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CEFOTAXIME 500MG POWDER FOR SOLUTION FOR INJECTION OR INFUSION

Active substance(s): CEFOTAXIME SODIUM

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- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again while you are receiving your treatment.
- If you have any further questions, please ask your doctor or nurse.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
- If any of the side effects get serious or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
The name of your medicine is cefotaxime 500mg, 1g or 2g powder for solution for injection or infusion. In the rest of this leaflet it is called cefotaxime
for injection.

Keyline (non-printing)

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine.

Process Black

Colours Used

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Cefotaxime 500mg powder for solution for injection or infusion
Cefotaxime 1g powder for solution for injection or infusion
Cefotaxime 2g powder for solution for injection or infusion

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

You should let your doctor or nurse know if you are pregnant or wish to become pregnant or are breast-feeding before this medicine is administered.
Driving and using machines

Cefotaxime for injection may cause dizziness. If you are affected you should not drive or operate machinery.
3. HOW CEFOTAXIME FOR INJECTION SHOULD BE GIVEN
Your doctor or nurse will prepare your injection by dissolving the cefotaxime powder in a suitable fluid for injection. The mixture is usually injected
intramuscularly (into a muscle) or given intravenously (into a vein) either by injection or infusion (drip).
Cefotaxime which has been dissolved in a solution which contains Lidocaine injection BP, (a local anaesthetic), should not be given intravenously, or to
infants under 30 months, or to patients who are allergic to Lidocaine injection BP, or who have heart block (without a pacemaker), or heart failure.
Adults and the Elderly

The usual adult (including the elderly) dose by intramuscular or intravenous injection is 1g every twelve hours. Lower doses may be given to patients
with severe kidney problems.
Children

The usual dose for children aged one month to twelve years is 100-150mg per kg body weight daily in two to four divided doses.
The usual dose for infants aged one to four weeks is 50mg per kg body weight in two or four divided doses.
Higher doses may be given, particularly in severe infections.
Your doctor will decide the dose that is best for you. If you do not understand, or are in any doubt, ask your doctor or nurse.
Information for Health Care Professionals
Cefotaxime 500mg Powder for solution for injection or infusion
Cefotaxime 1g Powder for solution for injection or infusion
Cefotaxime 2g Powder for solution for injection or infusion
Dosage and Administration Information Only
Dosage in renal impairment: Because of extra-renal elimination, it is only necessary
Please refer to the Summary of Product Characteristics for further information
to reduce the dosage of cefotaxime in severe renal failure (GFR <5ml/min = serum
creatinine approximately 751 micromol/litre). After an initial loading dose of 1g, daily
• Posology and method of administration
dose should be halved without change in the frequency of dosing, i.e. 1g twelve hourly
Cefotaxime may be administered intravenously, by bolus injection or by infusion, or
becomes 0.5g twelve hourly, 1g eight hourly becomes 0.5g eight hourly, 2g eight hourly
by intramuscular injection. The dosage, route and frequency of administration should
becomes 1g eight hourly etc. As in all other patients, dosage may require further
be determined by the severity of infection, the sensitivity of causative organisms and
adjustment according to the course of the infection and the general condition of
condition of the patient. Therapy may be initiated before the results of sensitivity tests
the patient.
are known.
Dosage in hepatic impairment: No dosage adjustment is required.
Adults:
Intravenous and Intramuscular Administration: Reconstitute cefotaxime with Water for
The recommended dosage for mild to moderate infections is 1g 12 hourly. However,
Injections PhEur as discussed below in the section entitled ‘Instructions for use/handling’.
dosage may be varied according to the severity of the infection, sensitivity of causative
Shake well until dissolved and then withdraw the entire contents of the vial into
organisms and condition of the patient. Therapy may be initiated before the results of
the syringe.
sensitivity tests are known.
Intravenous administration (Injection or Infusion): Cefotaxime may be administered by
In severe infections dosage may be increased up to 12g daily given in three or four
intravenous infusion using the fluids stated below in the section entitled ‘Instructions for
divided doses. For infections caused by sensitive Pseudomonas species daily doses of
use/handling’. The prepared infusion may be administered over 20-60 minutes.
greater than 6g will usually be required.
For intermittent I.V. injections, the solution must be injected over a period of
Children:
3 to 5 minutes. During post-marketing surveillance, potentially life-threatening
The usual dosage range is 100-150mg/kg/day in two to four divided doses. However, in
arrhythmia has been reported in a very few patients who received rapid intravenous
very severe infection doses of up to 200mg/kg/day may be required.
administration of cefotaxime through a central venous catheter.
Neonates: The recommended dosage is 50mg/kg/day in two to four divided doses.
Cefotaxime and aminoglycosides should not be mixed in the same syringe or
In severe infections 150-200mg/kg/day, in divided doses, have been given.
perfusion fluid.
106641/3

