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CERELLE 75 MICROGRAM FILM-COATED TABLETS

Active substance(s): DESOGESTREL / DESOGESTREL / DESOGESTREL

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

CERELLE®

75 microgram film-coated tablets
desogestrel
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important
information for you.





Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
See section 4.

What is in this leaflet
1. What Cerelle 75 microgram film-coated tablets
(hereafter: Cerelle) is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Cerelle
3. How to take Cerelle
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Cerelle
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. WHAT CERELLE IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
This medicine is for the prevention of pregnancy.
How does it work?
Cerelle contains a small amount of one type of female sex
hormone, the progestogen, desogestrel. For this reason Cerelle
is called a progestogen-only pill (POP) or mini-pill. Unlike the
combined pill, the POP or mini-pill does not contain an
oestrogen hormone, but only a progestogen. Most POPs or
mini-pills work primarily by preventing the sperm cells from
entering the womb but they do not always prevent the egg cell
from ripening which is the primarily action of combined pills.
Cerelle is distinct from other mini-pills in having a dose that
in most cases is high enough to prevent the egg cell from
ripening. As a result, Cerelle provides high contraceptive
efficacy.
In contrast to the combined pill, Cerelle can be used by women
who do not tolerate oestrogens and by women who are breast
feeding. A disadvantage is that vaginal bleeding may occur at
irregular intervals during the use of Cerelle. You also may not
have any bleeding at all.

2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE
CERELLE
Cerelle will not protect you against HIV infection (AIDS) and
any other sexually transmitted diseases.
Do not take Cerelle
Do not use Cerelle if you have any of the conditions listed
below. If any of these apply to you, tell your doctor before
starting to use Cerelle. Your doctor may advise you to use a
non-hormonal method of birth control.
• If you are allergic to desogestrel or any of the other
ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6.).
• If you have thrombosis. Thrombosis is the formation of a
blood clot in a blood vessel, which may lead to obstruction
of this blood vessel {e.g. of the legs (deep venous
thrombosis), the lungs (pulmonary embolism), the heart
(heart attack) or brain (stroke)}.
• If you have or have had jaundice (yellowing of the skin or
whites of the eyes) or a severe liver disease and the function
of your liver (as determined by laboratory investigation of
the blood) has not returned to normal.
• If you have or if you are suspected of having cancer that
grows under the influence of certain hormones
(progestagens), such as certain types of breast cancer.
• If you have any unexplained vaginal bleeding.
If any of these conditions appears for the first time while using
Cerelle you should consult your doctor promptly.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Cerelle.
Therefore if any of these apply to you, tell your doctor before
starting to use Cerelle:
• you have or have ever had breast cancer;
• you have cancer of the liver;
• you have or ever had thrombosis (blockage of a blood vessel
due to a blood clot);
• you have diabetes;
• you suffer from epilepsy (see section “Other medicines and
Cerelle”);
• you suffer from tuberculosis (see section “Other medicines
and Cerelle”);
• you have high blood pressure;
• you have or have had chloasma (yellowish-brown
pigmentation patches on the skin, particularly of the face);
if so avoid too much exposure to the sun or ultraviolet
radiation.
If Cerelle is used in the presence of any of the conditions
listed above, you may need to kept under close observation.
Your doctor can explain to you what to do.
Breast cancer
It is important to check your breasts regularly and contact
your doctor as soon as possible if you feel any lump in your
breasts.
Breast cancer has been found slightly more often in women
who take the Pill than in women of the same age who do not
take the Pill. If women stop taking the Pill, the risk gradually
decreases, so that 10 years after stopping the Pill the risk is the
same as for women who have never taken the Pill. Breast
cancer is rare under 40 years of age but the risk increases as the
woman gets older. Therefore, the extra number of breast
cancers diagnosed is higher if the age until which the woman
continues to take the Pill is higher. How long she takes the Pill
is less important.
• In every 10 000 women who take the Pill for up to 5 years but
stop taking it by the age of 20, there would be less than 1
extra case of breast cancer found up to 10 years after
stopping, in addition to the 4 cases normally diagnosed in
this age group.
• In 10 000 women who take the Pill for up to 5 years but stop
taking it by the age of 30, there would be 5 extra cases in
addition to the 44 cases normally diagnosed.

