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The Cause of PMS
Research into PMS has found that women who suffer from it tend to have a malfunction
in the production of hormones during the menstrual cycle. Some women were found to
be deficient in progesterone and some had more oestrogen than expected. The conclusion
is that the imbalance between these two hormones is responsible for upsetting the normal
working of the menstrual cycle, causing many of the symptoms of P.M.S.
The Symptoms
Tender Breasts
The breasts tend to become swollen and very tender to the touch. In some extreme cases,
you may need a larger bra, as your normal size feels tight and constricting. There are two
main causes of this problem - water retention in the breast tissue and the hormonal changes
affecting the flow of blood in the skin and underlying tissue.
Headaches or Migraines
Headaches come in many forms, from dull throbbing, to sharp pains in the forehead. Often
they respond to normal treatment from pills but they are also helped by avoiding stressful
situations. Not to be confused with a normal headache, the symptoms of a migraine are
seeing bright lights, feeling sick or dizzy and, in some cases, experiencing numbness or pins
and needles in the limbs. The migraine that follows can last a short time or even for days.
Water Retention
As a result of hormonal changes, the body’s tissues and cells retain more water than
usual. Instead of passing this water naturally through urination and perspiration, it
collects in various parts of the body. The more common parts that are affected by this
are the abdomen, thighs, ankles, fingers and breasts. Although generally only about 2 or
3 pounds, in some cases weight gain can be as much as 5 or 6 pounds. Not surprisingly,
this can result in a bloated, uncomfortable feeling. Water retention can be self-treated with
a mild diuretic.
Lack of Co-ordination
Half of all accidents occurring to women in the home or on the roads happen during the
week before menstruation. It appears that tension can diminish concentration which often
results in general clumsiness. This tension can also cause a stiffening of the muscles which
would also account for a general lack of co-ordination.
Aches and Pains
Many women regularly experience a general feeling of stiffness, accompanied by dull
aching in various parts of the body. Sometimes these symptoms are localised in the
shoulders, legs or hands. Occasionally, you may experience pain all over. Again, tension
is the most common cause.
You may feel moments of panic or feel unsettled and worried about nothing at all. As
tension builds up, it becomes more difficult to control and can result in irritability.
This manifests itself in many ways including sudden, unexplained loss of temper and
snappishness. For some women, it is not so much a loss of temper as a loss of good humour
that shows up in P.M.S. Lethargy, too, is a very common premenstrual problem, often
caused by the lowering of blood sugar levels. Your body may be just generally feeling below
par and therefore unable to find its normal energy level.
What can I do about P.M.S.?
Take the first step by knowing what your symptoms are and when they occur, so that you
are ready to cope with them. If many of your symptoms are severe, you would be wise to
consult your doctor. In mild cases you can, to an extent, treat yourself. Once you know
when you are liable to have the problem, you can organise how you are going to get round
it. Knowledge of the fact goes a long way to conquering the problem and finding the
answers for yourself.

Ammonium Chloride • Caffeine
Read all of this leaflet carefully because it contains
important information for you.
This medicine is available without prescription. However, you
still need to take Aquaban carefully to get the best results
from it.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• Ask your pharmacist if you need more information
or advice.
• You must contact a doctor if your symptoms worsen or do
not improve after 5 days.
• If any of the side effects become serious, or if you notice any
side effect not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor
or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1. What Aquaban is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Aquaban
3. How to take Aquaban
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Aquaban
6. Further information
1. What Aquaban is and what it is used for    
Aquaban tablets are for the relief of pre-menstrual
water retention. Aquaban contains two diuretics which
help you get rid of excess water which can build up before
a period.

2. Before you take Aquaban
Do not take Aquaban if you:
• are suffering from liver or kidney problems
• are allergic to any of the ingredients (see section 6 for a
complete list of ingredients).
Taking other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or
have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines
obtained without a prescription.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Do not take Aquaban tablets if you are pregnant or
3. How to take Aquaban
Women with pre-menstrual water retention:
Swallow 2 tablets three times a day after meals starting
four or five days before expected period until
period begins. Do not take for more than 5 days.
Not recommended for children under 12 years old.
If you take more Aquaban than you should
Seek immediate medical advice in the event of an overdose.
If you forget to take Aquaban
Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Aquaban can cause side effects, although
not everybody gets them.
You may notice any of the following mild side effects:
• nausea (feeling sick)
• abdominal cramps or stomach pains
• headache.
If any of the side effects become serious, or if you notice any
side effect not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor
or pharmacist.

5. How to store Aquaban
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not take Aquaban after the expiry date which is stated
on the packaging.
Do not store above 25ºC.
Do not use if foil strip is damaged.
6. Further information
What Aquaban contains
The active substances per tablet are:
Ammonium Chloride............ 325mg
Caffeine......................................... 100mg
The other ingredients are:
Core: Magnesium Stearate, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Povidone.
Coating: Benzoic Acid, Colloidal Anhydrous Silica, FD&C Blue
#2, Hypromellose, Iron Oxide, Methacrylic Acid Copolymer,
Sodium Bicarbonate, Sodium Lauryl Sulphate, Simethicone,
Stearate Emulsifiers, Sorbic Acid, Talc, Thickeners, Titanium
Dioxide, Triethyl Citrate.
What Aquaban looks like and contents of the pack
Aquaban tablets are blue, circular, gastro-resistant,
film-coated tablets. They are available in blister packs
containing 30 tablets.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

G. R. Lane Health Products Limited,
Sisson Road,
GL2 0GR,
United Kingdom.
Tel: +44 (0)1452 524012
This leaflet was last approved February 2010
Aquaban is a registered trademark.


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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.