can stop suddenly
- minor mental disturbances.
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
- anaemia (a condition characterised by shortage of red blood cells)
- very severe blood abnormality (white blood cell deficiency) accompanied by a
sudden high fever, severe throat pain and ulcers in the mouth.
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
- certain liver function disorders or increase in certain liver enzymes
- furosemide can cause an excessive depletion of bodily fluids (e.g. passing urine
more often than normal) and minerals (sodium, potassium, magnesium,
calcium). Symptoms that can occur are thirst, headache, confusion, muscle
cramps, increased irritability of the muscles, muscular weakness, heart rhythm
disturbances and gastrointestinal problems such as sensation of unease and
discomfort in stomach with an urge to vomit or diarrhoea
- reduced concentration, light-headedness, sensations of pressure in the head,
headache, dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, confusion
- if you have a shortage of sodium (sodium deficiency):
- cramp in the calf muscles
- loss of appetite
- listlessness
- feeling of weakness
- dizziness
- drowsiness
- confusion
- if you have a shortage of potassium (potassium deficiency):
- muscular weakness and the inability to contract one or more muscles (paralysis)
- increased excretion of urine
- heart problems
- in the case of severe potassium deficiency: interference with the function of the
intestine or confusion which can result in coma
- if you have a shortage of magnesium and calcium (magnesium and calcium
deficiency):
- increased irritability of the muscles
- heart rhythm disturbances
- deposits of calcium salts in the kidneys or heart defects like patent ductus
arteriosus have been reported in premature babies following treatment with
furosemide
- during treatment with furosemide, the blood levels of some fats (cholesterol and
triglyceride) may rise, but usually return to normal within 6 months
- in the elderly, this can lead to a low blood volume, fluid depletion and thickening
of the blood. This can cause clots to form in the blood
- dizziness, fainting and loss of consciousness (caused by symptomatic
hypotension)
- bullous pemphigoid (an acute or chronic autoimmune skin disease, involving the
formation of blisters, more appropriately known as bullae, at the space between
the skin layers).
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via The
Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow
Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this
medicines.
5. HOW TO STORE FUROSEMIDE INJECTION
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the ampoule or
carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25°C.
Do not refrigerate or freeze.
Keep the container in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
If only part used, discard the remaining solution.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Furosemide Injection contains
The active substance is furosemide.
The other ingredients are sodium chloride and sodium hydroxide in water for
injections.
What Furosemide Injection looks like and contents of pack
Furosemide Injection is a clear, colourless, or almost colourless, sterile solution.
Each 1ml of solution contains 10mg of furosemide.
The solution is presented in amber glass ampoules (small bottles) and then packed
in to cardboard cartons as follows:
Furosemide 20mg/2ml Solution for Injection - packs of 10 x 2 ml ampoules.
Furosemide 50mg/5ml Solution for Injection - packs of 10 x 5 ml ampoules.
Furosemide 250mg/25ml Solution for Injection - packs of 10 x 25 ml ampoules.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing authorisation holder
Mercury Pharma International Ltd, 4045, Kingswood Road, City West Business Park,
Co Dublin, Ireland.
Manufacturer
Cenexi, 52, rue Marcel et Jacques Gaucher, 94120 Fontenay-Sous-Bois France.
This leaflet was last revised in December 2017.
LF-103584-01
28051373