• In 10 000 women who take the Pill for up to 5 years but stop
taking it by the age of 40, there would be 20 extra cases in
addition to the 160 cases normally diagnosed.
The risk of breast cancer in users of progestogen-only pills like
Cerelle is believed to be similar to that in women who use the
Pill, but the evidence is less conclusive.
Breast cancers found in women who take the Pill, seem less
likely to have spread than breast cancers found in women who
do not take the Pill. It is not known whether the difference in
breast cancer risk is caused by the Pill. It may be that the
women were examined more often, so that the breast cancer
is noticed earlier.
Thrombosis
See your doctor immediately, if you notice possible signs of
a thrombosis (see also ‘Contact your doctor as soon as
possible if’).
Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot, which may block
a blood vessel. A thrombosis sometimes occurs in the deep
veins of the legs (deep venous thrombosis). If this clot breaks
away from the veins where it is formed, it may reach and block
the arteries of the lungs, causing a so-called “pulmonary
embolism”. A pulmonary embolism can cause chest pain,
breathlessness, collapse or even death.
Deep venous thrombosis is a rare occurrence. It can develop
whether or not you are taking the Pill. It can also happen if you
become pregnant.
The risk is higher in Pill-users than in non-users. The risk with
progestogen-only pills like Cerelle is believed to be lower than
in users of Pills that also contain oestrogens (combined Pills).
Children and adolescents
The safety and efficacy of desogestrel in adolescents below
18 years has not yet been established. No data are available.
Other medicines and Cerelle
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently
taken or might take any other medicines.
Some medicines may stop the pill from working properly.
These include medicines used for the treatment of
• epilepsy (e.g. primidone, phenytoin, carbamazepine,
oxcarbazepine, felbamate and phenobarbital),
• tuberculosis (e. g. rifampicin, rifabutin),
• HIV infection (e.g. ritonavir, nelfinavir),
• fungal infections (e.g. griseofulvin),
• medical charcoal used for stomach upset,
• products containing St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
for a depressive mood.
Your doctor can tell you if you need to take additional
contraceptive precautions and if so, for how long.
Cerelle may also interfere with how certain medicines work,
causing either an increase in effect (e.g. medicines containing
cyclosporine) or a decrease in effect.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be
pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for
advice before taking this medicine.
Do not use Cerelle if you are pregnant, or think you may be
pregnant.
Cerelle may be used while you are breast-feeding. Cerelle does
not influence the production or the quality of breast milk.
However, a small amount of the active substance of Cerelle
passes over into the milk. The health of children breast-fed for
7 months whose mothers were using desogestrel has been
studied up to 2.5 years of age. No effects on the growth and
development of the children were observed.
If you are breast feeding and want to use Cerelle, please
contact your doctor.
Driving and using machines
Cerelle has no influence on the ability to drive and use
machines.
Cerelle contains lactose
Patients with lactose intolerance should be aware that Cerelle
tablet also contains 52.34 mg lactose (as lactose monohydrate).
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an
intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking
this medicinal product.
Regular check-ups
When you are using Cerelle, your doctor will tell you to return
for regular check-ups. In general, the frequency and nature of
these check-ups will depend on your personal situation.
Contact your doctor as soon as possible if:
• you have severe pain or swelling in either of your legs,
unexplained pains in the chest, breathlessness, an
unusual cough, especially when you cough up blood
(possibly indicating a thrombosis);
• you have a sudden, severe stomach ache or jaundice
(you may notice yellowing of the skin, the whites of the
eyes, or dark urine, possibly indicating liver problems);
• you feel a lump in your breast (possibly indicating
breast cancer);
• you have a sudden or severe pain in the lower
abdomen or stomach area (possibly indicating an
ectopic pregnancy, this is a pregnancy outside the
womb);
• you are to be immobilised or are to have surgery
(consult your doctor at least four weeks in advance);
• you have unusual, heavy vaginal bleeding;
• you suspect that you are pregnant.

