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Active substance(s): ETHINYLESTRADIOL / NORGESTIMATE
GB - AW_130502
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
© J-C 2017
35/250 micrograms film-coated tablets
Cilest is a registered trademark
Important things to know about the Pill (combined hormonal contraceptives).
• The Pill may reduce your risk of cancer of the ovary and womb if used for a long time, but increase your risk of breast cancer.
• The Pill will not protect you against sexually transmitted diseases.
• Some women should not take the Pill because of current medical problems or illnesses. Please read the leaflet to make
sure Cilest is right for you.
• To prevent pregnancy it is important to take Cilest as instructed and start each pack on time. Please make sure that you
understand what to do if you miss a pill or think you are pregnant.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
What is in this leaflet:
• The Pill is one of the most reliable reversible methods of contraception if used correctly.
• This medicine slightly increases your risk of having a blood clot in the veins and arteries (especially in the first year or
when restarting the Pill after a break of 4 or more weeks).
• Please be alert and see your doctor if you think you may have symptoms of a blood clot (see Section 2.1 ‘The Pill and
blood clots’, ‘How to recognise a blood clot’).
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, family planning nurse or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them.
If you get any side eﬀects talk to your doctor, family planning nurse or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
eﬀects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
1 What Cilest is and what it is used for
2 What you need to know before you take Cilest
3 How to take Cilest
3.3 A missed pill
4 Possible side eﬀects
5 How to store Cilest
6 Contents of the pack and other information
1 What Cilest is and what it is used for
Cilest is a combined hormonal contraceptive pill (‘the Pill’). You take it to stop getting pregnant.
This contraceptive contains two types of female sex hormones, oestrogen and progestogen. These hormones prevent an
egg being released from your ovaries so you can’t get pregnant. Also, Cilest makes the fluid (mucus) in your cervix thicker
which makes it more diﬃcult for sperm to enter the womb.
Cilest is a 21-day Pill - you take one each day for 21 days, followed by 7 days when you take no pills.
The benefits of taking the Pill include:
• it is one of the most reliable reversible methods of contraception if used correctly
• it doesn’t interrupt sex
• it usually makes your periods regular, lighter and less painful
• it may help with pre-menstrual symptoms
Cilest will not protect you against sexually transmitted infections, such as Chlamydia or HIV. Only condoms can help to do this.
Cilest needs to be taken as directed to prevent pregnancy.
2 What you need to know before you take Cilest
Before you start using Cilest you should read the information on blood clots in section 2.1. It is particularly important to
read the symptoms of a blood clot - see Section 2.1 ‘The Pill and blood clots’.
It’s important that you understand the benefits and risks of taking the Pill before you start taking it, or when deciding
whether to carry on taking it. Although the Pill is suitable for most healthy women it isn’t suitable for everyone.
Cilest should not be used by post-menopausal women.
➜ Tell your doctor if you have any of the illnesses or risk factors mentioned in this leaflet.
Before you start taking the Pill
• Your doctor will ask about you and your family’s medical problems and check your blood pressure. You may also need
other checks, such as a breast examination but only if these are necessary for you or you have any special concerns.
While you’re on the Pill
• You will need regular check-ups with your doctor or family planning nurse, usually when you need another prescription
of the Pill.
• You should go for regular cervical smear tests.
• Check your breasts and nipples every month for changes – tell your doctor if you can see or feel anything odd, such
as lumps or dimpling of the skin.
• If you need a blood test tell your doctor that you are taking the Pill, because the Pill can aﬀect the results of some tests.
• If you’re going to have an operation, make sure your doctor knows about it. You may need to stop taking the Pill
about 4–6 weeks before the operation. This is to reduce the risk of a blood clot (see section 2.1). Your doctor will tell you
when you can start taking the Pill again.
2.1 The Pill and blood clots
Using a Pill such as Cilest increases your risk of developing a blood clot compared with not using one. In rare cases a blood
clot can block blood vessels and cause serious problems.
