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CEFTRIAXONE 2G POWDER FOR SOLUTION FOR INJECTION OR INFUSION

Active substance(s): CEFTRIAXONE SODIUM

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Package leaflet: Information for the Patient
Ceftriaxone 250 mg, 1g, 2g Powder for Solution for Injection or Infusion
Ceftriaxone (as Ceftriaxone Sodium)

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you are given this medicine because it contains
important information for you.

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.

This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm
them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Ceftriaxone injection is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Ceftriaxone injection
3. How Ceftriaxone injection is given
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Ceftriaxone injection
6. Contents of the pack and other information
The name of your medicine is “Ceftriaxone Powder for Solution for Injection or Infusion”
(referred to as Ceftriaxone injection throughout this leaflet).
1. What Ceftriaxone injection is and what it is used for
Ceftriaxone is an antibiotic given to adults and children (including newborn babies). It
works by killing bacteria that cause infections. It belongs to a group of medicines called
cephalosporins.
Ceftriaxone injection is used to treat infections of
• the brain (meningitis).
• the lungs.
• the middle ear.
• the abdomen and abdominal wall (peritonitis).
• the urinary tract and kidneys.
• bones and joints.
• the skin or soft tissues.
• the blood.
• the heart.

(yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes) or is to be given a product that contains
calcium into their vein.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse before you are given Ceftriaxone injection if:
• You have recently received or are about to receive products that contain calcium.
• You have recently had diarrhoea after having an antibiotic medicine.
• You have ever had problems with your gut, in particular colitis (inflammation of the
bowel).
• You have liver or kidney problems.
• You have gall stones or kidney stones
• You have other illnesses, such as haemolytic anaemia (a reduction in your red blood
cells that may make your skin pale yellow and cause weakness or breathlessness).
• You are on a low sodium diet.
If you need a blood or urine test
If you are given Ceftriaxone for a long time, you may need to have regular blood tests.
Ceftriaxone can affect the results of urine tests for sugar and a blood test known as the
Coombs test. If you are having tests:
• Tell the person taking the sample that you have been given Ceftriaxone.
Children
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse before your child is administered Ceftriaxone if:
• He/she has recently been given or is to be given a product that contains calcium into
their vein.
Other medicines and Ceftriaxone
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
medicines.
In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:
• A type of antibiotic called an aminoglycoside.
• An antibiotic called chloramphenicol (used to treat infections, particularly of the eyes).
Pregnancy and breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a
baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.
The doctor will consider the benefit of treating you with Ceftriaxone against the risk to your
baby.

It can be given:
• to treat specific sexually transmitted infections (gonorrhoea and syphilis).
• to treat patients with low white blood cell counts (neutropenia) who have fever due to
bacterial infection.
• to treat infections of the chest in adults with chronic bronchitis.
• to treat Lyme disease (caused by tick bites) in adults and children including newborn
babies from 15 days of age.
• to prevent infections during surgery.
2. What you need to know before you are given Ceftriaxone injection

Driving and using machines
Ceftriaxone can cause dizziness. If you feel dizzy, do not drive or use any tools or machines.
Talk to your doctor if you experience these symptoms.
Ceftriaxone injection contains sodium
This medicine contains 0.9 mmol (250mg vial), 3.6 mmol (1g vial) or 7.2 mmol (2g vial) of
sodium. This should be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet. Tell
your doctor or nurse if you are on a low sodium diet.
3. How Ceftriaxone injection is given

You must not be given Ceftriaxone injection if:
• You are allergic to ceftriaxone
• You have had a sudden or severe allergic reaction to penicillin or similar antibiotics (such
as cephalosporins, carbapenems or monobactams). The signs include sudden swelling of
the throat or face which might make it difficult to breath or swallow, sudden swelling of
the hands, feet and ankles, and a severe rash that develops quickly.
• You are allergic to lidocaine and you are to be given Ceftriaxone injection as an injection
into a muscle.
Ceftriaxone injection must not be given to babies if:
• The baby is premature.
• The baby is newborn (up to 28 days of age) and has certain blood problems or jaundice

Ceftriaxone injection is usually given by a doctor or nurse. It can be given as a drip (intravenous
infusion) or as an injection directly into a vein or into a muscle. Ceftriaxone injection is made
up by the doctor, pharmacist or nurse and will not be mixed with or given to you at the same
time as calcium-containing injections.
The usual dose
Your doctor will decide the correct dose of Ceftriaxone for you. The dose will depend on the
severity and type of infection; whether you are on any other antibiotics; your weight and
age; how well your kidneys and liver are working. The number of days or weeks that you are
given Ceftriaxone depends on what sort of infection you have.

INFORMATION FOR THE HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL
The following information is intended for medical or healthcare professionals only.
For further information, refer to the Summary of Product Characteristics.
Instructions for use and handling:
This medicinal product is for single use only. Reconstitute immediately before use.
Discard any unused contents.

Intravenous
infusion

Preparation of solutions:

Intravenous
injection
Intramuscular injection

Powder

Reconstitution solvent

Volume to
be added

250 mg
1g
250 mg

Water for Injections BP
Water for Injections BP
1.0% Lidocaine Hydrochloride BP
1.0% Lidocaine Hydrochloride BP

2.5 ml
10 ml
1.0 ml

Approx. displacement
volume
0.2 ml
0.6 ml
0.06 ml

3.5 ml

0.66 ml

1g

2g

Glucose Injection BP
5% or 10%,
0.9% Sodium Chloride
Injection BP,
Sodium Chloride and
Glucose Injection BP
(0.45% Sodium Chloride
and 2.5% Glucose),
Dextran 6% in Glucose
Injection BP 5%.