3. HOW TO TAKE CERELLE
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Each strip of Cerelle contains 28 tablets. Arrows and the days
of the week are printed on the front side of the strip, which
help you take your pill correctly. Take your daily tablet at about
the same time each day. Swallow each tablet whole with water.
Each time you start a new strip of Cerelle take a tablet from
the top row. Don’t start with just any tablet. For example, if
you start on a Wednesday, you should take the tablet from the
top row marked “We”.
You should continue to take one tablet a day, until the strip is
empty, always following the direction indicated by the arrows.
By looking at the back of the strip of tablets you can easily
check if you have already taken your tablet on a particular day.
You may have some bleeding during the use of Cerelle (see
section 4. ”Possible side effects”), but you must continue to
take your tablet as normal.
When a strip is empty, you must start with a new pack of
Cerelle on the next day – without interruption and without
waiting for a bleeding.
Starting your first pack of Cerelle
If you are not using hormonal contraception at present (or in
the past month)
Wait for your period to begin. On the first day of your period
take the first Cerelle tablet. You need not take extra
contraceptive precautions.
You may also start on days 2-5 of your cycle, but in that case
make sure you also use an additional contraceptive method
(barrier method) for the first 7 days of tablet-taking.
When changing from a combined pill, vaginal ring, or
transdermal patch.
You can start taking Cerelle on the day after you take the last
tablet from the present Pill pack, or on the day of removal of
your vaginal ring or patch (this means no tablet-, ring- or
patch-free break). If your present Pill pack also contains
inactive tablets you can start Cerelle on the day after taking
the last active tablet (if you are not sure which this is, ask your
doctor or pharmacist). If you follow these instructions, you
need not take extra contraceptive precautions.
If you have a tablet-, ring- or patch-free break:
You can also start at the latest the day following the tablet-,
ring-, patch-free break, or placebo tablet interval, of your
present contraceptive. If you follow these instructions, make
sure you use an additional contraceptive method (barrier
method) for the first 7 days of tablet-taking.
When changing from another progestogen-only pill
(mini-pill).
You may stop taking it any day and start taking Cerelle right
away. Additional contraceptive precautions are not necessary.
When changing from an injectable or implant or a
progestogen-releasing intrauterine device (IUD).
Start using Cerelle when your next injection is due or on the
day that your implant or your IUD is removed. Additional
contraceptive precautions are not necessary.
After having a baby.
You can start Cerelle between 21 to 28 days after the birth of
your baby. If you start later, make sure that during the first
cycle you use an additional contraceptive method (barrier
method) for the first 7 days of tablet-taking. However, if you
have already had sex, check that you are not pregnant before
starting Cerelle use. Additional information for breast-feeding
women can be found in ‘Pregnancy and breast-feeding’ in
section 2. Your doctor can also advise you.
After a miscarriage or an abortion.
Your doctor will advise you.
If you forget to take one or more tablets
If you are less than 12 hours late
Take the tablet as soon as you remember, and take the next
one at the usual time. The contraceptive action of Cerelle is
maintained.
If you are more than 12 hours late
If you are more than 12 hours late in taking any tablet, you may
not be completely protected against pregnancy. The more
consecutive tablets you have missed, the higher the risk that
you might fall pregnant.
Take a tablet as soon as you remember, and take the next one
at the usual time. This may mean taking two tablets on the
same day. This is not harmful. (If you have forgotten more than
one tablet you don’t need to take the earlier missed ones). You
are not protected against pregnancy. Continue to take your
tablets as usual, but you must also use an extra method, such
as a condom for the next 7 days.
If you are more than 12 hours late taking your tablet and have
had sex it is safe to use emergency contraception; please
consult your pharmacist or doctor.
If you missed one or more tablets in the very first week of
tablet-intake and had sex in the week before missing the
tablets, there is a possibility of becoming pregnant. Ask your
doctor for advice.
If you vomit, have diarrhoea or use medical charcoal
If you vomit or use medical charcoal within 3 - 4 hours after
taking the pill or have severe diarrhoea, the active substance
may not have been completely absorbed. Follow the advice for
missed tablets above.
If you take more Cerelle than you should
There have been no reports on serious harmful effects from
taking too many Cerelle tablets at one time. Symptoms that may
occur are nausea, vomiting and, in young girls, slight vaginal
bleeding. For more information ask your doctor for advice.
If you stop taking Cerelle
You can stop taking Cerelle whenever you want. From the day
you stop you are no longer protected against pregnancy.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine,
ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects,
although not everybody gets them.
You should see your doctor immediately if you experience
symptoms of:
• Serious allergic reaction angioedema, such as swollen face,
tongue or pharynx; difficulty to swallow; or hives and
difficulties to breathe.

