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CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL 4 MG TABLETS
Active substance(s): CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL / CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL / CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL
Candesartan cilexetil 4 mg tablets
Candesartan cilexetil 8 mg tablets
Candesartan cilexetil 16 mg tablets
Candesartan cilexetil 32 mg tablets
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even
if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects
not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET
1. What Candesartan cilexetil is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Candesartan cilexetil
3. How to take Candesartan cilexetil
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Candesartan cilexetil
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
The name of your medicine is Candesartan cilexetil. The active ingredient is candesartan cilexetil. This
belongs to a group of medicines called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. It works by making your blood
vessels relax and widen. This helps to lower your blood pressure. It also makes it easier for your heart to
pump blood to all parts of your body.
This medicine is used for
• treating high blood pressure (hypertension) in adult patients and in children and adolescents aged 6 to
under 18 years.
• Candesartan cilexetil can be used to treat adult heart failure patients with reduced heart muscle function
when Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors cannot be used or in addition to ACE-inhibitors
when symptoms persist despite treatment and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) cannot be
used. (ACE-inhibitors and MRAs are medicines used to treat heart failure).
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL
Do not take Candesartan cilexetil:
• if you are allergic to candesartan cilexetil or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
• if you are more than 3 months pregnant. (It is also better to avoid Candesartan cilexetil in early pregnancy
– see pregnancy section.)
• if you have severe liver disease or biliary obstruction (a problem with the drainage of the bile from the gall
• if the patient is a child under 1 year of age.
• if you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressure lowering
medicine containing aliskiren
If you are not sure if any of these apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Candesartan
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Candesartan cilexetil.
• if you have heart, liver or kidney problems, or are on dialysis,
• if you have recently had a kidney transplant,
• if you are vomiting, have recently had severe vomiting, or have diarrhoea,
• if you have a disease of the adrenal gland called Conn’s syndrome (also called primary hyperaldosteronism),
• if you have low blood pressure,
• if you have ever had a stroke,
• you must tell your doctor if you think that you are (or might become) pregnant. Candesartan cilexetil is not
recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months pregnant, as it may
cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see pregnancy section).
• if you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
– an ACE-inhibitor (for example enalapril, lisinopril, ramipril), in particular if you have diabetes-related
• if you are taking an ACE-inhibitor together with a medicine which belongs to the class of medicines known
as mineralocorticoid receptors antagonists (MRA). These medicines are for the treatment of heart failure (see
“Other medicines and Candesartan cilexetil”).
Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes (e.g. potassium)
in yourblood at regular intervals.
See also information under the heading “Do not take Candesartan cilexetil
Your doctor may want to see you more often and do some tests if you have any of these conditions.
If you are going to have an operation, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking Candesartan cilexetil
This is because Candesartan cilexetil, when combined with some anaesthetics, may cause a drop in blood
Children and adolescents
Candesartan cilexetil has been studied in children. For more information, talk to your doctor. Candesartan
cilexetil must not be given to children under 1 year of age due to the potential risk to the developing
Other medicines and Candesartan cilexetil
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
Candesartan cilexetil can affect the way some other medicines work and some medicines can have an
effect on Candesartan cilexetil. If you are using certain medicines, your doctor may need to do blood tests
from time to time.
In particular, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following medicines:
• Other medicines to help lower your blood pressure, including beta-blockers, diazoxide and ACE inhibitors
such as enalapril, captopril, lisinopril or ramipril.
• Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, naproxen or diclofenac, celecoxib or
etoricoxib (medicines to relieve pain and inflammation).
• Acetylsalicylic acid (if you are taking more than 3 g each day) (medicine to relieve pain and
• Potassium supplements or salt substitutes containing potassium (medicines that increase the amount of
potassium in your blood).
• Heparin (a medicine for thinning the blood).
• Water tablets (diuretics).
• Lithium (a medicine for mental health problems).
Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions:
• If you are taking an ACE-inhibitor or aliskiren (see also information under the headings “Do not take
Candesartan cilexetil ” and “Warnings and precautions”)
• If you are being treated with an ACE-inhibitor together with certain other medicines to treat your heart
failure, which are known as mineralocorticoid receptors antagonists (MRA) (for example spironolactone,
Candesartan cilexetil with food and drink and alcohol
Candesartan cilexetil can be taken with or without food.
When you are prescribed Candesartan cilexetil, discuss with your doctor before drinking alcohol. Alcohol
may make you feel faint or dizzy.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your
doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Your doctor will normally advise
you to stop taking Candesartan cilexetil before you become pregnant or as soon as you know you are
pregnant and will advise you to take other medicines instead of Candesartan cilexetil. Candesartan cilexetil
is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when more than 3 months pregnant, as it
may cause serious harm to your baby if used after the third month of pregnancy.
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Candesartan cilexetil is not
recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your doctor may choose another treatment for you
if you wish to breast-feed, especially if your baby is newborn, or was born prematurely.
Driving and using machines
Some people may feel tired or dizzy when taking Candesartan cilexetil. If this happens to you, do not drive
or use any tools or machines.
Candesartan cilexetil contains lactose
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor
before taking this product.