Blood clots can develop
• in veins (referred to as an ‘venous thrombosis’, ‘venous thromboembolism’ or VTE)
• in the arteries (referred to as a ‘arterial thrombosis’, ‘arterial thromboembolism’ or ATE)
Recovery from blood clots is not always complete. Rarely, there may be serious lasting eﬀects or very rarely they may be fatal.
It is important to remember that the overall risk of a harmful blood clot caused by Cilest is small.
How to recognise a blood clot
Seek urgent medical attention if you notice any of the following signs or symptoms.
Do you have any of these signs?
• swelling of one leg or along a vein in the leg or foot especially with:
- pain or tenderness in the leg which may be felt only when standing or walking
- increased warmth in the aﬀected leg
- change in colour of the skin on the leg such as turning pale, red or blue.
• sudden unexplained breathlessness or rapid breathing
• sudden cough without an obvious cause, which may bring up blood
• sharp chest pain which may increase with deep breathing
• severe light headedness or dizziness
• rapid or irregular heartbeat
• severe pain in your stomach
If you are unsure, talk to a doctor as some of these symptoms such as
coughing or being short of breath may be mistaken for a milder condition
such as a respiratory tract infection (like a common cold).
symptoms most commonly in one eye:
• immediate loss of vision or
• painless blurring of vision which can become a loss of vision.
• chest pain or discomfort, pressure,
• sensation of squeezing or fullness in the chest, arm or below the breastbone
• fullness, indigestion or choking feeling
• upper body discomfort spreading out to the back, jaw, throat, arm and stomach
• sweating, nausea, vomiting or dizziness
• extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
• rapid or irregular heartbeats.
• sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one
side of the body
• sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
• sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
• sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
• sudden, severe or prolonged headache with no known cause
• loss of consciousness or fainting with or without seizure.
Sometimes the symptoms of a stroke can be brief with an almost immediate
and full recovery, but you should still seek urgent medical attention as you
may be at risk of another stroke.
• swelling and slight blue discolouration of an extremity such as hands and feet
• severe pain in your stomach (acute abdomen)
What could you be suﬀering from?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
(blood clot in the large vein of the leg)
Pulmonary embolism (PE)
(blood clot in the lungs)
Retinal vein thrombosis
(blood clot in the eye)
(blood clot in the brain)
Blood clots blocking other blood vessels
• The use of combined hormonal contraceptives has been connected with an increase in the risk of blood clots in the vein
(venous thrombosis). However, these side eﬀects are rare. Most frequently, they occur in the first year of use of a combined
• If a blood clot forms in a vein in the leg or foot it can cause a deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
• If a blood clot travels from the leg and lodges in the lung it can cause a pulmonary embolism
• Very rarely a clot may form in a vein in another organ such as the eye (retinal vein thrombosis).
When is the risk of developing a blood clot in a vein highest?
The risk of developing a blood clot in a vein is highest during the first year of taking the Pill for the first time. The risk may
also be higher if you restart taking the Pill (the same product or a diﬀerent product) after a break of 4 weeks or more.
After the first year, the risk gets smaller but is always slightly higher than if you were not using the Pill.
When you stop using Cilest, your risk of a blood clot returns to normal within a few weeks.
What is the risk of developing a blood clot?
The risk depends on your natural risk of VTE and the type of Pill you are taking.
The overall risk of a blood clot in the leg or lung (DVT or PE) with Cilest is small.
• Out of 10,000 women who are not using any combined hormonal contraceptive and are not pregnant, about 2 will
develop a blood clot in a year.
• Out of 10,000 women taking a Pill containing levonorgestrel or norethisterone, or norgestimate such as Cilest, about
5-7 will develop a blood clot in a year.
