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Carbofed DM

Generic Name: brompheniramine maleate, dextromethorphan hydrobromide and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride
Dosage Form: syrup

Disclaimer: This drug has not been found by FDA to be safe and effective, and this labeling has not been approved by FDA. For further information about unapproved drugs, click here.

BROMPHENIRAMINE-PSEUDOEPHEDRINE-DEXTROMETHORPHAN SYRUP
(Carbofed DM Syrup)

Carbofed DM Description

Antihistamine/Decongestant/Antitussive for oral use

For adults and pediatric patients (2 years and older)

Carbofed DM Syrup

Each teaspoonful (5 mL) contains brompheniramine maleate, 4 mg; pseudoephedrine hydrochloride, 45 mg; dextromethorphan hydrobromide, 15 mg.

Inactive ingredients: Citric acid, FD&C blue #1, FD&C red #33, glycerin, natural & artificial grape flavor, purified water, sodium benzoate, sodium citrate, sorbitol.

Brompheniramine maleate (2-Pyridinepropanamine, γ-(4-bromophenyl)-N,N-dimethyl-, (±)-, (Z)-2-butenedioate).

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride (Benzenemethol, α-[1-methylamino)ethyl]-,[S-(R*,R*)]-, hydrochloride) is the hydrochloride of pseudoephedrine, a naturally occurring dextrorotatory stereoisomer of ephedrine.

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide (Morphinan, 3-methoxy-17-methyl-, (9α, 13α, 14α)-, hydrobromide monohydrate) is the hydrobromide of d-form race methorphan.

Carbofed DM - Clinical Pharmacology

Antihistaminic, decongestant and antitussive actions.

Brompheniramine maleate possesses H1 antihistaminic activity and mild anticholinergic and sedative effects. Peak plasma concentration is reached in 5 hours. Urinary excretion is the major route of elimination. The liver is assumed to be the major site of metabolic transformation.

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride is an oral sympathomimetic amine that acts as a decongestant to respiratory tract mucous membranes. While its vasoconstrictor action is similar to that of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine has less pressor effect in normotensive adults. Serum half-life for pseudoephedrine is 6 to 8 hours. Acidic urine is associated with faster elimination of the drug. About one-half of the administered dose is excreted in the urine.

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide is a nonnarcotic antitussive with effectiveness equal to codeine. It acts in the medulla oblongata to elevate the cough threshold. Dextromethorphan does not produce analgesia or induce tolerance, and has no potential for addiction. At usual doses, it will not depress respiration or inhibit ciliary activity. Dextromethorphan is rapidly metabolized with trace amounts of the parent compound in blood and urine. About onehalf of the administered dose is excreted in the urine as conjugated metabolites.

Indications and Usage for Carbofed DM

For relief of coughs and upper respiratory symptoms, including nasal congestion, associated with allergy or the common cold.

Contraindications

Patients with hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to any of its ingredients. Sympathomimetic amines are contraindicated in patients with severe hypertension, severe coronary artery disease and patients on monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor therapy. Antihistamines are contraindicated in patients with narrow-angle glaucoma, urinary retention, peptic ulcer, and during an asthma attack. Dextromethorphan should not be used in patients receiving a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) or for 2 weeks after stopping the MAOI drug.

Warnings

Sympathomimetic amines should be used judiciously and sparingly in patients with hypertension, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, hyperthyroidism, increased intraocular pressure or prostatic hypertrophy. See CONTRAINDICATIONS. Sympathomimetic amines may produce CNS stimulation with convulsions or cardiovascular collapse with accompanying hypotension. The elderly (60 years and older) are more likely to exhibit adverse reactions. Antihistamines may cause excitability, especially in children. At doses higher than the recommended dose, nervousness, dizziness or sleeplessness may occur. Do not exceed recommended dosage. Administration of dextromethorphan may be accompanied by histamine release and should be used with caution in atopic children.

Precautions

General

Before prescribing medication to suppress or modify cough, identify and provide therapy for the underlying cause of the cough and take caution that modification of cough does not increase the risk of clinical or physiologic complications. Dextromethorphan should be used with caution in sedated or debilitated patients and in patients confined to supine positions.

Use with caution in patients with hypertension, heart disease, asthma, hyperthyroidism, increased intraocular pressure, diabetes mellitus and prostatic hypertrophy.

Information for patients

Avoid alcohol and other CNS depressants while taking this product. Patients sensitive to antihistamines may experience moderate to severe drowsiness. Patients sensitive to sympathomimetics amines may note CNS stimulation.

Drug interactions

Antihistamines may enhance the effects of tricyclic antidepressants, barbiturates, alcohol, and other CNS depressants. MAO inhibitors prolong and intensify the anticholinergic effects of antihistamines. Sympathomimetic amines may reduce the antihypertensive effects of reserpine, veratrum alkaloids, methyldopa and mecamylamine. Effects of sympathomimetics are increased with MAO inhibitors and beta-adrenergic blockers. The cough-suppressant action of dextromethorphan and narcotic antitussives are additive. Dextromethorphan is contraindicated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI). (See CONTRAINDICATIONS section.)

Pregnancy

Preganncy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been concluded with Carbofed DM Syrup. It is not known whether these products can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or affect reproductive capacity. Give to pregnant women only if clearly needed.

Nursing mothers

It is not known if the drugs in Carbofed DM Syrup are excreted in human milk. Since many drugs may be excreted into human milk and because of the potential for serious side effects in the nursing infant, this product should only be given to nursing mothers if clearly needed.

Pediatric use

Safety and effectiveness of Carbofed DM Syrup in pediatric patients below the age of two years have not been established.

