Skip to Content

Women Have Lower Survival to Hospital Discharge After OHCA

MONDAY, Dec. 28, 2020 -- Women have significantly lower survival to hospital discharge among out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in Circulation.

Purav Mody, M.D., from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, and colleagues examined the association between gender and survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest after adjustment for confounding variables. Data were included for 4,875 successfully resuscitated patients (37.4 percent women and 62.6 percent men).

The researchers found that women were older, received less bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and had a lower proportion of cardiac arrests that were witnessed or had shockable rhythm. The proportion of women receiving do not resuscitate (DNR) orders and who had withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy (WLST) was significantly higher. In women, survival to hospital discharge was significantly lower (adjusted odds ratio, 0.78). The association between gender and survival to hospital discharge was modified by DNR and WLST order status; among patients who were not made DNR or did not have WLST, women had significantly reduced survival to hospital discharge (adjusted odds ratios, 0.74 and 0.73, respectively). Among patients receiving a DNR order or who had WLST, there was no gender difference in survival noted.

"Our study demonstrates the existence of gender disparities in postresuscitation care and highlights the need for future research focused on decision making and care being provided in the postresuscitation phase in order to narrow gender-based differences in cardiac arrest outcomes," Mody said in a statement.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

© 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: December 2020

Read this next

COVID-19 Antibody Treatments Exceed Expectations in Early Trials

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2021 -- Promising new data on two antibody cocktails suggest these therapies can keep COVID-19 patients out of the hospital and even prevent illness altogether...

Many Adults Do Not See Link Between Racism, Poorer Health

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2021 -- Less than half of U.S. adults see a connection between systemic racism and poorer health outcomes, according to a report released Jan. 13 by the RAND...

Metformin Use for T2DM May Reduce COVID-19 Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2021 -- Diabetes is associated with increased odds of contracting COVID-19 and with increased COVID-19 mortality, while metformin treatment before diagnosis of...

More News Resources

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Whatever your topic of interest, subscribe to our newsletters to get the best of in your inbox.