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AMLODIPINE/VALSARTAN 5MG/160 MG FILM-COATED TABLETS

Active substance(s): AMLODIPINE BESILATE / VALSARTAN

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Version 1 – Follow up PSUSA 2016

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Amlodipine / Valsartan 5 mg / 80 mg film-coated tablets
Amlodipine / Valsartan 5 mg / 160 mg film-coated tablets
Amlodipine / Valsartan 10 mg / 160 mg film-coated tablets
Amlodipine/valsartan
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
‒ Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
‒ If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
‒ This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm
them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
‒ If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Amlodipine / Valsartan is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Amlodipine / Valsartan
3. How to take Amlodipine / Valsartan
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Amlodipine / Valsartan
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Amlodipine / Valsartan is and what it is used for
Amlodipine / Valsartan tablets contain two substances called amlodipine and valsartan. Both
of these substances help to control high blood pressure.
‒ Amlodipine belongs to a group of substances called “calcium channel blockers”.
Amlodipine stops calcium from moving into the blood vessel wall which stops the blood
vessels from tightening.
‒ Valsartan belongs to a group of substances called “angiotensin-II receptor antagonists”.
Angiotensin II is produced by the body and makes the blood vessels tighten, thus
increasing the blood pressure. Valsartan works by blocking the effect of angiotensin II.
This means that both of these substances help to stop the blood vessels tightening. As a result,
the blood vessels relax and blood pressure is lowered.
Amlodipine / Valsartan is used to treat high blood pressure in adults whose blood pressure is
not controlled enough with either amlodipine or valsartan on its own.

2. What you need to know before you take Amlodipine / Valsartan

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Do not use Amlodipine / Valsartan if you
‒ are allergic to amlodipine or to any other calcium channel blockers. This may involve
itching, reddening of the skin or difficulty in breathing.
‒ are allergic to valsartan or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section
6). If you think you may be allergic, talk to your doctor before taking Amlodipine /
Valsartan.
‒ have severe liver problems or bile problems such as biliary cirrhosis or cholestasis.
‒ are more than 3 months pregnant. (It is also better to avoid Amlodipine / Valsartan in
early pregnancy, see section “Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility”).
‒ have severe low blood pressure (hypotension).
‒ have narrowing of the aortic valve (aortic stenosis) or cardiogenic shock (a condition
where your heart is unable to supply enough blood to the body).
‒ suffer from heart failure after a heart attack.
‒ have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressure
lowering medicine containing aliskiren.
If any of the above applies to you, do not take Amlodipine / Valsartan and talk to your doctor.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before taking Amlodipine / Valsartan if
‒ you have been sick (vomiting or diarrhoea).
‒ you have liver or kidney problems.
‒ you have had a kidney transplant or if you had been told that you have a narrowing of
your kidney arteries.
‒ you have a condition affecting the renal glands called “primary hyperaldosteronism”.
‒ you have had heart failure or have experienced a heart attack. Follow your doctor’s
instructions for the starting dose carefully. Your doctor may also check your kidney
function.
‒ your doctor has told you that you have a narrowing of the valves in your heart (called
“aortic or mitral stenosis”) or that the thickness of your heart muscle is abnormally
increased (called “obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy”).
‒ you have experienced swelling, particularly of the face and throat, while taking other
medicines (including angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors). If you get these
symptoms, stop taking Amlodipine / Valsartan and contact your doctor straight away.
You should never take Amlodipine / Valsartan again.
‒ you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
 an ACE inhibitor (for example enalapril, lisinopril, ramipril), in particular if you have
diabetes-related kidney problems.
 aliskiren.
Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes
(e.g. potassium) in your blood at regular intervals.
See also information under the heading “Do not take Amlodipine / Valsartan”.
If any of these apply to you, tell your doctor before taking Amlodipine / Valsartan.