Adverse Reactions

Antihistamines: Sedation, dizziness, diplopia, vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth, headache, nervousness, nausea, anorexia, heartburn, weakness, polyuria and dysuria and, rarely, excitability in children. Urinary retention may occur in patients with prostatic hypertrophy.

Sympathomimetic amines: Convulsions, CNS stimulation, cardiac arrhythmia, respiratory difficulties, increased heart rate or blood pressure, hallucinations, tremors, nervousness, insomnia, pallor and dysuria.

Dextromethorphan: Drowsiness, dizziness, and GI disturbance.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Hi-Tech Pharmacal Co., Inc at 1-800-262-9010.

The signs, symptoms and treatment described below are those for H1 antihistamines, pseudoephedrine and dextromethorphan overdose.

Overdosage

The signs, symptoms and treatment described below are those for H1 antihistamines, pseudoephedrine and dextromethorphan overdose.

Symptoms

Should antihistamine effects predominate, central action constitutes the greatest danger. In the small child, predominate symptoms are excitation, hallucination, ataxia, incoordination, tremors, flushed face and fever. Convulsions, fixed and dilated pupils, coma and death may occur in severe cases. In the adult, fever and flushing are uncommon; excitement leading to convulsions and postictal depression is often preceded by drowsiness and coma. Respiration is usually not seriously depressed; blood pressure is usually stable.

Should sympathomimetic symptoms predominate, central effects include restlessness, dizziness, tremor, hyperactive reflexes, talkativeness, irritability and insomnia. Cardiovascular and renal effects include difficulty in micturition, headache, flushing, palpitation, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension with subsequent hypotension and circulatory collapse. Gastrointestinal effects include dry mouth, metallic taste, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps.

Dextromethorphan may cause respiratory depression with a large overdose.

Treatment

a) Evacuate stomach as condition warrants. Activated charcoal may be useful.

b) Maintain a nonstimulated environment.

c) Monitor cardiovascular status.

d) Do not give stimulants.

e) Reduce fever with sponging.

f) Treat respiratory depression with naloxone if dextromethorphan toxicity is suspected.

g) Use sedatives or anticonvulsants to control CNS excitation and convulsions.

h) Physostigmine may reverse anticholinergic symptoms.

i) Ammonium chloride may acidify the urine to increase urinary excretion of pseudoephedrine.

j) Further care is symptomatic and supportive.

Carbofed DM Dosage and Administration

*
In mild cases or in particularly sensitive patients, less frequent or reduced doses may be adequate.
AGE DOSE* FREQUENCY
2-6 years 1/2 teaspoonful (2.5 mL) QID
adults and pediatric patients 6 years and over 1 teaspoonful (5 mL) QID

How is Carbofed DM Supplied

Carbofed DM Syrup, grape flavored, in 16-fl-oz bottles. Dispense in USP tight, light-resistant, glass container. Store between 46º-86ºF (8º-30ºC). Avoid exposure to heat. Keep tightly closed.


Rx only.



Manufactured by:

Hi-Tech Pharmacal Co., Inc.

Amityville, NY 11701


Rev. 575:01 3/09

MG# 16623


PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 50383-575-16

 

Carbofed DM Syrup

Antihistamine/Decongestant/Antitussive

Sugar Free • Alcohol Free

 

EACH 5mL (ONE TEASPOONFUL) CONTAINS:

Brompheniramine..........................................4 mg

Pseudoephedrine Hydrochloride..................45 mg

Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide...............15 mg

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTATION:

USUAL DOSAGE*:

2 to 6 years, 1/2 teaspoonful (2.5 mL), 4 times a day. Adults and pediatric patients 6 years and over, 1 teaspoonful (5 mL), 4 times a day.

*In mild cases or in particularly sensitive patients, less frequent or reduced doses may be adequate. See package insert for full prescribing information.

KEEP THIS AND ALL DRUGS OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

In case of accidental overdose, seek professional assistance or contact a Poison Control Center Immediately.

IMPORTANT: Use safety closures when dispensing this product unless otherwise directed by the physician or requested by purchaser.

STORE BETWEEN 46°-86°F (8°-30°C)

AVOID EXPOSURE TO HEAT

CAP SEALED WITH BREAKAWAY BAND

DO NOT USE IF BROKEN OR MISSING

16 fl oz (473 mL)

HI-TECH PHARMACAL CO., INC.

Amityville, NY 11701

Carbofed DM 
brompheniramine pseudoephedrine and dextromethorphan syrup
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:50383-575
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
BROMPHENIRAMINE MALEATE (BROMPHENIRAMINE) BROMPHENIRAMINE MALEATE 4 mg  in 5 mL
DEXTROMETHORPHAN HYDROBROMIDE (DEXTROMETHORPHAN) DEXTROMETHORPHAN HYDROBROMIDE 15 mg  in 5 mL
PSEUDOEPHEDRINE HYDROCHLORIDE (PSEUDOEPHEDRINE) PSEUDOEPHEDRINE HYDROCHLORIDE 45 mg  in 5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
ANHYDROUS CITRIC ACID  
D&C RED NO. 33  
FD&C BLUE NO. 1  
GLYCERIN  
GRAPE  
SODIUM BENZOATE  
SODIUM CITRATE  
SORBITOL  
WATER  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:50383-575-16 473 mL in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
Unapproved drug other 09/03/2001 11/03/2011
Labeler - Hi-Tech Pharmacal Co., Inc. (101196749)
Revised: 11/2009
 
Hi-Tech Pharmacal Co., Inc.
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