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E-Z-PAQUE 96 % W/W POWDER FOR ORAL/RECTAL SUSPENSION

Active substance(s): BARIUM SULPHATE

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E-Z-Paque PIL (UK) TX1339-4 CL81801 02-16_Layout 2/11/16 2:45 PM Page 1

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

E-Z-Paque
96 % w/w powder
for oral/rectal suspension
barium sulfate
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you have this medicine.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, radiographer
or nurse helping you with your X-ray examination.
• If any of the side effects get serious, or if you notice any side
effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor, radiographer
or nurse helping you with your X-ray examination.
In this leaflet:
1. What E-Z-Paque is and what it is used for
2. Before you have E-Z-Paque
3. How E-Z-Paque will be given to you
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store E-Z-Paque
6. Further information



Talk to your doctor before you have E-Z-Paque if you:
• or members of your family suffer from allergies, hay fever,
eczema or asthma
• are elderly
• are feeling weak (debilitated)
• are a baby or small child
• suffer from narrowing of the bowel or stomach (stenosis)
• suffer from a condition known as ‘gastrointestinal fistulae’
• suffer from cancer of any part of the bowel
• suffer from inflammatory intestinal disease
• suffer from a condition known as ‘diverticulitis’ or
‘diverticulosis’
• suffer from an infection known as ‘amoebiasis’
• suffer from a condition called Hirschsprung’s Disease
• have ever suffered from aspiration (where you might breathe
in food or liquid into your lungs)
• find swallowing difficult
• have ever suffered from a stroke
• have kidney problems
• suffer from constipation
• are dehydrated
• suffer from heart disease
• have been fitted with an artificial heart valve.
If any of the above applies to you, talk to your doctor before you
have E-Z-Paque.
Using other medicines
Please tell your doctor, radiographer or nurse helping you with
your X-ray examination if you are taking or have recently taken
any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a
prescription. 

1. What E-Z-Paque is and what it is used for
E-Z-Paque belongs to a group of medicines called ‘contrast
media’. It is used when you have an X-ray of your digestive
system. It contains a chemical that helps the X-ray show up. This
gives a clearer ‘picture’ of your digestive system on the X-ray.
E-Z-Paque may be given to you as an enema (into your back
passage) or as a drink. This depends on which part of your body
is being examined.
This medicine is for diagnostic use only. It only helps to diagnose
a problem. It cannot be used to treat any diseases.
2. Before you have E-Z-Paque
Do not have E-Z-Paque if you:
• are allergic (hypersensitive) to barium sulfate or any of the
other ingredients of E-Z-Paque (see section 6)
• know that you have a hole or blockage in your bowel or
stomach (gastrointestinal perforation or obstruction)
• know that you have an abnormal passage connecting your
stomach with your bowel (gastrointestinal fistula)
• suffer from bleeding in your bowel or stomach
• suffer from insufficient blood supply (ischaemia) of the bowel
wall
• have an enlarged bowel - a condition called megacolon or
toxic megacolon
• have an inflamed condition of the bowel called necrotising
enterocolitis
• suffer from severe constipation
• suffer from a stomach condition called impaired gastric
emptying
• suffer from poor movement of your bowel - a condition called
colonic ileus
• are a baby and have problems swallowing
• have recently had bowel surgery, such as a procedure called
‘hot’ colonic biopsy or snare polypectomy
• have had radiotherapy (cancer treatment) to your large bowel
(rectum) or prostate gland within the last 4 weeks
• have suffered recent injury to your bowel or stomach,
including chemical burns.

E-Z-Paque may interfere with the action of other medicines taken
at the same time.  Your doctor may separate the administration of
barium sulfate from that of your other medicines or other
digestive tract examinations.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Tell the doctor or nurse if you know that you are pregnant or you
are trying to become pregnant. X-rays can harm unborn babies so
you will only be given an X-ray if it is essential for you.
You can continue to breast feed if you take E-Z-Paque.
Driving and using machines
E-Z-Paque may cause you to feel dizzy. If this happens to you, do
not drive or use machinery until this effect has worn off.
Important information about some of the ingredients
of E-Z-Paque
E-Z-Paque contains sorbitol which may have a mild laxative
effect. The calorific value of sorbitol is 2.6 kcal/g. If you have
been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some
sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
It also contains approximately 224 mg sodium per 100 g powder.
Please tell your doctor, radiographer or nurse if you are on a low
sodium (salt) diet.
Ask your doctor if one of the above warnings is applicable to
you, or has been in the past.

If any of the above applies to you, you should not be given
E-Z-Paque. You should talk to your doctor again.

Rev. 02/16

TX1339-4

E-Z-Paque™
96 % w/w oral/rectal suspension
barium sulfate
The following information is intended for medical or healthcare
professionals only.
It supplements the information provided in the package leaflet
above.
Posology and method of administration

The actual administered dose should be determined from
experience, by the radiologist.
Children: The dosage will be dependent on the size, age, health
state and anatomic region to be imaged of the child. Individual
requirements should be determined, from experience,
by the radiologist.

E-Z-Paque is primarily intended for use in the upper gastro-intestinal
tract but may also be administered by enema. The powder must
be reconstituted prior to administration (see section ‘Special
precautions for disposal and other handling’ below).

Elderly: There are no special dosage recommendations. The
dosage should be determined, from experience, by the radiologist.

The administered dose of E-Z-Paque will depend on the patient in
question, the route of administration and the section of the
gastrointestinal tract to be viewed.

Adults: E-Z-Paque should be suspended over the density range
60 to 100 % w/v.

Adults: Single contrast of the oesophagus, stomach and
duodenum - give orally 175 to 300 mL of suspension at 100 % w/v.
Small bowel - give orally 250 to 300 mL of suspension at 60 % w/v.

Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Reconstitution information for use of E-Z-Paque is provided
below.

E-Z-Paque PIL (UK) TX1339-4 CL81801 02-16_Layout 2/11/16 2:45 PM Page 2

3. How E-Z-Paque will be given to you
Adults, the elderly and children: Your doctor determines how
much E-Z-Paque is used.
E-Z-Paque will be given to you as either a drink or as an enema
(into your back passage). This depends upon which part of your
body is being examined.
If you are being given the medicine as an enema, you will need
to get into the best position for this. You may be asked to lie on
your side with one knee bent to your chest. A tube will be gently
inserted into your back passage (anus). The medicine will then
flow into your bowel.
If you are dehydrated, prone to suffering from constipation or
elderly you may be offered a laxative before you use E-Z-Paque.
After your examination, you may be given a drink, laxative or put
on a saline drip.

Respiratory problems:
When E-Z-Paque is taken as a drink, there is a small risk that you
could breathe it in. This may lead to:
• difficulty breathing
• cough and sore throat
• pneumonia which can result in death. This is very rare.
Other possible side effects:
• high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) in diabetics
• agitation, confusion or nervousness whilst the product is
being administered
• feeling dizzy
• swollen eyes
• tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
• low blood pressure
• problems passing urine
• feeling unwell, pain including headache, fever
• swelling, weakness, muscle or speech problems.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side
effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor.

4. Possible side effects
5. How to store E-Z-Paque
Like all medicines, E-Z-Paque can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them.

E-Z-Paque should be kept out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use E-Z-Paque after the expiry date which is stated on the
packaging behind the word ‘EXP’. The expiry date refers to the
last day of that month.

Seek immediate medical help if you have any of the following
symptoms:
• feeling faint or loss of consciousness
• swelling of the face or throat
• difficulty in breathing or wheezing, shortness of breath.

Your doctor or nurse will make sure your medicine is correctly
stored and disposed of.

These are the signs of a severe and sometimes life threatening
allergic reaction, such as shock.

6. Further information

The following side effects can also develop when you are given
this type of medicine:
Skin problems:
• itching
• redness
• rash
• sweating
• pale, clammy skin
• skin turning a blue or purple colour due to poor circulation.
Stomach/bowel problems:
• constipation
• blocked bowel (the blockage would have to be removed by
a doctor)
• diarrhoea
• feeling sick or being sick
• stomach pain or a bloated stomach
• excess wind (flatulence)
• bowel inflammation, ulceration or perforation (a hole)
• swollen tongue
• a damaged bowel wall lining which may lead to bacteria in
the blood, an abscess or appendicitis. You may be given
antibiotics to prevent this.
• in rare cases an enema may damage the lining of the bowel
wall. When this happens, it may result in an infection of the
bowel or its lining (peritonitis), or a type of swelling called
‘granuloma’
• small amounts of barium sulfate may leak into the blood
supply and end up in other parts of the body such as blood
vessels or arteries. This occurs rarely, but the result can be
very serious and may cause death.
• if you suffer from ulcerative colitis (inflammation of the
bowel), E-Z-Paque may aggravate your condition.

What E-Z-Paque contains
• The active ingredient is barium sulfate 96 % w/w.
• The other ingredients are sorbitol (E420), sodium citrate
(E331), pectin (E440), sodium carrageenan (E407), bentonite,
tragacanth (E413), citric acid (E330), simeticone, strawberry
flavour, xanthan gum (E415), polyoxyethylene glyceryl
mono-oleate, propylene glycol, saccharin sodium (E954) and
vanilla flavour.
What E-Z-Paque looks like and contents of the pack
E-Z-Paque is a white powder for oral/rectal suspension. It is
supplied in either a plastic bottle, plastic jug or in a plastic bag
placed in a plastic bucket. The bottle contains 177 g, the jug
1200 g and the bucket 10 kg of E-Z-Paque. Not all pack sizes
may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Bracco Imaging spa,
Via Egidio Folli 50, 20134 Milano, Italy
Manufacturer responsible for batch release
Bracco UK Limited,
Wooburn Green, Bucks, HP10 0HH, UK

If this leaflet is difficult to see or read, and you
would like it in a different format, please
contact Bracco UK Limited, Wooburn Green,
Bucks, HP10 0HH, UK.
This leaflet was last approved in May 2016.
CL81801

Heart problems:
• changes in heart rhythm.

E-Z-Paque™
96 % w/w oral/rectal suspension
barium sulfate
For pack size 177 g:
Add water to approximately 2.5 cm above barium level. Secure
lid, invert bottle and shake vigorously. Add more water to desired
% w/v line on bottle. Replace lid and shake for 30 seconds.
Important: Always re-shake just prior to administration to
the patient.
For pack size 1200 g:
Add required amount of water, secure cap and invert jug, tapping
base to loosen powder. Shake vigorously. Reshake just prior to use.
Add 900 mL water to give 1200 mL suspension at 100 % w/v.
Add 1400 mL water to give 1700 mL suspension at 70 % w/v.
Add water to neck of jug and shake, then top up with more water
and shake again to give 2000 mL suspension at 60 % w/v.
Important: Always re-shake just prior to administration to
the patient.

For pack size 10 kg:
To one level scoop (275 g) add the following amounts of water:
- For 60 % w/v add 370 mL water. Approximate yield 440 mL
suspension.
- For 70 % w/v add 305 mL water. Approximate yield 380 mL
suspension.
- For 100 % w/v add 190 mL water. Approximate yield 265 mL
suspension.
On addition of water shake vigorously. Reshake just prior to use.
Special precautions for storage
Store below 25 °C. Store in the original package.
E-Z-Paque should be administered immediately following
reconstitution and must not be stored.
Any unused, opened product or waste material should be
disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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