• The risk of having a blood clot will vary according to your personal medical history (see “Factors that increase your risk
of a blood clot” below)
Risk of developing a blood clot in a year
About 2 out of 10,000 women
About 5-7 out of 10,000 women
About 5-7 out of 10,000 women
Factors that increase your risk of a blood clot in a vein
The risk of a blood clot with Cilest is small but some conditions will increase the risk. Your risk is higher:
• if you are very overweight (body mass index or BMI over 30 kg/m2)
• if one of your immediate family has had a blood clot in the leg, lung or other organ at a young age (such as, below the
age of about 50 years old). In this case you could have a hereditary blood clotting disorder
• if you need to have an operation or if you are oﬀ your feet for a long time because of an injury or illness, or you have
your leg in a cast. The use of Cilest may need to be stopped for several weeks before surgery or while you are less mobile.
If you need to stop Cilest ask your doctor when you can start using it again
• as you get older (particularly above about 35 years)
• if you gave birth less than a few weeks ago
The risk of developing a blood clot increases the more conditions you have.
Air travel (for longer than 4 hours) may temporarily increase your risk of a blood clot, particularly if you have some of the
other risk factors listed.
➜ It is important to tell your doctor if any of these risk factors apply to you, even if you are unsure. Your doctor may
decide that Cilest needs to be stopped.
If any of the above conditions change while you are using Cilest, for example a close family member has a thrombosis for
no known reason or you gain a lot of weight, tell your doctor.
Blood clots in an artery
What can happen if a blood clot forms in an artery?
Like a blood clot in a vein, a clot in an artery can cause serious problems. For example, it can cause a heart attack or a stroke.
Factors that increase your risk of a blood clot in an artery
It is important to note that the risk of a heart attack or stroke from using Cilest is very small but can increase:
• with increasing age (particularly above about 35 years old)
• if you smoke. When using a Pill like Cilest you are advised to stop smoking. If you are unable to stop smoking and are
older than 35, your doctor may advise you to use a diﬀerent type of contraceptive
• if you are overweight
• if you have high blood pressure
• if a member of your immediate family has had a heart attack or stroke at a young age (less than about 50).
In this case you could also have a higher risk of having a heart attack or stroke
• if you or someone in your immediate family has a high level of fat in the blood (cholesterol or triglycerides)
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2.2 The Pill and cancer
The Pill reduces your risk of cancer of the ovary and womb if used for a long time. However, it also seems to slightly
increase your risk of cancer of the cervix – although this may be due to having sex without a condom, rather than the Pill.
All women should have regular smear tests.
If you have breast cancer, or have had it in the past, you should not take the Pill. The Pill slightly increases your risk of
breast cancer. This risk goes up the longer you’re on the Pill, but returns to normal within about 10 years of stopping it.
Because breast cancer is rare in women under the age of 40, the extra cases of breast cancer in current and recent Pill
users are small. For example:
• Of 10,000 women who have never taken the Pill, about 16 will have breast cancer by the time they are 35 years old.
• Of 10,000 women who take the Pill for 5 years in their early twenties, about 17–18 will have breast cancer by the
time they are 35 years old.
• Of 10,000 women who have never taken the Pill, about 100 will have breast cancer by the time they are 45 years old.
• Of 10,000 women who take the Pill for 5 years in their early thirties, about 111 will have breast cancer by the time
they are 45 years old.
Your risk of breast cancer is higher:
• as you get older
• if you have a close relative (mother, sister or grandmother) who has had breast cancer
• if you are seriously overweight
➜ See a doctor as soon as possible if you notice any changes in your breasts, such as dimpling of the skin,
changes in the nipple or any lumps you can see or feel.
Taking the Pill has also been linked to liver diseases, such as jaundice and non-cancer liver tumours, but this is rare.
Very rarely, the Pill has also been linked with some forms of liver cancer in women who have taken it for a long time.
➜ See a doctor as soon as possible if you get severe pain in your stomach, or yellow skin or eyes (jaundice).
You may need to stop taking Cilest.
2.3 Cilest should not be taken by some women
You should not take Cilest if you have any of the conditions listed below. If you do have any of the conditions listed below,
you must tell your doctor. Your doctor will discuss with you what other form of birth control would be more appropriate.
➜ Tell your doctor or family planning nurse if you have any medical problems or illnesses.
