Women's Health: Separating Fact From Fiction
Medically reviewed on Jun 12, 2018 by C. Fookes, BPharm
Fact Or Fiction? Men Are More Likely To Die From A Heart Attack
Fiction. Heart disease actually kills more women than men.
Although heart disease tends to develop 7-10 years later in women, 23-33% of women will die within one year of having their first heart attack compared with only around 18% of men. In addition, women are more likely to develop heart failure (a condition where the heart is ineffective at pumping blood, causing it to enlarge with retained blood), and less likely than men to receive appropriate treatment after a heart attack.
Symptoms of a heart attack may be more vague in women compared to men and include tiredness, stomach pain, sweating, and an uncomfortable pressure in the chest - women are less likely to get severe chest pain. Anyone with symptoms suggestive of a heart attack should always seek urgent medical advice.
Fact Or Fiction? Alcohol Has More Of An Effect On Women Than Men
Fact. Women's bodies, in general, process alcohol at a slower rate than men. So for similar amounts of alcohol, the effects are greater in women, even for those of a similar weight to men.
Studies have shown that alcohol can affect a woman's fertility, put her at greater risk of breast cancer, and worsen some menopausal symptoms. So if you choose to drink, never drink more than the recommended guidelines of 2-3 standard glasses of alcohol at one time, and schedule in plenty of alcohol-free days.
Fact Or Fiction? Cellulite Creams Don't Work
Fiction. Certain cellulite creams DO work, but the overall effect is generally modest (less than 0.5 of an inch reduction in thigh circumference) and ingredient specific.
As we age we lose muscle. Most muscle is lost from areas where we sit, such as our buttocks, hips and thighs. Once lost, the overlying fat that relies on this muscular support sags and becomes pockmarked. Ingredients such as caffeine, aminophylline, and bladderwreck extract may help stimulate circulation and improve the appearance of cellulite. Strength training also tones and firms muscles, boosting your metabolic rate to burn fat.
Fact Or Fiction? Women Are More Sensitive To Pain
Fact. Women are more sensitive to pain, according to a report published in the Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. On average, women have 34 nerve fibers per square centimeter of facial skin while men only average 17 nerve fibers. More nerve receptors cause women to feel pain more intensely than men.
The news is even worse if you are a redhead. Redheads appear even more sensitive to thermal pain (like extreme cold) than other women, and also have less of a response to pain medication.
Fact Or Fiction? Crunches Are The Best Way To Tone Up Your Waist Line
Fiction. Crunches (or sit-ups) are not very effective. In addition to not toning the underlying muscles essential for a flat stomach, they fail to do anything about the overlying fat on top of the muscles and also mimic the sitting posture we have for most of day, placing even more pressure on the discs in our back.
Planks and leg lifts are much more effective at working work out your stomach muscles. Make sure your exercise routine includes strength exercises that work ALL the muscles of your body. This encourages overall fat burning, and avoids creating muscle imbalances which are common in people who target just one particular area.
Fact Or Fiction? You Can Take Oral Contraceptives For As Long As You Need To
Fact - but with some exceptions.
Experts agree oral forms of contraception can be taken for as long as you need to, or until menopause, as long as you are generally healthy.
For women who smoke and are over the age of 35, or have high blood pressure, a clotting disorder, or other medical conditions, long-term use of the pill may not be safe.
While some research suggests prolonged use of birth control pills may increase the risk of cervical cancer, the incidence of other types of cancer (such as ovarian and endometrial) appears to be reduced.
Fact Or Fiction? Women Are More Likely To Develop Cancer
Fiction. Overall, women are LESS likely to develop cancer, and also less likely to die from cancer, than men.
While its true that certain cancers such as breast cancer and thyroid cancer are more prevalent among women, other cancers, such as those that affect the bladder, skin, and lungs, are more common to men. Rates of colorectal and brain cancers are similar regardless of gender; while rates of cancers specific to women (like cervical and ovarian cancer) don't even come close to rates of cancers specific to men, such as prostate cancer.
Fact Or Fiction? Anxiety And Depression Are More Common In Women
Fact. Women are twice as likely to suffer from anxiety and 2.5 times more likely to suffer from depression than men.
Experts suggest that differences in brain chemistry may explain some of these figures. The "flight-and-fright" response to stressful circumstances is more readily activated in women and stays activated for longer. Women may also process serotonin (the "feel-good" hormone) differently and be more sensitive to other hormones released during times of stress.
Fact Or Fiction? Women Live Longer Than Men
Fact. On average, women live for 81.1 years compared with 76.1 years for men, according to the latest statistics gathered by the CDC.
Death rates were highest for heart disease, cancer, stroke, respiratory diseases, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease and unintentional injuries, such as road accidents.
Fact Or Fiction? Discrimination Against Women Is NOT OK!
Fact. Although huge strides have been made in America against the discrimination of women, it still exists. Worldwide it remains a very real problem, too.
Every 9 seconds a woman in the U.S. is beaten or abused. Workplace sexual harassment, pregnancy discrimination and huge pay gaps are common, even though employers violate common civil rights when they discriminate based on gender or sex. Worldwide, 15-71% of women report physical or sexual violence. Ten million girls are forced to marry before their 18th birthday every year. Genital mutilation still occurs in Africa and human trafficking is rife throughout Europe. None of this is OK.
Finished: Women's Health: Separating Fact From Fiction
- Maas A. Appelman Y. Gender differences in coronary heart disease. Neth Heart J. 2010 Dec; 18(12): 598–602. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3018605/
- Turati F, et al. Efficacy of cosmetic products in cellulite reduction: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2014 Jan;28(1):1-15. doi: 10.1111/jdv.12193. Epub 2013 Jun 14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23763635
- Liem B, et al. Increased Sensitivity to Thermal Pain and Reduced Subcutaneous Lidocaine Efficacy in Redheads. Anesthesiology. 2005 Mar; 102(3): 509–514. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1692342/
- Mayo Clinic. Birth Control. How long can I safely take birth control pills? http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/birth-control/expert-answers/birth-control-pills/faq-20058110
- Lifetime Risk of Developing or Dying from Cancer. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerbasics/lifetime-probability-of-developing-or-dying-from-cancer
- Facts. Anxiety and Depression Association of America. http://www.adaa.org/living-with-anxiety/women/facts
- 10 Facts about Women's Health. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/women_health/en/index3.html
- Statistics. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. http://www.ncadv.org/learn/statistics