Pharma
Code

27/08/2015
Date

Artwork No.

591048

1
Proof No.

English
Language

matthew.turrell

7pt (main body) / 7pt (variables)

UK
Market

170 x 320mm
Size

Min. Point Size

n-a

Profile

106641/3
Item Code

Proof By

IF YOU SIGN THIS PROOF YOU ARE SIGNIFYING
FULL APPROVAL OF DESIGN AND TEXT.

Cefotaxime for injection contains 1.045mmol (or 24mg) for the 500mg vial, 2.09mmol (or 48mg) for the 1g vial and 4.18mmol (or 96mg) for the
2g vial of sodium per dose. To be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.

Warning! We cannot accept responsibility for any errors
in this proof after approval. Whilst we take extreme care
at all times to ensure accuracy to our clientʼs brief,
the final responsibility must be taken by our client.

Important information about some of the ingredients of cefotaxime for injection

Clearly mark any amendments on one proof and return to MPS

Taking other medicines when cefotaxime for injection is being administered can affect how it or the other medicine works. Make sure that your doctor
knows what other medicines you are taking. Do not take any other medicines while you are being treated with cefotaxime for injection unless you
have told your doctor or pharmacist and asked their advice. This includes medicines you may have bought yourself without a prescription.
Please check with your doctor if you are taking any of the following (or any other medication):
• Penicillin antibiotics such as mezlocillin and azlocillin
• Aminoglycoside antibiotics such as streptomycin, neomycin or gentamicin.
• Furosemide or other strong diuretics, used to get rid of excess water from the body.
• Probenecid, used to prevent gout.
If you have any doubts about whether you should be given this medicine, then talk to your doctor.

artwork.leicester@multipkg.com

Taking other medicines

Cefotaxime leaflet

• you have previously had an allergic reaction to penicillin or other antibiotics of this type. Not all people who are allergic to penicillins are also allergic
to cephalosporins. Before you are given this medicine your doctor should check whether you have previously had an allergic reaction to such drugs.
• you have kidney problems. You will be carefully monitored throughout your treatment.
• you are on a low salt diet, your doctor should make sure you are not receiving too much salt by way of cefotaxime injections
• you are being treated for longer than 10 days, your doctor should monitor your blood with blood counts
• you are going to have a blood transfusion, make sure that the doctor who organises your transfusion knows that you are having cefotaxime for injection
• you are diabetic, you may get false positive results with urine glucose tests, such as Clinitest.
• you develop a severe skin reaction such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Symptoms may include a rash, blistering of the skin, wheals or itching.
You must stop treatment immediately and contact your doctor.
• you are taking aminoglycosides such as streptomycin and gentamicin. Your kidney function will be carefully monitored.
You should be kept under observation in case you develop another infection, particularly colitis (infection of the lower bowel), while you are being
treated with cefotaxime for injection.

Wockhardt UK Limited

Take special care with cefotaxime for injection if:

Description

• you are allergic to cefotaxime or any other cephalosporin.
• you have previously had a severe allergic reaction to penicillin or any other beta-lactam antibiotic.
If any of the above applies to you, you should not be given Cefotaxime for Injection.

