CHLORAMPHENICOL EYE DROPS 0.5% W/V BP
Active substance(s): CHLORAMPHENICOL
Chloramphenicol Eye Drops BP 0.5% w/v
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important
information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if
their signs of illness symptoms are the same as yours.
• If you get any of the side effects talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
IN THIS LEAFLET:
1. What Chloramphenicol is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you use Chloramphenicol
3. How to use Chloramphenicol
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Chloramphenicol
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT CHLORAMPHENICOL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Chloramphenicol Eye Drops are used to treat bacterial infections of the eye.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU USE CHLORAMPHENICOL
DO NOT use Chloramphenicol
if you have ever had a bad reaction to any of the ingredients listed in section 6
if you suffer from very dry eyes
if you are about to have an operation to remove a cataract (chloramphenicol may interfere with
one of the drugs which could be used to help the operation)
if you have ever had problems with your bone marrow or blood when using chloramphenicol in
if you have a family history of “dyscrasias”, a condition which can cause tiredness, bruising and
an increased risk of infections.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Chloramphenicol
Chloramphenicol Eye Drops also contain phenylmercuric nitrate which may cause infection in the corner of
the eye. It may also discolour the front part of the lens, if Chloramphenicol is used for a long time so
prolonged usage of products containing phenylmercuric nitrate is to be avoided.
If you normally wear contact lenses, do not wear them while you are having treatment with
Chloramphenicol. If your infection is severe, you may have to take antibiotics as well as using your eye
Prolonged use is not recommended, if you are unsure contact your doctor.
These eye drops are sterile while the bottle is sealed. Do not use them if the bottle is open or the seal is
broken when you get them.
Other medicines and Chloramphenicol
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
Talk to your doctor if you are taking any of the following:
• chymotrypsin used as digestive enzyme
• bone marrow suppressant drugs such as azathioprine
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your
doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Driving and using machines
You may find that your vision is blurred after you put the eye drops into your eyes. Do not drive or use
machinery until your vision is completely normal.
HOW TO USE CHLORAMPHENICOL
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you
are not sure.
Adults, children aged 2 years and over and elderly
The label will tell you how many drops to use and how often to use them. The usual treatment is one or two
drops every two hours at first, but less frequently as the infection becomes controlled. You should carry on
using the drops for at least 48 hours after the eye appears normal. The correct way to put eye drops into your
eye is as follows.
first, wash your hands.
twist off the protective cap from the bottle.
tilt your head backwards.
pull your bottom eyelid downwards to make a pocket.
hold the bottle in your other hand between your thumb and first finger, with the tip close to your
squeeze the bottle gently until one drop of the solution falls into your eye.
blink a few times to spread the eye drop.
repeat the process with the other eye if you need to treat both eyes.
do not breathe on or touch the dropper nozzle and do not let the dropper touch the eye.
put the cap back on the bottle.
wash your hands again.
Close the bottle tightly after you have used your eye drops. Use your eye drops for as long as your doctor
has told you to but do not carry on using them longer than this.
Use in children and adolescents:
Dosage adjustment may be necessary in newborn infants because of reduced systemic elimination due to
immature metabolism and the risk of dose-related adverse effects. The maximum duration of treatment is 1014 days.
If you forget to use Chloramphenicol
If you forget to use your drops at the right time, use them as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost
time for the next dose, wait until then and then carry on as before.
If you use more Chloramphenicol than you should
If you use too many eye drops, rinse your eyes with clean water. Contact your nearest hospital casualty
department or a doctor for advice if you swallowed the eye drops or if you think a child has swallowed any.
Take this leaflet, and any eye drops that are left to show the doctor.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Stop taking the tablets and tell your doctor immediately or go to the casualty department at your
nearest hospital if the following happens:
• an allergic reaction (difficulty in breathing, closing of the throat, swelling of the lips, tongue,
face or hives).
Please tell your doctor if you notice any of the following side effects:
Your eyes may be sensitive to the drops. This may cause transient irritation, burning, itching, dermatitis,
stinging or redness when the drops are put in.
Rarely the optic nerve behind the eye can become inflamed, causing blurred vision. Your bone marrow may
not produce enough blood forming cells and leukaemia and anaemia may occur very rarely.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the
safety of this medicine.
HOW TO STORE CHLORAMPHENICOL
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
You should keep your eye drops between 2ºC and 8°C (in a refrigerator) and away from light.
Do not use the eye drops after the ‘use by’ date, after the bottle has been open for a month or if the drops
have become cloudy or discoloured. Get a new bottle.
You should take any eye drops that are out of date or which you no longer need back to your pharmacist.
These eye drops are only for you. Only a doctor can prescribe them for you. Never give them to anyone else.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Chloramphenicol Eye Drops contain:
Your eye drops are called Chloramphenicol Eye Drops BP. Chloramphenicol is an anti-bacterial agent.
Each bottle contains:
10ml of a clear colourless solution containing 0.5% w/v Chloramphenicol Ph Eur (active
Borax, boric acid, phenylmercuric nitrate and purified water (inactive ingredients).
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Your eye drops are made by Medeva Pharma Ltd, Vale of Bardsley, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire OL7
The marketing authorisation holder is Teva UK Limited, Eastbourne, BN22 9AG
This leaflet was last revised in May 2016
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.