Back

Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Furosemide 20mg/2ml Solution for Injection, 50mg/5ml Solution for
Injection and 250mg/25ml Solution for Injection
Furosemide
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See
section 4.
The product is known by the name above but will be referred to as Furosemide Injection throughout the rest of this leaflet.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Furosemide Injection is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before Furosemide Injection is given to you
3. How Furosemide Injection is given to you
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Furosemide Injection
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT FUROSEMIDE INJECTION IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Furosemide Injection is one of a group of medicines called diuretics. A diuretic helps get rid of excess fluid in the body by causing
more urine to be passed.
Furosemide Injection is used to remove excess fluid from the body.
It may also be used when your kidneys are not functioning properly and not producing normal amounts of urine.
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE FUROSEMIDE INJECTION IS GIVEN TO YOU
You should not be given Furosemide Injection if
- you are allergic to furosemide or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Signs of an allergic reaction include: a rash, swallowing or breathing problems, swelling of your lips, face, throat or tongue
- you are allergic to amiloride, sulfonamides or sulphonamide derivatives, such as sulfadiazine or cotrimoxazole
- you have a low blood volume or are dehydrated (with or without accompanying low blood pressure)
- you have too little potassium or sodium in your blood (shown in blood test)
- you have severe liver problems (cirrhosis)
- you have already used furosemide in the past to treat failure to pass urine or kidney failure or if you have kidney failure that is due
to medicines or chemicals that are prone to cause kidney or liver damage or if you have kidney failure due to underlying liver
disorders
- you are not passing any water (urine) or you have been told by a doctor that you have kidney failure. In some types of kidney failure,
it is still okay to have this medicine. Your doctor will be able to decide
- you have an illness called ‘Addison's Disease’. This can make you feel tired and weak or if you are taking digitalis, used to treat
heart problems
- you have a disease called porphyria characterized by abdominal pain, vomiting or muscle weakness
- you are breast feeding.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or nurse before you are given Furosemide Injection
- if you are elderly, if you are on other medications which can cause drop in the blood pressure and if you have other medical
conditions that are risks for the drop of blood pressure
- if you have low blood pressure or feel dizzy when you stand up
- if you feel dizzy or dehydrated. This can happen if you have lost a lot of water through being sick, having diarrhoea or passing water
very often. It can also happen if you are having trouble drinking or eating
- if you have low blood levels of essential minerals like sodium or potassium or you have acid base imbalance in the body identified
by blood tests
- if you have difficulty in passing water, for example because of an enlarged prostate gland (males only)
- if you have diabetes
- if you have gout (characterised by painful joints due to elevated uric acid levels)
- if you have kidney or liver problems
- if you have low blood protein levels (hypoproteinaemia) as this may reduce the effect of the drug and increase the risk of ear damage
- if you have raised levels of calcium in the blood; careful monitoring of fluids and electrolyte levels are recommended
- if you have a risk of fall in blood pressure; or in case of premature infants as they may be more prone to development of kidney
stones
- if you are already on medicines like NSAIDs (used for inflammation and pain) or ACE inhibitors (medicines used to lower blood
pressure)
- laboratory monitoring - It is recommended to undergo regular monitoring of blood levels for sodium, potassium, kidney function
tests (blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels), glucose, magnesium, calcium, chloride bicarbonate and uric acid
- regular monitoring is required to check for occurrence of blood dyscrasias (abnormal or imbalance in blood components), liver
damage or any symptom that may occur particularly to you
- if you are an elderly patient with dementia and are also taking risperidone.
Do not use Furosemide Injection if
- you are planning to undergo procedure that includes the use of radiocontrast (as taking Furosemide Injection may increase the risk
for kidney damage)
- you cannot tolerate certain sugars like galactose or glucose.
Other medicines and Furosemide Injection
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently used or might use any other medicines.
- tell your doctor if you are taking the below medicines as the dose of these may need to be changed to avoid the risk of excessive
lowering of blood pressure. Other blood pressure lowering agents (cardiac glycosides eg digoxin, other diuretics that help you pass
more urine; or other blood pressure lowering agents)
