Skip to Content

UK Edition. Click here for US version.

ENALAGEN 10 MG TABLETS

Active substance(s): ENALAPRIL MALEATE

View full screen / Print PDF » Download PDF ⇩
Transcript
PACKAGE LEAFLET

Package leaflet: Information for the patient
Enalagen 2.5mg Tablets
Enalagen 5 mg Tablets
Enalagen 10 mg Tablets
Enalagen 20 mg Tablets
Enalapril maleate
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important
information for you.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if
their signs of illness are the same as yours.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects
not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
1.
What Enalagen is and what it is used for
2.
What you need to know before you take Enalagen
3.
How to take Enalagen
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Enalagen
6.
Contents of the pack and other information

1.

What Enalagen is and what it is used for

The tablets contain enalapril maleate. Enalapril maleate belongs to a group of medicines known as ACE
inhibitors, which work by widening your blood vessels. The effect of these medicines is to lower your blood
pressure.
• Enalagen is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension).
• It is also used to treat a heart condition sometimes referred to as ‘heart failure’. This means that your
heart is not working as well as it used to, in order to pump blood around your body, leading to
tiredness after light physical activity, breathlessness and swelling of your ankles and feet. Enalagen
may help treat these symptoms.
• In many patients with a damaged heart muscle, but who have no symptoms, Enalagen may help to
prevent the appearance of symptoms such as shortness of breath and swelling.
• Enalagen should only be used in children for high blood pressure (hypertension).

2.

What you need to know before you take Enalagen

Do not take Enalagen


if you are more than 3 months pregnant. (It is also better to avoid enalapril maleate in early
pregnancy – see pregnancy section.)



if you are allergic to enalapril maleate, similar medicines known as ACE inhibitors or any of
the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6). Signs of an allergic reaction may
have been itching, nettle rash, wheezing or swelling of your hands, throat, mouth or eyelids.



if you have ever had swelling of your face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which caused
difficulty in swallowing or breathing (angioedema) when the reason why was not known or if
a member of your family has a history of suffering from angioedema.



if you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressure
lowering medicine containing aliskiren.

Do not take Enalagen if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist
before taking Enalagen.
Warnings And Precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Enalagen if:



















you have kidney problems, such as ‘renal artery stenosis’ (reduced blood flow to the kidney),
have had a recent kidney transplant, are a dialysis patient, or are taking water tablets
(diuretics)
you have low levels of sodium in the blood, are on a salt restricted diet, have suffered from
excessive vomiting or diarrhoea recently or are dehydrated
you have a heart condition called ‘ischaemic heart disease’ which reduces the blood supply to
the heart muscles, which may cause chest pain (angina)
you have a heart condition called ‘aortic stenosis’, ‘hypertrophic cardiomyopathy’ or ‘outflow
obstruction’
you have a condition affecting the blood supply to your brain (‘cerebrovascular disease’) e.g.
you have had a stroke or mini-stroke (also known as a ‘TIA')
you have collagen vascular disease, are taking immunosuppressant therapy (used for the
treatment of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or following transplant
surgery)
you are taking allopurinol, (used for the treatment of gout), or procainamide, (used to treat
abnormal heart rhythms)
you have a history of ‘angioedema’ while taking other medicines. The signs may have been
itching, nettle rash, wheezing or swelling of your hands, throat, mouth or eyelids. You should
be aware that Afro-Caribbean patients are at an increased risk of these types of reactions to
ACE inhibitors
you have diabetes and are taking antidiabetic medicines, including insulin to control your
diabetes (you should monitor your blood for low blood glucose levels, especially during the
first month of treatment)
you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARBs) (also known as sartans - for example valsartan,
telmisartan, irbesartan), in particular if you have diabetes-related kidney problems.
aliskiren.
you are taking potassium supplements or potassium containing salt substitutes
you are over 70 years old or have too much acid in the blood (metabolic acidosis).
you are taking other medicines that can affect the level of potassium in your blood, such as
heparin (an anticoagulant)
you are taking lithium, used for the treatment of some mental health conditions
you have had surgery on the airways (e.g. lungs)
you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Enalagen is not recommended in early
pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause
serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see pregnancy section).

Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes (e.g.
potassium) in your blood at regular intervals.
See also information under the heading “Do not take Enalagen”

You should be aware that this medicine may be less effective at lowering the blood pressure in AfroCaribbean patients than in non-Afro-Caribbean patients.
While taking Enalagen
If you develop any of the following symptoms you should let your doctor know immediately:

jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)

a dry cough which is persistent for a long time.

a high temperature, sore throat or mouth ulcers (these may be symptoms of infection caused
by the lowering of the number of white blood cells).
If you are about to have any of the following procedures, you should tell your doctor who is treating
you that you are taking Enalagen:
• any surgery or receive anaesthetics (even at the dentist)
• a treatment called LDL apheresis, to remove cholesterol from your blood using a machine
• desensitisation treatment, to reduce the effect of an allergy to bee or wasp stings.
Routine tests
When you first start to take enalapril maleate, your doctor will monitor your blood pressure frequently to
ensure you have been given the correct dose. In addition, for some patients the doctor may want to do some
tests to measure your potassium, creatinine, liver enzyme levels and blood cell count.
Children and adolescents
Information on the use of enalapril maleate in children over 6 years old who have high blood pressure is
limited, but for children with heart problems there is no information. Enalapril maleate should not be used in
babies or children with reduced kidney function.
Other medicines and Enalagen
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines,
including medicines obtained without a prescription as some drugs may affect each other's action. This
includes herbal medicines. Also some other medicines can affect the way enalapril maleate works:
• potassium sparing water tablets (diuretics) such as spironolactone, eplerenone, triamterene or
amiloride, potassium supplements, or potassium-containing salt substitutes. Enalapril maleate may
increase the levels of potassium in your blood leading to high potassium levels. This causes few signs
and is usually seen by a blood test.
• water tablets (diuretics) such as thiazides e.g. bendroflumethiazide, furosemide or bumetanide as these
may cause a severe drop in blood pressure when the first doses are taken.
• other medicines that lower blood pressure, such as angiotensin receptor blockers (e.g. losartan and
valsartan), nitroglycerin, nitrates, and vasodilators as these may increase the effect of enalapril
maleate.
• heparin, or other medicines that increase the level of potassium in your blood.
• lithium, used for the treatment of some mental health conditions. Enalapril maleate should not be taken
with this medicine as it may increase the levels of lithium in the blood.
• tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline, used for depression, antipsychotics such as
phenothiazines, used for severe anxiety and mental health conditions as these can increase the effects
of enalapril maleate.
• pain killers such as morphine, because your blood pressure may become too low.
• medicines used for stiffness and inflammation associated with painful conditions, particularly those
affecting your muscles, bones and joints:
• including gold therapy which can lead to flushing of your face, feeling sick (nausea),
vomiting and low blood pressure, when taken with enalapril maleate , and
• non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including COX-2 inhibitors, for example
diflunisal or diclofenac. They may prevent your blood pressure from being well controlled
and may increase the level of potassium in your blood

• medicines such as ephedrine, used in some cough and cold remedies, or noradrenaline and adrenaline

used for low blood pressure, shock, cardiac failure, asthma or allergies. If used with enalapril maleate
these medicines may keep your blood pressure high
• Allopurinol (used to treat gout) or procainamide (used to treat abnormal heart rhythms) as these may
increase the risk of developing low levels of white blood cells in your body.
• antidiabetic medicines such as insulin. Enalagen may cause your blood sugar levels to drop even
further if you take it with antidiabetics.
Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions:
• If you are taking an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) or aliskiren (see also information under
the headings “Do not take Enalagen” and “Warnings and precautions”).
If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Enalagen.
Enalagen with alcohol
If you drink alcohol while taking Enalagen, it may cause your blood pressure to drop too much and you may
experience dizziness, light-headedness or faintness. You should keep your alcohol intake to a minimum.
Pregnancy
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist
for advice before taking this medicine. Your doctor will normally advise you to stop taking enalapril maleate
before you become pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant and will advise you to take another
medicine instead of enalapril maleate. Enalapril maleate is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must
not be taken when more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used after the
third month of pregnancy.
Breast-feeding
If you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before
taking this medicine. Breast-feeding newborn babies (first few weeks after birth), and especially premature
babies, is not recommended whilst taking enalapril maleate. In the case of an older baby your doctor should
advise you on the benefits and risks of taking enalapril maleate whilst breast-feeding, compared with other
treatments.
Driving and using machines
Certain side effects, such as dizziness and weariness, have been reported with enalapril maleate, which may
affect some patients’ ability to drive or operate machinery.
Enalagen contains lactose monohydrate
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before
taking this medicine.

3.

How to take Enalagen

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or
pharmacist if you are not sure.
Taking this medicine
• You should take this medicine by mouth.
• The number of tablets you take each day will depend upon your condition.
• Enalapril maleate can be taken with or without food.
Dosage for high blood pressure
The initial recommended dose is 5 mg per day up to 20 mg per day depending on your blood pressure. In
patients with blood pressure levels slightly above normal the recommended dose is 5-10 mg per day. For