Do not take Cilest if any of the following applies to you:
• If you have (or have ever had) a blood clot in a blood vessel of your legs (deep vein thrombosis, DVT), your lungs
(pulmonary embolism, PE) or other organs
• If you know you have a disorder aﬀecting your blood clotting (for instance, protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency,
antithrombin-III deficiency, Factor V Leiden or antiphospholipid antibodies)
• If you need an operation or if you are oﬀ your feet for a long time (see Section 2.1 ‘The Pill and blood clots’)
• If you have ever had a heart attack or stroke
• If you have (or have ever had) angina pectoris (a condition that causes severe chest pain which may be a first sign of
a heart attack) or transient ischaemic attack (TIA - temporary stroke symptoms)
• If you have any of the following diseases that may increase your risk of a clot in the arteries:
- severe diabetes with blood vessel damage
- very high blood pressure
- very high level of fat in the blood (cholesterol or triglycerides)
- a condition called hyperhomocysteinaemia
• If you have (or have ever had) a type of migraine called ‘migraine with aura’
• If you have breast or liver cancer
• If you have or have recently had a severe liver disease
• If you are being treated with antiviral drug combinations containing paritaprevir/ritonavir, ombitasvir, and/or dasabuvir
• If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to any of the ingredients in Cilest.
➜ If you suﬀer from any of these, or get them for the first time while taking Cilest, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Do not take Cilest as it may put your health at risk.
2.4 Warnings and precautions
Blood clots in a vein
What can happen if a blood clot forms in a vein?
Women who are not using a combined hormonal
Pill/patch/ring and are not pregnant
Women using a Pill containing levonorgestrel,
norethisterone or norgestimate
Women using Cilest
• if you get migraines, especially migraines with aura
• if you have a problem with your heart (valve disorder, disturbance of the rhythm called atrial fibrillation)
• if you have diabetes
If you have more than one of these conditions or if any of them are particularly severe the risk of developing a blood clot
may be increased even more.
➜ Tell your doctor if any of these risk factors applies to you. If any of the above conditions change while you are using
Cilest, for example you start smoking, a close family member has a thrombosis for no known reason, or you gain a lot
of weight, tell your doctor. Taking the Pill may add to these risks so Cilest may not be suitable for you.
When should you contact your doctor?
Seek urgent medical attention
• if you notice possible signs of a blood clot that may mean you are suﬀering from a blood clot in the leg (deep vein thrombosis),
a blood clot in the lung (pulmonary embolism), a heart attack or a stroke (see Section 2.1 ‘The Pill and blood clots’ above).
For a description of the symptoms of these serious side eﬀects please go to “How to recognise a blood clot”.
Tell your doctor if any of the following conditions applies to you
If the condition develops, or gets worse while you are using Cilest, you must also tell your doctor. You may still be able to
take Cilest but you need to take special care and have check-ups more often:
• If you have problems with your heart, circulation or blood clotting, such as high blood pressure
• If you have diabetes without secondary problems
• If you have liver problems or gall bladder disease
• If you have Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis (chronic inflammatory bowel disease)
• If you have systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; a disease aﬀecting your natural defence system)
• If you have porphyria
• If you have a history of migraines.
• If you have elevated levels of fat in the blood (hypertriglyceridaemia) or a positive family history for this condition.
Hypertriglyceridaemia has been associated with an increased risk of developing pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
• If you need an operation, or you are oﬀ your feet for a long time (see Section 2.1 ‘The Pill and blood clots’)
• If you have had any of the following problems while pregnant or during previous Pill use, such as itchy skin or
blister-like rash, yellowing of skin or eyes, hearing problem, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), severe headaches,
uncontrollable jerky movements
• If you have just given birth you are at an increased risk of blood clots. You should ask your doctor how soon after
delivery you can start taking Cilest
• If you have haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS, a disorder of blood clotting causing failure of the kidneys)
• If you have sickle cell anaemia (an inherited disease of the red blood cells)
• If you have varicose veins
• If you have inflammation in the veins under the skin (superficial thrombophlebitis)
➜ Tell your doctor or family planning nurse if any of these applies to you. Also tell them if you get any of these
for the first time while taking the Pill, or if any get worse or come back, because you may need to stop taking Cilest
and use another method of contraception, such as condoms.