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Children and adolescents
The use of Amlodipine / Valsartan in children and adolescents is not recommended (aged
below 18 years old).
Other medicines and Amlodipine / Valsartan
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
medicines. Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions. In
some cases you may have to stop taking one of the medicines. This applies especially to the
medicines listed below:
‒ ACE inhibitors or aliskiren (see also information under the headings “Do not take
Amlodipine / Valsartan” and “Warnings and precautions”).
‒ diuretics (a type of medicine also called “water tablets” which increases the amount of
urine you produce)
‒ lithium (a medicine used to treat some types of depression).
‒ potassium-sparing diuretics, potassium supplements, salt substitutes containing
potassium and other substances that may increase potassium levels.
‒ certain types of painkillers called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs)
or selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (COX-2 inhibitors). Your doctor may also
check your kidney function.
‒ anticonvulsant agents (e.g. carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, fosphenytoin,
primidone).
‒ St. John’s Wort.
‒ nitroglycerin and other nitrates, or other substances called “vasodilators”.
‒ medicines used for HIV/AIDS (e.g. ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir).
‒ medicines used to treat fungal infections (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole).
‒ medicines used to treat bacterial infections (such as rifampicin, erythromycin,
clarithromycin, talithromycin).
‒ verapamil, diltiazem (heart medicines).
‒ tacrolimus (used to control your body’s immune response, enabling your body to accept
the transplanted organ).
‒ simvastatin (a medicine used to control high cholesterol levels).
‒ dantrolene (infusion for severe body temperature abnormalities).
‒ medicines used to protect against transplant rejection (ciclosporin).
Amlodipine / Valsartan with food, drink and alcohol
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice should not be consumed by people who are taking Amlodipine
/ Valsartan. This is because grapefruit and grapefruit juice can lead to an increase in the blood
levels of the active substance amlodipine, which can cause an unpredictable increase in the
blood pressure lowering effect of Amlodipine / Valsartan.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Pregnancy

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You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Your doctor will
normally advise you to stop taking Amlodipine / Valsartan before you become pregnant or as
soon as you know you are pregnant and will advise you to take another medicine instead of
Amlodipine / Valsartan. Amlodipine / Valsartan is not recommended in early pregnancy (first
3 months), and must not be taken when more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious
harm to your baby if used after the third month of pregnancy.
Breast-feeding
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Amlodipine /
Valsartan is not recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your doctor may
choose another treatment for you if you wish to breast-feed, especially if your baby is newborn, or was born prematurely.
Driving and using machines
This medicine may make you feel dizzy. This can affect how well you can concentrate. So, if
you are not sure how this medicine will affect you, do not drive, use machinery, or do other
activities that you need to concentrate on.
Amlodipine / Valsartan contains sorbitol (E-420)
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, please
contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.

3. How to take Amlodipine / Valsartan
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with
your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. This will help you get the best results and lower
the risk of side effects.
The usual dose of Amlodipine / Valsartan is one tablet per day.
‒ It is preferable to take your medicine at the same time each day.
‒ Swallow the tablets with a glass of water.
‒ You can take Amlodipine / Valsartan with or without food. Do not take Amlodipine /
Valsartan with grapefruit or grapefruit juice.
Depending on how you respond to the treatment, your doctor may suggest a higher or lower
dose.
Do not exceed the prescribed dose.
Amlodipine / Valsartan and older people (age 65 years or over)
Your doctor should exercise caution when increasing your dose.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you take more Amlodipine / Valsartan than you should
If you have taken too many tablets of Amlodipine / Valsartan, or if someone else has taken
your tablets, consult a doctor immediately.

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If you forget to take Amlodipine / Valsartan
If you forget to take this medicine, take it as soon as you remember. Then take your next dose
at its usual time. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.
If you stop taking Amlodipine / Valsartan
Stopping your treatment with Amlodipine / Valsartan may cause your disease to get worse.
Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Some side effects can be serious and need immediate medical attention
A few patients have experienced these serious side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1,000
people). If any of the following happen, tell your doctor straight away:
Allergic reaction with symptoms such as rash, itching, swelling of face or lips or tongue,
difficulty breathing, low blood pressure (feeling of faintness, light-headedness).
Other possible side effects of Amlodipine / Valsartan
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
Influenza (flu); blocked nose, sore throat and discomfort when swallowing; headache;
swelling of arms, hands, legs, ankles or feet; tiredness; asthenia (weakness); redness and
warm feeling of the face and/or neck.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
Dizziness; nausea and abdominal pain; dry mouth; drowsiness, tingling or numbness of the
hands or feet; vertigo; fast heart beat including palpitations; dizziness on standing up; cough;
diarrhoea; constipation; skin rash, redness of the skin; joint swelling, back pain; pain in
joints.
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
Feeling anxious; ringing in the ears (tinnitus); fainting; passing more urine than normal or
feeling more of an urge to pass urine; inability to get or maintain an erection; sensation of
heaviness; low blood pressure with symptoms such as dizziness, light-headedness; excessive
sweating; skin rash all over your body; itching; muscle spasm.
If any of these affect you severely, tell your doctor.

