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CUPROFEN IBUPROFEN TABLETS 200MG BP
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Cuprofen Tablets and Ibuprofen Tablets 200mg BP Own label: Dr White's Well Woman Tablets 200mg BP, Ibrufhalal, Lloyd's Ibuprofen Tablets, Peels Ibuprofen Tablets 200mg BP and Drummond Ibuprofen Tablets 200mg
2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each Cuprofen Tablet contains: Ibuprofen 200mg Excipients of known effect: Lactose For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1
Film Coated Tablets
For the relief of rheumatic, muscular, dental and period pains and pain in backache, neuralgia, migraine and headache, and for the symptomatic relief of colds, flu and feverishness.
Posology and method of administration
For oral administration and short-term use only.
Adults, the elderly and children over 12 years: The lowest effective dose should be used for the shortest duration necessary to relieve symptoms. The patient should consult a doctor if symptoms persist or worsen, or if the product is required for more than 10 days. One to two tablets up to three times as day as required. Leave at least four hours between doses and do not take more than 6 tablets in any 24 hour period. To be taken preferably after food.
Children under 12 years: Not to be given to children under 12 years of age.
Hypersensitivity to ibuprofen or any of the excipients in the product. Patients who have previously shown hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. asthma, rhinitis, angioedema or urticaria) in response to aspirin or other non steroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Active or history of recurrent peptic ulcer/haemorrhage (two or more distinct episodes of proven ulceration or bleeding). History of gastrointestinal bleeding or perforation, relating to previous NSAIDs therapy. Severe heart failure, renal failure or hepatic failure (see section 4.4). Last trimester of pregnancy (see section 4.6).
Special warnings and precautions for use Undesirable effects may be minimised by using the lowest effective dose for the shortest duration necessary to control symptoms (see GI and cardiovascular risks below). The elderly have an increased frequency of adverse reactions to NSAIDs especially gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation which may be fatal. Respiratory: Bronchospasm may be precipitated in patients suffering from or with a previous history of bronchial asthma or allergic disease. Other NSAIDs: The use of Cuprofen Tablets with concomitant NSAIDs including cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors should be avoided (see section 4.5). SLE and mixed connective tissue disease: Systemic lupus erythematosus and mixed connective tissue disease increased risk of aseptic meningitis (see section 4.8) Renal: Renal impairment as renal function may further deteriorate (see sections 4.3 and 4.8) Hepatic: Hepatic dysfunction (see sections 4.3 and 4.8) Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular effects:
Caution (discussion with doctor or pharmacist) is required prior to starting treatment in patients with a history of hypertension and/or heart failure as fluid retention, hypertension and oedema have been reported in association with NSAID therapy. Clinical trial and epidemiological data suggest that use of ibuprofen, particularly at high doses (2400mg daily) and in long-term treatment may be associated with a small increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (for example myocardial infarction or stroke). Overall, epidemiological studies do not suggest that low dose ibuprofen (e.g. 1200mg daily) is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction. Impaired female fertility: There is limited evidence that drugs which inhibit cyclo-oxygenase/ prostaglandin synthesis may cause impairment of female fertility by an effect on ovulation. This is reversible upon withdrawal of treatment. Gastrointestinal: NSAIDs should be given with care to patients with a history of gastrointestinal disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohns disease) as these conditions may be exacerbated (see section 4.8). GI bleeding, ulceration or perforation, which can be fatal, has been reported with all NSAIDs at anytime during treatment, with or without warning symptoms or a previous history of serious GI events. The risk of GI bleeding, ulceration or perforation is higher with increasing NSAID doses, in patients with a history of ulcer, particularly if complicated with haemorrhage or perforation (see section 4.3), and in the elderly. These patients should commence treatment on the lowest dose available. Patients with a history of GI toxicity, particularly when elderly, should report any unusual abdominal symptoms (especially GI bleeding) particularly in the initial stages of treatment. Caution should be advised in patients receiving concomitant medications which could increase the risk of ulceration or bleeding, such as oral corticosteroids, anticoagulants such as warfarin, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors or antiplatelet agents such as aspirin (see section 4.5). When GI bleeding or ulceration occurs in patients receiving ibuprofen, the treatment should be withdrawn. Dermatological: Serious skin reactions, some of them fatal, including exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis, have been reported very rarely in association with the use of NSAIDSs (see section 4.8). Patients appear to be at highest risk for these reactions early in the course of therapy: the onset of the reaction occurring in the majority of cases within the first month of treatment. Cuprofen Maximum Strength Tablets should be
discontinued at the first appearance of skin rash, mucosal lesions, or any other sign of hypersensitivity. This product contains lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this product. The label will include: Read the enclosed leaflet before taking this product. Do not take if you: have (or have had two or more episodes of) a stomach ulcer, perforation or bleeding are allergic to ibuprofen or any other ingredient of the product, aspirin or other related painkillers are taking other NSAID painkillers, or aspirin with a daily dose above 75mg have or have had asthma, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, a stroke, heart, liver, kidney or bowel problems are a smoker are pregnant
Speak to a pharmacist or your doctor before taking if you
If symptoms persist or worsen, consult your doctor.
Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Ibuprofen should be avoided in combination with: Aspirin: Unless low-dose aspirin (not above 75mg daily) has been advised by a doctor, as this may increase the risk of adverse reactions (see section 4.4). Experimental data suggests that ibuprofen may inhibit the effect of low does aspirin on platelet aggregation when they are dosed concomitantly. However, the limitations of these data and the uncertainties regarding extrapolation of ex-vivo data to the clinical situation imply that no firm conclusions can be made for regular ibuprofen use, and no clinically relevant effect is considered to be likely for occasional ibuprofen use (see section 5.1). Other NSAIDS including cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors: Avoid concomitant use of two or more NSAIDs as this may increase the risk of adverse effects (see section 4.4).
Ibuprofen should be used with caution in combination with: Anticoagulants: NSAIDS may enhance the effects of anti-coagulants, such as warfarin (see section 4.4).
Antihypertensives and diuretics: NSAIDs may diminish the effect of these drugs. Diuretics can increase the risk of nephrotoxicity of NSAIDs. Corticosteroids: Increased risk of gastrointestinal ulceration or bleeding (see section 4.4). Anti-platelet agents and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (see section 4.4) Cardiac glycosides: NSAIDs may exacerbate cardiac failure, reduce GFR and increase plasma glycoside levels. Lithium: There is evidence for potential increases in plasma levels of lithium. Methotrexate: There is a potential for an increase in plasma methotrexate. Ciclosporin: Increased risk of nephrotoxicity. Mifepristone: NSAIDs should not be used for 8-12 days after mifepristone administration as NSAIDs can reduce the effect of mifepristone. Tacrolimus: Possible increased risk of nephrotoxicity when NSAIDs are given with tacrolimus. Zidovudine: Increased risk of haematological toxicity when NSAIDs are given with zidovudine. There is evidence of an increased risk of haemarthroses and haematoma in HIV(+) haemophiliacs receiving concurrent treatment with zidovudine and ibuprofen. Quinolone antibiotics: Animal data indicate that NSAIDs can increase the risk of convulsions associated with quinolone antibiotics. Patients taking NSAIDs and quinolones may have an increased risk of developing convulsions.
Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
Whilst no teratogenic effects have been demonstrated in animal studies, the use of Cuprofen Maximum Strength Tablets should be avoided during the first 6 months of pregnancy. During the 3rd trimester, ibuprofen is contraindicated as there is there is a risk of premature closure of the foetal ductus arteriosus with possible persistent pulmonary hypertension. The onset of labour may be delayed and duration of labour increased with an increased bleeding tendency in both the mother and child. (see section 4.3). In limited studies, ibuprofen appears in the breast milk in very low concentrations and is unlikely to affect the breast-fed infant adversely. See section 4.4 regarding female fertility.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines
None expected at recommended doses and duration of therapy.
Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported and these may consist of: (a) non-specific allergic reactions and anaphylaxis (b) respiratory tract reactivity, eg asthma, aggravated asthma, bronchospasm, dyspnoea (c) various skin reactions, e.g. pruritus, urticaria, angioedema and more rarely exfoliative and bullous dermatoses (including epidermal necrolysis and erythema multiforme)
The following list of adverse effects relates to those experienced with ibuprofen at OTC doses, for short-term use. In the treatment of chronic conditions, under longterm treatment, additional adverse effects may occur. Hypersensitivity reactions: Uncommon: Hypersensitivity reactions with urticaria and pruritus. Very rare: severe hypersensitivity reactions. Symptoms could be: facial, tongue and laryngeal swelling, dyspnoea, tachycardia, hypotension, (anaphylaxis, angioedema or severe shock). Exacerbation of asthma and bronchospasm. Gastrointestinal: The most commonly-observed adverse events are gastrointestinal in nature. Uncommon: abdominal pain, nausea, dyspepsia. Rare: diarrhoea, flatulence, constipation and vomiting Very rare: peptic ulcer, perforation or gastrointestinal haemorrhage, melaena, haematemesis, sometimes fatal, particularly in the elderly. Ulcerative stomatitis, gastritis. Exacerbation of colitis and Crohns disease (see section 4.4). Nervous System: Uncommon: Headache Very rare: Aseptic meningitis single cases have been reported very rarely. Renal: Very rare: Acute renal failure, papillary necrosis, especially in long-term use, associated with increased serum urea and oedema. Hepatic: Very rare: liver disorders. Haematological: Very rare: Haematopoietic disorders (anaemia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia, agranulocytosis). First signs are: fever, sore throat, superficial mouth ulcers, flu-like symptoms, severe exhaustion, unexplained bleeding and bruising. Dermatological: Uncommon: Various skin rashes Very rare: Severe forms of skin reactions such as bullous reactions, including Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, erythema multiforme and toxic epidermal necrolysis can occur. Immune System: In patients with existing auto-immune disorders (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease) during treatment with ibuprofen, single cases of symptoms of aseptic meningitis, such as stiff neck, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever or disorientation have been observed (see section 4.4). Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular: Oedema, hypertension and cardiac failure have been reported in association with NSAID treatment.