• Chloasma (yellow-brownish patches on your skin, pigment spots during pregnancy, especially on your face)
occasionally occur, especially if you have had a history of it. You may need to keep out of the sun or away from sunbeds
(these patches may not completely disappear again)
When additional contraceptive precautions are required you should either avoid having sex or use another method of
contraception, such as condoms.
2.5 Other medicines and Cilest
If you ever need to take another medicine at the same time as being on the Pill, always tell your doctor, pharmacist or dentist
that you’re taking Cilest. Also check the leaflets that come with all your medicines to see if they can be taken with hormonal
Some medicines can stop Cilest from working properly – for example:
• some medicines used to treat epilepsy (such as topiramate, carbamazepine, phenytoin, fosphenytoin,
oxcarbazepine, felbamate, primidone, eslicarbazepine acetate, rufinamide)
• bosentan (for high blood pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs)
• certain medicines for tuberculosis such as rifampicin and rifabutin
• anti-HIV medicines
• boceprevir and telaprevir (for treatment of Hepatitis C infections)
• aprepitant and fosaprepitant (for prevention of nausea and vomiting caused by certain cancer drug treatment)
• griseofulvin (for fungal infections)
• modafinil (for excessive daytime sleepiness)
• certain sedatives (called ‘barbiturates’)
• St. John’s Wort (a herbal remedy)
• metoclopramide (to increase movement through the gut)
• colesevelam (to treat high cholesterol levels)
• etoricoxib (to help with pain and inflammation of arthritis)
If you do need to take one of these medicines, Cilest may not be suitable for you or you may need to use extra contraception
for a while. Your doctor, pharmacist or dentist can tell you if this is necessary and for how long.
Cilest can also aﬀect other medicines- for example:
• ciclosporin (to prevent transplant rejection and for rheumatoid arthritis or some skin problems)
• lamotrigine (for epilepsy)
• prednisolone (a steroid to reduce inflammation)
• selegiline (for Parkinson’s disease)
• theophylline (for asthma, bronchitis and emphysema)
• tizanidine (used to relax muscles)
Talk to your doctor before having Cilest if you are taking any of these medicines. They may have to change how much
of these medicines you are taking.
Do not take Cilest if you are being treated with antiviral drug combinations containing paritaprevir/ritonavir, ombitasvir,
and/or dasabuvir (see also section 2.1 above).
2 Make sure Cilest is OK for you (continued)
2.6 Taking Cilest with food and drink
2.8 Driving and using machines
2.7 Pregnancy and breast-feeding
2.9 Cilest contains lactose
There are no special instructions about food and drink while on Cilest.
Cilest has no known eﬀect on the ability to drive or use machines.
Do not start to use Cilest if you are pregnant. If you think you might be pregnant while taking Cilest, do a pregnancy test
to confirm that you are before you stop taking it.
If you are breast-feeding, your doctor or family planning nurse may advise you not to take Cilest. Talk to them about
alternative contraception. Breast-feeding may not stop you getting pregnant.
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before using Cilest.
3 How to take Cilest
3.1 How to take it
To prevent pregnancy, always take Cilest as described below. Check with your doctor or family planning nurse if you are
Take Cilest every day for 21 days
Cilest comes in a strip of 21 pills, each marked with a day of the week.
• Take your pill at the same time every day.
• Start by taking a pill marked with the correct day of the week.
• Follow the direction of the arrows on the strip. Take one pill each day.
• Swallow each pill whole, with water if necessary. Do not chew the pill.
3.2 Starting Cilest
As a new user or starting the Pill again after a break
Either take your first Cilest pill up to and including day 5 of your next period (counting the first day of your period as day 1).
This way, you will have contraceptive protection with your first pill.
Or start taking Cilest at any time, if you are sure you are not already pregnant. But then you must use extra contraception,
such as condoms, until you have taken the first 7 pills correctly.