• On rare occasions, ectopic pregnancy (where the baby
develops somewhere outside the womb) have been reported.
If you have a sudden or severe pain in the lower abdomen or
stomach area (possibly indicating an ectopic pregnancy) you
should contact your doctor as soon as possible.
• Serious undesirable effects associated with the use of Cerelle
are described in section 2 “What you need to know before
you take Cerelle”. Please read this section for additional
information and consult your doctor at once where
appropriate.
• Vaginal bleeding may occur at irregular intervals during the
use of Cerelle. This may be just slight staining which may not
even require a pad, or heavier bleeding, which looks rather
like a scanty period and requires sanitary protection. You
may also not have any bleeding at all. The irregular bleedings
are not a sign that the contraceptive protection of Cerelle is
decreased. In general, you need not take any action; just
continue to take Cerelle. If, however, bleeding is heavy or
prolonged you should consult your doctor.
Other side effects:
Users of desogestrel have reported the following side effects:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
• mood altered,
• decreased sexual drive (libido),
• depression,
• headache,
• nausea,
• acne,
• breast pain,
• irregular or no menstruation,
• increased body weight.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
• infection of the vagina,
• difficulties in wearing contact lenses,
• vomiting,
• hair loss,
• painful menstruation,
• ovarian cyst,
• tiredness.
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
• rash,
• hives,
• painful blue-red skin lumps (erythema nodosum) (these are
skin conditions).
Apart from these side effects, breast secretion may occur.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly via
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can
help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. HOW TO STORE CERELLE
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Store in the original package in order to protect from light and
moisture!
This medicinal product does not require any special
temperature storage conditions.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated
on the carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that
month.
The active metabolite etonogestrel shows an environmental
risk to fish.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or
household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away
medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect
the environment.

6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER
INFORMATION
What Cerelle contains
• The active substance is desogestrel. One film-coated tablet
contains 75 microgram desogestrel.
• The other ingredients are:
Tablet core:
Lactose monohydrate,
Potato starch,
Povidone K-30,
Silica, colloidal anhydrous,
Stearic acid,
all-rac-α-tocopherol
Tablet coat:
Poly[vinyl alcohol],
Titanium dioxide (E171),
Macrogol 3000,
Talc
What Cerelle looks like and contents of the pack
Cerelle is white or almost white, round, biconvex film-coated
tablet of about 5.5 mm in diameter, with a sign “D” on one
side and “75” on the other side.
Cerelle film-coated tablets are packed in PVC/PVDCAluminium blister, in a laminated aluminium sachet and
cardboard cartons with a leaflet and etui storing bag enclosed.
Pack sizes: 1x28, 3x28 film-coated tablets
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Gedeon Richter Plc.
Gyömrői út 19-21
1103, Budapest Hungary
Manufacturer
Gedeon Richter Plc.
Gyömrői út 19-21
1103, Budapest Hungary
Distributor
Consilient Health (UK) Ltd.
No.1 Church Road,
Richmond upon Thames,
Surrey. TW9 2QE.
This leaflet was last revised in November 2016.

P0538

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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