40.0 ml

1.2 ml

Solutions reconstituted with Lidocaine Hydrochloride BP solution should not be administered
intravenously.
Dosages greater than 1g should be divided and injected at more than one site.
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Adults, older people and children aged 12 years and over with a body weight greater than
or equal to 50 kilograms (kg):
1 to 2 g once a day depending on the severity and type of infection. If you have a severe
infection, your doctor will give you a higher dose (up to 4 g once a day). If your daily dose
is higher than 2 g, you may receive it as a single dose once a day or as two separate doses.
Newborn babies, infants and children aged 15 days to 12 years with a body weight of less
than 50 kg:
50-80 mg Ceftriaxone for each kg of the child’s body weight once a day depending on
the severity and type of infection. If you have a severe infection, your doctor will give you a
higher dose up to 100 mg for each kg of body weight to a maximum of 4 g once a day. If
your daily dose is higher than 2 g, you may receive it as a single dose once a day or as two
separate doses.
Children with a body weight of 50 kg or more should be given the usual adult dose.
Newborn babies (0-14 days)
20 – 50 mg Ceftriaxone for each kg of the child’s body weight once a day depending on the
severity and type of infection.
The maximum daily dose is not to be more than 50 mg for each kg of the baby’s weight.
People with liver and kidney problems
You may be given a different dose to the usual dose. Your doctor will decide how much
Ceftriaxone you will need and will check you closely depending on the severity of the liver
and kidney disease.
If you are given more Ceftriaxone than you should
If you accidentally receive more than your prescribed dose, contact your doctor or nearest
hospital straight away.
If you forget to use Ceftriaxone injection
If you miss an injection, you should have it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for
your next injection, skip the missed injection. Do not take a double dose (two injections at the
same time) to make up for a missed dose.
If you stop using Ceftriaxone injection
Do not stop taking Ceftriaxone unless your doctor tells you to. If you have any further questions
on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The following side effects may happen with this medicine:
Severe allergic reactions (not known, frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
If you have a severe allergic reaction, tell a doctor straight away.
The signs may include:
• Sudden swelling of the face, throat, lips or mouth. This can make it difficult to breathe or
swallow.
• Sudden swelling of the hands, feet and ankles.
Severe skin rashes (not known, frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
If you get a severe skin rash, tell a doctor straight away.
The signs may include a severe rash that develops quickly, with blisters or peeling of the skin
and possibly blisters in the mouth.
Other possible side effects:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• Abnormalities with your white blood cells (such as a decrease of leucocytes and an
increase of eosinophils) and platelets (decrease of thrombocytes).
• Loose stools or diarrhoea.
• Changes in the results of blood tests for liver functions.
• Rash.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• Fungal infections (for example, thrush).
• A decrease in the number of white blood cells (granulocytopenia).
• Reduction in number of red blood cells (anaemia).
• Problems with the way your blood clots. The signs may include bruising easily and pain
and swelling of your joints.










Headache.
Dizziness.
Feeling sick or being sick.
Pruritis (itching).
Pain or a burning feeling along the vein where Ceftriaxone has been given.
Pain where the injection was given.
A high temperature (fever).
Abnormal kidney function test (blood creatinine increased).

Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• Inflammation of the large bowel (colon). The signs include diarrhoea, usually with blood
and mucus, stomach pain and fever.
• Difficulty in breathing (bronchospasm).
• A lumpy rash (hives) that may cover a lot of your body, feeling itchy and swelling.
• Blood or sugar in your urine.
• Oedema (fluid build-up).
• Shivering.
Not known (Frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
• A secondary infection that may not respond to the antibiotic previously prescribed.
• Form of anaemia where red blood cells are destroyed (haemolytic anaemia).
• Severe decrease in white blood cells (agranulocytosis).
• Convulsions.
• Vertigo (spinning sensation).
• Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). The signs include severe pain in the stomach
which spreads to your back.
• Inflammation of the mucus lining of the mouth (stomatitis).
• Inflammation of the tongue (glossitis). The signs include swelling, redness and soreness of
the tongue.
• Problems with your gallbladder, which may cause pain, feeling sick and being sick.
• A neurological condition that may occur in neonates with severe jaundice (kernicterus).
• Kidney problems caused by deposits of calcium ceftriaxone. There may be pain when
passing water (urine) or low output of urine.
• A false positive result in a Coombs’ test (a test for some blood problems).
• A false positive result for galactosaemia (an abnormal build up of the sugar galactose).
• Ceftriaxone may interfere with some types of blood glucose tests - please check with your
doctor.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow
Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects, you can help
provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. How to store Ceftriaxone injection
Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use Ceftriaxone injection after the expiry date which is printed on the label and
carton.
Do not store above 25°C. Your doctor, pharmacist or nurse will know how to store Ceftriaxone
Injection properly.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Ceftriaxone injection contains
Each vial contains 250mg, 1g, or 2g ceftriaxone (as ceftriaxone sodium).
The vials contain no other ingredients.
What Ceftriaxone injection looks like and contents of the pack
Ceftriaxone injection is a white or almost white powder in a glass vial.
Each carton contains 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 or 100 vials.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Villerton Invest SA, 40 Avenue Monterey, L-2163 Luxembourg.
Manufacturer
Anfarm Hellas, Schimatari Viotias, 32009 Schimatari, Greece; or
Facta Farmaceutici S.p.A., Nucleo Industriale S. Atto, S. Nicolò a Tordino, 64100 Teramo, Italy
This leaflet was last revised in October 2014.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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