- if you are taking any drugs that can be harmful to your kidneys
- if you have low levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood indicated by the blood counts.
A large number of drugs can interact with furosemide which can significantly alter their effects. These drugs include:
- medicines such as ramipril, enalapril, perindopril (called ‘ACE inhibitors’) or losartan, candesartan, irbesartan (called ‘angiotensin II
receptor antagonists’)
- anti-psychotics (medicines used to treat mental disorders) such as tricyclic antidepressants, hypnotics and anxiolytics (e.g
pimozide, amisulpride, sertindole or phenothiazines), risperidone used to treat dementia
- medicines for high blood pressure or heart problems (uneven heart beat) such as calcium channel blockers, beta blockers,
clonidine, moxonidine, sodium nitroprusside, amiodarone, disopyramide, flecainide, minoxidil, lidocaine, prazosin, diazoxide,
methyldopa, sotalol and mexiletine
- cardiac glycosides (drugs used to improve heart function) eg. digoxin which is used to treat heart failure. Your doctor may need to
change the dose of your medicine
- thymoxamine or hydralazine used to lower blood pressure
- metolazone- medicine used to pass more urine
- nitrates- used to lower blood pressure
- lithium- used for mental illness
- sucralfate- this drug may decrease the absorption of furosemide
- NSAIDs- drugs used to treat pain and inflammation (eg. indomethacin, ketorolac)
- salicylates (eg aspirin)
- antibiotics belonging to class of aminoglycosides, polymixins or vancomycin; as there may be a risk of ear or kidney damage, low
sodium levels with trimethoprim, and cephalosporins e.g. cefalexin and ceftriaxone
- medicines used to treat depression (eg. TCA or MAOIs)
- medicines used to treat diabetics
- medicines used to treat epilepsy (eg carbamazepine, phenytoin)
- anti-histamines (medicines used to treat allergies)
- anti-fungals e.g. amphotericin (risk of potassium loss or renal damage indicated with furosemide)
- choral hydrate or triclorfos (drugs used to treat anxiety)
- drugs used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) like e.g. atomoxetine, amphetamines
- steroids (used to treat inflammation)
- liquorice; increased risk of loss of potassium with furosemide
- platinum containing compounds like cisplatin- used to treat cancers (increased risk of kidney damage with furosemide)
- methotrexate- increase chance of furosemide toxicity
- levodopa- used to treat parkinson's disease (increased risk of lowering of blood pressure with furosemide)
- medicines that modify immune system- (eg aldesleukin or ciclosprorin)
- medicines used as muscle relaxants like baclofen, tizanidine or curare like drugs
- birth control Pills or oestrogen containing drugs may block the effect of furosemide if taken concurrently
- progesterone containing drugs (drosperidone) may lead to reduced blood potassium levels if taken with furosemide
- medicines such as alprostadil, used to treat erectile dysfunction (impotency)
- theophylline used for wheezing or difficulty in breathing
- probenecid used for treatment of gout
- medicines used as general anaesthetics to induce unconsciousness. If you are going to have an anaesthetic please ensure that the
doctor or nurse knows you are taking furosemide
- laxatives- drugs used to relieve constipation e.g. bisacodyl, senna
- medicines for asthma when given in high doses such as salbutamol, terbutaline sulphate, salmeterol, formoterol or bambuterol
- medicines used to treat blocked noses, such as ephedrine and xylometazoline
- aminoglutethimide used to treat breast cancer.
Furosemide Injection with alcohol
- avoid consumption of alcohol with Furosemide Injection as it may lead to excessive lowering of blood pressure.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
Pregnancy
- if you are pregnant or breast feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or nurse for advice
before taking this medicine. Furosemide passes through the placenta and hence should not be given during pregnancy unless
doctor feels it extremely necessary. If it is given in cases of swelling or water retention, the growth of the baby must be regularly
monitored.
Breast-feeding
- furosemide passes into the milk and may inhibit secretion of milk. Hence it should be avoided in breast feeding women.
Driving and using machines
Furosemide may cause some patients to be less alert which could interfere with the ability to drive or to operate machines. If you notice
that you are not as alert as usual, do not drive or operate machinery and ask your doctor for advice.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Furosemide Injection
This medicine contains less than 1mmol sodium (23mg) per dose, i.e. is essentially 'sodium-free'.
3. HOW FUROSEMIDE INJECTION IS GIVEN TO YOU
Furosemide Injection will always be given to you by a doctor or nurse. This is because it can only be given by injection. It may be given
by injecting the solution into a muscle (intramuscular) or by injecting it slowly into a vein (intravenous).
Your doctor will decide on the most suitable dose for you, and how the medicine will be given. The dosage and frequency of repeated
doses may change depending on how you respond to treatment.

1

Package leaflet: Information
for the user

Furosemide
20mg/2ml Solution
for Injection,
50mg/5ml Solution
for Injection and
250mg/25ml
Solution for
Injection.

Continued overleaf

The recommended dose is;
Adults: The initial dose may vary from 20 mg to 250 mg depending on how you respond.
Elderly: Furosemide is generally cleared from the body more slowly in the elderly. If you are elderly, your doctor may decide to start
with a low dose and increase the dose gradually according to your response.
Children: The doctor will decide on the dosage, depending on how severely the kidneys are affected and on the response to initial
doses.
Whilst you are receiving treatment with this medicine, your doctor may want to take blood for testing which will show if you have the
right balance of fluid and chemicals in the body.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or nurse.
If you think you have been given more Furosemide Injection than you should have
As the injection will be administered by a doctor, it is unlikely that you will be given more than is necessary. However, if you think that
you have been given too much, tell your doctor immediately.
If you have missed an administration of Furosemide Injection
If you think you may have missed a dose, tell the doctor or nurse.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If any of the below mentioned side effects are observed please inform your doctor immediately
- allergic reactions such as itching, skin rash with severe itching and nettle rash, fever, allergic to light, severe allergic reaction with
(high) fever, red patches on the skin, joint pain and/or inflammation of the eyes, “acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis
(AGEP)", DRESS, (acute febrile drug eruption) characterized by severe acute (allergic) reaction accompanied by fever and blisters
on the skin/peeling skin and tiny spots from bleeding in the skin
- sudden inflammation of the pancreas accompanied by severe pain in the upper abdomen, shifting towards the back
- abnormal blood counts, severe changes in blood count and signs e.g. sore throat, mouth ulcers, fever, unexplained bruising or
bleeding
- signs of kidney inflammation e.g. blood in the urine, pain in the lower back
- signs of metabolic acidosis: chest pain, irregular heartbeat, nausea, vomiting, weakness.
The other possible side effects are listed under headings of frequency, using the following categories:
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
- blurred vision
- lowering of blood pressure, resulting in impaired concentration and reactions, light-headedness, a feeling of pressure in the head,
headache, dizziness, drowsiness, a feeling of weakness, visual disturbances, dry mouth and an inability to stand upright
- sensitivity to light (photosensitivity)
- feeling of tiredness
- dry mouth, thirst, disturbances of bowel like diarrhoea, constipation or vomiting
- raised blood levels of creatinine and urea
- deafness (sometimes irreversible).
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
- abnormal blood count (white blood cell deficiency) accompanied by an increased susceptibility to infection
- increase in certain substances (eosinophilic cells) in the blood
- a crawling sensation on the skin, itching or tingling without any reason
- a life-threatening form of unconsciousness
- acute kidney failure
- hearing disorders & ringing in the ears. These disorders are usually temporary in nature
- inflammation of a blood vessel
- shock (severe drop in blood pressure, extreme paleness, restlessness, weak fast pulse, clammy skin impaired consciousness) as
a result of a sudden severe dilatation of the blood vessels due to allergy to certain substances
- fever
- muscle aches
- inability to control urination
- if you have a urinary tract obstruction, increased urine production may occur or worsen
- if you have a bladder disorder, enlarged prostate or narrowing of the ureters, urine production can stop suddenly
- minor mental disturbances.
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
- anaemia (a condition characterised by shortage of red blood cells)
- very severe blood abnormality (white blood cell deficiency) accompanied by a sudden high fever, severe throat pain and ulcers in
the mouth.
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
- certain liver function disorders or increase in certain liver enzymes
- furosemide can cause an excessive depletion of bodily fluids (e.g. passing urine more often than normal) and minerals (sodium,
potassium, magnesium, calcium). Symptoms that can occur are thirst, headache, confusion, muscle cramps, increased irritability
of the muscles , muscular weakness, heart rhythm disturbances and gastrointestinal problems such as sensation of unease and
discomfort in stomach with an urge to vomit or diarrhoea
- reduced concentration, light-headedness, sensations of pressure in the head, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, weakness,
confusion
- if you have a shortage of sodium (sodium deficiency):
- cramp in the calf muscles
- loss of appetite
- listlessness
- feeling of weakness
- dizziness
- drowsiness
- confusion
- if you have a shortage of potassium (potassium deficiency):
- muscular weakness and the inability to contract one or more muscles (paralysis)
- increased excretion of urine
- heart problems
- in the case of severe potassium deficiency: interference with the function of the intestine or confusion which can result in coma
- if you have a shortage of magnesium and calcium (magnesium and calcium deficiency):
- increased irritability of the muscles
- heart rhythm disturbances
- deposits of calcium salts in the kidneys or heart defects like patent ductus arteriosus have been reported in premature babies
following treatment with furosemide
- during treatment with furosemide, the blood levels of some fats (cholesterol and triglyceride) may rise, but usually return to normal
within 6 months
- in the elderly, this can lead to a low blood volume, fluid depletion and thickening of the blood. This can cause clots to form in the
blood
- dizziness, fainting and loss of consciousness (caused by symptomatic hypotension)
- bullous pemphigoid (an acute or chronic autoimmune skin disease, involving the formation of blisters, more appropriately known
as bullae, at the space between the skin layers).
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also
report side effects directly via The Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google
Play or Apple App Store.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicines.
5. HOW TO STORE FUROSEMIDE INJECTION
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the ampoule or carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that
month.
Do not store above 25°C.
Do not refrigerate or freeze.
Keep the container in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
If only part used, discard the remaining solution.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Furosemide Injection contains
The active substance is furosemide.
The other ingredients are sodium chloride and sodium hydroxide in water for injections.
What Furosemide Injection looks like and contents of pack
Furosemide Injection is a clear, colourless, or almost colourless, sterile solution. Each 1ml of solution
contains 10mg of furosemide.
The solution is presented in amber glass ampoules (small bottles) and then packed in to cardboard
cartons as follows:
Furosemide 20mg/2ml Solution for Injection - packs of 10 x 2 ml ampoules.
Furosemide 50mg/5ml Solution for Injection - packs of 10 x 5 ml ampoules.
Furosemide 250mg/25ml Solution for Injection - packs of 10 x 25 ml ampoules.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing authorisation holder
Mercury Pharma International Ltd, 4045, Kingswood Road, City West Business Park, Co Dublin,
Ireland.
Manufacturer
B. Braun Melsungen AG, Mistelweg 2, 12357 Berlin, Germany.
This leaflet was last revised in December 2017.
LF-103580-01

2

+ Expand Transcript

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Hide