Changing to Cilest from another contraceptive
Then have seven pill-free days
After you have taken all 21 pills in the strip, you have seven days when you take no pills. So if you take the last pill of one
pack on a Friday, you will take the first pill of your next pack on the Saturday of the following week.
Within a few days of taking the last pill from the strip, you should have a withdrawal bleed like a period. This bleed may not
have finished when it is time to start your next strip of pills.
You don’t need to use extra contraception during these seven pill-free days – as long as you have taken your pills correctly
and start the next strip of pills on time.
Then start your next strip
Start taking your next strip of Cilest after the seven pill-free days – even if you are still bleeding. Always start the new strip
As long as you take Cilest correctly, you will always start each new strip on the same day of the week.
If you are currently taking another Pill and you are taking it correctly, you can start Cilest at any time, if you are sure you
are not already pregnant. There is no need to wait for your next period to start and you don’t need extra contraception.
If you are currently using a non-hormonal method and your period started more than 5 days ago, you must use extra
contraception, such as condoms, until you have taken the first 7 pills correctly.
Starting Cilest after a miscarriage or abortion
If you have had a miscarriage or an abortion, your doctor may tell you to start taking Cilest straight away. This means that
you will have contraceptive protection with your first pill.
Contraception after having a baby
If you have just had a baby, you are more at risk of blood clots (see Section 2.1 ‘The Pill and blood clots’).
Ask your doctor when you can start taking Cilest again. If it is 21 days after the birth, you will have contraceptive
protection with your first pill.
If you start Cilest after this, you must use extra contraception, such as condoms, until you have taken the first 7 pills correctly.
If you have sex before you start taking Cilest or before your first period, wait until your period starts before you take Cilest and
then take it on the first day of bleeding.
3.3 A missed pill
Missing pills or starting a strip late may make your pill less eﬀective. The chance of pregnancy after missing pills depends on when pills are missed and how many pills are missed.
Missing one pill anywhere in your strip or starting a new strip one day late is not a problem. Missing more than one or starting a strip more than one day late may aﬀect your contraceptive cover.
It is more risky to start a strip late and miss more than one pill.
How many pills have you missed?
Two or more pills
• Take the missed pill straight away, and further pills
as usual. This may mean taking two pills in one day.
• Continue taking the rest of the strip as usual.
• Don’t worry - your contraceptive protection should not be
Take the most recently missed pill straight away
Leave any earlier missed pills in the strip
Take your next pill at the usual time. This may mean taking two pills in one day.
Continue taking the rest of the strip as usual.
Use extra precautions (condoms, for instance) for the next 7 days.
Check how many pills are left in the strip after the most recently missed pill
7 or more pills left in the pack
Fewer than 7 pills left in the pack
• Use extra precautions for the next 7 days
• When you have finished the strip, leave the usual 7-day break before starting the
• If you have missed any pills from the first week of your strip and you had sex
in that week, you could become pregnant. Contact your doctor, family planning
nurse or pharmacist for advice as soon as possible. They may recommend you use
• Use extra precautions for the next 7 days
• When you finish the strip, start the next strip the next day without a break.
• If you do not have a withdrawal bleed after you have finished the second strip,
do a pregnancy test
If you have missed any of the pills in a strip, and you do not bleed in the first pill-free break, you may be pregnant. Contact your doctor or family planning clinic, or do a pregnancy test yourself.
If you start a new strip of pills late, or make your ‘week oﬀ’ longer than eight days, you may not be protected from pregnancy. If you had sex in the last seven days, ask your doctor, family planning nurse or pharmacist for advice. You may need to
consider emergency contraception. You should also use extra contraception, such as a condom, for seven days.
3.4 A lost pill
3.7 Taking more than one pill should not cause harm
3.5 If you are sick or have diarrhoea
3.8 You can delay a period
If you lose a pill, just take a pill from a spare strip. Then take all the other pills from your current strip as usual. You can
then keep the opened spare strip in case you lose any more pills.
