Plant-Based Diet Brings Better 'Microbiome,' Healthier Life
"This study demonstrates a clear association between specific microbial species in the gut, certain foods, and risk of some common diseases," said Dr. Andrew Chan, a gastroenterologist at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "We hope to be able to use this information to help people avoid serious health problems by changing their diet to personalize their gut microbiome."
In this study of more than 1,100 participants from the United States and Britain, researchers collected data on composition of their gut bacteria, dietary habits and blood markers.
They found evidence that the microbiome is linked with specific foods and diets, and that its makeup is also associated with levels of metabolic markers of disease. The microbiome has a greater link with these markers than other factors, such as genetics, researchers said.
"Studying the interrelationship between the microbiome, diet and disease involves a lot of variables because peoples' diets tend to be personalized and may change quite a bit over time," Chan said in a hospital news release.
Researchers found that those who ate a diet rich in plant-based foods were more likely to have high levels of specific gut microbes. They also found microbiome-based biomarkers of obesity, heart disease and impaired blood sugar tolerance.
"When you eat, you're not just nourishing your body, you're feeding the trillions of microbes that live inside your gut," said study organizer Tim Spector, an epidemiologist at King's College London.
Nicola Segata, a principal investigator at the University of Trento's Computational Metagenomics Lab in Italy, said researchers were surprised to see such large, clear groups of "good" and "bad" microbes emerging from the analysis.
"And it is intriguing to see that microbiologists know so little about many of these microbes that they are not even named yet," he said in the release.
The findings were published Jan. 11 in the journal Nature Medicine.
© 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.
Posted: January 2021
Read this next
MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2021 (American Heart Association News) -- Rosemary "Rosie" Veltz was "medically maxed out." That was the term the doctors used six months after a third surgery to...
FRIDAY, Jan. 22, 2021 -- The harmful effects of obesity on the heart can't be undone by exercise, and it's not possible to be "fat but healthy," Spanish researchers...
THURSDAY, Jan. 21, 2021 -- As worldwide obesity rates continue to soar, new research shows that growing numbers of people are developing a potentially blinding type of...
More News Resources
- FDA Medwatch Drug Alerts
- Daily MedNews
- News for Health Professionals
- New Drug Approvals
- New Drug Applications
- Drug Shortages
- Clinical Trial Results
- Generic Drug Approvals
Subscribe to our Newsletter
Whatever your topic of interest, subscribe to our newsletters to get the best of Drugs.com in your inbox.