3. HOW TO TAKE CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or
pharmacist if you are not sure. It is important to keep taking Candesartan cilexetil every day.
You can take Candesartan cilexetil with or without food.
Swallow the tablet with a drink of water.
Try to take the tablet at the same time each day. This will help you to remember to take it.
High blood pressure
The recommended dose of Candesartan cilexetil is 8 mg once a day. Your doctor may increase this dose to
16 mg once a day and further up to 32 mg once a day depending on blood pressure response.
In some patients, such as those with liver problems, kidney problems or those who recently have lost body
fluids, e.g., through vomiting or diarrhoea or by using water tablets, the doctor may prescribe a lower
Some black patients may have a reduced response to this type of medicine, when given as the only
treatment, and these patients may need a higher dose.
Use in children and adolescents with high blood pressure
Children 6 to <18 years of age:
The recommended starting dose is 4 mg once daily.
For patients weighing < 50 kg: In some patients whose blood pressure is not adequately controlled, your
doctor may decide the dose needs to be increased to a maximum of 8 mg once daily.
For patients weighing ≥ 50 kg: In some patients whose blood pressure is not adequately controlled, your
doctor may decide the dose needs to be increased to 8 mg once daily and to 16 mg once daily.
Heart failure in adults
The ecommended starting dose of Candesartan cilexetil is 4 mg once a day. Your doctor may increase your
dose by doubling the dose at intervals of at least 2 weeks up to 32 mg once a day. Candesartan cilexetil
can be taken together with other medicines for heart failure, and your doctor will decide which treatment is
suitable for you.
If you take more Candesartan cilexetil than you should
If you take more Candesartan cilexetil than prescribed by your doctor, contact a doctor or a pharmacist
immediately for advice.
If you forget to take Candesartan cilexetil
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Just take the next dose as normal.
If you stop taking Candesartan cilexetil
If you stop taking Candesartan cilexetil your blood pressure may increase again. Therefore do not stop
taking Candesartan cilexetil without first talking to your doctor.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. It is important
that you are aware of what these side effects may be.
Stop taking Candesartan cilexetil and seek medical help immediately if you have any of the
following allergic reactions:
• difficulties in breathing, with or without swelling of the face, lips, tongue and/or throat,
• swelling of the face, lips, tongue and/or throat, which may cause difficulties in swallowing,
• severe itching of the skin (with raised lumps).
Candesartan cilexetil may cause a reduction in number of white blood cells. Your resistance to infection
may be decreased and you may notice tiredness, an infection or a fever. If this happens contact your doctor.
Your doctor may occasionally do blood tests to check whether Candesartan cilexetil has had any effect on
your blood (agranulocytosis).
Other possible side effects include:
Common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100)
Feeling dizzy/spinning sensation.
Low blood pressure. This may make you feel faint or dizzy.
Changes in blood test results: an increased amount of potassium in your blood, especially if you already
have kidney problems or heart failure. If this is severe you may notice tiredness, weakness, irregular heart
beat or pins and needles.
• Effects on how your kidneys work, especially if you already have kidney problems or heart failure. In very
rare cases, kidney failure may occur.
Very rare (affects less than 1 user in 10,000)
• Swelling of the face, lips, tongue and/or throat.
• A reduction in your red or white blood cells. You may notice tiredness, an infection or a fever.
• Skin rash, lumpy rash (hives).
• Back pain, pain in joints and muscles.
• Changes in how your liver is working, including inflammation of the liver (hepatitis). You may notice
tiredness, yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes and flu like symptoms.
• Changes in blood test results: a reduced amount of sodium in your blood. If this is severe then you may
notice weakness, lack of energy, or muscle cramps.
In children treated for high blood pressure, side effects appear to be similar to those seen in adults, bu
they happen more often. Sore throat is a very common side effect in children but not reported in adults and
runny nose, fever and increased heart rate are common in children but not reported in adults.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via Yellow Card Scheme
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the packaging after EXP. The expiry date
refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 30°C.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw
away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Candesartan cilexetil contains
• The active substance is candesartan cilexetil. Each tablet contains 4 mg, 8 mg, 16 mg or 32 mg
• The other ingredients are lactose monohydrate, maize starch, dibutyl sebacate, sodium laurilsulfate,
hydroxypropylcellulose, carmellose calcium, magnesium stearate and iron oxide red (E172) – (8 mg,
16 mg and 32 mg tablets only)
What Candesartan cilexetil looks like and contents of the pack
4 mg tablets are round, white, biconvex, one side scored.
8 mg tablets are round, pinkish-white, biconvex, one side scored.
16 mg tablets are round, slightly pink, biconvex, one side scored.
32 mg tablets are round, slightly pink, biconvex, one side scored.
The scoreline is only to facilitate breaking for ease of swallowing and not to divide into equal doses.
Boxes of 7, 10, 14, 28, 30, 50, 56, 60, 84, 90, 98, 100 tablets in blisters are available.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto, Šmarješka cesta 6, 8501 Novo mesto, Slovenia
Consilient Health (UK) Ltd., No.1 Church Road, Richmond upon Thames, Surrey. TW9 2QE.
This leaflet was last revised in 01/2015
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.