If you are sick or have very bad diarrhoea, your body may not get its usual dose of hormones from that pill. If you have
been sick within 2 hours of taking Cilest, just take a pill from a spare strip. Carry on taking your pills as normal if you
can. You won’t need to use extra contraception.
If you are still sick or have diarrhoea for more than 1 day, follow the instructions for a missed pill – see section 3.3, A missed pill.
➜ Talk to your doctor if your stomach upset carries on or gets worse. He or she may recommend another form of
3.6 Missed a period – could you be pregnant?
Occasionally, you may miss a withdrawal bleed. This could mean that you are pregnant, but that is very unlikely if you
have taken your pills correctly. Start your next strip at the normal time. If you think that you might have put yourself at risk
of pregnancy (for example, by missing pills or taking other medicines), or if you miss a second bleed, you should do
a pregnancy test. You can buy these from the chemist or get a free test at your family planning clinic or doctor’s surgery.
If you are pregnant, stop taking Cilest and see your doctor.
It is unlikely that taking more than one pill will do you any harm, but you may feel sick, vomit or have some vaginal bleeding.
Talk to your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.
If you want to delay having a period, finish the strip of pills you are taking. Start the next strip the next day without a break.
Pill taking should then continue as usual.
When you use the second strip, you may have some unexpected bleeding or spotting on the days that you take the pill,
but don’t worry. Take the next strip after the usual 7 day break even if you are still bleeding or spotting.
3.9 When you want to get pregnant
If you are planning a baby, it’s best to use another method of contraception after stopping Cilest until you have had
a proper period. Your doctor or midwife relies on the date of your last natural period to tell you when your baby is due.
The Pill may reduce the levels of folic acid in the blood. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist as this could be important
if you get pregnant straight after stopping the Pill.
4 Possible side eﬀects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side eﬀects, although not everybody gets them.
➜ Tell your doctor, pharmacist or family planning nurse if you get any side eﬀect particularly if they are severe and
persistent, or you have any change in your health which you think may be due to Cilest.
4.1 Serious side eﬀects – see a doctor straight away
Harmful blood clots in a vein or artery (frequency not known) for example:
• in a leg or foot (DVT)
• in a lung (PE)
• heart attack
• mini-stroke or temporary stroke-like symptoms, known as a transient ischaemic attack (TIA)
• blood clots in the stomach/intestines, kidneys or eye
• blood clots in the liver, which can cause an enlarged liver, pain and swelling (Budd-Chiari syndrome).
An increased risk of blood clots in your veins (venous thromboembolism, VTE) or arteries (arterial thromboembolism, ATE)
is present for all women taking the Pill. For more detailed information on the diﬀerent risks from taking the Pill, please see
Section 2 ‘Make sure Cilest is OK for you’. The chance of having a blood clot may be higher if you have any other
conditions that increase this risk (see Section 2.1 ‘The Pill and blood clots’ for more information on the conditions that
increase risk for blood clots and the symptoms of a blood clot).
Breast cancer (frequency not known)
• dimpling of the skin
• changes in the nipple
• any lumps you can see or feel.
Severe liver problems (rare - aﬀects fewer than 1 in 1000 patients)
• severe pain in your upper abdomen
• yellow skin or eyes (jaundice).
Other serious side eﬀects include:
• increased blood pressure (uncommon - aﬀects fewer than 1 in 100 patients)
• fits (convulsions) (frequency not known)
• hives (urticaria) (uncommon - aﬀects fewer than 1 in 100 patients), swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat
which may cause diﬃculty in swallowing or breathing. These may be signs of allergy.
➜ If you think you may have any of these, see a doctor straight away. You may need to stop taking Cilest.
