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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of May 3 to 7, 2021. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

Many Oncology Patients Are Lonely During COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 7, 2021 -- More than half of oncology patients are experiencing loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic, and they report higher symptom severity scores for all symptoms evaluated, according to a study published online April 27 in Cancer.

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Poll Finds Many Parents Hesitant to Get Younger Children Vaccinated

FRIDAY, May 7, 2021 -- As U.S. health officials prepare to authorize the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use in younger children, a new poll shows that less than a third of parents would get their child vaccinated as soon as the shots are approved.

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U.S. Likely to Achieve July 4 COVID-19 Vaccination Target, but Challenges Remain

FRIDAY, May 7, 2021 -- It is likely that the United States will achieve President Joe Biden's target of having at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine into the arms of 70 percent of adults by July 4, but there could be challenges later in the year.

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Response to COVID-19 Vaccine Positive in Patients With IBD

FRIDAY, May 7, 2021 -- Inflammatory bowel disease patients taking biologics achieved a positive antibody response to both the Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines, according to research published online April 19 in Gastroenterology.

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Vaccination, NPI Compliance Needed to Prevent COVID-19 Surges

THURSDAY, May 6, 2021 -- To prevent surges in COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, and deaths, high vaccination rates and compliance with nonpharmaceutical interventions are needed, according to research published in the May 5 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Two Doses of BNT162b2 SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Highly Effective

THURSDAY, May 6, 2021 -- Two doses of BNT162b2 are highly effective for preventing symptomatic and asymptomatic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infections and other outcomes, according to a study published online May 5 in The Lancet.

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Pfizer to Seek Approval in Fall for COVID-19 Vaccine Use in Children Aged 2 to 11

THURSDAY, May 6, 2021 -- Emergency use authorization for the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine to be given to children ages 2 to 11 years could be sought from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration by September, the company said Tuesday.

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Biden Administration to Back Lifting of COVID-19 Vaccine Patents

THURSDAY, May 6, 2021 -- The Biden administration announced on Wednesday that it will support a controversial proposal to waive patent protections for COVID-19 vaccines.

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CDC Gives Cruise Ship Lines Guidelines for Simulated Voyages

THURSDAY, May 6, 2021 -- Guidelines for cruise ship lines to conduct simulated voyages as a step toward resuming sailing in American waters were issued Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Psychological Well-Being Worse for Children During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 5, 2021 -- COVID-19 and the associated end of in-person instruction correlated with worse psychological well-being for children, according to a study published online April 29 in JAMA Network Open.

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Canada Approves Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine for Children Ages 12 to 15

WEDNESDAY, May 5, 2021 -- The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine has been approved by Canadian health officials for use in children ages 12 to 15 years. It was already authorized for anyone 16 years and older.

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COVID-19-Associated Cancer Screening Deficit Quantified in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, May 5, 2021 -- The absolute deficit in screening associated with the COVID-19 pandemic is estimated at 3.9, 3.8, and 1.6 million for breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers, respectively, across the U.S. population, according to a study published online April 29 in JAMA Oncology.

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COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Found for 20 Percent on Hemodialysis

WEDNESDAY, May 5, 2021 -- Twenty percent of patients on hemodialysis are hesitant to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, according to a study published online April 29 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Biden Sets New Goal of Vaccinating 70 Percent of Americans by July 4

WEDNESDAY, May 5, 2021 -- As COVID-19 vaccination rates start to slow in the United States, President Joe Biden on Tuesday set a new goal to deliver at least one shot to 70 percent of adult Americans by July 4 while he tries to convince the hesitant to get inoculated.

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FDA Plans to Approve Pfizer Vaccine for Those Aged 12 Years and Older

TUESDAY, May 4, 2021 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration plans to expand emergency use of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine by next week so that children as young as 12 years can be immunized.

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NYC, NJ, and Connecticut to Ease COVID-19 Capacity Restrictions

TUESDAY, May 4, 2021 -- Shops, restaurants, theaters, and other businesses in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut will be allowed to operate at full capacity starting May 19 as long as there is space for people to maintain 6 feet of social distance, the three states announced Monday.

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U.K. to Ease Lockdown Measures by June 21

TUESDAY, May 4, 2021 -- Social distancing rules in the United Kingdom could be lifted by June 21, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Monday.

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12 Cases of CVST Reported for Ad26.COV2.S Vaccine in the U.S.

TUESDAY, May 4, 2021 -- Twelve cases of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis with thrombocytopenia have been reported following use of the Ad26.COV2.S COVID-19 vaccine (Janssen/Johnson & Johnson), which uses a human adenoviral vector, according to a study published online April 30 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Child Abuse Hotline Volume Up During Pandemic

TUESDAY, May 4, 2021 -- Calls and text messages to a child abuse hotline increased in the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a research letter published online May 3 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Risk for Severe COVID-19 Increases With BMI Above 23

TUESDAY, May 4, 2021 -- The risk for severe COVID-19 leading to hospital admission and death is increased at a body mass index of more than 23 kg/m2, according to a study published online April 28 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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Anxiety-Related Adverse Event Clusters ID'd After Janssen Vaccine

MONDAY, May 3, 2021 -- Syncope and other anxiety-related events occur more often after receipt of Janssen COVID-19 vaccines than influenza vaccination, according to research published in the April 30 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Many in Japan Strongly Oppose Olympics

MONDAY, May 3, 2021 -- The International Olympic Committee's updated plans to hold the Summer Games in Japan have not quelled widespread criticism in the country about going ahead with the event.

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Effect of COVID-19 on Breast Cancer Treatment Examined

MONDAY, May 3, 2021 -- More patients with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative breast cancer have been treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy due to COVID-19, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Breast Surgeons, held virtually from April 29 to May 2.

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Risk Factors ID'd for COVID-19-Related Death in Diabetes

MONDAY, May 3, 2021 -- For individuals with diabetes, the risk for COVID-19-related death is increased in association with male sex, older age, preexisting comorbidities, and use of insulin, according to a review published online April 28 in Diabetologia.

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