patients with kidney problems, heart problems, low salt and or fluid levels a starting dose of 5 mg or lower
should be used.
If you are currently taking high dose diuretics (water tablets), your doctor may ask you to stop taking them 23 days prior to taking Enalagen. A starting dose of 5 mg or lower is recommended.
Once your blood pressure is under control, the recommended maintenance is 20 mg daily up to a maximum
of 40 mg daily.
Dosage for heart disorders
In patients with heart problems, enalapril maleate is used in addition to diuretics and where appropriate, with
digitalis (a drug used in congestive heart failure or for an erratic heartbeat) or beta-blockers (drugs used to
treat high blood pressure, angina and heart problems). The initial dose of 2.5 mg each day should be
gradually increased, to the recommended maintenance dose of 20 mg given in a single dose or two divided
doses, over a 2 to 4 week period. The maximum dose is 40 mg daily given in two divided doses.
Reduced kidney function
In patients with kidney problems, your dose of enalapril maleate will need to be adjusted depending on how
well your kidneys are functioning. Kidney function is calculated by measuring the amount of creatinine (a
waste product) in your urine and also by taking a blood test.
If you are having dialysis, your dosage will vary daily. Your doctor will let you know what your dose should
be.
Older patients
Your dose will be decided by your doctor, and will be based on how well your kidneys are functioning.
Use in children and adolescents
Experience in the use of enalapril maleate in children with high blood pressure is limited. If the child can
swallow tablets the dose will be determined based on the child’s weight and blood pressure response. The
recommended starting dose is 2.5 mg in children 20 kg to less than 50 kg and 5 mg in children 50 kg and
over. Enalagen is given once daily. The dosage should be adjusted according to the needs of the child to a
maximum of 20 mg daily in children 20 kg to less than 50 kg and 40 mg in children 50 kg and over.
Babies and children with kidney problems
Enalagen should not be used in babies or children with kidney problems.
If you take more Enalagen than you should
Contact your doctor immediately if you think you have taken more of your tablets than you should. The most
common signs and symptoms of an overdose are a fall in blood pressure and stupor (a state of almost
complete lack of consciousness). Other symptoms may include dizziness or light-headedness due to a fall in
blood pressure, forceful, slow or rapid heartbeat, rapid pulse, anxiety, cough, kidney failure, and rapid
breathing.
If you forget to take Enalagen
• If you forget to take a tablet, skip the missed dose.
• Take the next dose as usual.
• Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

If you stop taking Enalagen
Do not stop taking your medicine, unless your doctor has told you to. If you do your blood pressure may
increase. If your blood pressure becomes too high it may affect your heart and kidneys.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4.

Possible side effects

Like all medicines this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following
side effects may happen with this medicine:
Stop taking Enalagen immediately and go straight away to hospital or seek medical advice from your
doctor if you get any of the following side effects:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• heavy or pressing sensation on your chest with chest pain and an increased shortness of breath on exercise
(these may be signs of problems with your heart such as angina)
• allergic reaction- you may have difficulty breathing or wheeze, develop itchy red rashes, swelling of your
hands, mouth, lips, tongue throat, face or eyes.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• tiredness, shortness of breath, coldness in your hands and feet and pale skin, difficulty in healing after a cut

(this may indicate you have a low number of red blood cells in the blood)
• sudden collapse, numbness or weakness in the arms or legs, headache, dizziness and confusion,

disturbances in vision, difficulty swallowing, slurred, mixed up or loss of speech (these may be signs of a
stroke caused by a clot or bleed affecting blood supply to part of the brain)
• sudden chest pain which may spread to the neck or arm, with a shortness of breath and a clammy feeling
(these may be signs of a heart attack)
• persistent constipation with a swollen stomach and being sick (these may be signs of a blockage in your
intestine)
• severe stomach pain which may radiate to your back (this may be signs of problems with your pancreas)
• burning, aching pain with an empty feeling and hunger, particularly when the stomach is empty (caused by
a stomach ulcer)
• producing little or no urine, cloudy urine or blood in the urine, pain when passing urine or lower back
pain (these may be signs of serious problems with your kidneys)
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• an increase in the number of infections you get such as fever, severe chills, sore throat or mouth ulcers

(this may indicate you have a low number of white blood cells in the blood)
• weakness, unexplained or abnormal bruising or bleeding or more frequent, potentially severe, infections

(this may be signs of a severe reduction of all types of blood cells which may be due to bone marrow
depression)
• autoimmune diseases where the immune system tries to attack normal, healthy, tissue
• yellowing of your skin or whites of your eyes, dark urine, pale stools, tiredness, fever, nausea, weakness,
drowsiness and abdominal pain, with test results showing abnormal liver function (these may be signs of
problems with your liver)excessive painful redness of your skin, large blisters, skin peeling off in sheets,
bleeding of the lips, eyes or mouth accompanied by fever (these may indicate serious skin conditions such
as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, pemphigus or toxic epidermal necrolysis)
• cough, high temperature and difficulty breathing these may be signs of eosinophillic pneumonia, inflamed
lung or inflammation of the lung (alveolitis))
Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data)
• a lower than normal level of sodium in the blood, which may make you feel weak and confused with
aching of muscles or fluid retention. This may be due to inappropriate ADH secretion, a hormone that
causes the body to retain water and dilute the blood, reducing the amount of sodium
Other possible side effects:
Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)
• blurred vision
• cough
• feeling sick (nausea), dizziness, weakness

Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• headache, depression
• light-headedness, especially when you stand up (a sign of low blood pressure), fainting
• chest pain, heart rhythm changes, fast heart beat, shortness of breath
• diarrhoea, pain around your stomach area (abdomen), changes in taste feeling tired
• increased blood potassium level, increases in serum creatinine (both are usually detected by a blood test).
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• anxiety, a sense of heightened awareness or a shaky feeling (caused by low blood sugar), confusion,
feeling sleepy, difficulty sleeping, feeling nervous, tingling or numbness, feeling like you are spinning
(vertigo)
• uneven heart beats you may feel as a thumping in your chest
• runny nose, sore throat and hoarseness or asthma
• being sick, indigestion, constipation
• loss of appetite (anorexia), stomach irritation, dry mouth,
• excessive sweating, itching, hives (urticaria), hair loss, protein in your urine (usually detected by a urine
test)
• impotence, muscle cramps, flushing, ringing in your ears, a general feeling of being unwell, high
temperature
• increases in blood urea and decreases in blood sodium levels (usually detected by a blood test).
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• swollen glands in the neck, armpit or groin
• strange dreams, sleeping problems
• low blood flow to your fingers and toes causing them to turn cold, white and painful (Raynaud’s), fluid on
your lungs, stuffy or sore nose
• pain, swelling or ulcers in your mouth, infection or pain and swelling of your tongueredness of your skin
or measle-like spots
• development of breasts in men
• increased liver enzymes or blood ‘bilirubin’ (usually detected by a blood test)
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
• intestinal ‘angioedema’. Signs may include stomach pain, feeling sick and vomiting, elevated calcium level
in blood
Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data)
A complex side effect has also been reported which may include some or all of the following signs:
• fever, inflammation of your blood vessels, pain and inflammation of muscles or joints
• blood disorders affecting the components of your blood (usually detected by a blood test)
• rash, hypersensitivity to sunlight and other effects on your skin.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed
in this leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By
reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5.

How to store Enalagen

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not store Enalagen above 25°C. Store in the original container.
Do not put them into another container as they might get mixed up.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date, which is stated on the carton or bottle after “ “.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw
away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6.

Contents of the pack and other information

What Enalagen contains
The active substance is enalapril maleate. Each tablet contains either 2.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg of enalapril
maleate.
The other ingredients are sodium hydrogen carbonate, pregelatinised starch, maize starch, lactose
monohydrate (see section 2, ‘Enalagen contains lactose monohydrate’) and magnesium stearate.
In addition, the 10 mg tablets contain iron oxide red (E172)
In addition, the 20 mg tablets contain iron oxide brown (E172)
What Enalagen looks like and contents of the pack
Enalagen 2.5 mg tablets are white, oval shaped with two sides that curve out, marked with “2.5” scoreline
“G” on one side and scoreline on the other, approximately 8 mm long, 5 mm wide and 3 mm thick.
Enalagen 5 mg tablets are white, arc triangle shaped with two sides that curve out, marked with “5” over “G”
on one side and scoreline on the other, approximately 9 mm long, 9 mm wide and 4 mm thick.
Enalagen 10 mg tablets are rusty red, arc triangle shaped with two sides that curve out, marked with ‘’10’’
over “G” on one side and scoreline on the other, approximately 9 mm long, 9 mm wide and 4 mm thick.
Enalagen 20 mg tablets are peach, arc triangle shaped with two sides that curve out, marked with “20” over
“G” on one side and scoreline on the other, approximately 9 mm long, 9 mm wide and 4 mm thick.
Enalagen tablets are supplied in the following pack sizes:
• Blister packs in cardboard outer carton containing 10, 11, 14, 20, 28, 30, 49, (49 x 1 blister), 50, 56, 60,
84, 90, 98, 100, 250, 500 tablets.
• Bottle packs with desiccant and tamper-evident cap containing 10, 11, 14, 20, 28, 30, 50, 56, 60, 84, 90,
100, 250, 500 tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder
Mylan, Station Close, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, EN6 1TL, United Kingdom
Manufacturer
Gerard Laboratories, 35/36 Baldoyle Industrial Estate, Grange Road, Dublin 13, Ireland
Generics [UK] Ltd, Station Close, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, EN6 1TL, United Kingdom
Merck S.L., Poligono Merck, Apartado 47, 08100 Mollet del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

This leaflet was last revised in September 2014

Expand view ⇕

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Hide