4.2 Other possible side eﬀects – tell your doctor
Very common side eﬀects (aﬀects more than 1 in 10 patients)
• Headache (but if severe, unusual or long lasting, see a doctor as soon as possible)
• Stomach problems such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea
• Bleeding and spotting between your periods for the first few months (though this usually stops when your body
adjusts to Cilest) – see section 4.3, Bleeding between periods should not last long
• Painful or unusual periods
Common side eﬀects (aﬀects more than 1 in 100 patients)
• Migraine (see a doctor as soon as possible if this is your first migraine or it’s worse than usual)
• Swollen hands, ankles or feet
• Depression; mood changes; feeling nervous or dizzy
• Diﬃculty sleeping (insomnia)
• Stomach ache and bloating; constipation; wind
• Acne; rash
• Muscle spasms; pain in the legs, arms and back
• Painful breasts
• Urinary tract infections (pain on passing urine)
• Vaginal infections such as thrush
No menstrual periods
Uncommon side eﬀects (aﬀects fewer than 1 in 100 patients)
• Breast problems, such as fuller breasts; producing fluid from the nipples
• Abnormal cells in the cervix (identified by a smear test)
• Feeling anxious or faint; tingling sensation or numbness
• Changes in skin colour
• Skin problems such as redness and itchiness
• Hair thinning (alopecia), excessive hair growth
• Changes in appetite
• Weight may vary
• Change in sex drive
• Dry eyes
• Changes in vision
• Palpitations (feeling your heart beat)
• Hot flushes
• Muscle pain
• Vaginal dryness
• Ovarian cysts (may cause pain and swelling of the abdomen, changes in periods)
Rare side eﬀects (aﬀects fewer than 1 in 1000 patients)
• Lumpy breasts
• Loss of sex drive
• Feeling giddy
• Faster heart beat
• Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas, which causes severe pain in the abdomen and back)
• Increased sweating
• Sensitivity to light
Frequency not known
• Reduced amount of breast milk (if breast feeding)
• Contact lenses may feel uncomfortable
• Red painful lumpy swellings on the legs
• Changes in fat levels in the blood (seen by blood tests)
• Night sweats.
Reporting of side eﬀects
If you get any side eﬀects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side eﬀects not listed in
this leaflet. You can also report side eﬀects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
By reporting side eﬀects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine. Also tell your doctor,
pharmacist or nurse if any existing conditions get worse while you are taking Cilest.
4.3 Bleeding between periods should not last long
Usually you should only have a withdrawal bleed like a period during the seven pill-free days. However, a few women have
a little unexpected bleeding or spotting while they are taking Cilest, especially during the first few months. Normally,
this bleeding is nothing to worry about and will stop after a day or two. Keep taking Cilest as usual. The problem should
disappear after the first few strips.
You may also have unexpected bleeding if you are not taking your pills regularly, so try to take your pill at the same time
every day. Also, unexpected bleeding can sometimes be caused by other medicines.
➜ Make an appointment to see your doctor if you get breakthrough bleeding or spotting that:
• carries on for more than the first few months
• starts after you’ve been taking Cilest for a while
• carries on even after you’ve stopped taking Cilest.
5 How to store Cilest
Keep this medicines out of the sight and reach of children.
This medicine does not require any special temperature storage conditions. Store strips in the original package in order to
protect from light.
Do not use Cilest after the expiry date shown on the strip. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not throw away any medicines down a drain or into a bin. Ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicines you do
not want. This will help to protect the environment.
6 Contents of the pack and other information
What Cilest contains
Each pill contains 250 micrograms norgestimate and 35 micrograms ethinylestradiol.
Cilest also contains the inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate (a type of sugar), microcrystalline cellulose,
croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, hypromellose, carnauba wax, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, purified
water, titanium dioxide and a dye called FD&C Blue No 2 Aluminium Lake (E132).
What Cilest looks like and contents of the pack
Each box of Cilest contains three or six strips each containing 21 tablets.
The tablets are blue, round biconvex coated tablets imprinted with ‘0 250’ on one side and ‘35’ on the other side.
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Janssen-Cilag Ltd, 50 -100 Holmers Farm Way, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, HP12 4EG, UK
AW_130502.pdf - Page 2 of 3 - August 17, 2017 - 13:25:57
Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Turnhoutseweg 30, B-2340 Beerse, Belgium
For information in large print, tape, CD or Braille, telephone
This leaflet was last revised in August 2017