Customer

Cefotaxime for injection should not be given if:

Measure bar should be 150mm at 100% scale

1. What cefotaxime for injection is and what it is used for
2. Before you are given cefotaxime for injection
3. How cefotaxime for injection should be given
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store cefotaxime for injection
6. Further information
1. WHAT CEFOTAXIME FOR INJECTION IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Cefotaxime belongs to a group of medicines called cephalosporins which are antibiotics. These medicines work by killing bacteria that cause infections.
Cefotaxime for injection is used for the treatment of a range of serious bacterial infections including infections of the blood stream (septicaemia),
bones (osteomyelitis), the heart valves (endocarditis), the membranes covering the brain (meningitis) and the lining of the abdomen (peritonitis), and to
prevent and treat infections following surgical operations.
2. BEFORE YOU ARE GIVEN CEFOTAXIME FOR INJECTION

N/A

In this leaflet:

Cefotaxime for injection contains the active ingredient cefotaxime as cefotaxime sodium. Each vial contains 500mg, 1g or 2g of cefotaxime.
The sodium content per vial is approximately 24mg (1.045mmol), 48mg (2.09mmol) and 96mg (4.18mmol) respectively.
What cefotaxime for injection looks like and contents of the pack

Cefotaxime for injection is an off white to pale yellow powder, which must be made into a solution before injection. It is available in packs of 1, 10, 25
and 50 vials.
X-PIL Information

To listen to or request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio please call, free of charge:
0800 198 5000 (UK Only)
Please be ready to give the following information:
Product Name Reference Number
Cefotaxime 500mg powder for solution for injection or infusion
29831/0030
Cefotaxime 1g powder for solution for injection or infusion
29831/0030
Cefotaxime 2g powder for solution for injection or infusion
29831/0029
This is a service provided by the Royal National Institute of Blind People.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder: Wockhardt UK Ltd, Ash Road North, Wrexham, LL13 9UF, UK.
Manufacturer: CP Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Ash Road North, Wrexham, LL13 9UF, UK.
This leaflet was last revised in 08/2015

• Incompatibilities
Cefotaxime sodium should not be mixed with alkaline solutions such as sodium
bicarbonate injection or solutions containing aminophylline.
Cefotaxime should not be admixed with aminoglycosides. If they are used concurrently
they should be administered in separate sites.
Cefotaxime should not be mixed with other medicinal products except those listed below
in the section entitled ‘Instructions for use/handling’.
• Shelf life and special precautions for storage
Unopened: 2 years. Do not store above 25°C. Keep the vials in the outer carton.
For the reconstituted solution, chemical and physical in-use stability has been
demonstrated for 24 hours at 2-8°C. From a microbiological point of view, once opened,
the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times
and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be
longer than 24 hours at 2-8°C, unless reconstitution has taken place in controlled and
validated aseptic conditions.
• Instructions for use/handling
For single use only. Discard any unused contents.
When dissolved in Water for Injections PhEur, cefotaxime forms a straw-coloured solution
suitable for intravenous and intramuscular injection. Variations in the intensity of colour
of the freshly prepared solutions do not indicate a change in potency or safety.
Dilution table (Intramuscular and Intravenous administration):

Reconstituted solution: Whilst it is preferable to use only freshly prepared solutions for
both intravenous and intramuscular injection, cefotaxime is compatible with several
commonly used intravenous infusion fluids and will retain satisfactory potency for up to
24 hours refrigerated in the following:
Water for Injections Ph Eur
Sodium Chloride Intravenous Infusion BP
5% Glucose Intravenous Infusion BP
Sodium Chloride and Glucose Intravenous Infusion BP
Compound Sodium Lactate Intravenous Infusion BP (Ringer-lactate solution for injection)
Intravenous Infusion:
1-2g cefotaxime are dissolved in 40-100ml of infusion fluid.
After 24 hours any unused solution should be discarded.
Cefotaxime is compatible with 1% lidocaine; however freshly prepared solutions should
be used.
Cefotaxime is also compatible with metronidazole infusion (500mg/100ml) and both
will maintain potency when refrigerated (2º-8ºC) for up to 24 hours. Some increase in
colour of prepared solutions may occur on storage. However, provided the recommended
storage conditions are observed, this does not indicate change in potency or safety.
Date leaflet last revised: 08/2015
The information in this leaflet applies only to Cefotaxime Powder for solution for
injection or infusion

Vial size
500mg
1g
2g

106641/3

Diluent to be added
2ml
4ml
10ml

Approx available volume
2.2ml
4.5ml
11.2ml

Approx displacement volume
0.2ml
0.5ml
1.2ml

1

27/08/2015

Proof No.

