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ADRENALINE INJECTION 1 IN 10 000

Active substance(s): ADRENALINE ACID TARTRATE

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Package leaflet : information for the user
Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000
adrenaline (epinephrine) (as acid tartrate) 0.1mg per ml

Because of your condition it may not be possible for you to read this leaflet before you are given
Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000.
The leaflet will be kept for you as you may wish to read it later.
-

If you have further questions, please ask your doctor or nurse.
If any of the side effects become serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet,
please tell your doctor or nurse.

In this leaflet:
1. What Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 is and what it is used for.
2. Before Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 is given.
3. How Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 is given.
4. Possible side effects.
5. Storing Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000.
6. Further information.

1.

What Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 is and what it is used for

Adrenaline (epinephrine) belongs to a group of medicines used for the treatment of serious shock
produced by a severe allergic (hypersensitive) reaction or collapse. It may also be used to restart your
heart if it has stopped.

2.

Before Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 is given

You should not be given Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 if you are:
- allergic (hypersensitive) to any of the ingredients in this injection.
- suffering from any form of heart disease.
- in shock (other than that caused by a sudden life threatening reaction).
- suffering from brain damage or hardening of the arteries in the brain.
- suffering from glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye).
- having or are about to have an operation under general anaesthetic.
- in the second stage of labour.
Take special care with Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 if you are:
- suffering from high blood pressure.
- pregnant or breastfeeding.
- diabetic.

If any of the above apply to you or your child please tell your doctor before you are given this medicine.
Taking other medicines:
Please tell your doctor or nurse if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including
medicines obtained without a prescription.
Medicines that may interact with Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 include:
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antihistamines (drugs used to treat allergic reactions or allergies).
drugs to treat high blood pressure, heart conditions, depression or thyroid problems.
ergot alkaloids (drugs used to treat migraine).
insulin oral hypoglycaemics (drugs used to treat diabetes).
oxytocin (used in childbirth to stimulate contractions of the uterus).
doxapram (given as an injection in hospitals to help severe breathing problems).
entacapone (for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease).
antipsychotics (for the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders).

Pregnancy and breast-feeding:
If you are pregnant or are breast-feeding, your doctor will advise you whether you can be given Dilute
Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 as an emergency treatment.
Effects on the ability to drive and use machines:
Using Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 will not affect your ability to drive or operate
machinery.
Important information about some of the ingredients in this medication:
The product also contains Sodium Metabisulphite which may cause allergic (hypersensitive) type
reactions in some people, which can lead to breathing difficulties or collapse. People with a history of
asthma or allergies are most likely to experience these problems.

3.

How Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 is given

Your doctor, nurse or paramedic will give Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 to you into a
vein (intravenous) or into a bone (intraosseous). Your doctor will decide the correct amount for you and
when and how this should be given.
To restart your heart:
Adults and Children over 12 years:
The usual dose is 10ml by injection into a vein (intravenously).
If your doctor cannot give you an injection into a vein then the medicine can be given into a bone.
Children under 12 years:
Not recommended.
The elderly:
Your doctor will give Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 to you with caution.

To treat life threatening allergic reactions (acute anaphylaxis):
Adults and children over 12 years:
Slow injection into the vein in a dose of 500 micrograms (5ml of Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection
1:10,000) given at a rate of 100 micrograms (1ml of Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000)
per minute, stopping when there is a response.
Children under 12 years:
Children can be given a dose of 10 micrograms per kilogram of bodyweight (0.1ml of Dilute
Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 per kg) by slow injection into the vein over several minutes.
The elderly:
Your doctor will give Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 to you with caution. In some
circumstances a single dose of Adrenaline may not completely reverse the effects of a serious allergic
(hypersensitive) reaction or anaphylaxis. If this is the case you may be given another injection after 10
minutes.
If you are given more of Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 than you should:
As this medicine will be given to you whilst you are in hospital, it is unlikely that you will be given too
little or too much, however, tell your doctor or nurse if you have any concerns.

4.

Possible side effects

Like all medicines Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them.
Adrenaline (epinephrine) solutions may be associated with some unwanted effects although these are
normally related to higher strengths of the drug. The unwanted effects include:
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anxiety.
difficulty in breathing.
high blood sugar levels.
high blood pressure.
restlessness.
palpitations (irregular or faster heart beat).
tremors (shaking).
weakness.
dizziness.
headache.
coldness of the fingers and toes.
feeling sick (nausea).
being sick (vomiting).
sweating.
subarachnoid haemorrhage (bleeding in the brain which can cause very severe headaches, stiff neck,
fits and loss of consciousness).
hemiplegia (paralysis of one side of the body).

In patients with Parkinson’s disease adrenaline (epinephrine) may increase rigidity (stiffness) and tremors
(shaking).

After being given this product, you may experience slight pain, minor bruising/bleeding or some left over
liquid where you have been injected.
Repeated injection may cause tissue damage in the place where you have been injected. Tissue damage
may also occur in the extremities (fingers and toes), kidneys and liver.
If any of the side effects become serious or you notice any other effects not mentioned in this leaflet
please tell your doctor or nurse.

5.

Storing Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000

Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Your doctor, nurse or paramedic will check that the expiry date on the label has not been passed before
administering Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 to you. The expiry date refers to the last
day of the month.
Adrenaline (epinephrine) is sensitive to light; therefore the Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection
1:10,000 must always be kept in the original outer carton.
Do not store above 25ºC and do not freeze.
You should not be given Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 if you notice it has been used
or shows signs of visible damage.

6.

Further Information

What Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 contains:
The active ingredient is adrenaline (epinephrine) (as acid tartrate) 0.1mg per ml.
The other ingredients are Sodium Chloride, Sodium Metabisulphite, Sodium Citrate, Citric Acid and
Water for Injections. Dilute Hydrochloric acid may be added to adjust the acidity.
What Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 looks like and contents of the pack:
The Dilute Adrenaline/Epinephrine Injection 1:10,000 is a clear, colourless solution supplied in 1ml, 5ml
and 10ml clear glass ampoules. Each pack contains either 1 or 10 ampoules.
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Aurum Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Bampton Road, Romford, RM3 8UG, United Kingdom
Manufacturer:
Martindale Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Bampton Road, Romford, RM3 8UG,
United Kingdom
This leaflet was last approved in: March 2011
Product License Number: PL 12064/0018

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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