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Side effects reported with amlodipine or valsartan alone and either not observed with
Amlodipine / Valsartan or observed with a higher frequency than with Amlodipine /
Valsartan.
Amlodipine
Consult a doctor immediately if you experience any of the following very rare, severe side
effects after taking this medicine:
‒ Sudden wheeziness, chest pain, shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing.
‒ Swelling of eyelids, face or lips.
‒ Swelling of the tongue and throat which causes great difficulty breathing.
‒ Severe skin reactions including intense skin rash, hives, reddening of the skin over your
whole body, severe itching, blistering, peeling and swelling of the skin, inflammation of
the mucous membranes (Stevens-Johnson Syndrome) or other allergic reactions.
‒ Heart attack, abnormal heart beat.
‒ Inflamed pancreas, which may cause severe abdominal and back pain accompanied with
feeling of being very unwell.
The following side effects have been reported. If any of these cause you problems or if they
last for more than one week, you should contact your doctor.
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
Dizziness, sleepiness; palpitations (awareness of your heart beat); flushing, ankle swelling
(oedema); abdominal pain, feeling sick (nausea).
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
Mood changes, anxiety, depression, sleeplessness, trembling, taste abnormalities, fainting,
loss of pain sensation; visual disturbances, visual impairment, ringing in the ears; low blood
pressure; sneezing/runny nose caused by inflammation of the lining of the nose (rhinitis);
indigestion, vomiting (being sick); hair loss, increased sweating, itchy skin, skin
discolouration; disorder in passing urine, increased need to urinate at night, increased number
of times of passing urine; inability to obtain an erection, discomfort or enlargement of the
breasts in men, pain, feeling unwell, muscle pain, muscle cramps; weight increase or
decrease.
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people): Confusion.
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people):
Decreased number of white blood cells, decrease in blood platelets which may result in
unusual bruising or easy bleeding (red blood cell damage); excess sugar in blood
(hyperglycaemia); swelling of the gums, abdominal bloating (gastritis); abnormal liver
function, inflammation of the liver (hepatitis), yellowing of the skin (jaundice), liver enzyme
increase which may have an effect on some medical tests; increased muscle tension;
inflammation of blood vessels often with skin rash, sensitivity to light.
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data):
Trembling, rigid posture, mask-like face, slow movements and a shuffling, unbalanced walk.

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Valsartan
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data):
Decrease in red blood cells, fever, sore throat or mouth sores due to infections; spontaneous
bleeding or bruising; high level of potassium in the blood; abnormal liver test results;
decreased renal functions and severely decreased renal functions; swelling mainly of the face
and the throat; muscle pain; rash, purplish-red spots; fever; itching; allergic reaction,
blistering skin (sign of a condition called dermatitis bullous).
If you experience any of these, tell your doctor straight away.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly the Yellow card
Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide
more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Amlodipine / Valsartan
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Store below 30 °C in the original package in order to protect from moisture and light.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and carton after
“EXP”. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist
how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect
the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Amlodipine / Valsartan contains
‒ The active substance are amlodipine and valsartan.
Amlodipine / Valsartan 5 mg / 80 mg film-coated tablets
Each film-coated tablet contains 5 mg amlodipine (as amlodipine besylate) and 80 mg
valsartan.
Amlodipine / Valsartan 5 mg / 160 mg film-coated tablets
Each film-coated tablet contains 5 mg amlodipine (as amlodipine besylate) and 160 mg
valsartan.
Amlodipine / Valsartan 10 mg / 160 mg film-coated tablets
Each film-coated tablet contains 10 mg amlodipine (as amlodipine besylate) and 160 mg
valsartan.
‒ The other ingredients are: Tablet core: Silicified microcrystalline cellulose (
containing cellulose microcrystalline and silica colloidal anhydrous); Sorbitol (E-

Field Code Changed

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420); Magnesium carbonate; Starch pregelatinised; Pregelatinised starch, partially;
Povidone 25; Sodium stearyl fumarate; Sodium lauryl sulphate; Crospovidone type A;
Silica colloidal anhydrous; Cellulose microcrystalline.
Tablet coating: Hypromellose 2910/5; Macrogol 6000; Titanium dioxide (E171);
Talc; Yellow ferric oxide (E172).
What Amlodipine / Valsartan looks like and contents of the pack
Amlodipine / Valsartan 5 mg / 80 mg film-coated tablets: Yellow rounded film-coated tablet
of dimension approx. 9 mm.
Amlodipine / Valsartan 5 mg / 160 mg film-coated tablets: Light yellow oblong film-coated
tablet of dimension approx. 14×7 mm.
Amlodipine / Valsartan 10 mg / 160 mg film-coated tablets: Yellow oblong film-coated tablet
with break line, dimension approx. 14×7 mm. The score line is not intended for breaking the
tablet.
7, 14, 28, 30, 56, 90, 98 film-coated tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing authorisation holder
Zentiva, One Onslow Street, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 4YS, UK.
Manufacturer(s)
Zentiva, k.s.
U kabelovny 130
102 37 Prague 10 - Dolní Měcholupy
Czech Republic
This leaflet was last revised in April 2016
‘Zentiva’ is a registered trademark. © 2016 Zentiva.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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