Date

Artwork No.

591048

matthew.turrell

English
Language

Proof By

7pt (main body) / 7pt (variables)

UK

170 x 320mm
Size

Market

n-a

Profile

Min. Point Size

Pharma
Code

N/A

Process Black

Keyline (non-printing)

IF YOU SIGN THIS PROOF YOU ARE SIGNIFYING
FULL APPROVAL OF DESIGN AND TEXT.

What cefotaxime for injection contains

Warning! We cannot accept responsibility for any errors
in this proof after approval. Whilst we take extreme care
at all times to ensure accuracy to our clientʼs brief,
the final responsibility must be taken by our client.

This medicine should not be used after the expiry date (EXP) shown on the vial and carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
The vials should not be stored above 25°C.
Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 24 hours at 2-8°C. From a microbiological point of view, once opened, the
product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and
would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2-8°C, unless reconstitution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
For single use only. Once reconstituted, any unused portion of solution should be discarded.
• Do not use cefotaxime for injection if the solution contains particles or is cloudy.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required.
These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION

Clearly mark any amendments on one proof and return to MPS






artwork.leicester@multipkg.com

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

106641/3

HPRA Pharmacovigilance
Earlsfort Terrace
IRL - Dublin 2
Tel: +353 1 6764971
Fax: +353 1 6762517
Website: www.hpra.ie
e-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE CEFOTAXIME FOR INJECTION

Item Code

Ireland

Cefotaxime leaflet

Yellow Card Scheme
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard

Wockhardt UK Limited

United Kingdom

Description

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report
side effects directly via the national reporting systems listed below.

Customer

Reporting of side effects

Measure bar should be 150mm at 100% scale

Your doctor will decide which dose is best for you. If you think too much or too little medicine has been given to you contact your doctor, nurse,
pharmacist or nearest hospital.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like many medicines, cefotaxime for injection may cause side effects in some patients, particularly when treatment is first started. You should inform
your doctor or nurse immediately if you feel unwell.
These include:
• Allergic reactions such as rash, itching, fever and, very rarely, peeling skin, swelling of the face and difficulty breathing. Tell your doctor
immediately if you think you are having an allergic reaction to cefotaxime.
• Feeling sick, being sick, stomach pain and diarrhoea, particularly when it is first given.
• The injection site may be sore.
• Other side effects that some patients have had with cefotaxime for injection, particularly if given over long periods, include headaches, dizziness,
anaemia or other changes in the blood (which can cause sore throat and mouth ulcers or a tendency to bleed or bruise easily), temporary changes
in liver function, inflammation of the liver, kidney problems, jaundice, painful joints and thrush.
• Treatment with high doses of cefotaxime, particularly in patients with kidney problems, has been known to cause loss of consciousness, abnormal
movements and convulsions.
• Occasionally, patients have suffered a blood clot in a vein or irregular heart rhythm after intravenous cefotaxime.
• Administration of high doses in patients with kidney problems may cause brain disease.
• Antibiotic treatment can affect the normal bacteria in the gut, causing new infection (colitis). You should tell your doctor immediately if you develop
diarrhoea, abdominal cramps or pain, nausea, dehydration, fever or bloody, watery diarrhoea. Do not take any anti-diarrhoea medicines, such as
loperamide.
• Occasionally, if you have had an intravenous injection there may be swelling around the area of injection or inflammation of the vein.

Colours Used

If you think you have been given too much or too little cefotaxime for injection

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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