Clinical trial and epidemiological data suggest that use of ibuprofen (particularly at high doses 2400mg daily) and in long-term treatment may be associated with a small increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (for example myocardial infarction or stroke), (see section 4.4).
In children ingestion of more than 400 mg/kg may cause symptoms. In adults the dose response effect is less clear cut. The half-life in overdose is 1.5-3 hours. Symptoms Most patients who have ingested clinically important amounts of NSAIDs will develop no more than nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, or more rarely diarrhoea. Tinnitus, headache and gastrointestinal bleeding are also possible. In more serious poisoning, toxicity is seen in the central nervous system, manifesting as drowsiness, occasionally excitation and disorientation or coma. Occasionally patients develop convulsions. In serious poisoning metabolic acidosis may occur and the prothrombin time/ INR may be prolonged, probably due to interference with the actions of circulating clotting factors. Acute renal failure and liver damage may occur. Exacerbation of asthma is possible in asthmatics. Management Management should be symptomatic and supportive and include the maintenance of a clear airway and monitoring of cardiac and vital signs until stable. Consider oral administration of activated charcoal if the patient presents within 1 hour of ingestion of a potentially toxic amount. If frequent or prolonged, convulsions should be treated with intravenous diazepam or lorazepam. Give bronchodilators for asthma.
Ibuprofen is a propionic acid derivative NSAID that has demonstrated its efficacy by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. In humans ibuprofen reduces inflammatory pain, swellings and fever. Furthermore, ibuprofen reversibly inhibits platelet aggregation. Experimental data suggests that ibuprofen may inhibit the effect of low does aspirin on platelet aggregation when they are dosed concomitantly. In one study, when a single does of ibuprofen 400mg was taken within 8 hours before or within 30 minutes after immediate release aspirin dosing (81mg), a decreased effect of aspirin on the formation of thromboxane or platelet aggregation occurred. However, the limitations of these data and the uncertainties regarding extrapolation of ex vivo data to the clinical situation imply that no firm conclusions can be made for regular ibuprofen use, and no clinically relevant effect is considered to be like for occasional ibuprofen use.
Ibuprofen is rapidly absorbed following administration and is rapidly distributed throughout the whole body. The excretion is rapid and complete via the kidneys. Maximum plasma concentrations are reached 45 minutes after ingestion if taken on an empty stomach. When taken with food, peak levels are observed after 1 to 2 hours. These times may vary with different dosage forms.
The half-life of ibuprofen is about 2 hours. In limited studies, ibuprofen appears in the breast milk in very low concentrations.
Preclinical safety data
List of excipients Core Lactose Ac-di-sol Methylcellulose (Methocel A4C) Magnesium Stearate Coating Methylcellulose (Methocel E15) Polyethylene Glycol 400 Sepisperse Rose AP 5002 or Mastercote Pink FA0430
Special precautions for storage
In a glass bottle - normal storage conditions. In blister pack - store below 25C in a dry place.
Nature and contents of container
15ml Amber Glass Universal Tablet containing 18 tablets. 30ml Amber Glass Universal Tablet containing 36 tablets. 60ml Amber Glass Universal Tablet containing 50/96 tablets. All above fitted with child resistant cap. Thermoformed blister pack of 6 tablets constructed of :(a) Plain 250 white rigid UPVC (b) 20 hard temper aluminium foil containing 12, 24, 36, 48 or 96 tablets
Special precautions for disposal
MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Cupal Ltd Venus 1 Old Park Lane Trafford Park Manchester M41 7HA
MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION
24/10/1985 / 17/06/2010
DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT